Records with Keyword: Optimization
Showing records 1 to 25 of 505. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil Using a Green Catalyst Prepared from Glass Waste and Animal Bones
Sara Maen Asaad, Abrar Inayat, Farrukh Jamil, Chaouki Ghenai, Abdallah Shanableh
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: biodiesel, heterogeneous catalyst, Optimization, response surface methodology, transesterification, waste cooking oil
Biodiesel as a fuel has been shown to positively impact the environment; replacing or reducing the dependence on fossil fuels while providing a viable alternative. The use of waste oils, such as non-edible or used oils, can reduce competition with food, loss of resources, and the resulting higher prices. In this study, biodiesel was obtained by a transesterification reaction using used cooking oil from fast-food restaurants as the feedstock and catalysts from waste glass and animal bones as the silica and calcium oxide sources, respectively. Utilizing waste or non-edible oils for the production of biodiesel can lessen the competition with food sources while achieving environmental and ethical biofuel standards. Additionally, employing readily available waste oils and catalysts prepared from waste material is an economical and low-cost process compared to the use of conventional expensive feedstock and catalyst. The catalyst characterization for the prepared CaO−SiO2 catalyst was perfor... [more]
Optimization of CO2 Huff-n-Puff in Unconventional Reservoirs with a Focus on Pore Confinement Effects, Fluid Types, and Completion Parameters
Aaditya Khanal, Md Fahim Shahriar
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: CO2 huff-n-puff, CO2 sequestration, nanopore confinement, Optimization, unconventional reservoir
The cyclic injection of CO2, referred to as the huff-n-puff (HnP) method, is an attractive option to improve oil recovery from unconventional reservoirs. This study evaluates the optimization of the CO2 HnP method and provides insight into the aspects of CO2 sequestration for unconventional reservoirs. Furthermore, this study also examines the impact of nanopore confinement, fluid composition, injection solvent, diffusivity parameters, and fracture properties on the long-term recovery factor. The results from over 500 independent simulations showed that the optimal recovery is obtained for the puff-to-huff ratio of around 2.73 with a soak period of fewer than 2.7 days. After numerous HnP cycles, an optimized CO2 HnP process resulted in about 970-to-1067-ton CO2 storage per fracture and over 32% recovery, compared to 22% recovery for natural depletion over the 30 years. The optimized CO2 HnP process also showed higher effectiveness compared to the N2 HnP scenario. Additionally, for rese... [more]
Power Management Control of an Autonomous Photovoltaic/Wind Turbine/Battery System
Djamila Rekioua, Toufik Rekioua, Ahmed Elsanabary, Saad Mekhilef
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: design, hybrid MPPT, Optimization, panels, solar battery storage, wind turbine
The study presents an optimal control approach for managing a hybrid Photovoltaic/Wind Turbine/Battery system in an isolated area. The system includes multiple energy sources connected to a DC bus through DC/DC converters for maximum power point tracking. The proposed hybrid MPPT approach (HMPPT) manages the energy production from different sources, while the power flow method is used to balance the load and renewable power. The study shows that integrating the HMPPT algorithm and power flow approach results in improved system performance, including increased power generation and reduced stress on the batteries. The study also proposes an accurate sizing method to further improve system efficiency. The study demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed approach by presenting results for twelve different days with varying weather conditions. The results show that the proposed approach effectively manages the energy production and load, resulting in optimal system performance. This stu... [more]
Induced Pre-Saturation Tower: A Technological Innovation for Oily Water Treatment in Semi-Industrial Scale
Leonardo Bandeira dos Santos, Rita de Cássia Freire Soares da Silva, Leonildo Pereira Pedrosa Jr, Rodrigo Dias Baldo, Mohand Benachour, Attilio Converti, Leonie Asfora Sarubbo, Valdemir Alexandre dos Santos
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: CCRD, IPST, oily water, Optimization, scale-up, series floaters
In this work, an induced pre-saturation tower (IPST) for oil−water separation was built on a semi-industrial scale, based on experimental results obtained on a laboratory scale prototype. The main strategy for generating these criteria was to increase the efficiency of the bench scale prototype, which is limited by conditions of low levels of automation and control, with the use of a biosurfactant as an auxiliary collector. The validation of the developed criteria allowed the construction of an IPST with three stages, all fed with previously saturated effluents. The IPST was built in stainless steel, with multistage centrifugal pumps and adapted to generate microbubbles without the use of saturation tanks or compressors. The most relevant operational parameters were selected using a fractional factorial design, while a central composite rotatable design (CCRD) followed by the application of the desirability function allowed to optimize the conditions for partial and global variables, t... [more]
Multi-Objective Electromagnetic Design Optimization of a Power Transformer Using 3D Finite Element Analysis, Response Surface Methodology, and the Third Generation Non-Sorting Genetic Algorithm
Concepcion Hernandez, Jorge Lara, Marco A. Arjona, Enrique Melgoza-Vazquez
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: finite element analysis, genetic algorithms, Optimization, power transformer, surface response methodology
This paper presents a multi-objective design optimization of a power transformer to find the optimal geometry of its core and the low- and high-voltage windings, representing the minimum power losses and the minimum core and copper weights. The optimal design is important because it allows manufacturers to build more efficient and economical transformers. The approach employs a manufacturer’s design methodology, which is based on the usage of the laws of physics and leads to an analytical transformer model with the advantage of requiring a low amount of computing time. Afterward, the multi-objective design optimization is defined along with its constraints, and they are solved using the Non-Sorting Genetic Algorithm III (NSGA-III), which finds a set of optimal solutions. Once an optimal solution is selected from the Pareto front, it is necessary to fine-tune it with the 3D Finite Element Analysis (FEA). To avoid the large computing times needed to carry out the 3D Finite Element (FE) m... [more]
Synthesis of Biobased Composite Heterogeneous Catalyst for Biodiesel Production Using Simplex Lattice Design Mixture: Optimization Process by Taguchi Method
Christopher Tunji Oloyede, Simeon Olatayo Jekayinfa, Abass Olanrewaju Alade, Oyetola Ogunkunle, Opeyeolu Timothy Laseinde, Ademola Oyejide Adebayo, Adeola Ibrahim Abdulkareem, Ghassan Fadhil Smaisim, I.M.R. Fattah
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: agricultural residues, biodiesel, characterization, heterogeneous catalyst, Optimization
The use of biobased heterogeneous catalysts made from agricultural waste for producing biodiesel has gained attention for its potential to create a sustainable and low-cost process. The blending of two or more biomass residues to create more viable biobased catalysts is still in its early stages. In this study, a Biobased Composite Heterogeneous Catalyst (CHC) was made by blending the shells of periwinkle (PWS), melon seed-husk (MSH), and locust bean pod-husk (LBP) at a mixing ratio of 67:17:17 using Simplex Lattice Design Mixture, that was then calcined for 4 h at 800 °C. The chemical, structural, and morphological components of the CHC were characterized via XRF, XRD, SEM-EDX, BET, TGA/DSC, and FTIR to assess its catalytic potential. The CHC was employed to synthesize biodiesel from palm kernel oil, and the process optimization was conducted using the Taguchi approach. The XRF analysis showed that the catalyst had 69.049 of Calcium (Ca) and 9.472 of potassium (K) in their elemental a... [more]
A Review of the Optimization Strategies and Methods Used to Locate Hydrogen Fuel Refueling Stations
Nithin Isaac, Akshay K. Saha
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: hydrogen refueling station, infrastructure, location, Optimization
Increasing sales of conventional fuel-based vehicles are leading to an increase in carbon emissions, which are dangerous to the environment. To reduce these, conventional fuel-based vehicles must be replaced with alternative fuel vehicles such as hydrogen-fueled. Hydrogen can fuel vehicles with near-zero greenhouse gas emissions. However, to increase the penetration of such alternative fuel vehicles, there needs to be adequate infrastructure, specifically, refueling infrastructure, in place. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the different optimization strategies and methods used in the location of hydrogen refueling stations. The findings of the review in this paper show that there are various methods which can be used to optimally locate refueling stations, the most popular being the p-median and flow-capture location models. It is also evident from the review that there are limited studies that consider location strategies of hydrogen refueling stations within a rural set... [more]
Scheduling Optimization of IEHS with Uncertainty of Wind Power and Operation Mode of CCP
Yuxing Liu, Linjun Zeng, Jie Zeng, Zhenyi Yang, Na Li, Yuxin Li
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: carbon capture power plant, integrated electricity and heating energy system, Optimization, uncertainty
With the gradual depletion of fossil energy sources and the improvement in environmental protection attention, efficient use of energy and reduction in carbon emissions have become urgent issues. The integrated electricity and heating energy system (IEHS) is a significant solution to reduce the proportion of fossil fuel and carbon emissions. In this paper, a stochastic optimization model of the IEHS considering the uncertainty of wind power (WP) output and carbon capture power plants (CCPs) is proposed. The WP output in the IEHS is represented by stochastic scenarios, and the scenarios are reduced by fast scenario reduction to obtain typical scenarios. Then, the conventional thermal power plants are modified with CCPs, and the CCPs are equipped with flue gas bypass systems and solution storage to form the integrated and flexible operation mode of CCPs. Furthermore, based on the different load demand responses (DRs) in the IEHS, the optimization model of the IEHS with a CCP is construct... [more]
Methodology Presentation for the Configuration Optimization of Hybrid Electrical Energy Systems
Dubravko Žigman, Tomislav Tomiša, Krešimir Osman
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electrical hybrid system, hybrid power system configuration, methodology, microgrid, Optimization, Simulation
The paper presents the methodology that should be used to optimize hybrid power system configurations, i.e., the chosen microgrid scenario. The methodology was developed with the aim of evaluating the different production capacities of a system and comparing them with alternative connections to the main grid. It has a step-by-step structure and includes part of the steps performed by simulations in a computer program. It provides us with not only a basic but also a representative idea of an actual microgrid configuration, which is further used as support in the system’s design. An algorithm has been developed to check the energy flows and correct the selling price. The program HOMER Pro is used as the program support in performing the hybrid optimization simulation. In the analysis, it was found that the maximum share of generation from renewable energy sources in relation to the power grid is 143%, while the share of renewable energy sources in the generated energy is 65.3%. Greenhous... [more]
Study on Optimization of Copper to Aluminum for Locomotive Finned Tube Radiator
Ying Guan, Hongjiang Cui, Jiyou Fei
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, field synergy, finned tube radiator, Optimization, sawtooth fin window
The influence of the improvement of the finned tube radiator unit structure on the fluid flow and heat transfer effect of the locomotive was studied. A saw-toothed fin structure with aluminum instead of copper was proposed to keep the position and size of the flat copper hot water pipe unchanged. CFD simulation analysis was carried out by ICEPAK17.0, under the conditions of an ambient temperature of 24.6 °C, atmospheric pressure of 85,040 Pa and air density ρ = 0.94 kg/m3, to compare the changes of velocity field, temperature field, turbulence field and field synergy angle. The sawtooth structure of the new heat sink increases the turbulence effect of the fluid, reduces the thickness of the outer boundary layer of the water pipe, and strengthens the heat transfer effect of the radiator. Finally, the baffle height, wing window width and sawtooth angle of the sawtooth structure were selected, and the heat transfer coefficient and pressure under three conditions of low, medium and high we... [more]
Optimization-Based Operation of District Heating Networks: A Case Study for Two Real Sites
Markus Schindler, Lukas Gnam, Markus Puchegger, Karina Medwenitsch, Patricia Jasek
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: district heating, mixed-integer linear problem, Optimization, renewable energy sources, unit commitment
To achieve the ambitious targets of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, there is a need for change in all parts of society, industry, and mobility, as well as in all energy sectors. For this purpose, sector coupling plays a crucial role, e.g., in the form of coupling the electricity with the heat sector using power-to-heat systems. In this article, the effects of the integration of intermittent wind energy via a direct cable, as well as the integration of a boiler into district heating systems powered by a biomass plant and/or a gas boiler, are investigated. Sector coupling in the district heating networks is achieved via the integration of a boiler connected to a local grid station and the use of two air-to-water and two water-to-water heat pumps, which are solely powered by electricity produced by local wind turbines. Furthermore, this work evaluates the economic impacts of the exploding energy prices on the sustainability of district heating systems. Our analysis shows that d... [more]
The Potential of Vehicle-to-Grid to Support the Energy Transition: A Case Study on Switzerland
Loris Di Natale, Luca Funk, Martin Rüdisüli, Bratislav Svetozarevic, Giacomo Pareschi, Philipp Heer, Giovanni Sansavini
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: electric vehicles, greenhouse gas emissions, hydropower plants, Optimization, Switzerland, vehicle-to-grid
Energy systems are undergoing a profound transition worldwide, substituting nuclear and thermal power with intermittent renewable energy sources (RES), creating discrepancies between the production and consumption of electricity and increasing their dependence on greenhouse gas (GHG) intensive imports from neighboring energy systems. In this study, we analyze the concurrent electrification of the mobility sector and investigate the impact of electric vehicles (EVs) on energy systems with a large share of renewable energy sources. In particular, we build an optimization framework to assess how Evs could compete and interplay with other energy storage technologies to minimize GHG-intensive electricity imports, leveraging the installed Swiss reservoir and pumped hydropower plants (PHS) as examples. Controlling bidirectional EVs or reservoirs shows potential to decrease imported emissions by 33−40%, and 60% can be reached if they are controlled simultaneously and with the support of PHS fa... [more]
Optimization Tool for the Strategic Outline and Sizing of District Heating Networks Using a Geographic Information System
Thibaut Résimont, Quentin Louveaux, Pierre Dewallef
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: district heating, energy integration, heat storage, mixed integer linear programming, multi-period, Optimization
The implementation of district heating networks into cities is a main topic in policy planning that looks for sustainable solutions to reduce CO2 emissions. However, their development into cities is generally limited by a high initial investment cost. The development of optimization methods intended to draft efficient systems using heating consumption profiles into a prescribed geographic area are useful in this purpose. Such tools are already referred to in the scientific literature, yet they are often restricted to limit the computational load. To bridge this gap, the present contribution proposes a multi-period mixed integer linear programming model for the optimal outline and sizing of a district heating network maximizing the net cash flow based on a geographic information system. This methodology targets a large range of problem sizes from small-scale to large-scale heating networks while guaranteeing numerical robustness. For sake of simplicity, the developed model is first appl... [more]
Multi-Stage Optimization of Induction Machines Using Methods for Model and Parameter Selection
Martin Nell, Alexander Kubin, Kay Hameyer
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Other
Keywords: artificial neural networks, electromagnetic models, evolutionary strategy, induction machine, model selection, Optimization, pattern search, simulated annealing
Optimization methods are increasingly used for the design process of electrical machines. The quality of the optimization result and the necessary simulation effort depend on the optimization methods, machine models and optimization parameters used. This paper presents a multi-stage optimization environment for the design optimization of induction machines. It uses the strategies of simulated annealing, evolution strategy and pattern search. Artificial neural networks are used to reduce the solution effort of the optimization. The selection of the electromagnetic machine model is made in each optimization stage using a methodical model selection approach. The selection of the optimization parameters is realized by a methodical parameter selection approach. The optimization environment is applied on the basis of an optimization for the design of an electric traction machine using the example of an induction machine and its suitability for the design of a machine is verified by a compari... [more]
Optimal Integration of Renewable Sources and Latent Heat Storages for Residential Application
Giulia Mancò, Elisa Guelpa, Vittorio Verda
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: electric storage, Latent Heat Storage, non-linear programming, Optimization, photovoltaic, renewable technologies, small-scale wind turbine
Given the large amount of energy required in the building sector, an interesting opportunity to reach future sustainable energy systems is the path towards low energy buildings. This work proposes an approach for optimally integrating building-scale energy technologies (both traditional and renewable) to enhance the transformation of the existing buildings (often energetically inefficient) in low-carbon systems. The approach promotes a transition sustainable from both the economic and environmental perspectives. Both operation and design optimization are considered with the aim of suggesting the best set of capacity of the technologies to be installed taking into account the expected operations. The building-scale technologies are integrated with proper storage units: Li-ion batteries and thermal storage (latent heat, that requires low installation space). As a dispatchable renewable technology, a biogas small-scale combined heat and power unit is included in the system. Once the key r... [more]
Optimal Sizing of Energy Storage System for Operation of Wind Farms Considering Grid-Code Constraints
Van-Hai Bui, Xuan Quynh Nguyen, Akhtar Hussain, Wencong Su
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: grid-code constraints, Optimization, sizing of energy storage system, wind farm operation
Transmission system operators impose several grid-code constraints on large-scale wind farms to ensure power system stability. These constraints may reduce the net profit of the wind farm operators due to their inability to sell all the power. The violation of these constraints also results in an imposition of penalties on the wind farm operators. Therefore, an operation strategy is developed in this study for optimizing the operation of wind farms using an energy storage system. This facilitates wind farms in fulfilling all the grid-code constraints imposed by the transmission system operators. Specifically, the limited power constraint and the reserve power constraint are considered in this study. In addition, an optimization algorithm is developed for optimal sizing of the energy storage system, which reduces the total operation and investment costs of wind farms. All parameters affecting the size of the energy storage systems are also analyzed in detail. This analysis allows the wi... [more]
A Coordinated Charging Scheduling of Electric Vehicles Considering Optimal Charging Time for Network Power Loss Minimization
Muhammad Usman, Wajahat Ullah Khan Tareen, Adil Amin, Haider Ali, Inam Bari, Muhammad Sajid, Mehdi Seyedmahmoudian, Alex Stojcevski, Anzar Mahmood, Saad Mekhilef
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: coordinated charging, electric vehicle, low voltage distribution network, optimal charging starting time, Optimization
Electric vehicles’ (EVs) technology is currently emerging as an alternative of traditional Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) vehicles. EVs have been treated as an efficient way for decreasing the production of harmful greenhouse gasses and saving the depleting natural oil reserve. The modern power system tends to be more sustainable with the support of electric vehicles (EVs). However, there have been serious concerns about the network’s safe and reliable operation due to the increasing penetration of EVs into the electric grid. Random or uncoordinated charging activities cause performance degradations and overloading of the network asset. This paper proposes an Optimal Charging Starting Time (OCST)-based coordinated charging algorithm for unplanned EVs’ arrival in a low voltage residential distribution network to minimize the network power losses. A time-of-use (ToU) tariff scheme is used to make the charging course more cost effective. The concept of OCST takes the departure time of E... [more]
A Systematic Review of Energy Management Strategies for Resource Allocation in the Cloud: Clustering, Optimization and Machine Learning
Stanly Jayaprakash, Manikanda Devarajan Nagarajan, Rocío Pérez de Prado, Sugumaran Subramanian, Parameshachari Bidare Divakarachari
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: cloud data centers, clustering methods, energy consumption, Machine Learning, Optimization, physical machines, resources allocation, virtual machines
Nowadays, many organizations and individual users are employing cloud services extensively due to their efficiency, reliability and low cost. A key aspect for cloud data centers is to achieve management methods to reduce energy consumption, increasing the profit and reducing the environmental impact, which is critical in the deployment of leading-edge technologies today such as blockchain and digital finances, IoT, online gaming and video streaming. In this review, various clustering, optimization, and machine learning methods used in cloud resource allocation to increase the energy efficiency and performance are analyzed, compared and classified. Specifically, on the one hand, we discuss how clustering methods and optimization techniques are widely applied in energy management due to their capacity to provide solutions for energy consumption reduction. On the other hand, we study how multi-objective optimization methods focus on reducing energy consumption as well as service level agr... [more]
Exploring the Exhaust Emission and Efficiency of Algal Biodiesel Powered Compression Ignition Engine: Application of Box−Behnken and Desirability Based Multi-Objective Response Surface Methodology
Prabhakar Sharma, Ajay Chhillar, Zafar Said, Saim Memon
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: algae, alternative fuel, biofuel, emission, Modelling, Optimization, third generation biodiesel
Sustainable Development Goals were established by the United Nations General Assembly to ensure that everyone has access to clean, affordable, and sustainable energy. Third-generation biodiesel derived from algae sources can be a feasible option in tackling climate change caused by fossil fuels as it has no impact on the human food supply chain. In this paper, the combustion and emission characteristics of Azolla Pinnata oil biodiesel-diesel blends are investigated. The multi-objective response surface methodology (MORSM) with Box−Behnken design is employed to decrease the number of trials to conserve finite resources in terms of human labor, time, and cost. MORSM was used in this study to investigate the interaction, model prediction, and optimization of the operating parameters of algae biodiesel-powered diesel engines to obtain the best performance with the least emission. For engine output prediction, a prognostic model is developed. Engine operating parameters are optimized using... [more]
Environmental and Economic Optimization and Sizing of a Micro-Grid with Battery Storage for an Industrial Application
Fethi Khlifi, Habib Cherif, Jamel Belhadj
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: micro-grid, objective functions, Optimization, PV/wind source, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
This study focuses on the sizing and optimization of a micro-grid with storage, which is destined to supply the load of an economic activity zone (EAZ) in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. To solve this problem, a genetic algorithm is established and programmed into MATLAB. The objective functions are considered by providing three minimums, namely Greenhouse Gas emissions (GHG), Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Embodied Energy (EE), for three values of loss of power supply probability (LPSP) previously fixed. The sizing and optimization results are found and evaluated using a time series exchange of energy during a year to determine the optimal component size of a photovoltaic/wind/battery system (PV/WT/Bat). The simulation results show that the lowest ratio of LPSP values corresponds to the higher GHG, EE, LCC, photovoltaic panels area (APV), battery storage capacity (Cn), wind turbines area (AWT) and vice versa. This means that demanding higher energy reliability leads to higher energy cost and polluti... [more]
Study of Flow and Heat Transfer for the Supercritical Hydrogen in Spallation-Type Cylindrical Neutron Moderator
Jianfei Tong, Lingbo Zhu, Yiping Lu, Tianjiao Liang, Youlian Lu, Songlin Wang, Chaoju Yu, Shikui Dong, Heping Tan
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: cylindrical neutron moderator, numerical method, Optimization, spallation neutron source, supercritical hydrogen
Pipe height in cylindrical neutron moderator is an important factor to flow pattern, temperature distribution and even the neutron characters. In this paper, the steady-state thermal analysis of cold neutron moderator is carrying out with different heights, conjugated heat transfer method and one-way coupled with a neutron transfer software. The different pipe heights, which is the jet-to-surface distances (H/D = 0.5~6), were compared using a 2D moderator model. The results show that vortex size and velocity gradient from container wall to vortex center vary with H/D, the center of recirculation zone nearly remain constant, and heat transfer effect is weakened on the target bottom surface. With H/D increasing, the velocity at bottom target surface is progressively decreased, and cooling effect is poor, leading to the rise in temperature. The optimal range cooling performance is (H/D) = 0.5~1 at Re = 1.7 × 105, and the enhancement of beam power further strengthens the thermal deposition... [more]
Cash Flow Optimization for Renewable Energy Construction Projects with a New Approach to Critical Chain Scheduling
Janusz Kulejewski, Nabi Ibadov, Jerzy Rosłon, Jacek Zawistowski
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cash flow, critical chain, Optimization, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Scheduling, time buffers
This study concerns the use of the critical chain method to schedule the construction of renewable energy facilities. The critical chain method is recognized as a useful project management tool, transforming a stochastic problem of uncertainty in activity durations into a deterministic one. However, this method has some shortcomings. There are no clear principles of grouping non-critical activities into feeding chains. Another ambiguity is sizing the feeding buffers with regard to the topology of the network model and the resulting dependencies between activities, located in different chains. As a result, it is often necessary to arbitrarily adjust the calculated sizes of feeding buffers before inserting them into the schedule. The authors present the new approach to sizing the time buffers in the schedule, enabling a quick assessment of the quality of a given solution variant and finding a solution that best meets the established criteria, conditions, and constraints. The essence of t... [more]
Flexibility Estimation of Residential Heat Pumps under Heat Demand Uncertainty
Zhengjie You, Michel Zade, Babu Kumaran Nalini, Peter Tzscheutschler
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: comfort loss, demand-side response, energy management, forecast uncertainty, heat pump flexibility, Optimization
With the increasing penetration of intermittent renewable energy generation, there is a growing demand to use the inherent flexibility within buildings to absorb renewable related disruptions. Heat pumps play a particularly important role, as they account for a high share of electricity consumption in residential units. The most common way of quantifying the flexibility is by considering the response of the building or the household appliances to external penalty signals. However, this approach neither accounts for the use cases of flexibility trading nor considers its impact on the prosumer comfort, when the heat pump should cover the stochastic domestic hot water (DHW) consumption. Therefore, in this paper, a new approach to quantifying the flexibility potential of residential heat pumps is proposed. This methodology enables the prosumers themselves to generate and submit the operating plan of the heat pump to the system operator and trade the alternative operating plans of the heat... [more]
Modified Dragonfly Optimisation for Distributed Energy Mix in Distribution Networks
Pushpendra Singh, Nand Kishor Meena, Jin Yang, Shree Krishna Bishnoi, Eduardo Vega-Fuentes, Chengwei Lou
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: battery energy storage system, distribution networks, Fuel Cells, Optimization, wind turbines
This article presents a two-stage optimization model aiming to determine optimal energy mix in distribution networks, i.e., battery energy storage, fuel cell, and wind turbines. It aims to alleviate the impact of high renewable penetration on the systems. To solve the proposed complex optimization model, a standard variant of the dragonfly algorithm (DA) has been improved and then applied to find the optimal mix of distributed energy resources. The suggested improvements are validated before their application. A heuristic approach has also been introduced to solve the second stage problem that determines the optimal power dispatch of battery energy storage as per the size suggested by the first stage. The proposed framework was implemented on a benchmark 33-bus and a practical Indian 108-bus distribution network over different test cases. The proposed model for energy mix and modified DA technique has significantly enhanced the operational performance of the network in terms of average... [more]
The IRC-PD Tool: A Code to Design Steam and Organic Waste Heat Recovery Units
Youcef Redjeb, Khatima Kaabeche-Djerafi, Anna Stoppato, Alberto Benato
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: economic analysis, energy analysis, environmental analysis, Optimization, organic rankine cycle, steam rankine cycle
The Algerian economy and electricity generation sector are strongly dependent on fossil fuels. Over 93% of Algerian exports are hydrocarbons, and approximately 90% of the generated electricity comes from natural gas power plants. However, Algeria is also a country with huge potential in terms of both renewable energy sources and industrial processes waste heat recovery. For these reasons, the government launched an ambitious program to foster renewable energy sources and industrial energy efficiency. In this context, steam and organic Rankine cycles could play a crucial role; however, there is a need for reliable and time-efficient optimization tools that take into account technical, economic, environmental, and safety aspects. For this purpose, the authors built a mathematical tool able to optimize both steam and organic Rankine units. The tool, called Improved Rankine Cycle Plant Designer, was developed in MATLAB environment, uses the Genetic Algorithm toolbox, acquires the fluids th... [more]
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