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Records with Keyword: Artificial Intelligence
Deep Learning to Forecast Solar Irradiance Using a Six-Month UTSA SkyImager Dataset
Ariana Moncada, Walter Richardson Jr, Rolando Vega-Avila
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: all-sky imaging, Artificial Intelligence, decision tree learning, deep learning, optical flow, solar irradiance forecasting
Distributed PV power generation necessitates both intra-hour and day-ahead forecasting of solar irradiance. The UTSA SkyImager is an inexpensive all-sky imaging system built using a Raspberry Pi computer with camera. Reconfigurable for different operational environments, it has been deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Joint Base San Antonio, and two locations in the Canary Islands. The original design used optical flow to extrapolate cloud positions, followed by ray-tracing to predict shadow locations on solar panels. The latter problem is mathematically ill-posed. This paper details an alternative strategy that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to forecast irradiance directly from an extracted subimage surrounding the sun. Several different AI models are compared including Deep Learning and Gradient Boosted Trees. Results and error metrics are presented for a total of 147 days of NREL data collected during the period from October 2015 to May 2016.
Global Deterministic Optimization with Artificial Neural Networks Embedded
Global deterministische Optimierung von Optimierungsproblemen mit k√ľnstlichen neuronalen Netzwerken
Artur M Schweidtmann, Alexander Mitsos
July 4, 2018 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are used in various applications for data-driven black-box modeling and subsequent optimization. Herein, we present an efficient method for deterministic global optimization of ANN embedded optimization problems. The proposed method is based on relaxations of algorithms using McCormick relaxations in a reduced-space [\textit{SIOPT}, 20 (2009), pp. 573-601] including the convex and concave envelopes of the nonlinear activation function of ANNs. The optimization problem is solved using our in-house global deterministic solver MAiNGO. The performance of the proposed method is shown in four optimization examples: an illustrative function, a fermentation process, a compressor plant and a chemical process optimization. The results show that computational solution time is favorable compared to the global general-purpose optimization solver BARON.
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