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Records with Keyword: Genetic Algorithm
Long Term Expected Revenue of Wind Farms Considering the Bidding Admission Uncertainty
Mazaher Haji Bashi, Gholamreza Yousefi, Claus Leth Bak, Jayakrishnan Radhakrishna Pillai
February 5, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: bidding Admission uncertainty, Genetic Algorithm, long term bidding behavior, market price uncertainty, PAB and UP auctions, wind farm expected revenue
As a long term bidding behavior, bid shading is exhibited by wind farms participating in real Uniform Price (UP) markets. This signifies that the wind farm owners bid far below their true long run marginal cost. In this paper, a method is proposed to consider the uncertainty of bidding admission in the long term expected revenue of wind farms. We show that this consideration could perfectly explain the observed bid shading behavior of wind farm owners. We use a novel market price model with a stochastic model of a wind farm to derive indices describing the uncertainty of bidding admission. The optimal behavior of the wind farm is then obtained by establishing a multi objective optimization problem and subsequently solved using genetic algorithm. The method is applied to the analysis of long term bidding behavior of a wind farm participating in a Pay-as-Bid (PAB) auction such as Iran Electricity Market (IEM). The results demonstrate that wind farm owners change their bid shading behavio... [more]
DG Mix and Energy Storage Units for Optimal Planning of Self-Sufficient Micro Energy Grids
Aboelsood Zidan, Hossam A. Gabbar
January 7, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: combined heat and power, gas-power, Genetic Algorithm, micro energy grid, multi-objective, renewable, self-sufficient
Micro energy grids have many merits and promising applications under the smart grid vision. There are demanding procedures for their optimal planning and performance enhancement. One of the key features of a micro energy grid is its ability to separate and isolate itself from the main electrical network to continue feeding its own islanded portion. In this paper, an optimal sizing and operation strategy for micro energy grids equipped with renewable and non-renewable based distributed generation (DG) and storage are presented. The general optimization objective is to define the best DG mix and energy storage units for self-sufficient micro energy grids. A multi-objective genetic algorithm (GA) was applied to solve the planning problem at a minimum optimization goal of overall cost (including investment cost, operation and maintenance cost, and fuel cost) and carbon dioxide emission. The constraints include power and heat demands constraints, and DGs capacity limits. The candidate techn... [more]
Harnessing the Flexibility of Thermostatic Loads in Microgrids with Solar Power Generation
Rosa Morales González, Shahab Shariat Torbaghan, Madeleine Gibescu, Sjef Cobben
January 7, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: commercial and industrial areas, demand response, Genetic Algorithm, local RES integration, microgrids, mixed-integer optimization, physical system modeling, smart grid, thermostatic load modeling
This paper presents a demand response (DR) framework that intertwines thermodynamic building models with a genetic algorithm (GA)-based optimization method. The framework optimizes heating/cooling schedules of end-users inside a business park microgrid with local distributed generation from renewable energy sources (DG-RES) based on two separate objectives: net load minimization and electricity cost minimization. DG-RES is treated as a curtailable resource in anticipation of future scenarios where the infeed of DG-RES to the regional distribution network could be limited. We test the DR framework with a case study of a refrigerated warehouse and an office building located in a business park with local PV generation. Results show the technical potential of the DR framework in harnessing the flexibility of the thermal masses from end-user sites in order to: (1) reduce the energy exchange at the point of connection; (2) reduce the cost of electricity for the microgrid end-users; and (3) i... [more]
Multi-Train Energy Saving for Maximum Usage of Regenerative Energy by Dwell Time Optimization in Urban Rail Transit Using Genetic Algorithm
Fei Lin, Shihui Liu, Zhihong Yang, Yingying Zhao, Zhongping Yang, Hu Sun
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: braking energy, dwell time, energy saving, Genetic Algorithm, multi-train, urban rail transit
With its large capacity, the total urban rail transit energy consumption is very high; thus, energy saving operations are quite meaningful. The effective use of regenerative braking energy is the mainstream method for improving the efficiency of energy saving. This paper examines the optimization of train dwell time and builds a multiple train operation model for energy conservation of a power supply system. By changing the dwell time, the braking energy can be absorbed and utilized by other traction trains as efficiently as possible. The application of genetic algorithms is proposed for the optimization, based on the current schedule. Next, to validate the correctness and effectiveness of the optimization, a real case is studied. Actual data from the Beijing subway Yizhuang Line are employed to perform the simulation, and the results indicate that the optimization method of the dwell time is effective.
Comparisons of Modeling and State of Charge Estimation for Lithium-Ion Battery Based on Fractional Order and Integral Order Methods
Renxin Xiao, Jiangwei Shen, Xiaoyu Li, Wensheng Yan, Erdong Pan, Zheng Chen
November 27, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: extended Kalman filter, fractional order model, Genetic Algorithm, lithium-ion battery, parameters identification, state of charge
In order to properly manage lithium-ion batteries of electric vehicles (EVs), it is essential to build the battery model and estimate the state of charge (SOC). In this paper, the fractional order forms of Thevenin and partnership for a new generation of vehicles (PNGV) models are built, of which the model parameters including the fractional orders and the corresponding resistance and capacitance values are simultaneously identified based on genetic algorithm (GA). The relationships between different model parameters and SOC are established and analyzed. The calculation precisions of the fractional order model (FOM) and integral order model (IOM) are validated and compared under hybrid test cycles. Finally, extended Kalman filter (EKF) is employed to estimate the SOC based on different models. The results prove that the FOMs can simulate the output voltage more accurately and the fractional order EKF (FOEKF) can estimate the SOC more precisely under dynamic conditions.
Fuel-Optimal Thrust-Allocation Algorithm Using Penalty Optimization Programing for Dynamic-Positioning-Controlled Offshore Platforms
Se Won Kim, Moo Hyun Kim
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: dynamic positioning, fuel consumption, Genetic Algorithm, Optimization, penalty programming, pseudo-inverse, quadratic-programming, thrust allocation, thruster arrangement, turret-moored FPSO
This research, a new thrust-allocation algorithm based on penalty programming is developed to minimize the fuel consumption of offshore vessels/platforms with dynamic positioning system. The role of thrust allocation is to produce thruster commands satisfying required forces and moments for position-keeping, while fulfilling mechanical constraints of the control system. The developed thrust-allocation algorithm is mathematically formulated as an optimization problem for the given objects and constraints of a dynamic positioning system. Penalty programming can solve the optimization problems that have nonlinear object functions and constraints. The developed penalty-programming thrust-allocation method is implemented in the fully-coupled vessel⁻riser⁻mooring time-domain simulation code with dynamic positioning control. Its position-keeping and fuel-saving performance is evaluated by comparing with other conventional methods, such as pseudo-inverse, quadratic-programming, and genetic-alg... [more]
Design and Optimization of a Novel Wound Field Synchronous Machine for Torque Performance Enhancement
Wenping Chai, Thomas A. Lipo, Byung-il Kwon
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: finite-element analysis, Genetic Algorithm, PM-assisted, segment configuration, torque performance, wound field synchronous machine
This paper presents the design and optimization of a novel wound field synchronous machine topology, in which permanent magnets (PMs) are introduced into the rotor slot opening with segment configuration for high quality output torque performance. The rotor shape of the proposed PM-assisted wound field synchronous machine with segment configuration is optimized for maximizing the average output torque and decreasing torque ripple under constant PM volume and motor size. The segment configuration can be benefit to improve the reluctance torque. In addition, it is further clarified that the assisted-PM can help to increase the field torque by enlarging the magnetizing synchronous reactance (Xf), as well as increasing airgap flux density. An optimal method combining Kriging method and genetic algorithm is applied for rotor shape optimization of proposed PM-assisted wound field synchronous machine (PMa-WFSM). Then, the 2-D finite-element analysis results, with the aid of JMAG-Designer, are... [more]
Thermal and Electrical Parameter Identification of a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Using Genetic Algorithm
H. Eduardo Ariza, Antonio Correcher, Carlos Sánchez, Ángel Pérez-Navarro, Emilio García
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, identification, LabVIEW, model, PEM fuel cell
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) fuel cells is a technology successfully used in the production of energy from hydrogen, allowing the use of hydrogen as an energy vector. It is scalable for stationary and mobile applications. However, the technology demands more research. An important research topic is fault diagnosis and condition monitoring to improve the life and the efficiency and to reduce the operation costs of PEMFC devices. Consequently, there is a need of physical models that allow deep analysis. These models must be accurate enough to represent the PEMFC behavior and to allow the identification of different internal signals of a PEM fuel cell. This work presents a PEM fuel cell model that uses the output temperature in a closed loop, so it can represent the thermal and the electrical behavior. The model is used to represent a Nexa Ballard 1.2 kW fuel cell; therefore, it is necessary to fit the coefficients to represent the real behavior. Five optimization algorithms... [more]
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