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Records with Subject: Planning & Scheduling
Showing records 1 to 25 of 153. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
Reliability Evaluation Method Considering Demand Response (DR) of Household Electrical Equipment in Distribution Networks
Hongzhong Chen, Jun Tang, Lei Sun, Jiawei Zhou, Xiaolei Wang, Yeying Mao
December 13, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: capacity constraint, demand response, household electrical equipment, incentive mechanism, real-time electricity price, reliability evaluation
The load characteristic of typical household electrical equipment is elaborately analyzed. Considering the electric vehicles’ (EVs’) charging behavior and air conditioning’s thermodynamic property, an electricity price-based demand response (DR) model and an incentive-based DR model for two kinds of typical high-power electrical equipment are proposed to obtain the load curve considering two different kinds of DR mechanisms. Afterwards, a load shedding strategy is introduced to improve the traditional reliability evaluation method for distribution networks, with the capacity constraints of tie lines taken into account. Subsequently, a reliability calculation method of distribution networks considering the shortage of power supply capacity and outages is presented. Finally, the Monte Carlo method is employed to calculate the reliability index of distribution networks with different load levels, and the impacts of different DR strategies on the reliability of distribution networks are an... [more]
Multi-Objective Predictive Control Optimization with Varying Term Objectives: A Wind Farm Case Study
Clara M. Ionescu, Constantin F. Caruntu, Ricardo Cajo, Mihaela Ghita, Guillaume Crevecoeur, Cosmin Copot
December 11, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: distributed model predictive control, multi-objective optimization, sequential optimisation, wind speed estimator, windmill park
This paper introduces the incentive of an optimization strategy taking into account short-term and long-term cost objectives. The rationale underlying the methodology presented in this work is that the choice of the cost objectives and their time based interval affect the overall efficiency/cost balance of wide area control systems in general. The problem of cost effective optimization of system output is taken into account in a multi-objective predictive control formulation and applied on a windmill park case study. A strategy is proposed to enable selection of optimality criteria as a function of context conditions of system operating conditions. Long-term economic objectives are included and realistic simulations of a windmill park are performed. The results indicate the global optimal criterium is no longer feasible when long-term economic objectives are introduced. Instead, local sub-optimal solutions are likely to enable long-term energy efficiency in terms of balanced production... [more]
Frequency Regulation Strategies in Grid Integrated Offshore Wind Turbines via VSC-HVDC Technology: A Review
Jafar Jallad, Saad Mekhilef, Hazlie Mokhlis
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: frequency regulation, high voltage direct current transmission control, inertia emulation, voltage source converter, wind turbine-permanent magnet synchronous generators (WT-PMSG)
The inclusion of wind energy in a power system network is currently seeing a significant increase. However, this inclusion has resulted in degradation of the inertia response, which in turn seriously affects the stability of the power system’s frequency. This problem can be solved by using an active power reserve to stabilize the frequency within an allowable limit in the event of a sudden load increment or the loss of generators. Active power reserves can be utilized via three approaches: (1) de-loading method (pitching or over-speeding) by a variable speed wind turbine (VSWT); (2) stored energy in the capacitors of voltage source converter-high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) transmission; and (3) coordination of frequency regulation between the offshore wind farms and the VSC-HVDC transmission. This paper reviews the solutions that can be used to overcome problems related to the frequency stability of grid- integrated offshore wind turbines. It also details the permanent magnet sy... [more]
Annual Assessment of Large-Scale Introduction of Renewable Energy: Modeling of Unit Commitment Schedule for Thermal Power Generators and Pumped Storages
Takashi Mitani, Muhammad Aziz, Takuya Oda, Atsuki Uetsuji, Yoko Watanabe, Takao Kashiwagi
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: annual analysis, interior point method, pumped storage, Tabu search, thermal power generator, unit commitment
The fast-increasing introduction of renewable energy sources (RESes) leads to some problems in electrical power network due to fluctuating generated power. A power system must be operated with provision of various reserve powers like governor free capacity, load frequency control and spinning reserve. Therefore, the generator’s schedule (unit commitment schedule) should include the consideration of the various power reserves. In addition, it is necessary to calculate the annual operational costs of electric power systems by solving the unit commitment per week of thermal power generators and pumped storages in order to compare and examine the variance of the operational costs and the operating ratio of the generators throughout the year. This study proposes a novel annual analysis for the thermal power generator and pumped storages under a massive introduction of RESes. A weekly unit commitment schedule (start/stop planning) for thermal power generator and pumped storages has been mode... [more]
Pareto-Efficient Capacity Planning for Residential Photovoltaic Generation and Energy Storage with Demand-Side Load Management
Somi Jung, Dongwoo Kim
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: capacity planning, home load management, multi-objective optimization, noncooperative game, photovoltaic (PV) generation and energy storage (ES) systems, smart grids
Optimal sizing of residential photovoltaic (PV) generation and energy storage (ES) systems is a timely issue since government polices aggressively promote installing renewable energy sources in many countries, and small-sized PV and ES systems have been recently developed for easy use in residential areas. We in this paper investigate the problem of finding the optimal capacities of PV and ES systems in the context of home load management in smart grids. Unlike existing studies on optimal sizing of PV and ES that have been treated as a part of designing hybrid energy systems or polygeneration systems that are stand-alone or connected to the grid with a fixed energy price, our model explicitly considers the varying electricity price that is a result of individual load management of the customers in the market. The problem we have is formulated by a D-day capacity planning problem, the goal of which is to minimize the overall expense paid by each customer for the planning period. The ove... [more]
Optimal Scheduling of Microgrid with Multiple Distributed Resources Using Interval Optimization
Chongxin Huang, Dong Yue, Song Deng, Jun Xie
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: distributed resources, interval optimization, microgrid, optimal scheduling scheme
In this paper, an optimal day-ahead scheduling problem is studied for a microgrid with multiple distributed resources. For the sake of coping with the prediction uncertainties of renewable energies and loads and taking advantage of the time-of-use price for buying/selling electricity, an interval-based optimization model for maximum profits is developed. To reduce the computational complexity in solving the model, the possibility degree comparison between an interval and a real number is used to convert the interval constraints into the general ones; meanwhile, some slack variables and complementary conditions are introduced to eliminate the absolute-value operation. Unlike the stochastic optimization, the interval optimization only needs the upper-lower bounds of the uncertain variables instead of their probability distribution functions, which is beneficial to the practical application. Furthermore, the possible profit interval and the expected optimal profit can be determined by solving... [more]
A Chance-Constrained Economic Dispatch Model in Wind-Thermal-Energy Storage System
Yanzhe Hu, Yang Li, Mengjie Xu, Li Zhou, Mingjian Cui
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: economic dispatch, energy storage system, Gaussian mixture model, power system operations, wind power
As a type of renewable energy, wind energy is integrated into the power system with more and more penetration levels. It is challenging for the power system operators (PSOs) to cope with the uncertainty and variation of the wind power and its forecasts. A chance-constrained economic dispatch (ED) model for the wind-thermal-energy storage system (WTESS) is developed in this paper. An optimization model with the wind power and the energy storage system (ESS) is first established with the consideration of both the economic benefits of the system and less wind curtailments. The original wind power generation is processed by the ESS to obtain the final wind power output generation (FWPG). A Gaussian mixture model (GMM) distribution is adopted to characterize the probabilistic and cumulative distribution functions with an analytical expression. Then, a chance-constrained ED model integrated by the wind-energy storage system (W-ESS) is developed by considering both the overestimation costs an... [more]
Strategic Maintenance Scheduling of an Offshore Wind Farm in a Deregulated Power System
Peyman Mazidi, Yaser Tohidi, Miguel A. Sanz-Bobi
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: bi-level optimization, deregulated power system, maintenance scheduling, offshore wind farm
This paper proposes a model for strategic maintenance scheduling of offshore wind farms (SMSOWF) in a deregulated power system. The objective of the model is to plan the maintenance schedules in a way to maximize the profit of the offshore wind farm. In addition, some network constraints, such as transmission lines capacity, and wind farm constraints, such as labor working shift, wave height limit and wake effect, as well as unexpected outages, are included in deterministic and stochastic studies. Moreover, the proposedmodel provides theability to incorporate information from condition monitoring systems. SMSOWF is formulated through a bi-level formulation and then transformed into a single-level through Karush⁻Kuhn⁻Tucker conditions. The model is validated through a test system, and the results demonstrate applicability, advantages and challenges of harnessing the full potential of the model.
A Dynamic Economic Dispatch Model for Uncertain Power Demands in an Interconnected Microgrid
Young-Sik Jang, Mun-Kyeom Kim
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: chance-constrained approach, dynamic economic dispatch (DED), energy band operation scheme, model predictive control (MPC), tie-line flow (TLF)
In this paper, we propose a dynamic economic dispatch (DED) model with sharing of responsibility for supply⁻demand balance under uncertain demands in a microgrid (MG). For developing the proposed model, an energy band operation scheme, including a tie-line flow (TLF) contraction between the main grid and the microgrid (MG), is constructed for preventing considerable changes in the TLFs caused by DED optimization. The proposed scheme generalizes the relationship between TLF contractions and MG operational costs. Moreover, a chance-constrained approach is applied to prevent short- and over-supply risks caused by unpredictable demands in the MG. Based on this approach, it is possible to determine the reasonable ramping capability versus operational cost under uncertain power demands in the MG.
Decentralized Framework for Optimal Price-Based Power System Operation Using Feedback Control Mechanism
Young Gyu Jin, Seung Wan Kim, Si Young Lee, Yong Tae Yoon
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: congestion management, decentralized system, nodal prices, optimal power flow, power system operation
Future power systems are expected to have distributed energy resources (DERs). A price-based operation (PBO), where dynamic prices are used as the control signal, can be an alternative scheme to address challenging operational issues in the future power systems. In this paper, a decentralized framework for optimal PBO using a feedback control mechanism is proposed to determine the nodal prices for power balance and congestion management. The substructures and feedback controllers of the proposed framework are derived based on the optimal power flow (OPF) method. Thus, the framework guarantees optimality for all situations in real-time and enables the use of various types of controllers. The effectiveness of the proposed framework is verified with the IEEE 39 bus network under some scenarios, such as the failure of a generator and a transmission line. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed framework successfully resolves the balance and congestion problems by generating appro... [more]
An N-k Analytic Method of Composite Generation and Transmission with Interval Load
Shaoyun Hong, Haozhong Cheng, Pingliang Zeng
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: interval load, minimum load shedding, mixed integer linear programming, the worst contingency of power system, transmission expansion planning
N-k contingency estimation plays a very important role in the operation and expansion planning of power systems, the method of which is traditionally based on heuristic screening. This paper stringently analyzes the best and worst states of power systems given the uncertainties of N-k contingency and interval load. For the sake of simplification and tractable computation, an approximate direct current (DC) power flow model was used. Rigorous optimization models were established for identifying the worst and best scenarios considering the contingencies of generators and transmission lines together with their uncertain loads. It is very useful to identify the worst N-k contingencies with interval loads. If the worst existing scenario meets security standards, all scenarios must satisfy it. The mathematical model established for finding the worst N-k contingency with interval load is a bi-level optimization model. In this paper, strong duality theory and mathematical linearization were ap... [more]
Decentralized Electric Vehicle Charging Strategies for Reduced Load Variation and Guaranteed Charge Completion in Regional Distribution Grids
Weige Zhang, Di Zhang, Biqiang Mu, Le Yi Wang, Yan Bao, Jiuchun Jiang, Hugo Morais
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: battery storage system, decentralized charging strategy, distribution grid, electric vehicle, load variation
A novel, fully decentralized strategy to coordinate charge operation of electric vehicles is proposed in this paper. Based on stochastic switching control of on-board chargers, this strategy ensures high-efficiency charging, reduces load variations to the grid during charging periods, achieves charge completion with high probability, and accomplishes approximate “valley-filling”. Further improvements on the core strategy, including individualized power management, adaptive strategies, and battery support systems, are introduced to further reduce power fluctuation variances and to guarantee charge completion. Stochastic analysis is performed to establish the main properties of the strategies and to quantitatively show the performance improvements. Compared with the existing decentralized charging strategies, the strategies proposed in this paper can be implemented without any information exchange between grid operators and electric vehicles (EVs), resulting in a communications cost redu... [more]
A Time-Sequence Simulation Method for Power Unit’s Monthly Energy-Trade Scheduling with Multiple Energy Sources
Liang Sun, Qi Zhang, Na Zhang, Zhuoran Song, Xinglong Liu, Weidong Li
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: consumption of renewable energy, fairness, feasibility, monthly energy-trade scheduling, time-sequence simulation method
The uncertainty of new energy output from wind power is rarely considered in the monthly energy-trade scheduling. This causes many problems since the new energy penetration level increases. The fairness of the scheduled energy for the power suppliers is difficult to guarantee. Because the actual power system operation is far away from scheduling when the monthly energy-trade schedule is carried out, unnecessary wind curtailment might occur, and even the feasibility of monthly energy-trade schedule might not be guaranteed. This affects the security and reliability of the power system operation. In this paper, a new time-sequence simulation method for the monthly energy-trade scheduling is proposed, which considers the new energy power forecasting characteristic and the computational load problem of hourly energy-trade simulation in the remaining months. The proposed method is based on a segment modelling strategy. The power generation in the scheduling month is optimized hourly, and the... [more]
Analysis of Inventory Turnover as a Performance Measure in Manufacturing Industry
Jin Kyung Kwak
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: inventory turnover, manufacturing, performance, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Using an appropriate measure to assess firms’ performance is essential. We analyzed inventory turnover (IT) as a performance measure in manufacturing processes because IT ratios are critical in the manufacturing industry and publicly available objective measures. Using the data of 421 manufacturing companies in Korea from 2010 to 2018, we conducted an extensive analysis of the factors affecting IT by segment and its correlation with other financial ratios. Then, we compare performances between the top and bottom companies determined by Altman’s Z score approach. We found that, for the overall manufacturing industry, IT ratios were negatively correlated with gross margin and debt cost, but positively correlated with capital intensity, although the results varied by segment. Moreover, IT ratios did not show significant correlations with other financial ratios categorized for growth, profitability, stability, productivity, and value of companies. However, adjusted IT (AIT) can be a good i... [more]
A Holonic-Based Self-Learning Mechanism for Energy-Predictive Planning in Machining Processes
Seung-Jun Shin, Young-Min Kim, Prita Meilanitasari
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: cyber-physical production systems, holonic manufacturing systems, Machine Learning, predictive analytics, self-learning factory, transfer learning
The present work proposes a holonic-based mechanism for self-learning factories based on a hybrid learning approach. The self-learning factory is a manufacturing system that gains predictive capability by machine self-learning, and thus automatically anticipates the performance results during the process planning phase through learning from past experience. The system mechanism, including a modeling method, architecture, and operational procedure, is structured to agentize machines and manufacturing objects under the paradigm of Holonic Manufacturing Systems. This mechanism allows machines and manufacturing objects to acquire their data and model interconnection and to perform model-driven autonomous and collaborative behaviors. The hybrid learning approach is designed to obtain predictive modeling ability in both data-existent and even data-absent environments via accommodating machine learning (which extracts knowledge from data) and transfer learning (which extracts knowledge from e... [more]
The State of Art in Particle Swarm Optimization Based Unit Commitment: A Review
Gad Shaari, Neyre Tekbiyik-Ersoy, Mustafa Dagbasi
December 10, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: Particle Swarm Optimization, solar, thermal, unit commitment, Wind
Unit Commitment (UC) requires the optimization of the operation of generation units with varying loads, at every hour, under different technical and environmental constraints. Many solution techniques were developed for the UC problem, and the researchers are still working on improving the efficiency of these techniques. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is an effective and efficient technique used for solving the UC problems, and it has gotten a considerable amount of attention in recent years. This study provides a state-of-the-art literature review on UC studies utilizing PSO or PSO-variant algorithms, by focusing on research articles published in the last decade. In this study, these algorithms/methods, objectives, constraints are reviewed, with focus on the UC problems that include at least one of the wind and solar technologies, along with thermal unit(s). Although, conventional PSO is one of the most effective techniques used in solving UC problem, other methods were also develo... [more]
Sustainable Personnel Scheduling Problem Optimization in a Natural Gas Combined-Cycle Power Plant
Emir Hüseyin Özder, Evrencan Özcan, Tamer Eren
December 9, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: analytic network process (ANP), electricity generation sector, goal programming (GP), natural gas combined-cycle power plant, Optimization, skill-based personnel scheduling
This paper deals with a sustainable personnel scheduling problem of personnel working in a large-scale natural gas combined-cycle power plant in Turkey. The proposed model focuses on employee complaints due to unfair work schedules and the results of balanced assignments based on power plant interruptions. Eighty personnel work in three shifts at this natural gas combined-cycle power plant. The model is solved with respect to some of the workers’ skills, and there are 20 criteria regarding skills. The analytic network process method is used to get the weights of workers’ skills, which are calculated and included in the model. Goal programming is used in this paper. Our proposed model gives cost minimization and fair work schedules for the power plant. Compared with the literature, the number and set of criteria are unique in terms of personnel competency in the energy sector. Minimizing cost and imbalanced assignments was achieved by the proposed model for the first time without consid... [more]
Flexible Flow Shop Scheduling Method with Public Buffer
Zhonghua Han, Chao Han, Shuo Lin, Xiaoting Dong, Haibo Shi
December 9, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: flexible flow shop, Hopfield neural network, limited buffer, local scheduling, public buffer, simulated annealing algorithm
Actual manufacturing enterprises usually solve the production blockage problem by increasing the public buffer. However, the increase of the public buffer makes the flexible flow shop scheduling rather challenging. In order to solve the flexible flow shop scheduling problem with public buffer (FFSP−PB), this study proposes a novel method combining the simulated annealing algorithm-based Hopfield neural network algorithm (SAA−HNN) and local scheduling rules. The SAA−HNN algorithm is used as the global optimization method, and constructs the energy function of FFSP−PB to apply its asymptotically stable characteristic. Due to the limitations, such as small search range and high probability of falling into local extremum, this algorithm introduces the simulated annealing algorithm idea such that the algorithm is able to accept poor fitness solution and further expand its search scope during asymptotic convergence. In the process of local scheduling, considering the transferring time of wor... [more]
Multi-Agent Consensus Algorithm-Based Optimal Power Dispatch for Islanded Multi-Microgrids
Xingli Zhai, Ning Wang
December 9, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: consensus algorithm, islanded multi-microgrids, multi-agent, real-time power dispatch
Islanded multi-microgrids formed by interconnections of microgrids will be conducive to the improvement of system economic efficiency and supply reliability. Due to the lack of support from a main grid, the requirement of real-time power balance of the islanded multi-microgrid is relatively high. In order to solve real-time dispatch problems in an island multi-microgrid system, a real-time cooperative power dispatch framework is proposed by using the multi-agent consensus algorithm. On this basis, a regulation cost model for the microgrid is developed. Then a consensus algorithm of power dispatch is designed by selecting the regulation cost of each microgrid as the consensus variable to make all microgrids share the power unbalance, thus reducing the total regulation cost. Simulation results show that the proposed consensus algorithm can effectively solve the real-time power dispatch problem for islanded multi-microgrids.
Advanced Methodologies for Biomass Supply Chain Planning
Duy Nguyen Duc, Narameth Nananukul
December 3, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: biomass supply chain planning, hybrid methodology, parameter search optimization, simulation-based optimization, stochastic programming
Renewable energy resources have received increasing attention due to environmental concerns. Biomass, one of the most important renewable energy resources, is abundant in agricultural-based countries. Typically, the biomass supply chain is large due to the huge amount of relevant data required for building the model. As a result, using a standard optimization package to determine the solution for the biomass supply chain model might not be practical. In this study, the focus is on developing and applying advanced methodologies that can be used to determine a solution for the biomass supply chain model efficiently. The decisions related to plant selection, and distribution of biomass from suppliers to plants require optimization. The methodologies considered in this research are based on stochastic programming, parameter search, and simulation-based optimization. Computational results and managerial insights based on case studies from different regions of Vietnam are provided. The resul... [more]
The Study of a Multicriteria Decision Making Model for Wave Power Plant Location Selection in Vietnam
Chia-Nan Wang, Nguyen Van Thanh, Chih-Chiang Su
December 3, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: FANP, fuzzy logics, MCDM, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, TOPSIS, Wave Energy
With about a 7% average annual economic growth rate in Vietnam, the demand for electricity production is increasing, and, with more than 3000 km of coastline, the country has great potential for developing wave energy sources to meet such electricity production. This energy source, also known as renewable energy, comes from tides, wind, heat differences, flows, and waves. Both wind and wave energy are considered to have the most potential for energy sources in Vietnam. Just as hydropower projects are controversial due to depleting water resources and regulating floods, nuclear power projects cause safety concerns. To overcome this problem, Vietnamese scientists are considering using abundant wave energy resources for electricity. Nowadays, the ocean energy sector offers many new technologies to help minimize carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) in the living environment. Further, many countries already have wave power plants. In this research, an integrated model, combining the fuzzy analyti... [more]
Task Scheduling Model of Double-Deep Multi-Tier Shuttle System
Yanyan Wang, Rongxu Zhang, Hui Liu, Xiaoqing Zhang, Ziwei Liu
November 24, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: double-deep multi-tier shuttle system, modified Simulated Annealing Algorithms, part-to-picker storage system, task scheduling problem
As a new type of part-to-picker storage system, the double-deep multi-tier shuttle system has been developed rapidly in the e-commerce industry because of its high flexibility, large storage capacity, and robustness. The system consists of a multi-tier shuttle sub-system that controls horizontal movement and a lift sub-system that manages vertical movement. The combination of shuttles and lifts, instead of a stacker crane in conventional automated storage and retrieval system, undertakes inbound/outbound tasks. Because of the complex structure and numerous equipment of the system, task scheduling has become a major difficulty in the outbound operation of the double-deep multi-tier shuttle system. Figuring out methods to improve the overall efficiency of task scheduling operations is the focus of current system application enterprises. This paper introduces the task scheduling problem for the shuttle system. Inspired from workshop production scheduling problems, we minimize the total ti... [more]
Economic Dispatch of Multi-Energy System Considering Load Replaceability
Tao Zheng, Zemei Dai, Jiahao Yao, Yufeng Yang, Jing Cao
November 24, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: economic dispatch, load replaceability, multi-energy conversion, multi-energy system
By integrating gas, electricity, and cooling and heat networks, multi-energy system (MES) breaks the bondage of isolated planning and operation of independent energy systems. Appropriate scheduling of MES is critical to the operational economy, and it is essential to design scheduling strategies to achieve maximum economic benefits. In addition to the emergence of energy conversion systems, the other main novelty of MES is the multivariate of load, which offers a great optimization potential by changing load replaceability (flexibly adjusting the composition of loads). In this paper, by designing load replaceability index (LRI) of composite load in MES, its interaction mechanism with scheduling optimum is systematically analyzed. Through case studies, it is proven that the optimum can be improved by elevating load replaceability.
Grouping Method of Semiconductor Bonding Equipment Based on Clustering by Fast Search and Find of Density Peaks for Dynamic Matching According to Processing Tasks
Zhijun Gao, Wen Si, Zhonghua Han, Jiayu Peng, Feng Qiao
November 24, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: association matrix, CFSFDP algorithm, graph theory, semiconductor bonding equipment-grouping method
Given that the equipment for the semiconductor packaging line adopts the fixed grouping production method, thus failing to dynamically match the processing task demand capacity, in the present study, we proposed a semiconductor bonding equipment-grouping method based on processing task matching. This method sets the device group closed position constraint and the matching constraint between the device type and the processing type and uses the graph theory method to establish the device grouping model. The dynamic grouping of equipment under the capacity demand of different processing tasks was achieved by changing the relationship matrix between devices. The drawback of this grouping method is rather large grouping deviation, which we tried to solve with the clustering by fast search and find of density peaks (CFSFDP) that was added to cluster the sets of attribute information of the devices so as to obtain the maximum number of grouping groups obtained to reduce the grouping deviation... [more]
Production Planning to Reduce Production Cost and Formaldehyde Emission in Furniture Production Process Using Medium-Density Fiberboard
Taeho Kim
November 5, 2019 (v1)
Keywords: formaldehyde emission, furniture production process, medium density fiberboard, production cost, two-dimensional bin packing/cutting stock problem
This research seeks to improve the production process in the Korean furniture industry by reducing the amount of medium-density fibreboard, that is commonly used to produce furniture, in order to reduce production costs and formaldehyde emissions. This research selects a representative company from the Korean furniture industry to examine its optimal amount of medium-density fibreboard used, using the variables of a previous company; the sale levels, the Korea National Productivity Award Index, and technical efficiencies obtained from a previous study. By using its 2016 production level, we compare it with the amount of medium-density fibreboards actually used in 2016, and apply the results to the entire Korean furniture industry. In conclusion, the Korean furniture industry can minimize the amount of medium-density fibreboards used without reducing current production levels, and thereby save production costs, and contribute to substantially reducing formaldehyde emissions.
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