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Records with Keyword: Energy Efficiency
Showing records 1 to 25 of 29. [First] Page: 1 2 Last
Improving Flexibility and Energy Efficiency of Post-Combustion CO₂ Capture Plants Using Economic Model Predictive Control
Benjamin Decardi-Nelson, Su Liu, Jinfeng Liu
April 8, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, optimal control, post-combustion CO2 capture, time-varying operation
To reduce CO 2 emissions from power plants, electricity companies have diversified their generation sources. Fossil fuels, however, still remain an integral energy generation source as they are more reliable compared to the renewable energy sources. This diversification as well as changing electricity demand could hinder effective economical operation of an amine-based post-combustion CO 2 capture (PCC) plant attached to the power plant to reduce CO 2 emissions. This is as a result of large fluctuations in the flue gas flow rate and unavailability of steam from the power plant. To tackle this problem, efficient control algorithms are necessary. In this work, tracking and economic model predictive controllers are applied to a PCC plant and their economic performance is compared under different scenarios. The results show that economic model predictive control has a potential to improve the economic performance and energy efficiency of the amine-based PCC process up... [more]
Bioenergy from Low-Intensity Agricultural Systems: An Energy Efficiency Analysis
Oludunsin Arodudu, Katharina Helming, Hubert Wiggering, Alexey Voinov
March 26, 2019 (v1)
Subject: Biosystems
Keywords: bioenergy, biofuel, Energy Efficiency, EROEI, high-intensity industrialized agricultural production systems, low-intensity eco-agricultural production systems, NEG
In light of possible future restrictions on the use of fossil fuel, due to climate change obligations and continuous depletion of global fossil fuel reserves, the search for alternative renewable energy sources is expected to be an issue of great concern for policy stakeholders. This study assessed the feasibility of bioenergy production under relatively low-intensity conservative, eco-agricultural settings (as opposed to those produced under high-intensity, fossil fuel based industrialized agriculture). Estimates of the net energy gain (NEG) and the energy return on energy invested (EROEI) obtained from a life cycle inventory of the energy inputs and outputs involved reveal that the energy efficiency of bioenergy produced in low-intensity eco-agricultural systems could be as much as much as 448.5⁻488.3 GJ·ha−1 of NEG and an EROEI of 5.4⁻5.9 for maize ethanol production systems, and as much as 155.0⁻283.9 GJ·ha−1 of NEG and an EROEI of 14.7⁻22.4 for maize biogas production systems. Thi... [more]
Development of a Numerical Weather Analysis Tool for Assessing the Precooling Potential at Any Location
Dimitris Lazos, Merlinde Kay, Alistair Sproul
March 26, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: climate effects, Energy Efficiency, precooling, weather analysis
Precooling a building overnight during the summer is a low cost practice that may provide significant help in decreasing energy demand and shaving peak loads in buildings. The effectiveness of precooling depends on the weather patterns at the location, however research in this field is predominantly focused in the building thermal response alone. This paper proposes an analytical tool for assessing the precooling potential through simulations from real data in a numerical weather prediction platform. Three dimensionless ratios are developed based on the meteorological analysis and the concept of degree hours that provide an understanding of the precooling potential, utilization and theoretical value. Simulations were carried out for five sites within the Sydney (Australia) metro area and it was found that they have different responses to precooling, depending on their proximity to the ocean, vegetation coverage, and urban density. These effects cannot be detected when typical meteorolo... [more]
Green Small Cell Operation of Ultra-Dense Networks Using Device Assistance
Gilsoo Lee, Hongseok Kim
February 27, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: belief propagation, cellular networks, Energy Efficiency, Optimization, small cell
As higher performance is demanded in 5G networks, energy consumption in wireless networks increases along with the advances of various technologies, so enhancing energy efficiency also becomes an important goal to implement 5G wireless networks. In this paper, we study the energy efficiency maximization problem focused on finding a suitable set of turned-on small cell access points (APs). Finding the suitable on/off states of APs is challenging since the APs can be deployed by users while centralized network planning is not always possible. Therefore, when APs in small cells are randomly deployed and thus redundant in many cases, a mechanism of dynamic AP turning-on/off is required. We propose a device-assisted framework that exploits feedback messages from the user equipment (UE). To solve the problem, we apply an optimization method using belief propagation (BP) on a factor graph. Then, we propose a family of online algorithms inspired by BP, called DANCE, that requires low computati... [more]
Exergy Accounting: A Quantitative Comparison of Methods and Implications for Energy-Economy Analysis
Jack Miller, Timothy J. Foxon, Steve Sorrell
February 5, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: decoupling, economic growth, Energy, Energy Efficiency, Exergy
Assessments of the feasibility of decoupling energy consumption from economic growth could benefit from an improved understanding of the size, nature and value of different energy flows. This understanding may be enhanced by focusing upon so-called “useful exergy”—a measure of both the quantity and “quality” of energy (defined here as its thermodynamic ability to perform physical work) at the “useful” stage of the energy conversion chain. Useful exergy flows within national economies are increasingly being quantified and their role in economic activity explored. However, this so-called “exergy economics” field currently lacks a consistent methodology. This paper contributes to the development of a more consistent approach. By constructing a “useful exergy account” for the United Kingdom covering the period 1960⁻2012, we explore how different methodological choices influence estimates of useful exergy for different categories of end-use as well as estimates of total national useful exer... [more]
Methodologies Developed for EcoCity Related Projects: New Borg El Arab, an Egyptian Case Study
Carmen Antuña-Rozado, Justo García-Navarro, Francesco Reda, Pekka Tuominen
January 30, 2019 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: CO2 emissions, EcoCity, EcoCity methodologies, Egypt, Energy Efficiency, energy survey, feasibility study, roadmap, sustainability scenarios
The aim of the methodologies described here is to propose measures and procedures for developing concepts and technological solutions, which are adapted to the local conditions, to build sustainable communities in developing countries and emerging economies. These methodologies are linked to the EcoCity framework outlined by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. for sustainable community and neighbourhood regeneration and development. The framework is the result of a long experience in numerous EcoCity related projects, mainly Nordic and European in scope, which has been reformulated in recent years to respond to the local needs in the previously mentioned countries. There is also a particular emphasis on close collaboration with local partners and major stakeholders. In order to illustrate how these methodologies can support EcoCity concept development and implementation, results from a case study in Egypt will be discussed. The referred case study relates to the transformatio... [more]
Perspectives on Near ZEB Renovation Projects for Residential Buildings: The Spanish Case
Faustino Patiño-Cambeiro, Julia Armesto, Faustino Patiño-Barbeito, Guillermo Bastos
January 30, 2019 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: buildings, cost-optimal, Energy Efficiency, nZEB, renovation
EU regulations are gradually moving towards policies that reduce energy consumption and its environmental impact. To reach this goal, improving energy efficiency in residential buildings is a key action line. The European Parliament adopted the Near Zero-Energy Building (nZEB) as the energy efficiency paradigm through Directive 2010/31/EU, but a common technical and legislative framework for energy renovations is yet to be established. In this paper, the nZEB definition by COHERENO was adopted to evaluate several energy renovation packages in a given building, which is also representative of the Spanish building stock. Global costs are calculated for all of them following EPBD prescriptions. Two economic scenarios are analysed: with entirely private funding and with the current public financial incentives, respectively. The results show the divergence between optimum solutions in terms of costs and of minimum CO₂ footprint and maximum energy saving. Moreover, in the absence of enough i... [more]
Cost-Benefit Analysis for Energy Management in Public Buildings: Four Italian Case Studies
Davide Astiaso Garcia, Fabrizio Cumo, Mariagrazia Tiberi, Valentina Sforzini, Giuseppe Piras
January 7, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: building envelope, cost-benefit analysis, energy demand savings, Energy Efficiency, geothermal plant, public buildings, retrofitting, thermostatic valves, trigeneration plant
Improving energy efficiency in public buildings is one of the main challenges for a sustainable requalification of energy issues and a consequent reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This paper aims to provide preliminary information about economic costs and energy consumption reductions (benefits) of some considered interventions in existing public buildings. Methods include an analysis of some feasible interventions in four selected public buildings. Energy efficiency improvements have been assessed for each feasible intervention. The difference of the building global energy performance index (EPgl) has been assessed before and after each intervention. Economic costs of each intervention have been estimated by averaging the amount demanded by different companies for the same intervention. Results obtained show economic costs and the EPgl percentage improvement for each intervention, highlighting and allowing for the comparison of energy consumption reduction and relative econ... [more]
McMaster University Course Lectures in Energy Systems Engineering
Thomas Alan Adams II
December 17, 2018 (v1)
Lecture slides from the Fall 2018 CHEM ENG 4A03/6A03 Energy System Engineering course at McMaster University are attached. Energy Systems Engineering is a survey course that discusses many ways in which energy products are produced, transported, converted, and consumed in our society today. The lectures correspond to two 50-minute lectures a week for 13 weeks (some slide decks take 2 or 3 lectures to complete). The course cannot cover all energy systems of course, but focus mostly on large-scale or common processes either in use today or currently in development and research. The course takes a chemical engineering perspective so more attention is paid to processes and thermochemical phenomena and less attention is paid to issues related to mechanical engineering or electrical engineering, although there is some intersection.

The lecture slides include the following topics:

1.1. Life Cycle Analysis (basic review)
1.2. Key Metrics in Energy Systems
2.1. Coal Production
2.2. Nat... [more]
Energy Transitions in Nigeria: The Evolution of Energy Infrastructure Provision (1800⁻2015)
Norbert Edomah, Chris Foulds, Aled Jones
December 3, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: Africa, developing countries, energy demand, Energy Efficiency, energy histories, energy policy, energy transitions
The provision of energy infrastructure is essential for economic growth, social cohesion, and environmental sustainability. Understanding the multiple functions and services it provides us requires firstly a deeper understanding of the factors that influence energy infrastructure itself. This paper focusses on the factors that influence the evolution of energy infrastructure in Nigeria. By studying different eras of energy use according to the technologies that were being implemented, resources that were available, and the political practice of the time it is possible to better frame the drivers of energy infrastructure. The paper explores the transitions of how Nigerians managed to obtain the vast majority of energy from food calories and traditional biomass, to the broad portfolio of energy sources that is in use today.
LED (Light-Emitting Diode) Road Lighting in Practice: An Evaluation of Compliance with Regulations and Improvements for Further Energy Savings
Annika K. Jägerbrand
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, luminance, pedestrian and bicycle paths, roads, uniformity
Light-emitting diode (LED) road lighting has been widely implemented in recent years, but few studies have evaluated its performance after installation. This study investigated whether LED road lighting complies with minimum regulations in terms of traffic safety and whether improvements for energy efficiency are possible. Average road surface luminance (L), overall luminance uniformity (Uo), longitudinal luminance uniformity (UI), power density (PD) and normalised power density (PN) were evaluated for 14 roads (seven designed for vehicular traffic and seven for pedestrians and bicycles). Energy savings were calculated as the percentage reduction to the minimum level of the existing lighting class or a lower lighting class and by applying a dimming schedule. The results showed that LED road lighting for vehicular traffic roads generally fulfilled the requirements, whereas that for pedestrian and bicycle roads generally corresponded to the lowest lighting class for L, and often did not... [more]
Energy Research in Airports: A Review
Sergio Ortega Alba, Mario Manana
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: airports, Combined heat and power (CHP) plants, energy benchmarking, energy building, energy conservation, energy consumption, Energy Efficiency, energy modeling, energy simulation, renewable sources
The main function of an airport is to provide access to air transport both for passengers and cargo. The number of air operations over the past 20 years has increased rapidly, and this has led to a rise in the energy needs of airports to satisfy this demand. As a consequence, the cost of energy supply for airport managers has escalated. At the same time, global energy consumption has soared due to the needs of emerging countries like China and India, with the consequent environmental impact. This complex scenario of environmental and economic factors has made airport managers become aware of the need to reduce energy consumption as well as a more efficient use of it. The aim of this article is to analyze the main behaviors and energy trends at airports in more recent research, starting with the description of the main energy sources and consumers, the application of energy conservation and energy efficiency measures, the establishment of energy indicators and benchmarking between airpo... [more]
Modelling the Influence of Climate on the Performance of the Organic Rankine Cycle for Industrial Waste Heat Recovery
Ivan Korolija, Richard Greenough
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: climate, cooling tower, dry condenser, Energy Efficiency, organic Rankine cycle (ORC), recuperator, waste heat
This paper describes a study of the relative influences of different system design decisions upon the performance of an organic Rankine cycle (ORC) used to generate electricity from foundry waste heat. The design choices included concern the working fluid, whether to use a regenerator and the type of condenser. The novelty of the research lies in its inclusion of the influence of both the ORC location and the auxiliary electricity used by the pumps and fans in the ORC power system. Working fluids suitable for high temperature applications are compared, including three cyclic siloxanes, four linear siloxanes and three aromatic fluids. The ORC is modelled from first principles and simulation runs carried out using weather data for 106 European locations and a heat input profile that was derived from empirical data. The impact of design decisions upon ORC nominal efficiency is reported followed by the impact upon annual system efficiency in which variations in heat input and the condition... [more]
Economic Impact of Intelligent Dynamic Control in Urban Outdoor Lighting
Igor Wojnicki, Sebastian Ernst, Leszek Kotulski
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: dynamic lighting, Energy Efficiency, intelligent control, intelligent lighting, lighting, outdoor lighting, street lighting
This paper presents and compares the possible energy savings in various approaches to outdoor lighting modernization. Several solutions implementable using currently-available systems are presented and discussed. An innovative approach using real-time sensor data is also presented in detail, along with its formal background, based on Artificial Intelligence methods (rule-based systems) and graph transformations. The efficiency of all approaches has been estimated and compared using real-life data recorded at an urban setting. The article also presents other aspects which influence the efficiency and feasibility of intelligent lighting projects, including design quality, design workload and conformance to standards.
Towards Highly Energy-Efficient Roadway Lighting
Adam Sȩdziwy, Leszek Kotulski
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: computational intelligence, Energy Efficiency, large-scale photometric computations, lighting design, smart grid
The reports presented by consulting firms show that annual energy costs generated by 340 million streetlights are expected to reach $23.9 to $42.5 billion by 2025. Those numbers reveal a motivation behind the research aiming at optimizing outdoor lighting energy efficiency. They show that even a small unit improvement can yield large benefits due to the effect of scale. The development of solid state lighting solutions enables highly effective modernization of street lighting installations. It allows obtaining power saving not only by replacing high pressure lamps with LEDs but also by improving a design quality and by introducing a dynamic street lighting control. Both methods, however, are not feasible for industry-standard software tools due to the significant complexity related to a configuration optimization, especially for large-scale projects. The goal of this article is presenting the workaround to the complexity issue, which is based on application of graph methods. They enabl... [more]
Optimization of the Heating System Use in Aged Public Buildings via Model Predictive Control
Edorta Carrascal, Izaskun Garrido, Aitor J. Garrido, José María Sala
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, energy-saving policies, Model Predictive Control, RC-thermal model, system characterization, thermal comfort
This work presents the implementation of a Model Predictive Control (MPC) scheme used to study the improvement of the thermal quality in aged residential buildings without any rehabilitation. The controller manages the heating system of an experimentally characterized model of a residential dwelling in a social block built during the decade of the 1960s located in the neighborhood of Otxarkoaga (Bilbao, Spain), so as to obtain an optimal energy efficiency performance. Due to the characteristics of the construction in those days, this kind of buildings suffer problems related to the use of awkward building materials and inefficient heating systems. A comparison with traditionally used ON-OFF hysteresis control is presented in order to demonstrate the energetic improvement provided by the MPC scheme. Besides, the variation of different parameters of the MPC is also studied to determine its influence over the energy consumption and comfort conditions.
Performance Evaluation of Radiator and Radiant Floor Heating Systems for an Office Room Connected to a Ground-Coupled Heat Pump
Ioan Sarbu, Calin Sebarchievici
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, GCHP, geothermal energy, radiant floor heating, radiator heating, simulation models
A ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) system used to provide the space heating for an office room is a renewable, high performance technology. This paper discusses vapour compression-based HP systems, briefly describing the thermodynamic cycle calculations, as well as the coefficient of performance (COP) and CO₂ emissions of a HP with an electro-compressor and compares different heating systems in terms of energy consumption, thermal comfort and environmental impact. It is focused on an experimental study performed to test the energy efficiency of the radiator or radiant floor heating system for an office room connected to a GCHP. The main performance parameters (COP and CO₂ emissions) are obtained for one month of operation of the GCHP system, and a comparative analysis of these parameters is presented. Additionally, two numerical simulation models of useful thermal energy and the system COP in heating mode are developed using the Transient Systems Simulation (TRNSYS) software. Finally, t... [more]
A Biologically-Inspired Power Control Algorithm for Energy-Efficient Cellular Networks
Hyun-Ho Choi, Jung-Ryun Lee
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: bio-inspired algorithm, Energy Efficiency, energy-efficient cellular network, flocking model, green base station, power control algorithm
Most of the energy used to operate a cellular network is consumed by a base station (BS), and reducing the transmission power of a BS can therefore afford a substantial reduction in the amount of energy used in a network. In this paper, we propose a distributed transmit power control (TPC) algorithm inspired by bird flocking behavior as a means of improving the energy efficiency of a cellular network. Just as each bird in a flock attempts to match its velocity with the average velocity of adjacent birds, in the proposed algorithm, each mobile station (MS) in a cell matches its rate with the average rate of the co-channel MSs in adjacent cells by controlling the transmit power of its serving BS. We verify that this bio-inspired TPC algorithm using a local rate-average process achieves an exponential convergence and maximizes the minimum rate of the MSs concerned. Simulation results show that the proposed TPC algorithm follows the same convergence properties as the flocking algorithm and... [more]
Efficient Photovoltaic System Maximum Power Point Tracking Using a New Technique
Mehdi Seyedmahmoudian, Ben Horan, Rasoul Rahmani, Aman Maung Than Oo, Alex Stojcevski
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: computational cost, Energy Efficiency, maximum power point tracking, partial shading conditions, photovoltaic systems, soft computing methods, stability
Partial shading is an unavoidable condition which significantly reduces the efficiency and stability of a photovoltaic (PV) system. When partial shading occurs the system has multiple-peak output power characteristics. In order to track the global maximum power point (GMPP) within an appropriate period a reliable technique is required. Conventional techniques such as hill climbing and perturbation and observation (P&O) are inadequate in tracking the GMPP subject to this condition resulting in a dramatic reduction in the efficiency of the PV system. Recent artificial intelligence methods have been proposed, however they have a higher computational cost, slower processing time and increased oscillations which results in further instability at the output of the PV system. This paper proposes a fast and efficient technique based on Radial Movement Optimization (RMO) for detecting the GMPP under partial shading conditions. The paper begins with a brief description of the behavior of PV... [more]
Controlled Mechanical Ventilation in Buildings: A Comparison between Energy Use and Primary Energy among Twenty Different Devices
Lamberto Tronchin, Kristian Fabbri, Chiara Bertolli
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, indoor air quality, mechanical ventilation, ventilation
Indoor air quality (IAQ) of buildings is a problem that affects both comfort for occupants and the energy consumption of the structure. Controlled mechanical ventilation systems (CMVs) make it possible to control the air exchange rate. When using CMV systems, it is interesting to investigate the relationship between the useful thermal energy requirements for ventilation and the energy consumption of these systems. This paper addresses whether there is a correlation between these two parameters. The methodology used in this work involves the application of equations of technical Italian regulations UNI/TS 11300 applied to a case study. The case study is represented by a 54 m³ room, which is assumed to have three CMV systems installed (extraction, insertion, insertion and extraction) for twenty different devices available on the market. Afterwards, simulations of useful thermal energy requirements QH,ve and primary energy EP,V were performed according to the electrical power of each fan... [more]
A Simple Assessment of Housing Retrofit Policies for the UK: What Should Succeed the Energy Company Obligation?
Luciana Maria Miu, Natalia Wisniewska, Christoph Mazur, Jeffrey Hardy, Adam Hawkes
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Other
Keywords: barriers, Energy Company Obligation, Energy Efficiency, energy saving, Green Mortgage, housing retrofit, policy assessment, Variable Council Tax, Variable Stamp Duty Land Tax
Despite the need for large-scale retrofit of UK housing to meet emissions reduction targets, progress to date has been slow and domestic energy efficiency policies have struggled to accelerate housing retrofit processes. There is a need for housing retrofit policies that overcome key barriers within the retrofit sector while maintaining economic viability for customers, funding organizations, and effectively addressing UK emission reductions and fuel poverty targets. In this study, we use a simple assessment framework to assess three policies (the Variable Council Tax, the Variable Stamp Duty Land Tax, and Green Mortgage) proposed to replace the UK’s current major domestic retrofit programme known as the Energy Company Obligation (ECO). We show that the Variable Council Tax and Green Mortgage proposals have the greatest potential for overcoming the main barriers to retrofit policies while maintaining economic viability and contributing to high-level UK targets. We also show that, while... [more]
A Framework for Green Remodeling Enabling Energy Efficiency and Healthy Living for the Elderly
Sung Jun Park, Mi Jeong Kim
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: elderly’s housing, Energy Efficiency, healthy living, home remodeling, sustainability
This study proposes a framework for green remodeling for the elderly that emphasizes the role of designers and the notion of aging in place. Energy efficiency is critical for older persons because many of them spend more time at home and are less likely to heat and cool their homes appropriately. Improving the energy performance of the elderly’s housing by green remodeling could promote energy efficiency and healthy living for the elderly. Based on remodeling components derived from related work, key factors to be considered regarding the remodeling for the elderly were investigated. A framework for green remodeling enabling energy efficiency was developed for home upgrades for the elderly. Identifying the area of application and critical components for energy efficiency helps improve the energy performance for the elderly. This study is significant because it considers the elderly’s characteristics and experiences in the development of a sustainable remodeling process rather than new-... [more]
Energy Efficient Design of Massive MIMO Based on Closely Spaced Antennas: Mutual Coupling Effect
Peerapong Uthansakul, Arfat Ahmad Khan, Monthippa Uthansakul, Pumin Duangmanee
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, massive MIMO, mutual coupling, power, power consumption, time division duplex
Massive Multiple Input Multiple Output MIMO technology is a promising candidate for the next generation of communication applications, which essentially group hundreds of transmitting antennas together at the base station and provides the higher energy and spectral efficiency. In this article, the transmitting antennas are assumed to be closely spaced at the base station, which in turn results into a mutual coupling effect between the antenna terminals. The optimal system parameters and the energy efficiency are computed by considering the mutual coupling effect between the antenna terminals. Mutual coupling effect is deeply investigated on the energy efficiency and the other optimal parameters. We propose the domain splitter algorithm for the optimization of energy efficiency and the computation of different optimal system parameters in this article. The computational complexity of the proposed domain splitter algorithm is not dependent on the number of transceiver chains, and the det... [more]
Data Envelopment Analysis in Energy and Environmental Economics: An Overview of the State-of-the-Art and Recent Development Trends
Abbas Mardani, Dalia Streimikiene, Tomas Balezentis, Muhamad Zameri Mat Saman, Khalil Md Nor, Seyed Meysam Khoshnava
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Other
Keywords: data envelopment analysis (DEA), efficiency measures, energy economics, Energy Efficiency, environmental economics
Measurement of environmental and energy economics presents an analytical foundation for environmental decision making and policy analysis. Applications of data envelopment analysis (DEA) models in the assessment of environmental and energy economics are increasing notably. The main objective of this review paper is to provide the comprehensive overview of the application of DEA models in the fields of environmental and energy economics. In this regard, a total 145 articles published in the high-quality international journals extracted from two important databases (Web of Science and Scopus) were selected for review. The 145 selected articles are reviewed and classified based on different criteria including author(s), application scheme, different DEA models, application fields, the name of journals and year of publication. This review article provided insights into the methodological and conceptualization study in the application of DEA models in the environmental and energy economics... [more]
An Optimization Scheme for Water Pump Control in Smart Fish Farm with Efficient Energy Consumption
Israr Ullah, DoHyeun Kim
July 31, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: Energy Efficiency, fish farm, IoT, Kalman filter, Optimization
Healthy fish production requires intensive care and ensuring stable and healthy production environment inside the farm tank is a challenging task. An Internet of Things (IoT) based automated system is highly desirable that can continuously monitor the fish tanks with optimal resources utilization. Significant cost reduction can be achieved if farm equipment and water pumps are operated only when required using optimization schemes. In this paper, we present a general system design for smart fish farms. We have developed an optimization scheme for water pump control to maintain desired water level in fish tank with efficient energy consumption through appropriate selection of pumping flow rate and tank filling level. Proposed optimization scheme attempts to achieve a trade-off between pumping duration and flow rate through selection of optimized water level. Kalman filter algorithm is applied to remove error in sensor readings. We observed through simulation results that optimization sc... [more]
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