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Records with Keyword: Genetic Algorithm
Election Algorithm for Random k Satisfiability in the Hopfield Neural Network
Saratha Sathasivam, Mohd. Asyraf Mansor, Mohd Shareduwan Mohd Kasihmuddin, Hamza Abubakar
July 17, 2020 (v1)
Keywords: election algorithm, exhaustive search, Genetic Algorithm, Hopfield neural network, random k satisfiability
Election Algorithm (EA) is a novel variant of the socio-political metaheuristic algorithm, inspired by the presidential election model conducted globally. In this research, we will investigate the effect of Bipolar EA in enhancing the learning processes of a Hopfield Neural Network (HNN) to generate global solutions for Random k Satisfiability (RANkSAT) logical representation. Specifically, this paper utilizes a bipolar EA incorporated with the HNN in optimizing RANkSAT representation. The main goal of the learning processes in our study is to ensure the cost function of RANkSAT converges to zero, indicating the logic function is satisfied. The effective learning phase will affect the final states of RANkSAT and determine whether the final energy is a global minimum or local minimum. The comparison will be made by adopting the same network and logical rule with the conventional learning algorithm, namely, exhaustive search (ES) and genetic algorithm (GA), respectively. Performance eval... [more]
Integrating Support Vector Regression with Genetic Algorithm for Hydrate Formation Condition Prediction
Jie Cao, Shijie Zhu, Chao Li, Bing Han
July 2, 2020 (v1)
Keywords: gas hydrate, Genetic Algorithm, outlier detection, support vector machine
To predict the natural gas hydrate formation conditions quickly and accurately, a novel hybrid genetic algorithm−support vector machine (GA-SVM) model was developed. The input variables of the model are the relative molecular weight of the natural gas (M) and the hydrate formation pressure (P). The output variable is the hydrate formation temperature (T). Among 10 gas samples, 457 of 688 data points were used for training to identify the optimal support vector machine (SVM) model structure. The remaining 231 data points were used to evaluate the generalisation capability of the best trained SVM model. Comparisons with nine other models and analysis of the outlier detection revealed that the GA-SVM model had the smallest average absolute relative deviation (0.04%). Additionally, the proposed GA-SVM model had the smallest amount of outlier data and the best stability in predicting the gas hydrate formation conditions in the gas relative molecular weight range of 15.64−28.97 g/mol and the... [more]
Model and Algorithm for Planning Hot-Rolled Batch Processing under Time-of-Use Electricity Pricing
Zhengbiao Hu, Dongfeng He, Wei Song, Kai Feng
February 3, 2020 (v1)
Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, hot rolling, hot rolling planning, TOU electricity pricing
Batch-type hot rolling planning highly affects electricity costs in a steel plant, but previous research models seldom considered time-of-use (TOU) electricity pricing. Based on an analysis of the hot-rolling process and TOU electricity pricing, a batch-processing plan optimization model for hot rolling was established, using an objective function with the goal of minimizing the total penalty incurred by the differences in width, thickness, and hardness among adjacent slabs, as well as the electricity cost of the rolling process. A method was provided to solve the model through improved genetic algorithm. An analysis of the batch processing of the hot rolling of 240 slabs of different sizes at a steel plant proved the effectiveness of the proposed model. Compared to the man−machine interaction model and the model in which TOU electricity pricing was not considered, the batch-processing model that included TOU electricity pricing produced significantly better results with respect to bot... [more]
Review of Anaerobic Digestion Modeling and Optimization Using Nature-Inspired Techniques
Anjali Ramachandran, Rabee Rustum, Adebayo J. Adeloye
January 19, 2020 (v1)
Subject: Biosystems
Keywords: anaerobic digestion, ant colony optimization, artificial neural network, firefly algorithm, Genetic Algorithm, nature-inspired techniques, Particle Swarm Optimization
Although it is a well-researched topic, the complexity, time for process stabilization, and economic factors related to anaerobic digestion call for simulation of the process offline with the help of computer models. Nature-inspired techniques are a recently developed branch of artificial intelligence wherein knowledge is transferred from natural systems to engineered systems. For soft computing applications, nature-inspired techniques have several advantages, including scope for parallel computing, dynamic behavior, and self-organization. This paper presents a comprehensive review of such techniques and their application in anaerobic digestion modeling. We compiled and synthetized the literature on the applications of nature-inspired techniques applied to anaerobic digestion. These techniques provide a balance between diversity and speed of arrival at the optimal solution, which has stimulated their use in anaerobic digestion modeling.
Optimal Tuning of Model Predictive Controller Weights Using Genetic Algorithm with Interactive Decision Tree for Industrial Cement Kiln Process
Valarmathi Ramasamy, Rakesh Kumar Sidharthan, Ramkumar Kannan, Guruprasath Muralidharan
January 19, 2020 (v1)
Keywords: cement kiln, Genetic Algorithm, interactive decision tree, model predictive controller, weight tuning
Energy intense nature of cement kiln demands optimal operation to minimize the energy requirement. Optimal control of cement kiln is achieved by proper tuning of the model predictive controller (MPC), which is addressed in this work. Genetic algorithm (GA) is used to determine the MPC weights that minimize the overall energy utilization with reduced tracking error. Single objective function has been formulated using importance weighted performance metrics like energy utilization and integral absolute error in tracking the desired response. Importance weights are determined in specific to the control scenarios using an interactive decision tree (IDT). It interacts with the operator to detect the weaker metrics and raises the importance level for further improvement. The algorithm terminates after attending all the metrics with the consent from the operator. Five control scenarios that predominantly occur in industrial cement kiln have been considered in this study. It includes tracking,... [more]
Evolutionary Observer Ensemble for Leak Diagnosis in Water Pipelines
A. Navarro, J. A. Delgado-Aguiñaga, J. D. Sánchez-Torres, O. Begovich, G. Besançon
January 7, 2020 (v1)
Keywords: fault diagnosis, Genetic Algorithm, leak isolation, nonlinear observer
This work deals with the Leak Detection and Isolation (LDI) problem in water pipelines based on some heuristic method and assuming only flow rate and pressure head measurements at both ends of the duct. By considering the single leak case at an interior node of the pipeline, it has been shown that observability is indeed satisfied in this case, which allows designing an observer for the unmeasurable state variables, i.e., the pressure head at leak position. Relying on the fact that the origin of the observation error is exponentially stable if all parameters (including the leak coefficients) are known and uniformly ultimately bounded otherwise, the authors propose a bank of observers as follows: taking into account that the physical pipeline parameters are well-known, and there is only uncertainty about leak coefficients (position and magnitude), a pair of such coefficients is taken from a search space and is assigned to an observer. Then, a Genetic Algorithm (GA) is exploited to minim... [more]
Reliability Assessment of Power Generation Systems Using Intelligent Search Based on Disparity Theory
Athraa Ali Kadhem, Noor Izzri Abdul Wahab, Ishak Aris, Jasronita Jasni, Ahmed N. Abdalla
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: disparity theory, Genetic Algorithm, power generation, reliability assessment
The reliability of the generating system adequacy is evaluated based on the ability of the system to satisfy the load demand. In this paper, a novel optimization technique named the disparity evolution genetic algorithm (DEGA) is proposed for reliability assessment of power generation. Disparity evolution is used to enhance the performance of the probability of mutation in a genetic algorithm (GA) by incorporating features from the paradigm into the disparity theory. The DEGA is based on metaheuristic searching for the truncated sampling of state-space for the reliability assessment of power generation system adequacy. Two reliability test systems (IEEE-RTS-79 and (IEEE-RTS-96) are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The simulation result shows the DEGA can generate a larger variety of the individuals in an early stage of the next population generation. It is also able to estimate the reliability indices accurately.
A Method and Device for Detecting the Number of Magnetic Nanoparticles Based on Weak Magnetic Signal
Li Wang, Tong Zhou, Qunfeng Niu, Yanbo Hui, Zhiwei Hou
September 30, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, magnetic nanoparticles, number detection, Simulated Annealing Neural Network, weak magnetic signal
In recent years, magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been widely used as a new material in biomedicine and other fields due to their broad versatility, and the quantitative detection method of MNPs is significantly important due to its advantages in immunoassay and single-molecule detection. In this study, a method and device for detecting the number of MNPs based on weak magnetic signal were proposed and machine learning methods were applied to the design of MNPs number detection method and optimization of detection device. Genetic Algorithm was used to optimize the MNPs detection platform and Simulated Annealing Neural Network was used to explore the relationship between different positions of magnetic signals and the number of MNPs so as to obtain the optimal measurement position of MNPs. Finally, Radial Basis Function Neural Network, Simulated Annealing Neural Network, and partial least squares multivariate regression analysis were used to establish the MNPs number detection model,... [more]
Temporal Feature Selection for Multi-Step Ahead Reheater Temperature Prediction
Ning Gui, Jieli Lou, Zhifeng Qiu, Weihua Gui
September 23, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: deep neural network, delay order prediction, Genetic Algorithm, reheat steam temperature, temporal feature selection
Accurately predicting the reheater steam temperature over both short and medium time periods is crucial for the efficiency and safety of operations. With regard to the diverse temporal effects of influential factors, the accurate identification of delay orders allows effective temperature predictions for the reheater system. In this paper, a deep neural network (DNN) and a genetic algorithm (GA)-based optimal multi-step temporal feature selection model for reheater temperature is proposed. In the proposed model, DNN is used to establish a steam temperature predictor for future time steps, and GA is used to find the optimal delay orders, while fully considering the balance between modeling accuracy and computational complexity. The experimental results for two ultra-super-critical 1000 MW power plants show that the optimal delay orders calculated using this method achieve high forecasting accuracy and low computational overhead. Moreover, it is argued that the similarities of the two re... [more]
Mold Level Predict of Continuous Casting Using Hybrid EMD-SVR-GA Algorithm
Zhufeng Lei, Wenbin Su
July 25, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: continuous cast, empirical mode decomposition, Genetic Algorithm, mold level, support vector regression
The prediction of mold level is a basic and key problem of continuous casting production control. Many current techniques fail to predict the mold level because of mold level is non-linear, non-stationary and does not have a normal distribution. A hybrid model, based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD) and support vector regression (SVR), is proposed to solve the mold level in this paper. Firstly, the EMD algorithm, with adaptive decomposition, is used to decompose the original mold level signal to many intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Then, the SVR model optimized by genetic algorithm (GA) is used to predict the IMFs and residual sequences. Finally, the equalization of the predict results is reconstructed to obtain the predict result. Several hybrid predicting methods such as EMD and autoregressive moving average model (ARMA), EMD and SVR, wavelet transform (WT) and ARMA, WT and SVR are discussed and compared in this paper. These methods are applied to mold level prediction, the exp... [more]
Research and Application of a Hybrid Forecasting Model Based on Data Decomposition for Electrical Load Forecasting
Yuqi Dong, Xuejiao Ma, Chenchen Ma, Jianzhou Wang
February 27, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: data decomposition, electrical load forecasting, generalized regression neural network, Genetic Algorithm
Accurate short-term electrical load forecasting plays a pivotal role in the national economy and people’s livelihood through providing effective future plans and ensuring a reliable supply of sustainable electricity. Although considerable work has been done to select suitable models and optimize the model parameters to forecast the short-term electrical load, few models are built based on the characteristics of time series, which will have a great impact on the forecasting accuracy. For that reason, this paper proposes a hybrid model based on data decomposition considering periodicity, trend and randomness of the original electrical load time series data. Through preprocessing and analyzing the original time series, the generalized regression neural network optimized by genetic algorithm is used to forecast the short-term electrical load. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed hybrid model can not only achieve a good fitting ability, but it can also approximate the actu... [more]
Long Term Expected Revenue of Wind Farms Considering the Bidding Admission Uncertainty
Mazaher Haji Bashi, Gholamreza Yousefi, Claus Leth Bak, Jayakrishnan Radhakrishna Pillai
February 5, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: bidding Admission uncertainty, Genetic Algorithm, long term bidding behavior, market price uncertainty, PAB and UP auctions, wind farm expected revenue
As a long term bidding behavior, bid shading is exhibited by wind farms participating in real Uniform Price (UP) markets. This signifies that the wind farm owners bid far below their true long run marginal cost. In this paper, a method is proposed to consider the uncertainty of bidding admission in the long term expected revenue of wind farms. We show that this consideration could perfectly explain the observed bid shading behavior of wind farm owners. We use a novel market price model with a stochastic model of a wind farm to derive indices describing the uncertainty of bidding admission. The optimal behavior of the wind farm is then obtained by establishing a multi objective optimization problem and subsequently solved using genetic algorithm. The method is applied to the analysis of long term bidding behavior of a wind farm participating in a Pay-as-Bid (PAB) auction such as Iran Electricity Market (IEM). The results demonstrate that wind farm owners change their bid shading behavio... [more]
DG Mix and Energy Storage Units for Optimal Planning of Self-Sufficient Micro Energy Grids
Aboelsood Zidan, Hossam A. Gabbar
January 7, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: combined heat and power, gas-power, Genetic Algorithm, micro energy grid, multi-objective, renewable, self-sufficient
Micro energy grids have many merits and promising applications under the smart grid vision. There are demanding procedures for their optimal planning and performance enhancement. One of the key features of a micro energy grid is its ability to separate and isolate itself from the main electrical network to continue feeding its own islanded portion. In this paper, an optimal sizing and operation strategy for micro energy grids equipped with renewable and non-renewable based distributed generation (DG) and storage are presented. The general optimization objective is to define the best DG mix and energy storage units for self-sufficient micro energy grids. A multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA) was applied to solve the planning problem at a minimum optimization goal of overall cost (including investment cost, operation and maintenance cost, and fuel cost) and carbon dioxide emission. The constraints include power and heat demands constraints, and DGs capacity limits. The candidate techn... [more]
Harnessing the Flexibility of Thermostatic Loads in Microgrids with Solar Power Generation
Rosa Morales González, Shahab Shariat Torbaghan, Madeleine Gibescu, Sjef Cobben
January 7, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: commercial and industrial areas, demand response, Genetic Algorithm, local RES integration, microgrids, mixed-integer optimization, physical system modeling, smart grid, thermostatic load modeling
This paper presents a demand response (DR) framework that intertwines thermodynamic building models with a genetic algorithm (GA)-based optimization method. The framework optimizes heating/cooling schedules of end-users inside a business park microgrid with local distributed generation from renewable energy sources (DG-RES) based on two separate objectives: net load minimization and electricity cost minimization. DG-RES is treated as a curtailable resource in anticipation of future scenarios where the infeed of DG-RES to the regional distribution network could be limited. We test the DR framework with a case study of a refrigerated warehouse and an office building located in a business park with local PV generation. Results show the technical potential of the DR framework in harnessing the flexibility of the thermal masses from end-user sites in order to: (1) reduce the energy exchange at the point of connection; (2) reduce the cost of electricity for the microgrid end-users; and (3) i... [more]
Multi-Train Energy Saving for Maximum Usage of Regenerative Energy by Dwell Time Optimization in Urban Rail Transit Using Genetic Algorithm
Fei Lin, Shihui Liu, Zhihong Yang, Yingying Zhao, Zhongping Yang, Hu Sun
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: braking energy, dwell time, energy saving, Genetic Algorithm, multi-train, urban rail transit
With its large capacity, the total urban rail transit energy consumption is very high; thus, energy saving operations are quite meaningful. The effective use of regenerative braking energy is the mainstream method for improving the efficiency of energy saving. This paper examines the optimization of train dwell time and builds a multiple train operation model for energy conservation of a power supply system. By changing the dwell time, the braking energy can be absorbed and utilized by other traction trains as efficiently as possible. The application of genetic algorithms is proposed for the optimization, based on the current schedule. Next, to validate the correctness and effectiveness of the optimization, a real case is studied. Actual data from the Beijing subway Yizhuang Line are employed to perform the simulation, and the results indicate that the optimization method of the dwell time is effective.
Comparisons of Modeling and State of Charge Estimation for Lithium-Ion Battery Based on Fractional Order and Integral Order Methods
Renxin Xiao, Jiangwei Shen, Xiaoyu Li, Wensheng Yan, Erdong Pan, Zheng Chen
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: extended Kalman filter, fractional order model, Genetic Algorithm, lithium-ion battery, parameters identification, state of charge
In order to properly manage lithium-ion batteries of electric vehicles (EVs), it is essential to build the battery model and estimate the state of charge (SOC). In this paper, the fractional order forms of Thevenin and partnership for a new generation of vehicles (PNGV) models are built, of which the model parameters including the fractional orders and the corresponding resistance and capacitance values are simultaneously identified based on genetic algorithm (GA). The relationships between different model parameters and SOC are established and analyzed. The calculation precisions of the fractional order model (FOM) and integral order model (IOM) are validated and compared under hybrid test cycles. Finally, extended Kalman filter (EKF) is employed to estimate the SOC based on different models. The results prove that the FOMs can simulate the output voltage more accurately and the fractional order EKF (FOEKF) can estimate the SOC more precisely under dynamic conditions.
Fuel-Optimal Thrust-Allocation Algorithm Using Penalty Optimization Programing for Dynamic-Positioning-Controlled Offshore Platforms
Se Won Kim, Moo Hyun Kim
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: dynamic positioning, fuel consumption, Genetic Algorithm, Optimization, penalty programming, pseudo-inverse, quadratic-programming, thrust allocation, thruster arrangement, turret-moored FPSO
This research, a new thrust-allocation algorithm based on penalty programming is developed to minimize the fuel consumption of offshore vessels/platforms with dynamic positioning system. The role of thrust allocation is to produce thruster commands satisfying required forces and moments for position-keeping, while fulfilling mechanical constraints of the control system. The developed thrust-allocation algorithm is mathematically formulated as an optimization problem for the given objects and constraints of a dynamic positioning system. Penalty programming can solve the optimization problems that have nonlinear object functions and constraints. The developed penalty-programming thrust-allocation method is implemented in the fully-coupled vessel⁻riser⁻mooring time-domain simulation code with dynamic positioning control. Its position-keeping and fuel-saving performance is evaluated by comparing with other conventional methods, such as pseudo-inverse, quadratic-programming, and genetic-alg... [more]
Design and Optimization of a Novel Wound Field Synchronous Machine for Torque Performance Enhancement
Wenping Chai, Thomas A. Lipo, Byung-il Kwon
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: finite-element analysis, Genetic Algorithm, PM-assisted, segment configuration, torque performance, wound field synchronous machine
This paper presents the design and optimization of a novel wound field synchronous machine topology, in which permanent magnets (PMs) are introduced into the rotor slot opening with segment configuration for high quality output torque performance. The rotor shape of the proposed PM-assisted wound field synchronous machine with segment configuration is optimized for maximizing the average output torque and decreasing torque ripple under constant PM volume and motor size. The segment configuration can be benefit to improve the reluctance torque. In addition, it is further clarified that the assisted-PM can help to increase the field torque by enlarging the magnetizing synchronous reactance (Xf), as well as increasing airgap flux density. An optimal method combining Kriging method and genetic algorithm is applied for rotor shape optimization of proposed PM-assisted wound field synchronous machine (PMa-WFSM). Then, the 2-D finite-element analysis results, with the aid of JMAG-Designer, are... [more]
Thermal and Electrical Parameter Identification of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Using Genetic Algorithm
H. Eduardo Ariza, Antonio Correcher, Carlos Sánchez, Ángel Pérez-Navarro, Emilio García
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, identification, LabVIEW, model, PEM fuel cell
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) fuel cells is a technology successfully used in the production of energy from hydrogen, allowing the use of hydrogen as an energy vector. It is scalable for stationary and mobile applications. However, the technology demands more research. An important research topic is fault diagnosis and condition monitoring to improve the life and the efficiency and to reduce the operation costs of PEMFC devices. Consequently, there is a need of physical models that allow deep analysis. These models must be accurate enough to represent the PEMFC behavior and to allow the identification of different internal signals of a PEM fuel cell. This work presents a PEM fuel cell model that uses the output temperature in a closed loop, so it can represent the thermal and the electrical behavior. The model is used to represent a Nexa Ballard 1.2 kW fuel cell; therefore, it is necessary to fit the coefficients to represent the real behavior. Five optimization algorithms... [more]
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