Records with Keyword: Adsorption
Showing records 1 to 25 of 198. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
CO2 Adsorption Performance of Activated Coke Prepared from Biomass and Coal
He Gao, Shaohua Wang, Miaomiao Hao, Wei Shao, Shuhui Zhang, Lei Zhang, Xiaohan Ren
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: activation, active coke, Adsorption, Carbon Dioxide, nitrogen-containing functional groups
CO2 adsorption is one of the promising CCS technologies, and activated coke is a solid adsorbent with excellent adsorption properties. In this study, activated coke was prepared by using bituminous coal and coconut shells activated with KOH or CaCl2 in a physically activated atmosphere and modified with ammonia. The effect of the active agent impregnation ratio on the physicochemical properties of activated coke was investigated by N2 adsorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR). The CO2 adsorption performance of activated coke was tested, and the effect of nitrogen-containing functional groups on CO2 adsorption was investigated by experiments and simulations. The results showed that the specific surface area of activated coke reached 629.81 m2/g at a KOH impregnation ratio of 0.5 and 610.66 m2/g at a CaCl2 impregnation ratio of 1. The maximum CO2 adsorption capacity of activated coke reached 71.70 mg/g and 90.99 mg/g for c... [more]
MOF-801/Graphene Adsorbent Material for Greenhouse Climate Control System—Numerical Investigation
Andrew N. Aziz, Raya Al-Dadah, Saad Mahmoud, Mohamed A. Ismail, Mohammed K. Almesfer, Marwa F. El-Kady, Hassan Shokry
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, COMSOL, Matlab, Modelling, MOF-801/Graphene, Simulation
Greenhouses with efficient controlled environment offer a promising solution for food security against the impacts of increasing global temperatures and growing water scarcity. However, current technologies used to achieve this controlled environment consume a significant amount of energy, which impacts on operational costs and CO2 emissions. Using advanced metal organic framework materials (MOFs) with superior water adsorption characteristics, this work investigates the development of a new technology for a greenhouse-controlled environment. The system consists of MOF coated heat exchanger, air to air heat exchanger, and evaporative cooler. A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was developed using COMSOL software and experimentally validated for the MOF-801/Graphene coated heat exchanger (DCHE) to determine the best cycle time and power input. It was found that using desorption time of 16 min and power input of 1.26 W, the maximum water removal rate was obtained... [more]
Modified Activated Carbon as an Effective Hydrogen Adsorbent
Paweł Baran, Bronisław Buczek, Katarzyna Zarębska
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: active carbon, Adsorption, Hydrogen, storage
Hydrogen adsorption measurements were taken by the weighting method using the Sartorius low-pressure microbalance. Experiments were conducted at two temperatures: 77.5 and 300 K; the adsorbent used was active carbon obtained from wood and modified with potassium hydroxide. The porous structure of the carbon prior to and after modification was evaluated based on the nitrogen adsorption and desorption data. Thus, the densimetric characteristic of active carbon was modified; porous structures were developed in the range of micro-, meso- and macropores and the volume of hydrogen adsorbed at 77.5 K showed an almost four-fold increase. Modified active carbons are found to be suitable for applications in hydrogen storage systems.
Oxytetracycline Adsorption from Aqueous Solutions on Commercial and High-Temperature Modified Activated Carbons
Joanna Lach, Agnieszka Ociepa-Kubicka, Maciej Mrowiec
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: activated carbon, Adsorption, oxytetracycline, thermal modification of activated carbon
The aim of the work was to evaluate the possibility of using commercial and modified activated carbons for the removal of oxytetracycline from aqueous solutions. The kinetics and statics of adsorption as well as the effect of the activated carbon dose and solution pH on the efficiency of the oxytetracycline adsorption were analyzed. Based on the study of oxytetracycline adsorption isotherms, the activated carbons were ranked in the following order: F-300 > WG-12 > Picabiol > ROW08 > WACC 8 × 30 > F-100 > WAZ 0.6−2.4. The most effective activated carbons were characterized by large specific surfaces. The best matching results were obtained for: Redlich−Peterson, Thot and Jovanovic models, and lower for the most frequently used Freundlich and Langmuir models. The adsorption proceeded better from solutions with pH = 6 than with pH = 3 and 10. Two ways of modifying activated carbon were also assessed. A proprietary method of activated carbon modification was proposed. It uses the heating o... [more]
Magnetic Steel Slag Biochar for Ammonium Nitrogen Removal from Aqueous Solution
Gyuhyeon Kim, Youngmo Kim, Sumin Kim, Hyunuk Cho, Jongmoon Park
April 27, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, ammonium nitrogen, magnetic biochar, magnetic properties, steel slag
In this study, magnetic steel slag biochar (MSSB) was synthesized from low-cost steel slag waste to investigate the effectiveness of steel slag biochar composite for NH4-N removal and magnetic properties in aqueous solution. The maximum adsorption capacity of NH4-N by MSSB was 4.366 mg/g according to the Langmuir model. The magnetic properties of MSSB indicated paramagnetic behavior and a saturation magnetic moment of 2.30 emu/g at 2 Tesla. The NH4-N adsorption process was well characterized by the pseudo-second order kinetic model and Temkin isotherm model. This study demonstrated the potential of magnetic biochar synthesized from steel slag waste for NH4-N removal in aqueous solution.
Substituent Effects in Kaolinite Flotation Using Dodecylamine: Experiment and DFT Study
Liang Shen, Jiabao Gong, Yifang Liu, Erle Qiao
April 25, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, collector, DFT calculation, flotation, kaolinite
The molecular structure of cationic surfactants is closely related to their flotation performance. In this paper, three cationic surfactants with different head group structures were selected as collectors of kaolinite, and the substituent effects were studied by the DFT method. The DFT calculation results showed that increasing the number of substituents in the dodecylamine head group can significantly increase its surface and head group charge. Dodecylamine has the lowest LUMO orbital energy, so dodecylamine has the strongest electron attraction ability and the strongest interaction with kaolinite. Electron density differential showed that there was an area of electron aggregation between the collector and the surface of the kaolinite. The interaction energy of DDA on kaolinite surfaces was greater than that of the other two collectors, indicating that the adsorption of DDA on the surface of kaolinite was more stable. Flotation results showed that higher a kaolinite yield was obtaine... [more]
Performance Analysis of Variable Mode Adsorption Chiller at Different Recooling Water Temperatures
Ahmad A. Alsarayreh, Ayman Al-Maaitah, Menwer Attarakih, Hans-Jörg Bart
April 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, adsorption cooling, mass recovery, SAPO-34, variable mode, zeolite
Adsorption cooling can recover waste heat at low temperature levels, thereby saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. An air-cooled adsorption cooling system reduces water consumption and the technical problems associated with wet-cooling systems; however, it is difficult to maintain a constant recooling water temperature using such a system. To overcome this limitation, a variable mode adsorption chiller concept was introduced and investigated in this study. A prototype adsorption chiller was designed and tested experimentally and numerically using the lumped model. Experimental and numerical results showed good agreement and a similar trend. The adsorbent pairs investigated in this chiller consisted of silicoaluminophosphate (SAPO-34)/water. The experimental isotherm data were fitted to the Dubinin−Astakhov (D−A), Freundlich, Hill, and Sun and Chakraborty (S−C) models. The fitted data exhibited satisfactory agreement with the experimental data except with the Freundlich m... [more]
Design and Large Temperature Jump Testing of a Modular Finned-Tube Carbon−Ammonia Adsorption Generator for Gas-Fired Heat Pumps
Steven Metcalf, Ángeles Rivero-Pacho, Robert Critoph
April 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: active carbon, Adsorption, ammonia, heat pump
Gas-fired heat pumps are a potential replacement for condensing boilers, utilizing fossil-fuel resources more efficiently and reducing the amount of biogas or hydrogen required in sustainable gas grids. However, their adoption has been limited due to their large size and high capital cost, resulting in long payback times. For adsorption-based heat pumps, the major development challenge is to maximize the rate of heat transfer to the adsorbent, whilst minimizing the thermal mass. This work develops a modular finned-tube carbon−ammonia adsorption generator that incorporates the adsorbent in highly compacted 3-mm layers between aluminum fins. Manufacturing techniques that are amenable to low cost and high-volume production were developed. The module was tested using the large temperature jump (LTJ) method and achieved a time constant for adsorption and desorption of 50 s. The computational model predicted that if incorporated into two adsorption generators of 6 L volume each, they could b... [more]
Recent Advances in Covalent Organic Frameworks for Heavy Metal Removal Applications
Maria-Anna Gatou, Panagiota Bika, Thomas Stergiopoulos, Panagiotis Dallas, Evangelia A. Pavlatou
April 20, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Adsorption, covalent organic frameworks, environmental remediation, heavy metals, wastewater treatment
Covalent organic frameworks comprise a unique class of functional materials that has recently emerged as a versatile tool for energy-related, photocatalytic, environmental, and electrochromic device applications. A plethora of structures can be designed and implemented through a careful selection of ligands and functional units. On the other hand, porous materials for heavy metal absorption are constantly on the forefront of materials science due to the significant health issues that arise from the release of the latter to aquatic environments. In this critical review, we provide insights on the correlation between the structure of functional covalent organic frameworks and their heavy metal absorption. The elements we selected were Pb, Hg, Cr, Cd, and As metal ions, as well as radioactive elements, and we focused on their removal with functional networks. Finally, we outline their advantages and disadvantages compared to other competitive systems such as zeolites and metal organic fra... [more]
Optimisation of Operation of Adsorption Chiller with Desalination Function
Karol Sztekler
April 19, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, chiller, desalination
The demand for electricity is growing rapidly along with economic development and increasing population. At present, its production is mainly based on non-renewable sources, which has negative impacts on the environment and contributes to global warming. A large proportion of the produced electricity is consumed by refrigeration equipment. Climate change and the progress of civilisation are additionally increasing the demand for cooling, with increasing electricity consumption as a consequence. One of the options for obtaining eco-friendly cooling is the use of adsorption chillers. These devices are powered by low-temperature heat and their operation only requires a small amount of electrical energy. The source of low-temperature heat can be, e.g., waste heat generated in many industrial processes. Its use allows one to increase energy efficiency and achieve additional financial benefits. However, adsorption chillers are characterised by low coefficients of performance. This paper pres... [more]
Structural Characteristics and Environmental Applications of Covalent Organic Frameworks
Niaz Ali Khan, Muhammad Humayun, Muhammad Usman, Zahid Ali Ghazi, Abdul Naeem, Abbas Khan, Asim Laeeq Khan, Asif Ali Tahir, Habib Ullah
April 19, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Adsorption, covalent organic frameworks, functionalities, separation, synthesis
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are emerging crystalline polymeric materials with highly ordered intrinsic and uniform pores. Their synthesis involves reticular chemistry, which offers the freedom of choosing building precursors from a large bank with distinct geometries and functionalities. The pore sizes of COFs, as well as their geometry and functionalities, can be pre-designed, giving them an immense opportunity in various fields. In this mini-review, we will focus on the use of COFs in the removal of environmentally hazardous metal ions and chemicals through adsorption and separation. The review will introduce basic aspects of COFs and their advantages over other purification materials. Various fabrication strategies of COFs will be introduced in relation to the separation field. Finally, the challenges of COFs and their future perspectives in this field will be briefly outlined.
Energy and Exergy Analyses of Adsorption Chiller at Various Recooling-Water and Dead-State Temperatures
Ahmad A. Alsarayreh, Ayman Al-Maaitah, Menwer Attarakih, Hans-Jörg Bart
April 19, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, adsorption cooling, dead state, Exergy, reheat cycle, mass recovery
We conducted energy and exergy analyses of an adsorption chiller to investigate the effect of recooling-water temperatures on the cooling capacity and Coefficient of Performance (COP) with variable cycle modes. We investigated both the effect of the recooling-water temperature and the dead state temperature on the exergy destruction in the chiller components. Our results show that there is an optimum reheat cycle mode for each recooling-water temperature range. For the basic single stage cycle, the exergy destruction is mainly accrued in the desorber (49%), followed by the adsorber (27%), evaporator (13%), condenser (9%), and expansion valve (2%). The exergy destruction for the preheating process is approximately 35% of the total exergy destruction in the desorber. By contrast, the precooling process is almost 58% of the total exergy destruction in the adsorber. The exergy destruction decreases when increasing the recooling-water and the dead state temperatures, while the exergy effici... [more]
Catalyzed Ethanol Chemical Looping Gasification Mechanism on the Perfect and Reduced Fe2O3 Surfaces
Laixing Luo, Xing Zheng, Jianye Wang, Wu Qin, Xianbin Xiao, Zongming Zheng
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, Biomass, DFT, gasification, oxygen carrier
Biomass chemical looping gasification (CLG) is a novel gasification technology for hydrogen production, where the oxygen carrier (OC) transfers lattice oxygen to catalytically oxidize fuel into syngas. However, the OC is gradually reduced, showing different reaction activities in the CLG process. Fully understanding the CLG reaction mechanism of fuel molecules on perfect and reduced OC surfaces is necessary, for which the CLG of ethanol using Fe2O3 as the OC was introduced as the probe reaction to perform density functional theory calculations to reveal the decomposition mechanism of ethanol into the synthesis gas (including H2, CH4, ethylene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and CO) on perfect and reduced Fe2O3(001) surfaces. When Fe2O3(001) is reduced to FeO0.375(001), the calculated barrier energy decreases and then increases again, suggesting that the reduction state around FeO(001) favors the catalytic decomposition of ethanol to produce hydrogen, which proves that the degree of reduct... [more]
Effects of Supercritical CO2 on Matrix Permeability of Unconventional Formations
Arash Kamali-Asl, Mark D Zoback, Arjun H. Kohli
April 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, dissolution, permeability, shale rocks, supercritical carbon dioxide
We studied the effects of supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) on the matrix permeability of reservoir rocks from the Eagle Ford, Utica, and Wolfcamp formations. We measured permeability using argon before exposure of the samples to scCO2 over time periods ranging from days to weeks. We measured permeability (and the change of permeability with confining pressure) when both argon and scCO2 were the pore fluids. In all three formations, we generally observe a negative correlation between initial permeability and carbonate content—the higher the carbonate content, the lower the initial permeability. In clay- and organic-rich samples, swelling of the matrix resulting from adsorption decreased the permeability by about 50% when the pore fluid was scCO2 although this permeability change is largely reversible. In carbonate-rich samples, dissolution of carbonate minerals by carbonic acid irreversibly increased matrix permeability, in some cases by more than one order of magnitude. This dissol... [more]
Design and Thermodynamic Analysis of Waste Heat-Driven Zeolite−Water Continuous-Adsorption Refrigeration and Heat Pump System for Ships
Cüneyt Ezgi
April 13, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, heat pump, refrigeration, ship, Water, zeolite
Strict International Maritime Organization (IMO) rules enable ships to maximize fuel consumption and compliance with the climate. Cooling and heat-pumping technology powered by waste heat makes a substantial contribution to lowering ship gas emissions. This study explores, technically studies, and thermodynamically analyzes the efficiency of ongoing adsorption refrigeration and heating systems using a zeolite−water pair onboard a naval surface ship. An updated Dubin-in-Astakhov equation calculates the equilibrium adsorption potential of the operating pair used in the system. The coefficient of performance (COP) and specific cooling power (SCP)/specific heating power (SHP) values were between 0.109 and 0.384 and between 69.13 and 193.58 W kg−1 for cooling mode, and between 66.16 and 185.26 W kg−1 based on exhaust gas temperature and regeneration, respectively. Up to 27.64% and 52.91% met the cooling and heating load of the case vessel at a full load by the zeolite−water-adsorbed refrige... [more]
Application of High-Gradient Magnetic Separation for the Recovery of Super-Paramagnetic Polymer Adsorbent Used in Adsorption and Desorption Processes
Jyi-Yeong Tseng, Chia-Chi Chang, Cheng-Wen Tu, Min-Hao Yuan, Ching-Yuan Chang, Chiung-Fen Chang, Yi-Hung Chen, Je-Lueng Shie, Dar-Ren Ji, Bo-Liang Liu, Matthias Franzreb
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Other
Keywords: Adsorption, desorbent, desorption, high-gradient magnetic separation (HGMS), permanent magnet, super-paramagnetic polymer adsorbent (MPA)
This study examined the application of high-gradient magnetic separation (HGMS) for recycling of super-paramagnetic polymer adsorbent (MPA), namely, polyvinyl acetate-iminodiacetic acid. The HGMS can be incorporated with the adsorption and desorption processes (ADPs) with fresh or regenerated desorbed MPAs and exhausted adsorbed MPAs, respectively. This combines the permanent magnet’s advantage of low running costs with the easy operation using the solenoid to flush the filter in place. The effects of the inlet concentration of MPA in solution (CLF) and the fluid velocity (v0) or volumetric flow rate (QLF) on the performance of the recovery of MPA via HGMS were assessed. The results indicated that the separation efficiency (η or P0), breakthrough time (tB) and exhaustion time (tE) of HGMS reduce as CLF, as well as v0, increases. Further, the filter saturated capture capacity (σS) of HGMS also decreases with increasing v0. The effect of v0 on tB proportional to 1/v02 is more significant... [more]
Adsorption of Methylene Blue by Bentonite Supported Nano Zero Valent Iron (B-nZVI)
Nur ‘Aishah Zarime, Badariah Solemon, Wan Zuhairi Wan Yaacob, Habibah Jamil, Rohayu Che Omar, Abdul Ghani Rafek, Rasyikin Roslan
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, bentonite, cationic dye, composite nano zero-valent iron, Energy, methylene blue
Dyes used in textiles, foods, cosmetics, and chemicals have become a major environmental pollution issue around the world. To address this issue, a number of technologies have been created to remove these pollutants from the environment. Due to their superior properties at nanoscale, numerous nanomaterials have been applied to remove dyes from polluted waters. This research presents the findings of the development of bentonite nano zero-valent iron (B-nZVI) for the treatment of synthetic cationic dyes. This study has three objectives: (i) to produce bentonite nano zero-valence iron (B-nZVI), (ii) to characterize its adsorbents (B-nZVI), (iii) to characterize its adsorption capacity. Four main tests were used for this purpose: (i) a physical test (Brunauer−Emmett−Teller (BET) surface area), (ii) a chemical test (cation exchange capacity (CEC) and X-ray fluorescence (XRF)), (iii) morphology (field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and (iv) mineralogy (Fourier transform infrar... [more]
The Application of Hydroxyapatite NPs for Adsorption Antibiotic from Aqueous Solutions: Kinetic, Thermodynamic, and Isotherm Studies
Huda S. Alhasan, Suhad A. Yasin, Nadiyah Alahmadi, Ahmad Khalaf Alkhawaldeh
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, amoxicillin, hydroxyapatite NPS, kinetic and thermodynamic studies
Antibiotic pollution has become a serious concern due to the extensive use of antibiotics, their resistance to removal, and their detrimental effects on aquatic habitats and humans. Hence, developing an efficient antibiotic removal process for aqueous solutions has become vital. Amoxicillin (Amox) is one of the antibiotics that has been efficiently removed from an aqueous solution using hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HAP NPs). The current study synthesizes and utilizes hydroxyapatite nanoparticles as a cost-effective adsorbent. Adsorbent dose, pH solution, initial Amox concentration, equilibrium time, and temperature are among the factors that have an evident impact on Amox antibiotic adsorption. The (200) mg dose, pH (5), temperature (25) °C, and time (120) min are shown to be the best-optimized values. The nonlinear Langmuir’s isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models with equilibrium capacities of 4.01 mg/g are highly compatible with the experimental adsorption data. The experi... [more]
Sapo-34 Obtained from Amazonian Flint Kaolin: Influence of Impurities of “Oxidized Fe/Ti” in Synthesis and Its Application in the Removal of Cationic Dye from Water
Darllan R. Pinheiro, Alice P. Pinheiro, Fabio A. Pontes, João Vitor K. Soares, Roberto F. Neves, Simone P. A. Paz
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, Amazonian kaolin, dye, SAPO-34, separation process
Non-processed kaolin (flint kaolin) from a mine located in the Capim area (Amazon region, northern Brazil), usually considered as waste, was selected as a source of silicon and aluminum in the synthesis of SAPO-34. This is a molecular sieve and cationic exchanger chosen for tests focusing on the removal of methylene blue in aqueous solutions, which is a cationic dye widely used by textile industries in Brazil. The results revealed that the SAPO-34 has been successfully synthesized with typical cubic morphology, good crystallinity (>90%), and thermal stability (~998 °C). Although the oxidized Fe/Ti impurities contained in the flint kaolin affect the degree of crystallinity of the zeolitic product, its adsorptive properties are not significantly affected, which demonstrates the excellent adsorption results (pH = 11; % removal > 90%). It proved to be an adsorbent with considerable adsorption capacity (9.83 mg·g−1). The pH test confirmed the acidic surface characteristics (pH solution 2−4;... [more]
Three-Dimensional Imaging and Quantification of Gas Storativity in Nanoporous Media via X-rays Computed Tomography
Youssef Elkady, Ye Lyu, Kristian Jessen, Anthony R. Kovscek
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, computed tomography, nanoporous media
This study provides the engineering science underpinnings for improved characterization and quantification of the interplay of gases with kerogen and minerals in shale. Natural nanoporous media such as shale (i.e., mudstone) often present with low permeability and dual porosity, making them difficult to characterize given the complex structural and chemical features across multiple scales. These structures give nanoporous solids a large surface area for gas to sorb. In oil and gas applications, full understanding of these media and their sorption characteristics are critical for evaluating gas reserves, flow, and storage for enhanced recovery and CO2 sequestration potential. Other applications include CO2 capture from industrial plants, hydrogen storage on sorbent surfaces, and heterogeneous catalysis in ammonia synthesis. Therefore, high-resolution experimental procedures are demanded to better understand the gas−solid behavior. In this study, CT imaging was applied on the sub-millime... [more]
Effect of Particle Size on Pore Characteristics of Organic-Rich Shales: Investigations from Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) and Fluid Intrusion Techniques
Yi Shu, Yanran Xu, Shu Jiang, Linhao Zhang, Xiang Zhao, Zhejun Pan, Tomasz P. Blach, Liangwei Sun, Liangfei Bai, Qinhong Hu, Mengdi Sun
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, mercury injection capillary pressure, neutron scattering, sample size, shale
The sample size or particle size of shale plays a significant role in the characterization of pores by various techniques. To systematically investigate the influence of particle size on pore characteristics and the optimum sample size for different methods, we conducted complementary tests on two overmature marine shale samples with different sample sizes. The tests included small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), gas (N2, CO2, and H2O) adsorption, mercury injection capillary pressure (MICP), and field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) imaging. The results indicate that artificial pores and fractures may occur on the surface or interior of the particles during the pulverization process, and some isolated pores may be exposed to the particle surface or connected by new fractures, thus improving the pore connectivity of the shale. By comparing the results of different approaches, we established a hypothetical model to analyze how the crushing process affects the pore structu... [more]
CO2 Capture, Use, and Storage in the Cement Industry: State of the Art and Expectations
Marta G. Plaza, Sergio Martínez, Fernando Rubiera
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Absorption, Adsorption, calcium looping, Carbon Dioxide Capture, cement, direct separation, Membranes, oxyfuel, post-combustion
The implementation of carbon capture, use, and storage in the cement industry is a necessity, not an option, if the climate targets are to be met. Although no capture technology has reached commercial scale demonstration in the cement sector yet, much progress has been made in the last decade. This work intends to provide a general overview of the CO2 capture technologies that have been evaluated so far in the cement industry at the pilot scale, and also about the current plans for future commercial demonstration.
Systematic Analysis of Materials for Coated Adsorbers for Application in Adsorption Heat Pumps or Refrigeration Systems
Oscar Banos, Sven Ohmann, Felix Alscher, Cornelia Breitkopf, Vicente Pacheco, Maja Glorius, Matthias Veit
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, composites, Energy Storage, heat pumps, hydrates, refrigeration
Water vapor sorption in salt hydrates is a promising method to realize seasonal solar heat storage. Several of these materials have already shown promising performance for this application. However, a significant bottle neck for applications is the low thermal conductivity. In this study, several fabrication methods of the fixation of salts and their hydrates on metals to overcome the problem are presented. The products are analyzed concerning the hydration states, the corrosion behavior, the chemical compatibility, and the mechanical stability.
The Design and Test for Degradation of Energy Density of a Silica Gel-Based Energy Storage System Using Low Grade Heat for Desorption Phase
Emmanuel Nyarko Ayisi, Karel Fraňa
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, Energy Storage, experimental device, material degradation, silica gel
This paper presents the design and a short cycle repeatability test of a silica gel-based thermal energy storage system using low grade heat for the desorption phase. The system was designed to test the degradation in the energy storage density of the adsorbent material for a 2 h working period in a short number of cycles (5 cycles). Low grade heat of 70 °C is used for regeneration during the desorption phase in each cycle. It was found that a reduction of 1.6 W/kg per each cycle of energy storage was observed, up to 5 cycles. The maximal heat storage density was 292 kJ/kg at the first cycle and reduced to 225 kJ/kg at the fifth cycle. Furthermore, the total amount of water vapor adsorbed in the silica gel was observed as well. The test of energy storage was performed under a short time period (maximal approx. 165 min).
Selective Immobilization of Antimony Using Brucite-rich Precipitate Produced during In Situ Hypochlorous Acid Formation through Seawater Electrolysis in a Nuclear Power Plant
Kyung-Hee Lee, Yong-Gu Lee, Jaegwan Shin, Kangmin Chon, Sang-Ho Lee
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, antimony, brandholzite-like structure, brucite
This study has investigated the selective immobilization of antimony using the brucite (magnesium hydroxide)-rich precipitate (BP) collected from a hypochlorous storage tank in a nuclear power plant of South Korea. The energy dispersive X-ray and X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the BP mainly consisted of magnesium (72.5%) and its dominant mineral phase was brucite (Mg(OH)2). Therefore, brandholzite (Mg[Sb(OH)6]2·6H2O) was newly formed through the surface-induced precipitation during the adsorption of antimony using the BP. The adsorbed amount of antimony increased with decreasing pH values because of the increased positive surface charge of the BP (pHpzc = 9.6). The maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax) of BP, calculated by Langmuir adsorption isotherm, was 11.02 mg/g. The presence of competitive anions did not significantly affect the adsorption of antimony toward the BP due to its high selectivity. These results suggest that the facile utilization of the BP as a low-cost adsorb... [more]
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