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Records with Keyword: Artificial Intelligence
Machine Learning-Based Prediction of a BOS Reactor Performance from Operating Parameters
Alireza Rahnama, Zushu Li, Seetharaman Sridhar
May 22, 2020 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, BOS reactor, Machine Learning, neural network, steelmaking
A machine learning-based analysis was applied to process data obtained from a Basic Oxygen Steelmaking (BOS) pilot plant. The first purpose was to identify correlations between operating parameters and reactor performance, defined as rate of decarburization (dc/dt). Correlation analysis showed, as expected a strong positive correlation between the rate of decarburization (dc/dt) and total oxygen flow. On the other hand, the decarburization rate exhibited a negative correlation with lance height. Less obviously, the decarburization rate, also showed a positive correlation with temperature of the waste gas and CO2 content in the waste gas. The second purpose was to train the pilot-plant dataset and develop a neural network based regression to predict the decarburization rate. This was used to predict the decarburization rate in a BOS furnace in an actual manufacturing plant based on lance height and total oxygen flow. The performance was satisfactory with a coefficient of determination o... [more]
Day-Ahead Prediction of Microgrid Electricity Demand Using a Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Model
Yuan-Jia Ma, Ming-Yue Zhai
August 5, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, electricity demand, feedforward artificial neural network, forecasting, microgrid, simulated annealing, smart grid, wavelet transform
Improved-performance day-ahead electricity demand forecast is important to deliver necessary information for right decision of energy management of microgrids. It supports microgrid operators and stakeholders to have better decisions on microgrid flexibility, stability and control. The available conventional forecasting methods for electricity demand at national or regional level are not effective for electricity demand forecasting in microgrids. This is due to the fact that the electricity consumption in microgrids is many times less than the regional or national demands and it is highly volatile. In this paper, an integrated Artificial Intelligence (AI) based approach consisting of Wavelet Transform (WT), Simulated Annealing (SA) and Feedforward Artificial Neural Network (FFANN) is devised for day-ahead prediction of electric power consumption in microgrids. The FFANN is the basic forecasting engine of the proposed model. The WT is utilized to extract relevant features of the target... [more]
Performance Analysis of Data-Driven and Model-Based Control Strategies Applied to a Thermal Unit Model
Cihan Turhan, Silvio Simani, Ivan Zajic, Gulden Gokcen Akkurt
July 26, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: advanced control design, Artificial Intelligence, model-based and data-driven approaches, modelling and simulation for control, thermal unit nonlinear system
The paper presents the design and the implementation of different advanced control strategies that are applied to a nonlinear model of a thermal unit. A data-driven grey-box identification approach provided the physically⁻meaningful nonlinear continuous-time model, which represents the benchmark exploited in this work. The control problem of this thermal unit is important, since it constitutes the key element of passive air conditioning systems. The advanced control schemes analysed in this paper are used to regulate the outflow air temperature of the thermal unit by exploiting the inflow air speed, whilst the inflow air temperature is considered as an external disturbance. The reliability and robustness issues of the suggested control methodologies are verified with a Monte Carlo (MC) analysis for simulating modelling uncertainty, disturbance and measurement errors. The achieved results serve to demonstrate the effectiveness and the viable application of the suggested control solution... [more]
Ultrasonic-Assisted Extraction and Swarm Intelligence for Calculating Optimum Values of Obtaining Boric Acid from Tincal Mineral
Bahdisen Gezer, Utku Kose
April 15, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, boric acid, central composite design, Optimization, swarm intelligence, tincal, ultrasound assisted extraction
The objective of this study is to focus on boric acid extraction from the mineral tincal, in order to determine the optimum conditions thanks to the ultrasonic-assisted extraction (UAE) technique (with the response surface methodology (RSM) for the first time), and artificial intelligence based swarm intelligence. Characterization of the tincal were done by using thermo-gravimetric assay (TG-DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses. In detail, a central composite design (CCD) was used for determining the effects of different solvent/solid ratios, pH, extraction time, and extraction temperature on the yield, which was determined by the conductometric method. The optimum values regarding the best extraction process was calculated by using five different swarm intelligence techniques: Particle swarm optimization (PSO), cuckoo search (CS), genetic algorithms (GA), Differential evolution (DE), and the vortex optimization algorithm (VOA). In... [more]
Artificial Neural Network Application for Partial Discharge Recognition: Survey and Future Directions
Abdullahi Abubakar Mas’ud, Ricardo Albarracín, Jorge Alfredo Ardila-Rey, Firdaus Muhammad-Sukki, Hazlee Azil Illias, Nurul Aini Bani, Abu Bakar Munir
January 7, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, artificial neural network (ANN), partial discharge (PD)
In order to investigate how artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied for partial discharge (PD) pattern recognition, this paper reviews recent progress made on ANN development for PD classification by a literature survey. Contributions from several authors have been presented and discussed. High recognition rate has been recorded for several PD faults, but there are still many factors that hinder correct recognition of PD by the ANN, such as high-amplitude noise or wide spectral content typical from industrial environments, trial and error approaches in determining an optimum ANN, multiple PD sources acting simultaneously, lack of comprehensive and up to date databank of PD faults, and the appropriate selection of the characteristics that allow a correct recognition of the type of source which are currently being addressed by researchers. Several suggestions for improvement are proposed by the authors include: (1) determining the optimum weights in training the ANN; (2) usin... [more]
Deep Learning to Forecast Solar Irradiance Using a Six-Month UTSA SkyImager Dataset
Ariana Moncada, Walter Richardson Jr, Rolando Vega-Avila
September 21, 2018 (v1)
Keywords: all-sky imaging, Artificial Intelligence, decision tree learning, deep learning, optical flow, solar irradiance forecasting
Distributed PV power generation necessitates both intra-hour and day-ahead forecasting of solar irradiance. The UTSA SkyImager is an inexpensive all-sky imaging system built using a Raspberry Pi computer with camera. Reconfigurable for different operational environments, it has been deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Joint Base San Antonio, and two locations in the Canary Islands. The original design used optical flow to extrapolate cloud positions, followed by ray-tracing to predict shadow locations on solar panels. The latter problem is mathematically ill-posed. This paper details an alternative strategy that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to forecast irradiance directly from an extracted subimage surrounding the sun. Several different AI models are compared including Deep Learning and Gradient Boosted Trees. Results and error metrics are presented for a total of 147 days of NREL data collected during the period from October 2015 to May 2016.
Deterministic Global Optimization with Artificial Neural Networks Embedded
Global deterministische Optimierung von Optimierungsproblemen mit künstlichen neuronalen Netzwerken
Artur M Schweidtmann, Alexander Mitsos
October 15, 2018 (v2)
Subject: Optimization
Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are used in various applications for data-driven black-box modeling and subsequent optimization. Herein, we present an efficient method for deterministic global optimization of ANN embedded optimization problems. The proposed method is based on relaxations of algorithms using McCormick relaxations in a reduced-space [\textit{SIOPT}, 20 (2009), pp. 573-601] including the convex and concave envelopes of the nonlinear activation function of ANNs. The optimization problem is solved using our in-house global deterministic solver MAiNGO. The performance of the proposed method is shown in four optimization examples: an illustrative function, a fermentation process, a compressor plant and a chemical process optimization. The results show that computational solution time is favorable compared to the global general-purpose optimization solver BARON.
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