Records with Keyword: Aspen Plus
Showing records 1 to 25 of 39. [First] Page: 1 2 Last
Thermodynamic Analysis of Negative CO2 Emission Power Plant Using Aspen Plus, Aspen Hysys, and Ebsilon Software
Paweł Ziółkowski, Paweł Madejski, Milad Amiri, Tomasz Kuś, Kamil Stasiak, Navaneethan Subramanian, Halina Pawlak-Kruczek, Janusz Badur, Łukasz Niedźwiecki, Dariusz Mikielewicz
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Hysys, Aspen Plus, CCS, CO2 negative power plant, Ebsilon
The article presents results of thermodynamic analysis using a zero-dimensional mathematical models of a negative CO2 emission power plant. The developed cycle of a negative CO2 emission power plant allows the production of electricity using gasified sewage sludge as a main fuel. The negative emission can be achieved by the use this type of fuel which is already a “zero-emissive” energy source. Together with carbon capture installation, there is a possibility to decrease CO2 emission below the “zero” level. Developed models of a novel gas cycle which use selected codes allow the prediction of basic parameters of thermodynamic cycles such as output power, efficiency, combustion composition, exhaust temperature, etc. The paper presents results of thermodynamic analysis of two novel cycles, called PDF0 and PFD1, by using different thermodynamic codes. A comparison of results obtained by three different codes offered the chance to verify results because the experimental data are currently... [more]
Biocrude Production from Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Chlorella: Thermodynamic Modelling and Reactor Design
Lili Qian, Jun Ni, Zhiyang Xu, Bin Yu, Shuang Wang, Heng Gu, Dong Xiang
March 8, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, biocrude, critical diameter, hydrothermal liquefaction
Hydrothermal liquefaction can directly and efficiently convert wet biomass into biocrude with a high heating value. We developed a continuous hydrothermal liquefaction model via Aspen Plus to explore the effects of moisture content of Chlorella, reaction pressure and temperature on thermodynamic equilibrium yields, and energy recoveries of biocrude. We also compared the simulated biocrude yield and energy recoveries with experiment values in literature. Furthermore, vertical and horizontal transportation characteristics of insoluble solids in Chlorella were analyzed to determine the critical diameters that could avoid the plugging of the reactor at different flow rates. The results showed that the optimum moisture content, reaction pressure, and reaction temperature were 70−90 wt%, 20 MPa, and 250−350 °C, respectively. At a thermodynamic equilibrium state, the yield and the energy recovery of biocrude could be higher than 56 wt% and 96%, respectively. When the capacity of the hydrother... [more]
Energy Analysis of an Integrated Plant: Fluidized Bed Steam Gasification of Hydrothermally Treated Biomass Coupled to Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Alessandro Antonio Papa, Andrea Di Carlo, Enrico Bocci, Luca Taglieri, Luca Del Zotto, Alberto Gallifuoco
March 8, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, biomass gasification, energy analysis, hydrothermal carbonization, SOFC
An innovative process based on hydrothermal carbonization, gasification, and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) technologies was developed using a commercial process simulation software called ASPEN Plus. The object of this work is to study plant efficiency under various operating conditions. The hydrothermal pre-treatment (HTC) at 200 and 250 °C was modelled as a black box based on the experimental results. The gasifier was modelled as a single reactor vessel with both the fluidized bed steam gasification of solid fuel and the hot gas cleaning system. The SOFC was modelled as a simple grey box with the ASPEN Plus blocks. The effect of HTC temperature and steam/carbon (S/C) ratio on the syngas composition and yield and plant efficiency was studied. The results show that the gasification of hydrochar obtained at 200 °C with S/C ratio of 0.6 gives the best results, namely an energy output of SOFC equal to 1.81 kW/kgBiomass, and overall process efficiency of 36%.
Thermal Analysis and Kinetic Modeling of Pyrolysis and Oxidation of Hydrochars
Gabriella Gonnella, Giulia Ischia, Luca Fambri, Luca Fiori
March 2, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Biomass, hydrochar, hydrothermal carbonization, kinetics, Modelling, thermal analysis
This study examines the kinetics of pyrolysis and oxidation of hydrochars through thermal analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) techniques were used to investigate the decomposition profiles and develop two distributed activation energy models (DAEM) of hydrochars derived from the hydrothermal carbonization of grape seeds produced at different temperatures (180, 220, and 250 °C). Data were collected at 1, 3, and 10 °C/min between 30 and 700 °C. TGA data highlighted a decomposition profile similar to that of the raw biomass for hydrochars obtained at 180 and 220 °C (with a clear distinction between oil, cellulosic, hemicellulosic, and lignin-like compounds), while presenting a more stable profile for the 250 °C hydrochar. DSC showed a certain exothermic behavior during pyrolysis of hydrochars, an aspect also investigated through thermodynamic simulations in Aspen Plus. Regarding the DAEM, according to a Gaussian model, the severity of the... [more]
Decarbonizing Vehicle Transportation with Hydrogen from Biomass Gasification: An Assessment in the Nigerian Urban Environment
Donald Ukpanyang, Julio Terrados-Cepeda
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Biomass, carbon dioxide emissions, gasification, green hydrogen, Nigeria, Simulation
Tailpipe emissions from vehicles consist of CO2 and other greenhouse gases, which contribute immensely to the rise in global temperatures. Green hydrogen produced from the gasification of biomass can reduce the amount of CO2 emissions to zero. This study aims to provide a modelling framework to optimize the production of hydrogen from biomass waste obtained from different cities, for use in the road transport sector in Nigeria. A gasification model with post-treatment shift conversion and CO2 removal by adsorption is proposed. In this study, six cities are simulated based on technical and environmental considerations, using the Aspen Plus software package. The results revealed that Kaduna has the highest hydrogen generation potential of 0.148 million metric tons per year, which could reduce CO2 emissions to 1.60 and 1.524 million metric tons by the displacement of an equivalent volume of gasoline and diesel. This amounts to cost savings of NGN 116 and 161.8 billion for gasoline and die... [more]
Operation Control and Performance Analysis of an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion System Based on the Organic Rankine Cycle
Xiaowei Yang, Yanjun Liu, Yun Chen, Li Zhang
February 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Matlab, ocean thermal energy, organic Rankine cycle
The development and utilization of marine renewable energy is an important measure for achieving energy conservation, emissions reduction and carbon neutrality. Ocean thermal energy is the most stable energy among all the types of marine renewable energy. This paper built a simulation model of an ocean thermal energy conversion system based on actual device specifications by Aspen and MATLAB and put forward a corresponding control strategy. The opening control signal of the control valve at the turbine inlet was the condenser inlet pressure in this paper, and the frequency control of the working fluid pump depended on the evaporating pressure and flow rate of the working fluid. This paper analyzed the key operating parameter changes of the system under different working conditions. According to the analysis results, the turbogenerator in this system was able to generate 50 kW power for about 8 months per year. The highest net output power of the Organic Rankine Cycle was 47.3 kW; the h... [more]
Technoeconomic Assessment of LNG-Fueled Solid Oxide Fuel Cells in Small Island Systems: The Patmos Island Case Study
Konstantina Peloriadi, Petros Iliadis, Panagiotis Boutikos, Konstantinos Atsonios, Panagiotis Grammelis, Aristeidis Nikolopoulos
February 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, energy system analysis, island energy system, Liquified Natural Gas, MED, non-interconnected islands, SOFC
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is regarded as the cleanest among fossil fuels due to its lower environmental impact. In power plants, it emits 50−60% less carbon dioxide into the atmosphere compared to regular oil or coal-fired plants. As the demand for a lower environmental footprint is increasing, fuel cells powered by LNG are starting to appear as a promising technology, especially suitable for off-grid applications, since they can supply both electricity and heating. This article presents a techno-economic assessment for an integrated system consisting of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack and a micro gas turbine (MGT) fueled by LNG, that feeds the waste heat to a multi-effect desalination system (MED) on the Greek island of Patmos. The partial or total replacement of the diesel engines on the non-interconnected island of Patmos with SOFC systems is investigated. The optimal system implementation is analyzed through a multi-stage approach that includes dynamic computational analysis... [more]
Investigation of an Intensified Thermo-Chemical Experimental Set-Up for Hydrogen Production from Biomass: Gasification Process Integrated to a Portable Purification System—Part II
Donatella Barisano, Giuseppe Canneto, Francesco Nanna, Antonio Villone, Emanuele Fanelli, Cesare Freda, Massimiliano Grieco, Andrea Lotierzo, Giacinto Cornacchia, Giacobbe Braccio, Vera Marcantonio, Enrico Bocci, Claire Courson, Marco Rep, Tom Oudenhoven, Steffen Heidenreich, Pier Ugo Foscolo
February 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Biomass, biomass waste, fluidized-bed reactor, gas cleaning, gas conditioning, gasification, Hydrogen, Syngas
Biomass gasification is a versatile thermochemical process that can be used for direct energy applications and the production of advanced liquid and gaseous energy carriers. In the present work, the results are presented concerning the H2 production at a high purity grade from biomass feedstocks via steam/oxygen gasification. The data demonstrating such a process chain were collected at an innovative gasification prototype plant coupled to a portable purification system (PPS). The overall integration was designed for gas conditioning and purification to hydrogen. By using almond shells as the biomass feedstock, from a product gas with an average and stable composition of 40%-v H2, 21%-v CO, 35%-v CO2, 2.5%-v CH4, the PPS unit provided a hydrogen stream, with a final concentration of 99.99%-v and a gas yield of 66.4%.
Rate-Based Modeling and Assessment of an Amine-Based Acid Gas Removal Process through a Comprehensive Solvent Selection Procedure
Neha Agarwal, Le Cao Nhien, Moonyong Lee
February 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: acid gas removal, Aspen Plus, blended amines, chemical absorption, process simulation, rate-based approach
In this study, an industrial acid gas removal (AGR) process which uses amine-based solvents was designed and simulated. The selection of suitable absorbents is crucial for an effective AGR process. Therefore, various single and blended amine-based solvents for capturing acid gases were evaluated through a comprehensive procedure, including solvent screening and process design steps. First, various solvents were screened for their CO2 and H2S absorption efficiencies. Promising solvents were then selected for the process design step, in which all process alternatives were simulated and rigorously designed using Aspen Plus. The non-equilibrium rate-based method with an electrolyte non-random two-liquid thermodynamic model was employed for modeling the absorption column. All processes were evaluated in terms of energy requirements, costs, and carbon emissions. The results show that a blend of methyldiethanolamine and piperazine solutions are the most promising solvents for the AGR process,... [more]
An In-Depth Process Model for Fuel Production via Hydrothermal Liquefaction and Catalytic Hydrotreating
Leonard Moser, Christina Penke, Valentin Batteiger
February 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: advanced biofuel, Aspen Plus, HTL, hydrothermal liquefaction, process model, reaction network
One of the more promising technologies for future renewable fuel production from biomass is hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL). Although enormous progress in the context of continuous experiments on demonstration plants has been made in the last years, still many research questions concerning the understanding of the HTL reaction network remain unanswered. In this study, a unique process model of an HTL process chain has been developed in Aspen Plus® for three feedstock, microalgae, sewage sludge and wheat straw. A process chain consisting of HTL, hydrotreatment (HT) and catalytic hydrothermal gasification (cHTG) build the core process steps of the model, which uses 51 model compounds representing the hydrolysis products of the different biochemical groups lipids, proteins, carbohydrates, lignin, extractives and ash for modeling the biomass. Two extensive reaction networks of 272 and 290 reactions for the HTL and HT process step, respectively, lead to the intermediate biocrude (~200 model... [more]
Investigation of an Intensified Thermo-Chemical Experimental Set-Up for Hydrogen Production from Biomass: Gasification Process Performance—Part I
Donatella Barisano, Giuseppe Canneto, Francesco Nanna, Antonio Villone, Emanuele Fanelli, Cesare Freda, Massimiliano Grieco, Giacinto Cornacchia, Giacobbe Braccio, Vera Marcantonio, Enrico Bocci, Pier Ugo Foscolo, Steffen Heidenreich
February 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, BFB gasifier, biomass gasification, equilibrium model, Hydrogen, producer gas, steam-oxygen
Biomass gasification for energy purposes has several advantages, such as the mitigation of global warming and national energy independency. In the present work, the data from an innovative and intensified steam/oxygen biomass gasification process, integrating a gas filtration step directly inside the reactor, are presented. The produced gas at the outlet of the 1 MWth gasification pilot plant was analysed in terms of its main gaseous products (hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and methane) and contaminants. Experimental test sets were carried out at 0.25−0.28 Equivalence Ratio (ER), 0.4−0.5 Steam/Biomass (S/B), and 780−850 °C gasification temperature. Almond shells were selected as biomass feedstock and supplied to the reactor at approximately 120 and 150 kgdry/h. Based on the collected data, the in-vessel filtration system showed a dust removal efficiency higher than 99%-wt. A gas yield of 1.2 Nm3dry/kgdaf and a producer gas with a dry composition of 27−33%v H2, 23−29%v CO, 3... [more]
Biogas Reforming as a Precursor for Integrated Algae Biorefineries: Simulation and Techno-Economic Analysis
Philipp Kenkel, Timo Wassermann, Edwin Zondervan
February 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, biogas reforming, FAME, HEFA, Methanol, Technoeconomic Analysis
Biogas is a significant by-product produced in algae processing and may be used for many different applications, not only as a renewable energy carrier but also as a chemical intermediate in integrated algae-based biorefineries. In this work, the reforming of biogas to H2/CO2 mixtures (referred to as SynFeed) as feed for the direct hydrogenation of CO2 to methanol is investigated. Two conventional processes, namely steam methane and autothermal reforming, with upstream CO2 separation from raw biogas are compared to novel concepts of direct biogas bi- and tri-reforming. In addition, downstream CO2 separation from SynFeed using the commercial Selexol process to produce pure H2 and CO2 is considered. The results show that upstream CO2 separation with subsequent steam methane reforming is the most economic process, costing 142.48 €/tSynFeed, and taking into consideration the revenue from excess hydrogen. Bi-reforming is the most expensive process, with a cost of 413.44 €/tSynFeed, due to t... [more]
Model-Based Evaluation of Hydrothermal Treatment for the Energy Efficient Dewatering and Drying of Sewage Sludge
Philipp Knötig, Hendrik Etzold, Benjamin Wirth
February 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Box–Behnken design, dewatering, DoE, energetic optimization, hydrothermal treatment, phosphorus, process development, sewage sludge
This research paper evaluates hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) as a possible treatment for sewage sludge, including phosphorus recycling. German governmental requirements force a high number of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) to recover phosphorus from sewage sludge above limits of 20 g kgTS−1 before further disposal (e.g., co-incineration). The results show that pH reduction has a positive effect on shifting phosphorus to the liquid phase during HTC. Although the experimental results of this research do not yet achieve the necessary phosphorus reduction, various calculations are made to achieve this goal in future experimental studies. In order to be able to assess the energy benefits of HTC, Aspen Plus modeling was used to show the positive impact of implementing this technology in a WWTP. It is shown that the mechanical dewaterability of sewage sludge (SS) increases after HTC enabling energy savings by means of subsequent thermal drying. A heat optimized HTC is able to cut energy... [more]
Preliminary Experimental Results and Modelling Study of Olive Kernel Gasification in a 2 MWth BFB Gasifier
Athanasios Lampropoulos, Idoya Goñi Zubillaga, Raúl Pérez-Vega, Nikolaos Ntavos, Yannis Fallas, Georgios Varvoutis
February 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, biomass gasification, bubbling fluidized bed, olive kernel, syngas to district heating
Gasification is a promising and attractive thermochemical method for biomass-to-energy conversion, with fluidized bed reactors being one of the best options for large-scale operations. Olive residues in particular are potentially excellent candidate biomass fuels in the Mediterranean area, due to the region’s increased capacity in olive oil production. Herein, the gasification experiments of olive kernels in a 2 MWth air-blown, bubbling fluidized bed reactor located at CENER’s facilities (BIO2C) in Navarra, Spain are presented. Even though technical issues were demonstrated due to the operation of the plant with a high-density biomass fuel and given the scale of the process, a quasi-steady-state and isothermal 12 h operation at an equivalence ratio of 0.25 ± 0.03 was attained. Given the satisfactory experimental results, an Aspen Plus simulation model of the process was also attempted. Notably, the proposed methodology agrees well with the experimental results and can be regarded as a... [more]
Simulation Study of an Oxy-Biomass-Based Boiler for Nearly Zero Emission Using Aspen Plus
Imran Ali Shah, Xiang Gou, Jinxiang Wu
February 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, CO2 purification, fuel NOx, NOx absorption, Oxy biomass combustion, pressurized reactive distillation column (PRDC), SO2 absorption, thermal boiler
Bioenergy integrated CO2 capture is considered to be one of the viable options to reduce the carbon footprint in the atmosphere, as well as to lower dependability on the usage of fossil fuels. The present simulation-based study comprises the oxy bio-CCS technique with the objective of bringing about cleaner thermal energy production with nearly zero emissions, CO2 capture and purification, and with the ability to remove NOx and SO2 from the flue gas and to generate valuable byproducts, i.e., HNO3 and H2SO4. In the present work, a simulation on utilization of biomass resources by applying the oxy combustion technique was carried out, and CO2 sequestration through pressurized reactive distillation column (PRDC) was integrated into the boiler. Based on our proposed laboratory scale bio-CCS plant with oxy combustion technique, the designed thermal load was kept at 20 kWth using maize stalk as primary fuel. With the objective of achieving cleaner production with near zero emissions, CO2 ric... [more]
Supercritical Technology-Based Date Sugar Powder Production: Process Modeling and Simulation
Hooralain Bushnaq, Rambabu Krishnamoorthy, Mohammad Abu-Zahra, Shadi W. Hasan, Hanifa Taher, Suliman Yousef Alomar, Naushad Ahmad, Fawzi Banat
February 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, date sugar production, freeze-drying, process simulation, spray-drying, supercritical extraction
Date palm fruits (Phoenix dactylifera) contain high levels of fructose and glucose sugars. These natural sugar forms are healthy, nutritional and easily assimilate into human metabolism. The successful production of soluble date sugar powder from nutritious date fruits would result in a new food product that could replace the commercial refined sugar. In this work, a novel process technology based on the supercritical extraction of sugar components from date pulp was modeled and simulated using Aspen Plus software. The process model consisted of three main steps that were individually simulated for their optimal working conditions as follows: (a) freeze-drying of the date pulp at −42 °C and 0.0001 bar; (b) supercritical extraction of the sugar components using a 6.77 wt.% water mixed CO2 solvent system at a pressure of 308 bar, temperature of 65 °C, and CO2 flow rate of 31,000 kg/h; and (c) spray-drying of the extract using 40 wt.% Gum Arabic as the carrier agent and air as drying medi... [more]
Intensification Insights from Chemical Looping Combustion Using Coal−Biomass Mixtures with Fe-Based Oxygen Carrier
Mayur D. Kevat, Tamal Banerjee
February 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, carbon capture efficiency, CLC, coal/biomass
Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a modern technology that enables the mitigation of the CO2 concentration without any expense of energy. Experimental evidence shows that combustion of coal/biomass in CLC technology leads to negative carbon emission by replacing the portion of coal with biomass. In the present work, CLC was simulated using a mixture of coal/biomass in CLC; using their different proportions resulted in enhanced CO and CO2 fractions in the fuel reactor. The carbon capture and oxide oxygen fraction were also found to increase with the enhancement of the fuel reactor’s temperature with different proportions of coal/biomass. Increases in the carbon capture efficiency and oxide oxygen fraction of up to 98.86% and ~98%, respectively, were observed within the experimental temperature range. The simulated results of various parameters were predicted and validated with the published experimental results. The stated parameters were also predicted as a function of the different... [more]
The Split Flow Process of CO2 Capture with Aqueous Ammonia Using the eNRTL Model
Seung Won Jeong, Bomsock Lee, Sung Young Kim
February 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aqueous ammonia, Aspen Plus, Carbon Dioxide Capture, eNRTL, Simulation
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology has attracted increasing attention as global climate change accelerates. Carbon dioxide removal processes under development include pressure swing adsorption (PSA) and chemical absorption using amine solvents. In this paper, an ammonia solvent, which is relatively inexpensive and has good material properties, was used instead of amines in the carbon dioxide removal process simulation as a chemical absorption method. This simulation used the eNRTL thermodynamics model which has the advantage of predicting ions in the liquid phase in Aspen Plus. A case study (Case Study 1) was conducted to verify the validity of the thermodynamic model. The purpose of this research was to find the operating conditions to eliminate more than 90% of the carbon dioxide contained in the flue gas from coal-fired power stations, and to lower heat duty and operating cost conditions. A second case study (Case Study 2) was conducted to find the operating conditions by c... [more]
Non-Conventional Cuts in Batch Distillation to Brazilian Spirits (cachaça) Production: A Computational Simulation Approach
Lhucas M. S. Tenorio, Fabio R. M. Batista, Simone Monteiro
February 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Batch Distillation, Ethanol, thermodynamic, vapor–liquid equilibria
In this work, an algorithm was developed to determine different possibilities of distillation cuts to support productivity and improve the final quality of cachaça, a Brazilian spirit beverage. The distillation process was simulated using the Aspen Plus® software, considering a wide range of fermented musts compositions available in the literature obtained by fermentation with different yeast strains. Twenty-four simulations were carried out considering eight compounds as follows: water and ethanol (major compounds); acetic acid, acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, 1-propanol, isobutanol, and isoamyl alcohol (minor compounds). The calculations considered a long-time process, i.e., until almost all the ethanol in the fermented must was distilled. The algorithm enabled the identification of countless distilling cuts, resulting in products with different alcoholic grades and process yields. One fermented must became viable to produce cachaça after the suggested non-traditional method of cuts pro... [more]
Exergy Tables: Aspen Simulation Examples
Eksergitabeller: Aspen Plus simuleringseksempler
Thomas A. Adams II
January 25, 2023 (v1)
Example Aspen Plus chemical process simulations used in the book Exergy Tables: A Comprehensive Set of Exergy Values to Streamline Energy Efficiency Analysis, by Lingyan Deng, Thomas A. Adams II, and Truls Gundersen (McGraw-Hill Education, 2023). The examples are:

1. Medium-pressure steam generation using a natural-gas powered boiler
2. Medium-pressure steam generation using a natural-gas powered boiler with an economizer
3. Medium-pressure steam generation using an off-gas powered boiler
4. Postcombustion CO2 capture using diglycolamine (DGA) with CCS

Note, stream conditions may vary slightly from those in the book when simulated with different versions of the software.

Files are Aspen Plus v12.1, but should be openable on any version 12.1 or later.
Teaching Conceptual Process Flowsheeting and Simulation: 3rd Year Undergraduate Level and Earlier
Thomas A. Adams II
February 14, 2022 (v1)
Subject: Education
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Conceptual Process Design, Process Modelling, Process Synthesis, Undergraduate Curriculum
Advice and best practices for teaching conceptual process flowsheeting, simulation, and design at the third year undergraduate level. Discusses setting course goals, integration with the rest of the curriculum, and delivery techniques. Practical strategies for tutorials, exams, lectures, and projects. Training TAs for experiential learning workshops. Best practices in teaching distillation design. This is the Award Lecture for AIChE's David Himmelblau Award for Innovations in Computer-Based Chemical Engineering Education. Live lecture given via as a part of the AIChE's Computing and Systems Technology division webinar series.
Learn Aspen Plus in 24 Hours 2nd Edition Solution Files
Thomas A. Adams II
January 6, 2022 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Education, Learn Aspen Plus in 24 Hours, Simulation
These Aspen Plus v12 simulations are the solution or demonstration files for the book Learn Aspen Plus in 24 Hours, 2nd Edition, by Thomas A. Adams II. They are given as-is with no warranty or guarantee of accuracy or correctness. They are for educational purposes only.

The files list contains a large .zip of all files, or otherwise you can download them independently.

Files correspond to these tutorials:

Tutorial 2 Physical Property Modelling - Selecting physical properties. Understanding the database.
Tutorial 3 Problem Solving Tools - Design Specs and Sensitivity Analyses
Tutorial 4 Heat Exchangers - HEATER, HEATX
Tutorial 5 Equilibrium-based Distillation Models - RadFrac (in equilibrium mode)
Tutorial 6 Advanced Problem Solving Tools - Utilities, GHG Emissions, Optimization
Tutorial 7 Chemical Reactor Models - RSTOIC, REQUIL, RYIELD, RGIBBS, RCSTR, RPFR
Tutorial 8 Rate-based Distillation Models - RadFrac (in rate-based mode)
Tutorial 9 Custom Models and External Con... [more]
Valorization of Biomass Pyrolysis By-Products for Heat Production in the Ontario Steel Industry: A Techno-Economic Analysis
Jamie Rose, Thomas A. Adams II
November 5, 2021 (v1)
As part of efforts to reduce carbon emissions in the iron and steel industry, which are especially pertinent in Canada due to rising carbon taxes, Canadian producers have been investigating the effects of replacing coal used in pulverized coal injection with biochar. Although there has been research into the economic value and effect on net life cycle emissions of using the biochar product itself, there are no comprehensive techno-economic analyses which investigate the value and potential uses of the by-products of biomass pyrolysis. These by-products include volatile organic compounds, known collectively as tar or bio-oil, and light gases, which are mainly hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and methane. Since only 20-30% of the mass of pyrolyzed biomass is actually converted to char, with the rest converted to the by-products, [1] usage of these by-products is likely the key to increasing the value of biochar to a degree that makes up for the market price of biochar currently... [more]
Simulation of Prosopis juliflora Air Gasification in Multistage Fluidized Process
Maryem Dhrioua, Walid Hassen, Lioua Kolsi, Kaouther Ghachem, Chemseddine Maatki, Mohamed Naceur Borjini
July 29, 2021 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, fluidized-bed, multistage gasifier
A multistage atmospheric fluidized bed gasifier was developed using the Aspen Plus simulation process. The innovative gasification reactor aims to yield a high-quality product gas as it conducts pyrolysis, combustion, and reduction in different zones. In addition, it uses gas as a heat carrier and has a fluidized char bed in the reduction zone to enhance the in-situ tar reduction. In order to study the feasibility of the gasifier, an evaluation of the product gas and the process efficiency is required. The proposed model was based on the reaction rates and hydrodynamic parameters of the bubbling bed. Four different stages were initially considered in the simulation process: decomposition of the feed, partial volatile combustion, char reduction, and gas solid separation. The gasification reactor was operated over a temperature range of 800−1000 °C and an isothermal combustion reactor was operated at 1000 °C. In addition, the air to biomass mass ratio was varied from 0.2 to 0.5. It has b... [more]
Aspen Plus Simulations of a Lignocellulosic Biomass-to-Butanol Thermochemical Process
Chinedu Okoli, Thomas A Adams II
July 6, 2021 (v1)
Keywords: Aspen Plus, Biofuels, Biomass, Butanol, Kinetic Model, Lignocellulosic, Mixed Alcohol Synthesis, Simulation, Thermochemical
Several Aspen Plus simulation files are presented which were used in the research paper by Chinedu Okoli and Thomas A. Adams II: "Design and Assessment of Advanced Thermochemical Plants for Second Generation Biobutanol Production Considering Mixed Alcohols Synthesis Kinetics" published in Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol 56, pp 1543-1558 (2017). Four Aspen Plus V8.4 workbook files are provided AS IS, with no guarantee of accuracy or functionality. They are the original files used in the underlying work and have not been groomed or sanitized.

The four base cases considered in this study are:

1. A "biomass only" process in which the entire plant's energy supply comes from biomass.
2. A "biomass only" process that uses a divided wall column as a part of the distillation sequence
3. A "NG and power import" process in which natural gas and grid electricity are used to provide supplementary power.
4. A "NG import" case in which natural gas (but not grid... [more]
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