Records with Keyword: Energy
Showing records 1 to 25 of 297. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
Transitioning towards Net-Zero Emissions in Chemical and Process Industries: A Holistic Perspective
Peter Glavič, Zorka Novak Pintarič, Helena Levičnik, Vesna Dragojlović, Miloš Bogataj
January 12, 2024 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Biomass, cement, chemicals, climate, emissions, Energy, metals, net zero, process industries, waste
Given the urgency to combat climate change and ensure environmental sustainability, this review examines the transition to net-zero emissions in chemical and process industries. It addresses the core areas of carbon emissions reduction, efficient energy use, and sustainable practices. What is new, however, is that it focuses on cutting-edge technologies such as biomass utilization, biotechnology applications, and waste management strategies that are key drivers of this transition. In particular, the study addresses the unique challenges faced by industries such as cement manufacturing and highlights the need for innovative solutions to effectively reduce their carbon footprint. In particular, the role of hydrogen as a clean fuel is at the heart of revolutionizing the chemical and process sectors, pointing the way to cleaner and greener operations. In addition, the manuscript explores the immense importance of the European Green Deal and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) for the... [more]
Advancement in Microbial Fuel Cells Technology by Using Waste Extract as an Organic Substrate to Produce Energy with Metal Removal
Ghada Mohamed Aleid, Anoud Saud Alshammari, Alamri Rahmah Dhahawi Ahmad, Fida Hussain, Sang-Eun Oh, Akil Ahmad, Mohamad Nasir Mohamad Ibrahim, Khalid Umar
September 21, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Biosystems
Keywords: Energy, heavy metals, microbial fuel cell, organic substrate, Wastewater
Energy generation using microbial fuel cells (MFC) and removing toxic metal ions is a potentially exciting new field of study as it has recently attracted a lot of interest in the scientific community. However, MFC technology is facing several challenges, including electron production and transportation. Therefore, the present work focuses on enhancing electron generation by extracting sugarcane waste. MFC was successfully operated in a batch mode for 79 days in the presence of 250 mg/L Pb2+ and Hg2+ ions. Sugarcane extract was regularly fed to it without interruption. On day 38, the maximum current density and power density were recorded, which were 86.84 mA/m2 and 3.89 mW/m2, respectively. The electrochemical data show that a sufficient voltage generation and biofilm formation produce gradually. The specific capacitance was found to be 11 × 10−4 F/g on day 79, indicating the steady growth of biofilm. On the other hand, Pb2+ and Hg2+ removal efficiencies were found to be 82% and 74.85... [more]
The Industrial Digital Energy Twin as a Tool for the Comprehensive Optimization of Industrial Processes
Alejandro Rubio-Rico, Fernando Mengod-Bautista, Andrés Lluna-Arriaga, Belén Arroyo-Torres, Vicente Fuster-Roig
September 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: digital twin, Energy, Energy Efficiency, productive flexibility, smart manufacturing
Industrial manufacturing processes have evolved and improved since the disruption of the Industry 4.0 paradigm, while energy has progressively become a strategic resource required to maintain industrial competitiveness while maximizing quality and minimizing environmental impacts. In this context of global changes leading to social and economic impact in the short term and an unprecedented climate crisis, Digital Twins for Energy Efficiency in manufacturing processes provide companies with a tool to address this complex situation. Nevertheless, already existing Digital Twins applied for energy efficiency in a manufacturing process lack a flexible structure that easily replicates the real behavior of consuming machines while integrating it in complex upper-level environments. This paper presents a combined multi-paradigm approach to industrial process modeling developed and applied during the GENERTWIN project. The tool allows users to predict energy consumption and costs and, at the sa... [more]
Construction of Water Vapor Stable Ultramicroporous Copper-Based Metal−Organic Framework for Efficient CO2 Capture
Fengfan Yang, Xiaolu Wang, Jiayue Tian, Xusheng Wang, Linfeng Liang
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Carbon Dioxide, Energy, environment, MOFs, porous material
It is quite essential to obtain an excellent CO2 adsorption capacity, CO2 adsorption selectivity and water vapor stability at the same time for practical CO2 capture after combustion. Through the combination of ultramicropore and the high density of CO2-philic sites without OMSs, an ultra-microporous Cu-based metal−organic framework has been designed and synthesized, featuring a high CO2 capacity (99 cm3 g−1 and 56.6 cm3 g−1 at 273 K and 298 K, respectively), high selectivity over N2 (118 at a scale of CO2/N2 15/85, 298 K) and excellent water vapor stability, simultaneously. Theoretical calculations indicate that neighboring ketonic O atoms with suitable distance play vital roles in boosting CO2 selective capture.
Comparative Analysis of Three WEEE Management Scenarios Based on LCA Methodology: Case Study in the Municipality of Iasi, Romania
Simona Cecilia Ghiga, Isabela Maria Simion, Cătălina Filote, Mihaela Roșca, Raluca Maria Hlihor, Maria Gavrilescu
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: e-waste, Energy, environmental impact, Life Cycle Assessment, recovery, waste management
The increasing consumption of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), correlated with the fast innovation pace in this field, generates a large amount of annual waste. The current established management practices cannot keep up with it, and the results are of increased significance given the negative effects on the environment and human health. Thus, the current study aimed to analyze the environmental impact of three different scenarios of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) management, following population awareness campaigns regarding its collection in the Municipality of Iasi, Romania. Data processing was carried out considering Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology with the established functional unit for each scenario according to the collected amount. The results were quantified using the CML2001 and ReCiPe methods and showed that the highest environmental impact was obtained for scenario II (S2) (1.59 × 10−7 pers. equiv. using the CML2001 method and 32.7 pers.... [more]
Circular Economy in Wastewater Treatment Plant—Water, Energy and Raw Materials Recovery
Marzena Smol
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: CE, circular economy, Energy, phosphorus, raw materials, Wastewater, wastewater treatment plant, Water, WWTP
Nowadays, the main challenge for industrial and municipal enterprises is related to the tightening regulations and recommendations regarding environmental protection, which have been included in the circular economy (CE) package. Enterprises from all sectors, including water and sewage management, are obliged to actively participate in the CE transition. Modern wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) should include actions aimed at a more sustainable use of available resources (water, energy, raw materials) to contribute to the protection of natural resources. In this way, they can be treated as resource facilities. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for a ‘Wastewater Treatment Plant of the Future’ that includes several technological solutions that take into account circular management of waste streams generated in WWTPs, such as wastewater (WW), sewage sludge (SS) and sewage sludge ash (SSA). Many actions have been already taken to modernize and build WWTPs that can respond to cur... [more]
Environmental Degradation by Energy−Economic Growth Interlinkages in EU Agriculture
Eleni Zafeiriou, Spyridon Galatsidas, Garyfallos Arabatzis, Stavros Tsiantikoudis, Athanasios Batzios
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: agricultural income, ARDL, Energy, EU
Energy has the most significant input to agricultural production. The EU’s effort to produce a carbon-neutral economic entity necessitates changes in the energy mix used for agricultural production. Therefore, we employ different variables, in particular, the emissions generated by energy sources, namely coal, natural gas, and diesel gas and their interlinkages with the GDP share generated from agriculture. The data are annual and refer to the period 1970−2020. The ARDL methodology is the econometric tool employed. The year 1990 is identified as a statistically significant break point for all variables, while for the cointegrating equation, the year 2009 appears to play a significant role. Emissions generated by coal appear to play a vital role in the GDP share generated by agriculture and, therefore, should be the main focus of the policy measures taken. Coal should be replaced by other renewable sources or the use of technologies by farmers that improve energy efficiency in order to... [more]
Decoupling Analysis of Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Economic Growth in Poland
Zbigniew Gołaś
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: CO2 emissions, decoupling, economic growth, Energy, fossil fuels, LMDI, Poland
This paper addresses the conditions behind energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Poland following its accession to the European Union. The study analyzed some energy, fossil fuel, economic, and environmental indicators, such as energy use, CO2 emissions, driving factors, decoupling elasticity status, and decoupling effort status. It relied on the Kaya identity and Logarithmic Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) in determining the drivers of CO2 emissions. As shown by the results, between 2004 and 2020, energy consumption in Poland grew at an average annual rate of 0.8%, while fossil fuel carbon emissions declined at 0.7% per year. Energy intensity was found to be the key force behind the reduction in CO2 emissions, whereas rapid economic growth was the main driver of CO2 emissions. While other factors, i.e., carbon intensity, energy mix, and population, also contributed to reducing the emissions, they had a much smaller—if not marginal—effect. In turn, the decoupling elasticity analys... [more]
Energy Budgets of Evolving Nations and Their Growing Cities
Eric J. Chaisson
May 2, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: cities, complexity, cosmic evolution, cosmology, efficiency, Energy, energy rate density, evolution, nations, thermodynamics
A new way is proposed to thermodynamically gauge the evolving complexity of nation-states and their growing cities. Energy rate density is a useful metric to track the evolution of energy budgets, which help facilitate how well or badly human society trends toward winning or losing. The fates of nations and their cities are unknown, their success is not assured. Those nations and cities with rising per-capita energy usage while developing and those that are nearly flat while already developed seem destined to endure; those with falling energy usage seem likely to fail. Globally, more energy, not less, and more energy rate density, too, will be needed in the 21st century. Conserving energy and efficiently using it are welcome since energy costs less when used less, but neither will likely help much to mitigate increasing energy demands. To survive, humanity nationally and internationally needs to culturally adapt to using more, clean, safe energy by embracing the Sun in an evolving Univ... [more]
Experimental Study of a Hybrid Solar Collector Using TiO2/Water Nanofluids
Muniyandy Elangovan, Baskaran Srimanickam, Robert Čep, Amirtharajan Saranya, Manickam Ramachandran
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: electrical, Energy, flow rate, nanofluid, renewable, standalone hybrid collector, thermal performance, TiO2
A case study of solar collector outdoor test of the experimental technique conducted at Avadi, Chennai. To lower the temperature of solar PV panels, water, and water-based nanofluids were utilized concurrently. Higher cell temperatures restrict the effectiveness of solar PV systems since only a minor amount of power from the sun is gathered as electricity from the energy conversion, and the remaining energy is squandered as heat. The study aimed to develop and build a hybrid collector while also analyzing its electrical and thermal energy performance. The effort was invested in improving the system’s performance; the PVT collector was tested at volume concentrations of two, such as 0.5 and 1.0 L per minute (LPM). The PV/T collector determined thermal efficiency as highest was 48.38 percent and 54.03 percent, respectively, at 0.5 LPM and 1.0 LPM of volume flow rates. The PV/T collector’s highest electrical efficiency was 18.32 percent and 19.35 percent, respectively, for 0.5 LPM and 1.0... [more]
Peoples’ Perception towards Nuclear Energy
Meesha Iqbal, Rae Moss, Irene van Woerden
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: attitudes, Energy, Idaho, Nuclear, United States
Perception towards nuclear energy is a vital factor determining the success or failure of nuclear projects. An online survey obtained attitudes toward nuclear energy, opinions on whether benefits of nuclear energy outweigh the risks, and views of using nuclear energy as an energy source. A total of 4318 participants from across the U.S. completed the survey. Logistic regression was used to predict perceptions of nuclear energy by participant demographics and geographical location. Participants living closest to Idaho National Laboratory (INL) were more likely to have positive attitudes towards nuclear energy (aOR: 7.18, p < 0.001), believe the benefits were greater than the risks (aOR: 4.90, p < 0.001), and have positive attitudes toward using nuclear energy as an electricity source (aOR: 5.70, p < 0.001), compared to people living farther from INL. Males and non-Hispanic white participants were more likely to have positive perceptions of nuclear energy. Developing and impleme... [more]
Dual Role of Sugarcane Waste in Benthic Microbial Fuel to Produce Energy with Degradation of Metals and Chemical Oxygen Demand
Ghada Mohamed Aleid, Anoud Saud Alshammari, Asma D. Alomari, Hanadi A. Almukhlifi, Akil Ahmad, Asim Ali Yaqoob
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Biosystems
Keywords: benthic microbial fuel cell, chemical oxygen demand, Energy, organic substrate, sugarcane waste
One of the most advanced systems of microbial fuel cells is the benthic microbial fuel cell (BMFC). Despite several developments, this strategy still has a number of significant flaws, such as instable organic substrate. Waste material (sugarcane) is used as a substrate in this work to address the organic substrate instability. The process was operated continuously for 70 days. A level of 300 mV was achieved after 33 days of operation, while the degradation efficiencies of Pb (II), Cd (II), and Cr (III) were more than 90%. More than 90% of the removed chemical oxygen demand (COD) was also recorded. The measured power density was 3.571 mW/m2 at 1000 external resistance with 458 internal resistance. This demonstrates that electrons are effectively transported throughout the operation. The Bacillus strains are the most dominant bacterial community on the surface of the anode. This research’s mechanism, which involves metal ion degradation, is also explained. Finally, parameter optimizatio... [more]
Methodology for an Audit of Institutional Projects in the Energy Sector
Elena Fedchenko, Lyubov Gusarova, Timur Timkin, Natalie Gryzunova, Michał Bilczak, Svetlana Frumina
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: climate policy, Energy, institutional projects, Modelling, state audit
Auditing activity, in the last decade, is one of the most dynamically changing types of economic activity, on the one hand, due to an increase in the number of state projects implemented by many countries, and on the other hand, due to technological innovations and digitalization. Russian auditing practices are also being actively reformed. For example, the Ministry of Energy is updating their audit methodology. The subject of this study is to ensure the efficiency of spending public funds for the implementation of strategic projects. The object of this study is the methodology of a state audit. An analysis of the currently used Russian and international standards for public audits shows that there are many opportunities to improve the methodology for conducting financial, strategic and performance audits. First of all, there is a need to solve methodological problems in monitoring the efficiency of investment developments, since partnerships between private investors and government bo... [more]
Is the Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility, Environment and Energy Sufficiently Debated Nowadays?
Gabriela Badareu, Nicoleta Mihaela Doran, Silvia Puiu, Roxana Maria Bădîrcea, Alina Georgiana Manta
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: bibliometric analysis, corporate social responsibility, Energy, environment, VOSviewer, Web of Science
The aim of this review was to analyze to what extent the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR), environment and energy has been addressed in the specialized literature and which are the deficient segments in this regard. VOSviewer was used for data extraction, mapping and grouping the articles from journals that have been indexed in Web of Science (WOS). A total of 102 papers were found approaching the topic of corporate social responsibility, environment and energy policy, 5192 research papers for CSR and the environment and 320 on CSR and energy policy. Following the bibliometric analysis, we can conclude that we are facing a shortage of works that analyze the relationship between the three fields together. The number of published articles was reduced to establish the direction of influence between the three variables, as well as the impact between them. However, the advantage that emerges from this lack of works is that there are many opportunities to find news... [more]
Energy Security of Hydropower Producing Countries—The Cases of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan
Katarzyna Kosowska, Piotr Kosowski
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: Central Asia, electricity, Energy, energy security, hydropower, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
Energy security, as one of the most important components of state security, is a permanent element of academic debates and political discussions. Owing to the multidimensional and multifaceted nature of energy security, defining it is a complex process, requiring the consideration of a wide range of factors straddling economics, geology, ecology and geopolitics which decide whether we are dealing with the state of energy security or the lack of it. Energy security is usually equated with the security of supply. Another group of definitions of energy security focuses on the concept of security of services. A different approach to energy security issues is presented by energy exporting countries, whose objective is to ensure sufficiently high and stable income from sales of energy resource exports (security of demand). The subject of this paper is an analysis of the energy security of hydropower-producing countries—Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Energy security has been analyzed in the conte... [more]
The New Method for Analyzing Technology Trends of Smart Energy Asset Performance Management
Nguyen Thanh Viet, Alla G. Kravets
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: asset performance management, data mining, Energy, patent clustering, technology analysis
The development of emerging technologies not only has recently affected current industrial production but also has generated promising manufacturing opportunities that impact significantly on social and economic factors. Exploring upcoming renovation tendencies of technologies prematurely is essential for governments, research and development institutes, and industrial companies in managing strategies to achieve dominant advantages in business competitiveness. Additionally, the prospective changes, the scientific research directions, and the focus of technologies are crucial factors in predicting promising technologies. On the other hand, Industry 4.0 revolutionizes standards and models by accompanying significant technology developments in numerous sectors, including the sector of Smart energy. Moreover, asset performance management is always a prominent topic that has attained prevalence over the last decade because numerous challenges force all industrial companies to optimize their... [more]
Complete but Fragmented: Research on Energy in Central and Eastern Europe
Veronika Oravcová, Kateryna Yakovenko, Matúš Mišík
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: academic journals, Central and Eastern Europe, Energy, literature review
This paper examines 16 years (2004−2019) of research on energy in eleven Central and Eastern European countries. The findings are based on an analysis of 3534 academic articles indexed in the Web of Knowledge database. The paper presents a systematic overview of the authorship, journal of publication, countries covered, and article content. The main conclusion is that the discussion is fragmented, because most of the journals (800 were identified) published only one paper on energy in the region. About one-fourth of the research was published in a handful of major journals. Male researchers dominated our dataset and there has been a visible increase in the average number of authors per article. The country most often covered by the research was Poland and energy efficiency was the most-discussed issue and renewables the most-frequently researched energy source. Surprisingly, nuclear energy and energy security, considered to be the dominant features of the CEE region energy picture, wer... [more]
A Comprehensive Analysis of Energy and Daylighting Impact of Window Shading Systems and Control Strategies on Commercial Buildings in the United States
Niraj Kunwar, Mahabir Bhandari
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: automated controls, daylighting, Energy, EnergyPlus™, shading device, window attachments
Commercial buildings consume approximately 1.9 EJ of energy in the United States, 50% of which is for heating, cooling, and lighting applications. It is estimated that windows contribute up to 34% of the energy used for heating and cooling. However, window retrofits are not often undertaken to increase energy efficiency because of the high cost and disruptive nature of window installation. Highly efficient window technologies would also need shading devices for glare prevention and visual comfort. An automated window shading system with an appropriate control strategy is a technology that can reduce energy demand, maintain occupant comfort, and enhance the aesthetics and privacy of the built environment. However, the benefits of the automated shades currently used by the shading industry are not well studied. The topic merits an analysis that will help building owners, designers and engineers, and utilities make informed decisions using knowledge of the impact of this technology on ene... [more]
Energy Efficiency Education and Training: Australian Lessons on What Employers Want—Or Need
Alan Pears
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cross-disciplinary, education, efficiency, employers, employment, Energy, productivity, training
This paper explores current approaches and future directions for energy efficiency education and training in the tertiary sector. Energy efficiency is a significant element in many jobs across the economy, with potential for substantial growth. It crosses disciplinary boundaries, as the range of skills and knowledge required by practitioners is broad, reflecting the diversity and expanding range of work roles that require energy efficiency skills and knowledge. Limitations of education and training contribute to a situation where business and consumer decision-making often involves little or no consideration of energy, so outcomes are often sub-optimal. This increases costs, environmental and social impacts and undermines productivity improvement. As the significance of energy efficiency skills and knowledge in workplaces increases, more flexible and varied education and training models are needed to allow workers to upskill, gain new skills and integrate energy efficiency into busines... [more]
Special Issue of the 1st International Conference on Nanofluids (ICNf19)
Patrice Estellé, Leonor Hernández López, Matthias H. Buschmann
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: applications, Energy, nanofluids, nanouptake, properties
This editorial note is dedicated to the 1st International Conference on Nanofluids (ICNf19), which was organized under the auspices of Nanouptake COST Action in June 2019, in Castelló (Spain). After a brief report about the conference issues, the successful selected contributions to this Special Issue of Energies about the ICNf19 are introduced.
The Causal Connection of Natural Resources and Globalization with Energy Consumption in Top Asian Countries: Evidence from a Nonparametric Causality-in-Quantile Approach
Hafezali Iqbal Hussain, Muhammad Haseeb, Manuela Tvaronavičienė, Leonardus W. W. Mihardjo, Kittisak Jermsittiparsert
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy, globalization, natural resources, nonparametric causality in quantiles
Given the significance of energy conservation as a prime objective of environmental sustainability, countries all around the world are keen to identify significant factors that lead to the augmentation of energy utilization. Considering the rising emphasis of economies in utilizing natural resources to attain higher levels of globalization, the current research was aimed at investigating how the returns of natural resources and globalization affect energy consumption in top Asian economies. In doing so, the study emphasized the nonlinear relationship among the variables and applied the novel nonparametric method of causality in quantile to identify the quantile-based causal connection of natural resources and globalization on the returns and volatility of energy utilization in selected Asian countries. Moreover, the presence of nonlinearity in the variables was tested by the Brock- Dechert-Scheinkman test (BDS test), which confirmed that all variables showed nonlinear behavior. Further... [more]
Feasibility Study of Low Mass and Low Energy Consumption Drilling Devices for Future Space (Mining Surveying) Missions
Adam Jan Zwierzyński, Wojciech Teper, Rafał Wiśniowski, Andrzej Gonet, Tomasz Buratowski, Tadeusz Uhl, Karol Seweryn
April 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: drilling, Energy, fusion, geological surveying, helium-3, raw material, space, space drilling, space mining
The global climate crisis forces the search for new ecological sources of energy and mining methods. Space mining can solve those problems, but, first, wide geological surveying space missions using drilling methods are necessary. Additionally, drilling methods will be important in geological, life searching, geoengineering, and many other studies of extraterrestrial objects. Space is becoming a new area of possible drilling applications. Designing future space drilling missions requires adapting drilling technologies, not only to the conditions of the space environment, but also to the economic and technological realities of the space industry. The possibility of constructing low mass coring devices with energy consumption below 100 W was investigated in this paper. Minimization of energy consumption and mass of a coring is essential for the device to be used in space missions, when lander instruments supplied by low power electric battery are expected to work reliably and the launch... [more]
Energy and Exergy Analyses of a Flat Plate Solar Collector Using Various Nanofluids: An Analytical Approach
R. M. Mostafizur, M. G. Rasul, M. N. Nabi
April 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: dead state, Energy, Exergy, nanofluid, solar collector
Energy and exergy (EnE) efficiencies are considered the most important parameters to compare the performance of various thermal systems. In this paper, an analysis was carried out for EnE efficiencies of a flat plate solar collector (FPSC) using four different kinds of nanofluids as flowing mediums, namely, Al2O3/water, MgO/water, TiO2/water, and CuO/water, and compared with water as a flowing medium (traditional base fluid). The analysis considered nanofluids made of nanomaterials’ volume fractions of 1−4% with water. The volume flow rates of nanofluids and water were 1 to 4 L/min. The solar collector′s highest EnE efficiency values were obtained for CuO/water nanofluid among the four types of nanofluids mentioned above. The EnE efficiencies of the CuO nanofluid-operated solar collector were 38.21% and 34.06%, respectively, which is significantly higher than that of water-operated solar collectors. For the same volume flow rate, the mass flow rate was found to be 15.95% higher than wa... [more]
Energy and Exergy (2E) Analysis of an Optimized Solar Field of Linear Fresnel Reflectors for a Conceptual Direct Steam Generation Power Plant
Eduardo González-Mora, Ma. Dolores Durán-García
April 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: direct steam generation, efficiency, Energy, Exergy, linear Fresnel reflector
Direct steam generation is a promising alternative to conventional heat transfer fluids for solar thermal power plants using linear concentrators because water and steam do not have thermal and chemical stability problems. The novelty of this study, an energy and exergy (2E) analysis, was that it was performed on several configurations of a conceptual direct steam generation solar power plant with optimized Fresnel reflectors in Agua Prieta, Mexico coupled with a regenerative steam Rankine power cycle to quantify their efficiency and establish a reference for future implementation of this technology in concentrated solar power plants in Mexico. The thermal model was assumed to be a 1D steady-state flow and validated against results in the literature. It was then applied directly to a case study to determine the size of the solar field. The design point was the lowest solar irradiance day, and evaluating the solar multiple with the highest solar irradiance, taking care not to oversize t... [more]
Solar Power: Stellar Profit or Astronomic Cost? A Case Study of Photovoltaic Installations under Poland’s National Prosumer Policy in 2016−2020
Anna Szeląg-Sikora, Jakub Sikora, Marcin Niemiec, Zofia Gródek-Szostak, Marcin Suder, Maciej Kuboń, Tomasz Borkowski, Gabriela Malik
April 21, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: Energy, management, photovoltaic installations, prosumer
In Poland, the development of photovoltaic (PV) installations is an important element in the development of the Renewable Energy Sources (RES) sector and supports the prosumer power industry. The purpose of the article is to present a case study of the PROSUMENT program. It analyzes the data available to date on the development of the PV market in Poland. Apart from the costs of installing the PV systems, the article analyzes the profitability of investment for different micro-power installation capacities. A calculation for micro-power installations subsidized under the PROSUMENT program for various PV capacities is presented, along with the actual amount of the subsidy. The adopted calculation methodology is a comparative verification analysis of the investment cost estimate for a for the two studied PV facilities, i.e., Micro-power installation 1 and Micro-power installation 2. The building’s annual energy demand was adopted at the same level for both examples, with fixed active ene... [more]
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