Records with Keyword: Energy Storage
Showing records 1 to 25 of 298. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
Towards a Sustainable and Defossilized/Decarbonized Chemical and Process Industry
Mariano Martín
July 9, 2024 (v1)
This work presents an overview of the path towards the use of renewable and nonconventional resources for a sustainable chemical and process industry. The aim is not only to lead the way to meet the sustainable development goals but also to maintain the style and quality of life achieved by the technologies and products developed within this sector. Alternative raw materials are to be used and processed differently while a new paradigm for utilities is to be established. The development of technologies and their deployment faces several barriers that we as process engineers can help overcome by providing insight into the alternatives, the thresholds to achieve to become competitive, and strategic analyses.
Thermal Storage Performance of a Shell and Tube Phase Change Heat Storage Unit with Different Thermophysical Parameters of the Phase Change Material
Fanbin Meng, Chunying Che, Yangyang Wu, Jiachao Wei, Jiancheng Rong, Xinpeng Yang, Dong Li, Ruitong Yang, Zhihua Wang
June 21, 2024 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Energy Storage, PCM, shell-and-tube heat exchanger, thermophysical parameters
The thermal storage performance of shell and tube phase change heat storage units is greatly influenced by the thermophysical parameters of the phase change material (PCM). Therefore, we use numerical simulations to examine how the thermal storage capability of shell and tube phase change heat storage units is affected by thermophysical parameters such as specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity, and latent heat of phase change. The findings indicate that while the rate of temperature increase and the rate of the PCM melting both slow down as specific heat capacity increases, the overall heat storage increases. Within the specified range of parameters, the average rate of heat storage increases by approximately 4% for every 50% increase in specific heat capacity. The PCM’s rate of temperature rise slows down and its overall heat storage capacity rises throughout the middle stage of the phase change heat storage process as the latent heat of phase change grows. The average heat stor... [more]
Mitigation of Renewable Energy Source Production Variability in Residential Stock through Small-Scale Gas−Liquid Energy Storage Technology Application
Andrea Vallati, Miriam Di Matteo, Laura Pompei, Fabio Nardecchia, Costanza Vittoria Fiorini
June 5, 2024 (v1)
Keywords: building energy, CAES, Energy Efficiency, Energy Storage, experimental campaign, Power-to-Power, prototype, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, self-consumption, thermodynamic model
Despite renewable energy source integration being a well-established requirement in international policies, energy systems still face some unresolved issues, including the intermittence of production. To tackle this problem, a viable solution could comprise the off-peak storage of electricity production excess, to be consumed later during peak-load hours. The transition from the diffuse pattern of centralized generation to the distributed model, involving energy communities, suggests an additional aspect to manage: the spatial constraints of systems for domestic applications. Compressed-air energy storage represents a promising Power-to-Power technology for small-scale energy integration. This study proposes the application of a gas−liquid energy storage system (GLES) in a residential building, using renewable energy excess from a photovoltaic (PV) array. The performance of the proposed system, whose operation involves the compression of the gaseous mass through a piston operated by mi... [more]
Textiles for Very Cold Environments
Tomasz Blachowicz, Maciej Malczyk, Ilda Kola, Guido Ehrmann, Eva Schwenzfeier-Hellkamp, Andrea Ehrmann
June 5, 2024 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: energy harvesting, Energy Storage, flexible solar cells, heating, personal protective equipment, temperature sensors
Textiles are often used to protect people from cold environments. While most garments are designed for temperatures not far below 0 °C, very cold regions on the earth near the poles or on mountains necessitate special clothing. The same is true for homeless people who have few possibilities to warm up or workers in cooling chambers and other cold environments. Passive insulating clothing, however, can only retain body heat. Active heating, on the other hand, necessitates energy, e.g., by batteries, which are usually relatively heavy and have to be recharged regularly. This review gives an overview of energy-self-sufficient textile solutions for cold environments, including energy harvesting by textile-based or textile-integrated solar cells; piezoelectric sensors in shoes and other possibilities; energy storage in supercapacitors or batteries; and heating by electric energy or phase-change materials.
Advances in Triboelectric Nanogenerators for Sustainable and Renewable Energy: Working Mechanism, Tribo-Surface Structure, Energy Storage-Collection System, and Applications
Van-Long Trinh, Chen-Kuei Chung
February 19, 2024 (v1)
Keywords: energy applications, energy collecting system, Energy Storage, renewable and sustainable, triboelectric nanogenerator
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs) are emerging as a form of sustainable and renewable technology for harvesting wasted mechanical energy in nature, such as motion, waves, wind, and vibrations. TENG devices generate electricity through the cyclic working principle of contact and separation of tribo-material couples. This technology is used in outstanding applications in energy generation, human care, medicinal, biomedical, and industrial applications. TENG devices can be applied in many practical applications, such as portable power, self-powered sensors, electronics, and electric consumption devices. With TENG energy technologies, significant energy issues can be reduced or even solved in the near future, such as reducing gas emissions, increasing environmental protection, and improving human health. The performance of TENGs can be enhanced by utilizing materials with a significant contrast in their triboelectrical characteristics or by implementing advanced structural designs. This... [more]
Effect of LiCl Electrolyte Concentration on Energy Storage of Supercapacitor with Multilayered Ti3C2Tx MXene Electrodes Synthesized by Hydrothermal Etching
Alexey Tsyganov, Alexander Shindrov, Maria Vikulova, Denis Zheleznov, Alexander Gorokhovsky, Nikolay Gorshkov
November 30, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: capacity, Energy Storage, hydrothermal etching, molten salt, MXene, supercapacitor
The development of new electrode materials for electrochemical systems for various purposes is a significant and in-demand task of scientific research. Layered transition metal carbides and nitrides, known as MXenes, show great potential for use as electrodes in electrochemical energy storage devices operating in aqueous electrolytes. In this work, a multilayer Ti3C2Tx MXene was obtained from a Ti3AlC2 precursor and studied as the electrode material of a symmetrical supercapacitor with an aqueous LiCl electrolyte. The formation of the MXene structure was confirmed by the data from X-ray phase analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The X-ray diffraction pattern showed the disappearance of the main reflections related to the Ti3AlC2 phase and the shift of the reflection peak (002) from 9.4° to 6.7°, which indicated successful etching of the Al layers from the Ti3AlC2 precursor. At electrolyte concentrations of 1, 5, 10, and 20 M, the supercapacitors demonstrated high specific capacit... [more]
Research on the Access Planning of SOP and ESS in Distribution Network Based on SOCP-SSGA
Yuxin Jia, Qiong Li, Xu Liao, Linjun Liu, Jian Wu
July 13, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: economic costs, Energy Storage, second-order cone planning, soft open point, steady-state genetic algorithm
This paper proposes a two-stage planning model for soft open point (SOP) and energy storage system (ESS) that considers the cost of faults in response to the current issue of SOP and ESS systems not considering the impact of SOP access on load transfer in the event of a fault in the distribution network. Firstly, considering the uncertainty of “PV-load”, typical scenarios of PV and load are constructed based on the clustering algorithm. Secondly, aiming at the economic performance of the distribution network and the capacity of PV access, a two-stage optimization model is established for the joint integration of SOP and ESS into the distribution network (normal and fault operation) under typical scenarios. The model is solved by using the second-order cone programming algorithm and steady-state genetic algorithm (SOCP-SSGA). Stage one involves planning for the integration capacity and location of SOP and ESS into the distribution network under each scenario within a period based on SOC... [more]
Optimal Allocation Method for Energy Storage Capacity Considering Dynamic Time-of-Use Electricity Prices and On-Site Consumption of New Energy
Wei Hu, Xinyan Zhang, Lijuan Zhu, Zhenen Li
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Absorption, demand-side response, dynamic electricity price, Energy Storage, new energy, on site consumption of new energy
Configuring energy storage devices can effectively improve the on-site consumption rate of new energy such as wind power and photovoltaic, and alleviate the planning and construction pressure of external power grids on grid-connected operation of new energy. Therefore, a dual layer optimization configuration method for energy storage capacity with source load collaborative participation is proposed. The external model introduces a demand-side response strategy, determines the peak, flat, and valley periods of the time-of-use electricity price-based on the distribution characteristics of load and new energy output, and further aims to maximize the revenue of the wind and solar storage system. With the peak, flat, and valley electricity price as the decision variable, an outer optimization model is established. Based on the optimized electricity price, the user’s electricity consumption in each period is adjusted, and the results are transmitted to the inner optimization model. The inter... [more]
Energy Storage Systems for Photovoltaic and Wind Systems: A Review
Djamila Rekioua
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, multi-energy storage, photovoltaic, storage, wind turbine
The study provides a study on energy storage technologies for photovoltaic and wind systems in response to the growing demand for low-carbon transportation. Energy storage systems (ESSs) have become an emerging area of renewed interest as a critical factor in renewable energy systems. The technology choice depends essentially on system requirements, cost, and performance characteristics. Common types of ESSs for renewable energy sources include electrochemical energy storage (batteries, fuel cells for hydrogen storage, and flow batteries), mechanical energy storage (including pumped hydroelectric energy storage (PHES), gravity energy storage (GES), compressed air energy storage (CAES), and flywheel energy storage), electrical energy storage (such as supercapacitor energy storage (SES), superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), and thermal energy storage (TES)), and hybrid or multi-storage systems that combine two or more technologies, such as integrating batteries with pumped hyd... [more]
Tailor-Made Phosphorylated Polyvinyl Alcohol/Tungsten Polyoxometalate Proton Exchange Membrane for a Bio-Electrochemical Energy Storage System
Vassili Glibin, Vahid Vajihinejad, Victor Pupkevich, Dimitre G. Karamanev
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: bio-electrochemical system, Energy Storage, lacunary tungsto-phosphate, proton exchange membrane
In this work, the synthesis of a phosphorylated polyvinyl alcohol (p-PVA)/polyoxometalate (tungsto-phosphate) membrane for the BioGenerator, a bio-electrochemical energy storage technology, is reported. It was shown that bonding of lacunary tungsto-phosphate ions to the carbon skeleton of a polymer matrix results in an increase in proton conductivity of up to 2.7 times, compared to previously studied phosphorylated PVA membranes. Testing of the membrane in an actual Fe3+/H2 electrochemical cell showed that it performs significantly better (0.28 W·cm−2 at 0.79 A·cm−2) than the previously used commercial Selemion HSF (Japan) membrane (0.18 W·cm−2 at 0.60 A·cm−2).
The Role of Hydrogen and H2 Mobility on the Green Transition of Islands: The Case of Anafi (Greece)
Andreas Dimou, Konstantinos Moustakas, Stergios Vakalis
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: Energy Storage, green islands, Hydrogen, mobility, RES, solar, Wind
The holistic green energy transition of non-interconnected islands faces several challenges if all the energy sectors are included, i.e., electricity, heating/cooling, and mobility. On the one hand, the penetration of renewable energy systems (RES) is limited due to design restrictions with respect to the peak demand. On the other hand, energy-intensive heating and mobility sectors pose significant challenges and may be difficult to electrify. The focus of this study is on implementing a hybrid Wind−PV system on the non-interconnected island of Anafi (Greece) that utilizes surplus renewable energy production for both building heating through heat pumps and hydrogen generation. This comprehensive study aims to achieve a holistic green transition by addressing all three main sectors—electricity, heating, and transportation. The produced hydrogen is utilized to address the energy needs of the mobility sector (H2 mobility), focusing primarily on public transportation vehicles (buses) and s... [more]
Nb2CTx-Based MXenes Most Recent Developments: From Principles to New Applications
Tholkappiyan Ramachandran, Abdel-Hamid Ismail Mourad, Mostafa S. A. ElSayed
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: biological, Energy Storage, Nb2CTx MXene, prospective properties, sensors
MXenes are progressively evolving two-dimensional (2D) materials with an expanding wide range of applications in the field of energy storage. They rank among the best electrode materials for cutting-edge energy storage systems. Energy storage device performance is greatly enhanced by MXenes and their composite materials. As technology has improved over the last several decades, the demand for high-capacity energy storage devices that are versatile, sturdy, and have cheap production costs has increased. MXene, which is based on Nb2CTx, is the most current material to emerge for energy storage applications. Nb2CTx MXene is now the most sought-after material in the 2D family due to its flexibility, high conductivity, superior electrochemical nature, superior hydrophilicity, tunable surface functional groups, great mechanical properties, and 2D layered structure. Examples include gas and biosensors, water splitting, water purification, antimicrobial coatings, electromagnetic interference s... [more]
On the Value of Emerging, Day-Ahead Market Related Wind-Storage Narratives in Greece: An Early Empirical Analysis
Stefanos Tampakakis, Dimitrios Zafirakis
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: arbitrage, bidding strategies, day-ahead markets, empirical analysis, Energy Storage, target model, wholesale electricity prices, wind energy
Large-scale integration of renewable energy sources introduces high levels of uncertainty in power systems. In addressing the inherent uncertainty of renewables, coupling with energy storage systems allows for improved dispatchability, not only in terms of power system integration but also in terms of market participation. To that end, we currently look into the coupling of wind energy and energy storage and assess the ex-post value of different, day-ahead market related wind−storage narratives. In doing so, we apply practical dispatch strategies using empirical market signals, vary the size of storage, and adopt different cycling patterns, treating the configurations examined as price-taker units. In addition, by integrating different wind regimes and several years of spot price series, we argue that our approach captures different spatial and temporal characteristics; thus, offering a broad, representative view of the value and associated risk of similar market scenarios in the study... [more]
Optimal Sizing and Operation of Hybrid Renewable Power Plants Participating in Coupled Power Markets with Different Execution Times
Carlos García-Santacruz, Andrés Alcántara, Juan M. Carrasco, Eduardo Galván
April 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Batteries, electricity markets, Energy Storage, optimal sizing, power system management
The increasing limitations in the use of fossil fuels due to their limited availability and pollution have increased the use of renewable energies and storage systems for electricity generation. To achieve the goals of the integration of renewable energy, sizing and management methods for hybrid plants are needed to make investments profitable and attractive in these resources. This work presents an optimization method for the sizing and operation of hybrid plants with storage, choosing the best combination of technologies based on resource availability, installation costs and market prices, maximizing an economic index such as the net present value. One of the main contributions of this work is to reduce the oversizing that occurs in traditional methods through a penalty term for lost energy, encouraging investment in batteries to store excess energy above the point of interconnection (POI). In addition, it is intended to cover gaps such as the operation in coupled markets with differ... [more]
The New Model of Energy Cluster Management and Functioning
Maciej Sołtysik, Karolina Mucha-Kuś, Jacek Kamiński
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: energy cluster, energy community, Energy Storage, Hydrogen, management
This article was aimed to answer the question of whether local energy communities have a sufficient energy surplus for storage purposes, including hydrogen production. The article presents an innovative approach to current research and a discussion of the concepts of the collective prosumer and virtual prosumer that have been implemented in the legal order and further amended in the law. From this perspective, it was of utmost importance to analyze the model of functioning of an energy cluster consisting of energy consumers, energy producers, and hydrogen storage, whose goal is to maximize the obtained benefits, assuming the coopetitive nature of the relationship. The announced and clear perspective of the planned benefits will provide the cluster members a measurable basis for participation in such an energy community. However, the catalogue of benefits will be conditioned by the fulfillment of several requirements related to both the scale of covering energy demand from own sources a... [more]
Impact of a Connection Structure of Macro Fiber Composite Patches on Energy Storage in Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting from a Rotating Shaft
Piotr Micek, Dariusz Grzybek
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, machine shaft, Macro Fiber Composite, piezoelectric energy harvesting, piezoelectric harvester, rotational piezoelectric energy harvesting
Energy collection in a capacitor, which was charged by four connection structures of Macro Fiber Composite (MFC) patches, was the subject of laboratory research. The first structure was the delta circuit created by three MFC patches and connected with a three-phase rectifier; the second structure was the delta circuit created by three MFC patches and connected with a three-phase rectifier; the third structure was the parallel connection of three circuits, each of which consisted of an MFC patch and a full bridge rectifier; and the fourth structure the series connection of three circuits, each of which consisted of an MFC patch and a full bridge rectifier. Laboratory experiments were carried out on a laboratory stand which consisted of a rotating shaft, three MFC patches powering an energy storage system, and a data acquisition system. The star connection generated the highest values of voltage across a capacitor in the long time period. The delta connection produced the highest capacit... [more]
Bio-Based Carbon Materials from Potato Waste as Electrode Materials in Supercapacitors
Viola Hoffmann, Dennis Jung, Muhammad Jamal Alhnidi, Lukas Mackle, Andrea Kruse
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: advanced carbon material, biobased carbon materials, bioeconomy, Energy Storage, potato waste, supercapacitor
This study investigates the production of biobased carbon materials from potato waste and its application in energy storage systems such as supercapacitors. Three different categories of carbons were produced: hydrochar (HC) from hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) at three different temperatures (200 °C, 220 °C, 240 °C) and two different duration times (two hours and five hours), pyrolyzed hydrochar (PHC) obtained via pyrolysis of the HTC chars at 600 °C and 900 °C for two hours and pyrochar from the pyrolysis of biomass at 600 °C and 900 °C for two hours. The carbon samples were analysed regarding their physico-chemical properties such as elemental composition, specific surface area, bulk density and surface functionalities as well as their electrochemical characteristics such as electric conductivity and specific capacity via cyclic voltammetry. N- and O-enriched carbon materials with promising specific surface areas of up to 330 m2 g−1 containing high shares of microporosity were prod... [more]
Underground Pumped-Storage Hydropower (UPSH) at the Martelange Mine (Belgium): Interactions with Groundwater Flow
Estanislao Pujades, Philippe Orban, Pierre Archambeau, Vasileios Kitsikoudis, Sebastien Erpicum, Alain Dassargues
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, groundwater, hydropower, mining, numerical modelling, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Underground pumped-storage hydropower (UPSH) is a promising technology to manage the electricity production in flat regions. UPSH plants consist of an underground and surface reservoirs. The energy is stored by pumping water from the underground to the surface reservoir and is produced by discharging water from the surface to the underground reservoir. The underground reservoir can be drilled, but a more efficient alternative, considered here, consists in using an abandoned mine. Given that mines are rarely waterproofed, there are concerns about the consequences (on the efficiency and the environment) of water exchanges between the underground reservoir and the surrounding medium. This work investigates numerically such water exchanges and their consequences. Numerical models are based on a real abandoned mine located in Belgium (Martelange slate mine) that is considered as a potential site to construct an UPSH plant. The model integrates the geometrical complexity of the mine, adopts... [more]
The Application of Molten Salt Energy Storage to Advance the Transition from Coal to Green Energy Power Systems
Wojciech Kosman, Andrzej Rusin
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, flexibility, renewable sources, steam turbine
The paper presents technical solutions for a power grid that undergoes the elimination of a significant number of coal-based power generating units. The purpose of the solutions is to adapt the existing machines with sufficient lifespans to the new operating conditions. In particular these include steam turbines. The steam turbines’ cycles may be extended with energy storage systems based on a molten salt. This allows to increase the flexibility of the power generating units while maintaining the largest possible efficiency of the power generation. The solutions presented here allow to connect the steam turbines cycles to renewable energy sources and reduce the overall number of the units that create the fundamental layer of the power grid. The analysis of the solutions involves numerical modeling. The paper describes the assumptions and the results of the modeling for chosen cases of the modernization. The researched considered a number of options that differed in the investment costs... [more]
Life-Cycle Carbon Emissions and Energy Implications of High Penetration of Photovoltaics and Electric Vehicles in California
Marco Raugei, Alessio Peluso, Enrica Leccisi, Vasilis Fthenakis
April 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: California, electric vehicles, Energy Storage, energy transition, EROI, grid mix, hourly data, life cycle assessment, lithium-ion batteries, photovoltaic
California has set two ambitious targets aimed at achieving a high level of decarbonization in the coming decades, namely (i) to generate 60% and 100% of its electricity using renewable energy (RE) technologies, respectively, by 2030 and by 2045, and (ii) introducing at least 5 million zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) by 2030, as a first step towards all new vehicles being ZEVs by 2035. In addition, in California, photovoltaics (PVs) coupled with lithium-ion battery (LIB) storage and battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are, respectively, the most promising candidates for new RE installations and new ZEVs, respectively. However, concerns have been voiced about how meeting both targets at the same time could potentially negatively affect the electricity grid’s stability, and hence also its overall energy and carbon performance. This paper addresses those concerns by presenting a thorough life-cycle carbon emission and energy analysis based on an original grid balancing model that uses a combin... [more]
Local Balancing of the Electricity Grid in a Renewable Municipality; Analyzing the Effectiveness and Cost of Decentralized Load Balancing Looking at Multiple Combinations of Technologies
Frank Pierie, Christian E. J. van Someren, Sandór N. M. Kruse, Gideon A. H. Laugs, René M. J. Benders, Henri C. Moll
April 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: biogas, curtailment, decentralized load balancing, demand side management, energy grid capacity and reinforcements, Energy Storage, load shifting, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
With the integration of Intermitted Renewables Energy (I-RE) electricity production, capacity is shifting from central to decentral. So, the question is if it is also necessary to adjust the current load balancing system from a central to more decentral system. Therefore, an assessment is made on the overall effectiveness and costs of decentralized load balancing, using Flexible Renewable Energy (F-RE) in the shape of biogas, Demand Side Management (DSM), Power Curtailment (PC), and electricity Storage (ST) compared to increased grid capacity (GC). As a case, an average municipality in The Netherlands is supplied by 100% I-RE (wind and solar energy), which is dynamically modeled in the PowerPlan model using multiple scenarios including several combinations of balancing technologies. Results are expressed in yearly production mix, self-consumption, grid strain, Net Load Demand Signal, and added cost. Results indicate that in an optimized scenario, self-consumption of the municipality re... [more]
Multidisciplinary Approaches for Assessing a High Temperature Borehole Thermal Energy Storage Facility at Linköping, Sweden
Max Hesselbrandt, Mikael Erlström, Daniel Sopher, Jose Acuna
April 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: boreholes, crystalline bedrock, drone photogrammetry, Energy Storage, logging, magnetic measurements, methodology, thermal properties, VLF
Assessing the optimal placement and design of a large-scale high temperature energy storage system in crystalline bedrock is a challenging task. This study applies and evaluates various methods and strategies for pre-site investigation for a potential high temperature borehole thermal energy storage (HT-BTES) system at Linköping in Sweden. The storage is required to shift approximately 70 GWh of excess heat generated from a waste incineration plant during the summer to the winter season. Ideally, the site for the HT-BTES system should be able to accommodate up to 1400 wells to 300 m depth. The presence of major fracture zones, high groundwater flow, anisotropic thermal properties, and thick Quaternary overburden are all factors that play an important role in the performance of an HT-BTES system. Inadequate input data to the modeling and design increases the risk of unsatisfactory performance, unwanted thermal impact on the surroundings, and suboptimal placement of the HT-BTES system, e... [more]
Dynamic Performance Enhancement of Power Grids by Operating Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System as Supercapacitor Energy Storage
Morteza Daviran Keshavarzi, Mohd Hasan Ali
April 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, solar photovoltaic system, supercapacitor
Energy storage devices are collocated with conventional solar photovoltaic (PV) systems to tackle the intermittency of solar irradiance and maintain the power quality of supplied energy. The energy storage system usually has its own conversion devices that may incur an extra capital cost of installation. This paper proposes an integrated and cost-effective photovoltaic-supercapacitor (PVSC) system in which the energy storage functionality of the supercapacitor (SC) is merged into the PV array where the power flow bidirectionally takes place to maintain the system stability under grid disturbances during the daytime, nighttime, and cloudy weather. A nonlinear mathematical model (NMM) was developed to conduct the stability analyses and to design the controller parameters, which facilitates a faster and more accurate numerical analysis compared to existing average models. The effectiveness of the proposed system was evaluated by simulation analysis and compared to that of the basic PV and... [more]
Optimal Sizing and Energy Management of Microgrids with Vehicle-to-Grid Technology: A Critical Review and Future Trends
Oussama Ouramdane, Elhoussin Elbouchikhi, Yassine Amirat, Ehsan Sedgh Gooya
April 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: distributed energy generation, energy dispatching, energy management systems, Energy Storage, microgrids, optimal sizing, Optimization, vehicle-to-grid
The topic of microgrids (MGs) is a fast-growing and very promising field of research in terms of energy production quality, pollution reduction and sustainable development. Moreover, MGs are, above all, designed to considerably improve the autonomy, sustainability, and reliability of future electrical distribution grid. At the same time, aspects of MGs energy management, taking into consideration distribution generation systems, energy storage devices, electric vehicles, and consumption components have been widely investigated. Besides, grid architectures including DC, AC, or hybrid power generation systems, energy dispatching problems modelling, operating modes (islanded or grid connected), MGs sizing, simulations and problems solving optimization approaches, and other aspects, have been raised as topics of great interest for both electrical and computer sciences research communities. Furthermore, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and government policies and in... [more]
An Analysis of a Storage System for a Wind Farm with Ramp-Rate Limitation
Guglielmo D’Amico, Filippo Petroni, Salvatore Vergine
April 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, Markov chain, power ramping, power wind variability, revenue process
This paper provides evidence on how the variability of the power produced by a wind farm and its revenue are affected by implementing a ramp-rate limitation strategy and by adding a storage device to the system. The wind farm receives penalties whenever the ramp-rate limitations are not respected and may be supported by batteries to avoid this scenario. In this paper, we model the battery usage as a discrete time homogeneous Markov chain with rewards thanks to which it is possible to simulate the state of the charge of the battery and to calculate the amount of penalties suffered by the wind farm during any period. An application is performed considering the power produced by a hypothetical wind turbine located in Sardinia (Italy) using real wind speed data and electricity prices from a period of 10 years. We applied the concept of ramp-rate limitation on our hourly dataset, studying several limitation scenarios and battery capacities.
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