Records with Keyword: Modelling
Showing records 1 to 25 of 308. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
Dynamic Modeling of a Decarbonized District Heating System with CHP Plants in Electricity-Based Mode of Operation
Katharina Koch, Bastian Alt, Matthias Gaderer
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Biomass, combined heat and power generation (CHP), district heating, heat storage, Modelling, Simulation
The targets of global CO2 reduction outline the importance of decarbonizing the heating and cooling sector, which consume half of the final energy in the European Union (EU). Consequently, heating network operators must adapt to growing requirements for carbon neutrality. Energy system modeling allows the simulation of individual network compositions and regulations, while considering electricity market signals for a more efficient plant operation. The district heating model, programmed for this work, covers a measured heat demand with peak load boiler, biomass-fired combined heat and power (CHP) plant, and biomass heating plant supply. The CHP plant reacts to electricity prices of the European Power Exchange market and uses a long-term heat storage to decouple heat and electricity production. This paper presents the results of three annual simulation scenarios aimed at carbon neutrality for the analyzed heating network. Two scenarios achieve a climate-neutral system by replacing the p... [more]
Land Subsidence Estimation for Aquifer Drainage Induced by Underground Mining
Artur Guzy, Wojciech T. Witkowski
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aquifer drainage, influence function, land subsidence, mining, Modelling
Land subsidence caused by groundwater withdrawal induced by mining is a relatively unknown phenomenon. This is primarily due to the small scale of such movements compared to the land subsidence caused by deposit extraction. Nonetheless, the environmental impact of drainage-related land subsidence remains underestimated. The research was carried out in the “Bogdanka” coal mine in Poland. First, the historical impact of mining on land subsidence and groundwater head changes was investigated. The outcomes of these studies were used to construct the influence method model. With field data, our model was successfully calibrated and validated. Finally, it was used for land subsidence estimation for 2030. As per the findings, the field of mining exploitation has the greatest land subsidence. In 2014, the maximum value of the phenomenon was 0.313 cm. However, this value will reach 0.364 m by 2030. The spatial extent of land subsidence caused by mining-induced drainage extends up to 20 km beyon... [more]
Coal Modeling Investigations in International Collaboration in the Light of Bibliometric Analysis of the Problem
Agnieszka Saramak, Daniel Saramak
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: bibliometric analysis, Coal, mineral processing, Modelling
The article concerns an analysis of records registered in Web of Science (WoS) database related to the problem of coal modeling. All publications registered in the WoS from the time period 1951−2021 were analyzed, mostly in terms of international collaboration, merit content and research areas. It appeared that international scientific cooperation on this topic is differently considered, depending on the country. The leader in terms of the number of documents remains China, while the highest citation counts were gained by research teams, with the USA as the leader. Several sub-categories within research areas could be also divided on the basis of key words, while the most popular topic is connected with energetical aspects of coal utilization.
A Review on Theory and Modelling of Nanomechanical Sensors for Biological Applications
Jose Jaime Ruz, Oscar Malvar, Eduardo Gil-Santos, Daniel Ramos, Montserrat Calleja, Javier Tamayo
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: biology, cantilever, mass spectrometry, Modelling, nano-mechanics, sensors, theory
Over the last decades, nanomechanical sensors have received significant attention from the scientific community, as they find plenty of applications in many different research fields, ranging from fundamental physics to clinical diagnosis. Regarding biological applications, nanomechanical sensors have been used for characterizing biological entities, for detecting their presence, and for characterizing the forces and motion associated with fundamental biological processes, among many others. Thanks to the continuous advancement of micro- and nano-fabrication techniques, nanomechanical sensors have rapidly evolved towards more sensitive devices. At the same time, researchers have extensively worked on the development of theoretical models that enable one to access more, and more precise, information about the biological entities and/or biological processes of interest. This paper reviews the main theoretical models applied in this field. We first focus on the static mode, and then conti... [more]
Modeling of the Refractive Index for the Systems MX+H2O, M2X+H2O, H3BO3+MX+H2O, and H3BO3+M2X+H2O. M = K+, Na+, or Li+ and X = Cl− or SO42−
Wilson Alavia, Ismael Soto, Jorge A. Lovera
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: alkaline, boric acid, chloride, lithium, Modelling, polarization coefficient, refractive index, sulfate
The modeling of the refractive index for binary aqueous solutions of boric acid, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium sulfate, lithium sulfate, and potassium sulfate, as well as ternary aqueous solutions of boric acid in the presence of sodium sulfate, lithium sulfate, or potassium chloride, is reported. The refraction index was represented by molar refraction. It was described as the sum of solutes’ partial molar refraction and solvent molar refraction. The solutes’ partial molar refraction was estimated from the molar refraction of the binary solutions. The excess molar refraction for these systems was described with the equation of Wang et al. The polarizability of the solutes present in the studied systems was estimated using the Lorenz−Lorenz relation. The results showed the model is appropriate for describing the systems studied; the interactions of boric acid, sodium, potassium, lithium, chloride, and sulfate ions with water molecules are relevant to explain the molar ref... [more]
A Graph-Based Dynamic Modeling for Palm Oil Refining Process
Azmirul Ashaari, Tahir Ahmad, Siti Rahmah Awang, Noorsufia Abd Shukor
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: autocatalytic set, crude palm oil, dynamic system, Modelling, refining process
Graph theory is a well-established mathematical concept that is widely used in numerous applications such as in biology, chemistry and network analysis. The advancement in the theory of graph has led to the development of a concept called autocatalytic set. In this paper, a mathematical modeling technique namely graph-based dynamic modeling of palm oil refining process is introduced. The system parameters are identified in detail in the beginning of the paper. The parameters involved are the chemical compounds used or produced during the refining process. These identified parameters are then modeled as the vertices and edges of the graph. The dynamicity of the system is then simulated and analyzed. The system is simulated using MATLAB software programing. The two final products produced by the refining process agreed with results obtained from other published methods. Hence, the effectiveness and simplicity of the model are established.
Modeling the Influence of Temperature, Light Intensity and Oxygen Concentration on Microalgal Growth Rate
Ignacio López Muñoz, Olivier Bernard
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Hinshelwood model, microalgae, Modelling, oxidative stress, ROS, toxicity
Dissolved oxygen plays a key role in microalgal growth at high density. This effect was so far rarely quantified. Here we propose a new model to represent the combined effect of light, oxygen concentration and temperature (LOT-model) on microalgae growth. The LOT-model introduces oxygen concentration in order to represent the oxidative stress affecting the cultures, adding a toxicity term in the expression of the net growth rate. The model was validated with experimental data for several species such as Chlorella minutissima, Chlorella vulgaris, Dunaliella salina, Isochrysis galbana. It successfully predicted experimental records with an average error lower than 5.5%. The model was also validated using dynamical data where oxygen concentration varies. It highlights a strong impact of oxygen concentration on productivity, depending on temperature. The model quantifies the sensitivity to oxidative stress of different species and shows, for example, that Dunaliella salina is much less aff... [more]
Vectorized Mathematical Model of a Slip-Ring Induction Motor
Miroslaw Wcislik, Karol Suchenia, Andrzej Cyganik
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: inductance matrix, Modelling, motion equation, Simulation, slip-ring induction motors
The paper deals with the modeling of a slip-ring induction motor. Induction motors are very often used in industry and their suitable model is needed to reduce control and operating costs. The identification process of self and mutual inductances of the stator and rotor, and mutual inductances between them in the function of the rotor rotation angle is presented. The dependence of each inductance on the rotor rotation angle is determined experimentally. The inductance matrix is then formulated. Taking the magnetic energy of the inductances and kinetic energy of the rotor into account, the Lagrange function is defined. Next, the motor motion equations are obtained. After making some algebraic transformations and using the dimensionless variables, the motion equations of electric circuits and of the mechanical equation are written separately in the forms facilitating their solution. The solution was obtained using the Simulink model for the stator and rotor currents in the form of vector... [more]
Optimal Sizing and Scheduling of Hybrid Energy Systems: The Cases of Morona Santiago and the Galapagos Islands
Pablo Benalcazar, Adam Suski, Jacek Kamiński
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Ecuador, hybrid energy systems, Modelling, Optimization, sizing, Technoeconomic Analysis
Hybrid energy systems (HESs) generate electricity from multiple energy sources that complement each other. Recently, due to the reduction in costs of photovoltaic (PV) modules and wind turbines, these types of systems have become economically competitive. In this study, a mathematical programming model is applied to evaluate the techno-economic feasibility of autonomous units located in two isolated areas of Ecuador: first, the province of Galapagos (subtropical island) and second, the province of Morona Santiago (Amazonian tropical forest). The two case studies suggest that HESs are potential solutions to reduce the dependence of rural villages on fossil fuels and viable mechanisms to bring electrical power to isolated communities in Ecuador. Our results reveal that not only from the economic but also from the environmental point of view, for the case of the Galapagos province, a hybrid energy system with a PV−wind−battery configuration and a levelized cost of energy (LCOE) equal to 0... [more]
A Novel Methodology for the Scalability Analysis of ICT Systems for Smart Grids Based on SGAM: The InteGrid Project Approach
Sergio Potenciano Menci, Julien Le Baut, Javier Matanza Domingo, Gregorio López López, Rafael Cossent Arín, Manuel Pio Silva
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: information and communication technology, Modelling, OMNeT++, scalability analysis, smart grid architecture model
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) infrastructures are at the heart of emerging Smart Grid scenarios with high penetration of Distributed Energy Resources (DER). The scalability of such ICT infrastructures is a key factor for the large scale deployment of the aforementioned Smart Grid solutions, which could not be ensured by small-scale pilot demonstrations. This paper presents a novel methodology that has been developed in the scope of the H2020 project InteGrid, which enables the scalability analysis of ICT infrastructures for Smart Grids. It is based on the Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM) framework, which enables a standardized and replicable approach. This approach consists of two consecutive steps: a qualitative analysis that aims at identifying potential bottlenecks in an ICT infrastructure; and a quantitative analysis of the identified critical links under stress conditions by means of simulations with the aim of evaluating their operational limits. In this work... [more]
Modeling of Electric Energy Consumption during Dairy Wastewater Treatment Plant Operation
Radosław Żyłka, Wojciech Dąbrowski, Paweł Malinowski, Beata Karolinczak
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: activated sludge system, DAF process, dairy wastewater treatment plant, electric energy consumption, Modelling
The intensification of biological wastewater treatment requires the high usage of electric energy, mainly for aeration processes. Publications on energy consumption have been mostly related to municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The aim of the research was to elaborate on models for the estimation of energy consumption during dairy WWTP operation. These models can be used for the optimization of electric energy consumption. The research was conducted in a dairy WWTP, operating with dissolved air flotation (DAF) and an activated sludge system. Energy consumption was measured with the help of three-phase network parameter transducers and a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system. The obtained models provided accurate predictions of DAF, biological treatment, and the overall WWTP energy consumption using chemical oxygen demand (COD), sewage flow, and air temperature. Using the energy consumption of the biological treatment as an independent variable, as well as... [more]
A Comprehensive Review and Qualitative Analysis of Micro-Combined Heat and Power Modeling Approaches
Praveen Cheekatamarla, Ahmad Abu-Heiba
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cogeneration, engine, micro combined heat and power, Modelling, prime mover
Concurrent production of electrical and thermal energy from a Combined Heat and Power (CHP) device is an attractive tool to address the growing energy needs of the planet. Micro CHP (µCHP) systems can reduce a building’s primary energy consumption, reduce carbon footprint, and enhance resiliency. Modeling of the µCHP helps understand the system from multiple perspectives and helps discover errors earlier, improves impact analysis and simulation of system solutions for ease of integration with the building. Consequently, there is a need for analysis of the impact of µCHP modeling approach on its reliability and flexibility. The primary objective of this paper is to review the state-of-the art models in the µCHP space with a focus towards internal combustion engine as the primary mover (PM) and limit the study to system modeling, calibration, and validation methodologies. Based on the analysis, recommendations for further model considerations and refinements are presented.
Heat Transfer through Wire Cloth Micro Heat Exchanger
Christian Walter, Sebastian Martens, Christian Zander, Carsten Mehring, Ulrich Nieken
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, dimensioning, heat exchanger, heat transfer, micro tubes, Modelling, wire structure
The main objective of this study is to calculate and determine design parameters for a novel wire cloth micro heat exchanger. Wire cloth micro heat exchangers offer a range of promising applications in the chemical industry, plastics technology, the recycling industry and energy technology. We derived correlations to calculate the heat transfer rate, pressure drop and temperature distributions through the woven structure in order to design wire cloth heat exchangers for different applications. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations have been carried out to determine correlations for the dimensionless Euler and Nusselt numbers. Based on these correlations, we have developed a simplified model in which the correlations can be used to calculate temperature distributions and heat exchanger performance. This allows a wire cloth micro heat exchanger to be virtually designed for different applications.
Synthesising Residential Electricity Load Profiles at the City Level Using a Weighted Proportion (Wepro) Model
Angreine Kewo, Pinrolinvic D. K. Manembu, Per Sieverts Nielsen
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ALPG, electricity, household, load profiles, LPG, Modelling, residential, Wepro model
It is important to understand residential energy use as it is a large energy consumption sector and the potential for change is of great importance for global energy sustainability. A large energy-saving potential and emission reduction potential can be achieved, among others, by understanding energy consumption patterns in more detail. However, existing studies show that it requires many input parameters or disaggregated individual end-uses input data to generate the load profiles. Therefore, we have developed a simplified approach, called weighted proportion (Wepro) model, to synthesise the residential electricity load profile by proportionally matching the city’s main characteristics: Age group, labour force and gender structure with the representative households profiles provided in the load profile generator. The findings indicate that the synthetic load profiles can represent the local electricity consumption characteristics in the case city of Amsterdam based on time variation a... [more]
Retrofit Methodology Based on Energy Simulation Modeling Applied for the Enhancement of a Historical Building in L’Aquila
Mariangela De Vita, Giulia Massari, Pierluigi De Berardinis
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: architectural heritage, dynamic simulations, energy optimization, Modelling, retrofit methodology
Energy loss has not been addressed effectively by policies introduced to encourage the preservation and enhancement of historical structures. Material and other constraints, together with safety standard improvements, do not always guarantee adequate levels of environmental performance. An optimization of retrofit measures to align with new uses, new standards of comfort, and energy saving are needed, as are studies based on new best practices for the enhancement of architectural heritage. This paper presents a method that uses dynamic models tared on non-destructive surveys, and based on compatible energy and structural interventions derived from preliminary analyses integrated into special design tools. Energy simulations were carried out using Design Builder (, Designbuilder Software Ltd, Stroud, UK) software. The case study is a former hospital, S. Salvatore, in L’Aquila, an architecturally important building, severely damaged by an earthquake in 2009. The methodology pres... [more]
A State-Space Model of an Inverter-Based Microgrid for Multivariable Feedback Control Analysis and Design
Juan F. Patarroyo-Montenegro, Jesus D. Vasquez-Plaza, Fabio Andrade
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: inverter control, LQI, microgrid, Modelling, optimal control, stability analysis
In this work, a synchronous model for grid-connected and islanded microgrids is presented. The grid-connected model is based on the premise that the reference frame is synchronized with the AC bus. The quadrature component of the AC bus voltage can be cancelled, which allows to express output power as a linear equation for nominal values in the AC bus amplitude voltage. The model for the islanded microgrid is developed by integrating all the inverter dynamics using a state-space model for the load currents. This model is presented in a comprehensive way such that it could be scalable to any number of inverter-based generators using inductor−capacitor−inductor (LCL) output filters. The use of these models allows designers to assess microgrid stability and robustness using modern control methods such as eigenvalue analysis and singular value diagrams. Both models were tested and validated in an experimental setup to demonstrate their accuracy in describing microgrid dynamics. In addition... [more]
Modelling Properties of an Alkaline Electrolyser
Krzysztof Górecki, Małgorzata Górecka, Paweł Górecki
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: alkaline electrolyser, computations, hydrogen generation, measurements, Modelling, power supply, SPICE
This paper proposes a model of an electrolyser in the form of a subcircuit dedicated for SPICE. It takes into account both the electric static and dynamic properties of the considered device and is devoted to the optimisation of the parameters of the signal feeding this electrolyser, making it possible to obtain a high productivity and efficiency of the electrolysis process. Parameter values the describing current-voltage characteristics of the electrolyser take into account the influence of the concentration of the potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution. A detailed description of the structure and all the components of this model is included in the paper. The correctness of the elaborated model is verified experimentally in a wide range of changes in the value of the feeding current and concentration of the KOH solution. Some computations illustrating the influence of the amplitude, average value, duty factor, and frequency of feeding current on the productivity and efficiency of the elec... [more]
Influence of Torrefaction and Pelletizing of Sawdust on the Design Parameters of a Fixed Bed Gasifier
Hao Luo, Lukasz Niedzwiecki, Amit Arora, Krzysztof Mościcki, Halina Pawlak-Kruczek, Krystian Krochmalny, Marcin Baranowski, Mayank Tiwari, Anshul Sharma, Tanuj Sharma, Zhimin Lu
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fixed bed, gasification, Modelling, pyrolysis, thermally thick particle, torrefaction
Gasification of biomass in fixed bed gasifiers is a well-known technology, with its origins dating back to the beginning of 20th century. It is a technology with good prospects, in terms of small scale, decentralized power co-generation. However, the understanding of the process is still not fully developed. Therefore, assessment of the changes in the design of a gasifier is typically performed with extensive prototyping stage, thus introducing significant cost. This study presents experimental results of gasification of a single pellet and bed of particles of raw and torrefied wood. The procedure can be used for obtaining design parameters of a fixed bed gasifier. Results of two suits of experiments, namely pyrolysis and CO2 gasification are presented. Moreover, results of pyrolysis of pellets are compared against a numerical model, developed for thermally thick particles. Pyrolysis time, predicted by model, was in good agreement with experimental results, despite some differences in... [more]
Universal Kinetic Model to Simulate Two-Step Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil
A. Alcantara, F. J. Lopez-Gimenez, M. P. Dorado
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: bioenergy, chemical kinetics, free fatty acid, Modelling, reaction rate constant
To date, to simulate biodiesel production, kinetic models from different authors have been provided, each one usually applied to the use of a specific vegetable oil and experimental conditions. Models, which may include esterification, besides transesterification simulation, were validated with their own experimental conditions and raw material. Moreover, information about the intermediate reaction steps, besides catalyst concentration variation, is either rare or nonexistent. Here, in this work, a universal mathematical model comprising the chemical kinetics of a two-step (esterification and transesterification) vegetable oil-based biodiesel reaction is proposed. The proposed model is universal, as it may simulate any vegetable oil biodiesel reaction from the literature. For this purpose, a mathematical model using the software MATLAB has been designed. Using the mathematical model, the estimation of mass variation with time, of both reactants and products, as well as glyceride conver... [more]
Modeling of Humidity in Passenger Cars Equipped with Mechanical Ventilation
Katarzyna Gładyszewska-Fiedoruk, Tomasz Janusz Teleszewski
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: humidity, indoor air quality, indoor environmental quality, Modelling, moisture
This paper presents research on humidity in a passenger car cabin with the use of supply ventilation without cooling the air. Based on the tests carried out and the humidity balance in the car, a model was developed for changing the humidity in the passenger car cabin as a function of time. The study of thermohumid conditions was carried out in two passenger cars. During the tests, the heating and cooling functions were turned off. The relative humidity and temperature were measured outside the car before and after driving the car and in the supply air duct and inside the passenger car cabin while driving the car. The tests were carried out for an average temperature range from 20 to 42.9 °C. In order to develop a model of humidity changes as a function of time, a humidity balance was prepared. Human-generated humidity in the car cabin depends mainly on the temperature inside the car and the age of the person and can range from 20 to 180 g/(h × person) for an adult in the temperature r... [more]
Modeling and Control of Supercritical and Ultra-Supercritical Power Plants: A Review
Omar Mohamed, Ashraf Khalil, Jihong Wang
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: control, identification, Modelling, supercritical power plants, ultra-supercritical power plants
This paper presents a critical review of the research conducted for modeling and controlling supercritical power plants. Thermal power plants are classified according to the boiler pressure to supercritical and subcritical. The modeling concepts and control strategies of supercritical generation units are far more complex than those of subcritical. On the other hand, supercritical generation technologies are more efficient and much cleaner than subcritical generation units. From a deep technical analysis of the literature, there is no review that is dedicated to models-based control of supercritical power plants and most previous reviews are found to be too general to modeling-based control of fossil fuelled energy sources. This review reports the advancements on modeling and control of supercritical and ultra-supercritical plants as cleaner generation technologies. The various published achievements for modeling supercritical and ultra-supercritical units have been reviewed. The contr... [more]
Comparative Building Energy Simulation Study of Static and Thermochromically Adaptive Energy-Efficient Glazing in Various Climate Regions
Daniel Mann, Cindy Yeung, Roberto Habets, Zeger Vroon, Pascal Buskens
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: CO2 emission, energy consumption, energy-efficient glazing, Modelling, residential building, Simulation, thermochromics, window
The building sector contributes approximately one third of the total energy consumption worldwide. A large part of this energy is used for the heating and cooling of buildings, which can be drastically reduced by use of energy-efficient glazing. In this study, we performed building energy simulations on a prototypical residential building, and compared commercially available static (low-e, solar IR blocking) to newly developed adaptive thermochromic glazing systems for various climate regions. The modeling results show that static energy-efficient glazing is mainly optimized for either hot climates, where low solar heat gain can reduce cooling demands drastically, or cold climates, where low-e properties have a huge influence on heating demands. For intermediate climates, we demonstrate that adaptive thermochromic glazing in combination with a low-e coating is perfectly suited. The newly developed thermochromic glazing can lead to annual energy consumption improvement of up to 22% in c... [more]
Compact Thermal Model of the Pulse Transformer Taking into Account Nonlinearity of Heat Transfer
Krzysztof Górecki, Kalina Detka, Krzysztof Górski
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: measurements, Modelling, nonlinear thermal model, pulse transformer, self-heating, SPICE, thermal phenomena
This paper presents a compact nonlinear thermal model of pulse transformers. The proposed model takes into account differentiation in values of the temperatures of a ferromagnetic core and each winding. The model is formulated in the form of an electric network realising electrothermal analogy. It consists of current sources representing power dissipated in the core and in each of the windings, capacitors representing thermal capacitances and controlled current sources modelling the influence of dissipated power on the thermal resistances in the proposed model. Both self-heating phenomena in each component of the transformer and mutual thermal couplings between each pair of these components are taken into account. A description of the elaborated model is presented, and the process to estimate the model parameters is proposed. The proposed model was verified experimentally for different transformers. Good agreement between the calculated and measured waveforms of each component temperat... [more]
An Experimental Data-Driven Model of a Micro-Cogeneration Installation for Time-Domain Simulation and System Analysis
Wojciech Uchman, Janusz Kotowicz, Leszek Remiorz
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: experiment, micro-cogeneration, Modelling, prosumer system
In this article, an investigation of a free-piston Stirling engine-based micro-cogeneration (μCHP) unit is presented. This work is a step towards making the system calculations more reliable, based on a data-driven model, which enables the time-domain simulation of the μCHP behavior. A laboratory setup was developed that allowed for the measurement of a micro-cogeneration unit during long-term operation with a variable thermal load. The maximum efficiency of electricity generation was equal to 13.2% and the highest overall efficiency was equal to 95.7%. A model of the analyzed μCHP system was developed and validated. The simulation model was based on the device’s characteristics that were obtained from the measurements; it enables time-domain calculations, taking into account the different operating modes of the device. The validation of the system showed satisfactory compliance of the model with the measurements: for the period modeled of 24 h, the error in the heat generation fluctua... [more]
Electrothermal Model of SiC Power BJT
Joanna Patrzyk, Damian Bisewski, Janusz Zarębski
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: BJT, Modelling, self-heating, silicon carbide, SPICE
This paper refers to the issue of modelling characteristics of SiC power bipolar junction transistor (BJT), including the self-heating phenomenon. The electrothermal model of the tested device is demonstrated and experimentally verified. The electrical model is based on the isothermal Gummel−Poon model, but several modifications were made including the improved current gain factor (β) model and the modified model of the quasi-saturation region. The accuracy of the presented model was assessed by comparison of measurement and simulation results of selected characteristics of the BT1206-AC SiC BJT manufactured by TranSiC. In this paper, a single device characterization has only been performed. The demonstrated results of research show the evident temperature impact on the transistor d.c. characteristics. A good compliance between the measured and calculated characteristics of the considered transistor is observed even in quasi-saturation mode.
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