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Technoeconomic Analysis of a Waste Tire to Liquefied Synthetic Natural Gas (SNG) energy system
Avinash Shankar Rammohan Subramanian, Thomas A. Adams II, Truls Gundersen
June 1, 2020 (v2)
Keywords: Carbon Dioxide Capture, Rubber, Synthetic Natural Gas, Waste tire, Waste To Energy
Thermochemical conversion of solid wastes through gasification offers the dual benefit of production of high-value fuels and
environmentally friendly waste disposal. Waste tires in particular may be a suitable feedstock for gasification as a result of their
high energy content (LHV of approximately 34 MJ/kg, higher than coal), high volatile matter content, and low ash content. Rotary
kilns for steam gasification are a promising and technologically mature option to handle such difficult solid wastes that have a
wider range of compositions, particle sizes, and moisture contents. In this paper, we propose a novel process for production of
liquefied synthetic natural gas (SNG) from waste tires. We use experimental data available in the open literature to represent the
complex steam gasification unit operation and study three design cases: Without CCS, with precombustion CCS and with preand postcombustion CCS in two locations: USA and Norway. The thermodynamic, economic and environmen... [more]
Finding better limit cycles of semicontinuous distillation
Pranav Bhaswanth Madabhushi, Thomas Adams II
March 22, 2019 (v1)
There are three different ways of operating the distillation process based on production requirements and operational flexibility. Semicontinuous distillation of multicomponent mixtures is a cost-effective technology in the intermediate production range when compared with traditional batch and continuous distillation processes. The process, which has both continuous and discrete dynamics, operates in a limit cycle (an isolated periodic orbit). Design of this process entails finding the system’s time-invariant parameters, for example, equipment design parameters, reflux rate etc., to operate in a limit cycle having acceptable performance. In semicontinuous distillation studies, the performance metric chosen is the separation cost, which is defined as the total annualized cost-per-production. The state-of-the-art design procedure involves determining an initial state for estimating the limit cycle through the dynamic simulation of the process and is found to be effective. However, it lac... [more]
Distributing Characteristics within Fuel Cell Stacks with features that Fuel/Air Manifolds Penetrated through Plane Zone and Open Outlet Manifold
Dai Fen Chen
September 19, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: 3D large scale simulating, Flow and temperature distribution characteristics, Solid oxide fuel cell stack, Structure features
Although many numerical models based on different fuel cell stack designs have been developed in past decades, most of the achieved optimized results are greatly dependent on the specific designs, cell numbers and geometric values. Achieving the general relationship between the structure features and distribution trends of key physics items, that is independent on the specific design would be high instructive. To achieve high volumetric/gravimetric power density and simple manufacturing process, both fuel and air manifolds of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack are always designed to place within cell plane zone and penetrated through it; and open outlet manifold is also adopted. In this study, the three dimension large scale multi-physics numerical model for a typical SOFC stack with the above two design features is well completed by carefully coupling momentum, mass, energy and quasi electrochemical reaction equations. Then, the general relations between these structure features and... [more]
Aspen Plus Simulation of Biomass-Gas-and-Nuclear-To-Liquids (BGNTL) Processes (Using CuCl Route)
James Alexander Scott, Thomas Alan Adams II
August 7, 2018 (v1)
These are Aspen Plus simulation files for a Biomass-Gas-and-Nuclear-To-Liquids chemical plant (a conceptional design), which uses the Copper-Chloride route for hydrogen production. This is a part of a larger work (see linked LAPSE record for pre-print and associated publication in Canadian J Chem Eng). Process sections and major units in this simulation include: Gasification, Integrated-Gasification-Methane-Reforming, Pre-Reforming, Water Gas Shift, Autothermal Reforming, Syngas Blending and Upgrading, Solid Oxide Fuel Cell power islands, Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Methanol Synthesis, Dimethyl Ether Synthesis, Heat Recovery and Steam Generation, CO2 Compression for Sequestration, Cooling Towers, and various auxiliary units for heat and pressure management. See the linked work for a detailed description of the model.
Petroleum coke and Natural gas-To-Liquids Aspen Plus Simulation
Ikenna J Okeke, Thomas A Adams II
July 19, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Integrated Reforming, Petroleum Coke
Six Aspen Plus simulation files for the conversion of petroleum coke and/or natural gas to liquid fuels (synthetic gasoline and diesel) are presented. The base simulation files were designed with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technology with the corresponding plant without CCS.

The processes may include various technologies such as petcoke gasification, integrated gasification and autothermal natural gas reforming, gas cleaning, water gas shift reaction, MDEA based carbon capture, Claus process, FT synthesis, and other processing steps.

The six processes are: PSG_CCS (petcoke standalone gasification with CCS), PSG_No_CCS (petcoke standalone gasification without CCS), PG-INGR_CCS (petcoke gasification integrated natural gas reformer with CCS), PG-INGR_No_CCS (petcoke gasification integrated natural gas reformer without CCS), PG-ENGR_CCS (petcoke gasification external natural gas reformer with CCS), PG-ENGR_No_CCS (petcoke gasification external natural gas reformer with... [more]
Biomass-Gas-and-Nuclear-To-Liquids Aspen Plus Simulations
Leila Hoseinzade, Thomas A. Adams II
December 7, 2018 (v2)
In this paper, several new processes are proposed which co-generate electricity and liquid fuels (such as diesel, gasoline, or dimethyl ether) from biomass, natural gas and heat from a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This carbonless heat provides the required energy to drive an endothermic steam methane reforming process, which yields H2-rich syngas (H2/CO>6) with lower greenhouse gas emissions than traditional steam methane reforming processes. Since downstream Fischer-Tropsch, methanol, or dimethyl ether synthesis processes require an H2/CO ratio of around 2, biomass gasification is integrated into the process. Biomass-derived syngas is sufficiently H2-lean such that blending it with the steam methane reforming derived syngas yields a syngas of the appropriate H2/CO ratio of around 2. In a prior work, we also demonstrated that integrating carbonless heat with combined steam and CO2 reforming of methane is a promising option to produce a syngas with proper H2/CO ratio for Fischer... [more]
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