Records with Subject: Process Operations
Showing records 1 to 25 of 551. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
A Comparative Study of GaN HEMT and Si MOSFET-Based Active Clamp Forward Converters
Xiaobin Li, Hongbo Ma, Junhong Yi, Song Lu, Jianping Xu
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: active clamp forward converter, GaN HEMT, high-efficiency, synchronous rectification
Compared with conventional forward converters, active clamp forward (ACF) converters have many advantages, including lower voltage stress on the primary power devices, the ability to switch at zero voltage, reduced EMI and duty cycle operation above 50%. Thus, it has been the most popular solution for the low bus voltage applications, such as 48 V and 28 V. However, because of the poor performance of Si MOSFETs, the efficiency of active clamp forward converters is difficult to further improved. Focusing on the bus voltage of 28 V with 18~36 V voltage range application, the Gallium Nitride high electron-mobility transistors (GaN HEMT) with ultralow on-resistance, low parasitic capacitances, and no reverse recovery, is incorporated into active clamp forward converters for achieving higher efficiency and power density, in this paper. Meanwhile, the comparative analysis is performed for Si MOSFET and GaN HEMT. In order to demonstrate the feasibility and validity of the proposed solution an... [more]
Multi-Step Ahead Short-Term Load Forecasting Using Hybrid Feature Selection and Improved Long Short-Term Memory Network
Shaoqian Pei, Hui Qin, Liqiang Yao, Yongqi Liu, Chao Wang, Jianzhong Zhou
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: hybrid feature selection, Improved Long Short-Term Memory network, Max-Relevance and Min-Redundancy, multi-step ahead load, short-term load forecasting
Short-term load forecasting (STLF) plays an important role in the economic dispatch of power systems. Obtaining accurate short-term load can greatly improve the safety and economy of a power grid operation. In recent years, a large number of short-term load forecasting methods have been proposed. However, how to select the optimal feature set and accurately predict multi-step ahead short-term load still faces huge challenges. In this paper, a hybrid feature selection method is proposed, an Improved Long Short-Term Memory network (ILSTM) is applied to predict multi-step ahead load. This method firstly takes the influence of temperature, humidity, dew point, and date type on the load into consideration. Furthermore, the maximum information coefficient is used for the preliminary screening of historical load, and Max-Relevance and Min-Redundancy (mRMR) is employed for further feature selection. Finally, the selected feature set is considered as input of the model to perform multi-step ahe... [more]
New Infeed Correction Methods for Distance Protection in Distribution Systems
Fahd Hariri, Mariesa Crow
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: distance relay, distributed generation, faults, infeed effect, protection, PSCAD
The reliability and security of power systems may be jeopardized by the increase in the amounts of renewable generation and the uncertainties produced by these devices. In particular, the protection schemes of traditional power systems have been challenged by the integration of distributed generation (DG) resources. Distance relays (DRs), which have been mainly employed to protect transmission systems, are increasingly proposed as one of the solutions to protect distribution systems with a heavy penetration of DGs. However, conventional distance protection faces several drawbacks that might lead to maloperation. One of those challenges is the “infeed effect”, which causes the impedance seen by the distance relay to be larger than the actual positive-sequence line impedance between the fault and relay location. This paper proposes three new methods to estimate the distance to the fault in the presence of infeeds, whether in a radial distribution feeder or the transmission line. Unlike o... [more]
High-Gain High-Efficiency DC−DC Converter with Single-Core Parallel Operation Switched Inductors and Rectifier Voltage Multiplier Cell
Eduardo Augusto Oliveira Barbosa, Márcio Rodrigo Santos de Carvalho, Leonardo Rodrigues Limongi, Marcelo Cabral Cavalcanti, Eduardo José Barbosa, Gustavo Medeiros de Souza Azevedo
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: high efficiency, high gain DC–DC converter, switched inductor, voltage multiplier cell
This paper proposes a high step-up high-efficiency converter, comprised of an active switched coupled-inductor cell. The secondary windings are integrated into a rectifier voltage multiplier cell in a boost-flyback configuration, allowing the operation with high voltage gain with low switches duty cycle and low turn-ratios on the coupled-inductors. Both coupled-inductors are integrated into a single core due to the parallel operation of the switches. The leakage inductances of the coupled-inductors are used to mitigate the reverse recovery currents of the diodes, while regenerative clamp circuits are used to protect the switches from the voltage spikes caused by the leakage inductances. The operation of the converter is analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively, and the achieved results are validated through experimentation of a 400 W prototype. A 97.1% CEC efficiency is also reported.
Science Mapping: A Scientometric Review on Resource Curses, Dutch Diseases, and Conflict Resources during 1993−2020
Chi-Swian Wong
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: African countries, bibliometric analysis, CiteSpace, Conflict Resources, Dutch Diseases, Resource Curses
Over the past few decades, the wealth of Africa has not made African wealthy. There is a voicing that Africa is cursed, whether richly poor or poorly rich. Sub-Saharan Africa is commonplace for political turbulence, as well as humanitarian and economic misery. In such a catastrophic situa-tion, political economics studies have focused on the Resource Curses, Dutch Diseases, and Con-flict Resources in this area. A systematic scientometric analysis of this field would be beneficial but is currently lacking in the academic literature. Using VOSviewer and CiteSpace, this review fills the void by analyzing the 1783 articles published in the WoS SSCI Collection between 1993 and 2020 on the “Resource Curses”, “Dutch Diseases”, and “Conflict Resources”. The author dis-cusses recent papers with disruptive potential, references with the most robust citation explora-tions, and cooperation networks between authors and institutes. Three hotspots were detected: the causes and effects of the Resource... [more]
On the Correlation of Solar Activity and Troposphere on the GNSS/EGNOS Integrity. Fuzzy Logic Approach
Karolina Krzykowska-Piotrowska, Ewa Dudek, Paweł Wielgosz, Beata Milanowska, Jordi Mongay Batalla
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: GNSS, integrity, satellite navigation signal, solar activity
There is a noticeable number of studies carried out on both the operational parameters of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and the satellite signal itself. Researchers look for, inter alia, proven sources of errors affecting the integrity of the satellite signal because this parameter determines the approval of the system’s operational use. It also seems of key importance that the atmospheric conditions, in any area of satellite signal usage, should not be underestimated due to their extensive impact. As the ionospheric refraction seriously limits the operational use of the satellite navigation signal, in this article, the authors attempted to quantify the effect of solar activity (expressed by sunspots) on the signal integrity using fuzzy logic. Fuzzy reasoning is used when information is inaccurate or incomplete and necessitates making decisions under conditions of uncertainty. Thanks to fuzzy sets, there are no obstacles to characterize the degree of intensity of a given ph... [more]
Safe Operation Conditions of Electrical Power System Considering Power Balanceability among Power Generators, Loads, and Storage Devices
Saher Javaid, Mineo Kaneko, Yasuo Tan
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: energy storage devices, power balanceability, power fluctuations, renewable resources
The introduction of an energy storage system plays a vital role in the integration of renewable energy by keeping a stable operation and enhancing the flexibility of the power flow system, especially for an islanding microgrid which is not tied to a grid and for a self-contained microgrid which tries to stay independent from a grid as much as possible. To accommodate the effects of power fluctuations of distributed energy resources and power loads on power systems, a power flow assignment under power balance constraint is essential. However, due to power limitations of power devices, the capacity of storage devices, and power flow connections, the power balance may not be achieved. In this paper, we proposed a system characterization which describes the relation among power generators, power loads, power storage devices, and connections that must be satisfied for a system to operate by keeping SOC limitations of power storage devices. When we consider one power generator, one power loa... [more]
High-Efficient Brushless Wound Rotor Synchronous Machine Topology Based on Sub-Harmonic Field-Excitation Technique
Syed Sabir Hussain Bukhari, Qasim Ali, Jesús Doval-Gandoy, Jong-Suk Ro
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: brushless operation, sub-harmonic field excitation, synchronous motor
This paper presents a new high-efficient three-phase brushless wound rotor synchronous machine (BL-WRSM) based on a sub-harmonic field excitation technique. In the proposed machine topology, the stator is equipped with two different three-phase windings: (1) main armature winding, and (2) additional armature winding. The main armature winding is based on a 4-pole winding configuration, whereas the additional armature winding is based on a 2-pole winding configuration. Both windings are supplied current from two different inverters, i.e., inverter-1, inverter-2, and simultaneously. Inverter-1 provides the regular input current to the main armature winding, whereas inverter-2 provides a three-phase current of low magnitude to the 2-pole additional armature winding. This generates an additional sub-harmonic component of MMF in the airgap beside the fundamental MMF. On the other side, the rotor is equipped with (1) harmonic, and (2) field windings. These windings are electrically coupled v... [more]
Numerical Analysis on the Flue Gas Temperature Maintenance System of a Solid Fuel-Fired Boiler Operating at Minimum Loads
Michalina Kurkus-Gruszecka, Piotr Krawczyk, Janusz Lewandowski
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: flue gas bypass, flue gas mixing, flue gas temperature before SCR, low-load power boiler operation, power plant flexibility
Currently, energy policy is associated with the increase in the share of renewable sources in systemic energy production. Due to this trend, coal-fired power units must increase their work flexibility. Adapting a coal power plant to work with a lower load often causes the issue of maintaining the temperature before the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) installation at a sufficiently high level. This paper presents a CFD analysis of the mixing area of two flue gas streams before the SCR installation with various methods for mixing flue gas streams. The novelty of the work is mixing the flue gas streams of different temperatures using a flap shape developed by the authors. A series of numerical simulations were performed to develop the location and method of introducing the higher temperature gas, obtaining a uniform distribution of the exhaust gas temperature. The simulation scheme was applied to a series of geometrical modifications of the boundary conditions. The tested solution usi... [more]
Preliminary Analysis of an Aged RPV Subjected to Station Blackout
Rosa Lo Frano, Salvatore Angelo Cancemi, Piotr Darnowski, Riccardo Ciolini, Sandro Paci
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ageing, creep, finite element, long-term operation, MELCOR, reactor pressure vessel, station blackout
Today, 46% of operating Nuclear Power Plants (NPP) have a lifetime between 31 and 40 years, while 19% have been in operation for more than 40 years. Long Term Operation (LTO) is an urgent requirement for all of the nuclear industry. The aim of this study is to assess the performance of a reactor pressure vessel (RPV) subjected to a station blackout (SBO) event. Alterations suffered by the material properties and creep at elevated temperatures are considered. In this study, coupling between MELCOR and Finite Element Method (FEM) codes is carried out. In the Finite Element (FE) model, the combined effects of ageing and creep are implemented through degraded material properties and a viscoplastic model. The reliability of the model is validated by comparing the FOREVER/C1 experimental results. The results show that the RPV lower head bends downwards with a maximum radial expansion of about 260 mm and RPV thermomechanical properties are reduced by more than 50% at high temperatures. The ef... [more]
A Method for Grading the Hidden Dangers of Urban Gas Polyethylene Pipelines Based on Improved PLC Methods
Yunlong Wang, Zhiting Liu, Xinru Huang, Haizhou Lv, Yun Wu, Kai Zhou
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: compensation coefficient, failure database of pipelines, hidden dangers classification, polyethylene, urban gas pipelines
The classification of hidden dangers in urban gas pipelines plays a vital role in the smooth operation of urban gas pipelines and in solving the problem of hidden safety dangers in urban gas pipelines. In recent years, the number and proportion of polyethylene (PE) pipelines in urban gas pipelines are increasing day by day, but the current classification of hidden dangers in urban gas pipelines is still based on steel pipelines, and the classification method is highly subjective. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved PLC method that integrates the use of a risk matrix and compensation coefficient to solve the problem of grading the hidden dangers of PE pipelines of urban gas. The improved PLC method is based on the failure database of urban gas PE pipelines to obtain the vulnerability and severity of consequences when determining the initial level of hidden dangers, and the compensation coefficient is modified according to regional vulnerability, ease of rectification, condition a... [more]
Measurement of Forces in a Mining Plough Chain during Operation
Mariusz Szot, Łukasz Herezy, Piotr Szade, Witold Frąc
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cylindrical strain gauges, force measurement, mining plough chain, on-site measurements
Pulling chains are one of the most critical components of a plough longwall system. Their failure is hard to predict and results in costly and lengthy downtimes. Measurements of the actual forces acting on a plough chain are needed as they can provide important information about the nature of their operation and contribute to preventing their wear and failure by supplementing data gathered by a plough control station. In this work, a strain gauge system for the measurement of the forces in a plough chain is designed, manufactured and tested under real conditions for the first time. Constructed using a cylindrical strain gauge and widely available electronic components, the finished sensor was calibrated on a testing machine and used to measure forces in a 42 × 137 plough chain at LW Bogdanka. Measurements conducted under real conditions show that forces in the chain during steady ploughing does not exceed 400 kN. However, the forces peaked to up to 728.6 kN at certain points in the ope... [more]
Impact of Time Resolution on Curtailment Losses in Hybrid Wind-Solar PV Plants
Antun Meglic, Ranko Goic
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: curtailment losses, hybrid power plants, smoothing effect, solar power, time resolution, wind power
Curtailment losses for large-scale hybrid wind−solar photovoltaic (PV) plants with a single grid connection point are often calculated in 1 h time resolution, underestimating the actual curtailment losses due to the flattening of power peaks occurring in shorter time frames. This paper analyses the curtailment losses in hybrid wind−PV plants by utilising different time resolutions of wind and PV production while varying the grid cut-off power, wind/solar PV farm sizes, and shares of wind/PV capacity. Highly resolved 1 s measurements from the operational wind farm and pyranometer are used as an input to specialized wind and PV farm power production models that consider the smoothing effect. The results show that 15 min resolution is preferred over 1 h resolution for large-scale hybrid wind−PV plants if more accurate assessment of curtailment losses is required. Although 1 min resolution additionally increases the estimation accuracy over 15 min resolution, the improvement is not signifi... [more]
Increasing Drilling Speed by Absorption and Hydraulic Supercharging of Drill String in Formation Containing Hydrogen Sulfide: A Case Study
Yongwang Liu, Xiaoyuan Chen, Yixiang Niu, Zhichuan Guan, Wei Wang, Chuanfu Liu
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: downhole speed-up tools, hydrogen sulfide, the speed-up technology by drill string absorption and hydraulic supercharging, well WWY 1
Increasing drilling speed and shortening the well construction period are the goals of the drilling field. The use of downhole speed-up tools has been noted for its advantages such as no additional cost, no change in drilling equipment and no impact on normal drilling operations. However, conventional downhole speed-up tools cannot meet the needs when the drilled formation contains hydrogen sulfide. Then, the technology test on increasing drilling speed by absorption and hydraulic supercharging of drill string in hydrogen sulfide formation was carried out in well Wanweiye1 (WWY1), Anhui Province, China. The results show that: firstly, the speed-up device by absorption and hydraulic supercharging of drill string can be used in the formation containing hydrogen sulfide, and can still perform normal drilling operations with a hydrogen sulfide concentration of 567 ppm; secondly, the speed-up technology by absorption and hydraulic supercharging of drill string has a significant speed-raisin... [more]
Analysis of a Series‑Parallel Resonant Converter for DC Microgrid Applications
Bor-Ren Lin
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: DC microgrid, series‑parallel resonant converter, zero-voltage switching
An input-series output-parallel soft switching resonant circuit with balance input voltage and primary-side current is studied and implemented for direct current (DC) microgrid system applications. Two resonant circuits are connected with input-series and output-parallel structure to have the advantages of low voltage stresses on active devices and low current stresses on power diodes. A balance capacitor is adopted on high voltage side to balance two input capacitor voltages. The LLC (inductor−inductor−capacitor) resonant circuit cells are employed in the converter to have soft switching operation for power semiconductors. The magnetic coupling component is adopted on the primary-side to automatically realize current balance of the two resonant circuits. In the end, a laboratory hardware circuit is built and tested. Experiments demonstrate and prove the validity of the resonant converter.
Process Improvements for Direct Reduced Iron Melting in the Electric Arc Furnace with Emphasis on Slag Operation
Marcus Kirschen, Thomas Hay, Thomas Echterhof
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: direct reduced iron, electric arc furnace, process improvement, process model
Steelmaking based on direct reduced iron (DRI, and its compacted derivative hot briquetted iron, HBI) is an anticipated important global alternative to current steel production based on FeOx reduction in blast furnaces due to its lower specific CO2 emission. The majority of DRI is melted and refined in the electric arc furnace with different process conditions compared to the melting of steel scrap due to its raw material composition being rather different. We provide data and analysis of slag composition of DRI charges vs. steel scrap charges for 16 industrial electric arc furnaces (EAFs). Suggestions for optimized slag operation and resulting process improvements of DRI melting in the EAF are given. A dynamic mass and energy model of the DRI melting in the EAF is introduced to illustrate the implications of the adapted slag operation on the EAF process with DRI charges.
Biodegradable Polyester Synthesis in Renewed Aqueous Polycondensation Media: The Core of the New Greener Polymer-5B Technology
Ana C. D. Pfluck, Dragana P.C. de Barros, Luis P. Fonseca
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aqueous media, biocatalyst reutilization, enzymatic polycondensation, stability
An innovative enzymatic polycondensation of dicarboxylic acids and dialcohols in aqueous polymerization media using free and immobilized lipases was developed. Various parameters (type of lipases, temperature, pH, stirring type and rate, and monomer carbon chain length) of the polycondensation in an oil-in-water (o/w) miniemulsion (>80% in water) were evaluated. The best results for polycondensation were achieved with an equimolar monomer concentration (0.5 M) of octanedioic acid and 1,8-octanediol in the miniemulsion and water, both at initial pH 5.0 with immobilized Pseudozyma antarctica lipase B (PBLI). The synthesized poly(octamethylene suberate) (POS) in the miniemulsion is characterized by a molecular weight of 7800 g mol−1 and a conversion of 98% at 45 °C after 48 h of polycondensation in batch operation mode. A comparative study of polycondensation using different operation modes (batch and fed-batch), stirring type, and biocatalyst reutilization in the miniemulsion, water, and... [more]
Wood Fuel Procurement to Bioenergy Facilities: Analysis of Moisture Content Variability and Optimal Sampling Strategy
Elena Leoni, Manuela Mancini, Giovanni Aminti, Gianni Picchi
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Biomass, fuel, heterogeneity, moisture content, quality, sampling
Moisture content is the most relevant quality parameter for wood fuels. Effective and fast determination of moisture of incoming feedstock is essential in the management of bioenergy facilities. The availability of fast and reliable moisture meters based on innovative technologies simplifies this task. However, in Mediterranean conditions the inherent variability of wood fuels calls for a careful sampling strategy if representative results are required while facing acceptable analytic costs. The present study is aimed at measuring the fuel heterogeneity and defining accordingly the appropriate number of samples to be analyzed in order to get reliable moisture-content results. A total of 70 truckloads (about 2270 t of woodchips) were sampled during commercial operations in two different seasons. Five samples were collected from each load and measured with standard method and magnetic resonance gauge. Results show that the variability of moisture content is influenced by mixing of specie... [more]
Revenue and Cannibalization: The Effect of Interchangeable Design Confronted Remanufacturing Processing
Feng Fu, Shuangying Chen, Lin Sun
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cannibalization, game theory, interchangeable design, remanufacturing, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Traditional wisdom suggests that the interchangeable design in process system engineering, such as modularity or commonality design, can lower the manufacturing cost and act as a revenue driver. Moreover, the interchangeable design will be efficient in both assembling for new production and disassembling for remanufacturing. As such, interchangeable design confronted remanufacturing processing often involves a balance of revenue from cost drivers and cannibalization effects from remanufacturing. Therefore, this paper studies how the original equipment manufacturers’ (OEMs’) interchangeable design impacts the remanufacturing decisions, as well as the economy and environment. Specifically, we develop two theoretical models, in which an OEM makes a strategic choice relating to design interchangeability when the remanufacturing operations are undertaken by itself (Model O) or outsourced to third-party remanufacturers (Model T). This study finds that, although the optimal level of interchan... [more]
Determination of Transformers’ Insulating Paper State Based on Classification Techniques
Sherif S. M. Ghoneim
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: classification techniques, degradation, degree of polymerization, furfuraldehyde, insulating paper, power transformer
The continuity of transformer operation is very necessary for utilities to maintain a continuity of power flow in networks and achieve a desired revenue. Most failures in a transformer are due to the degradation of the insulating system, which consists of insulating oil and paper. The degree of polymerization (DP) is a key detector of insulating paper state. Most research in the literature has computed the DP as a function of furan compounds, especially 2-furfuraldehyde (2-FAL). In this research, a prediction model was constructed based on some of most periodical tests that were conducted on transformer insulating oil, which were used as predictors of the insulating paper state. The tests evaluated carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), breakdown voltage (VBD), interfacial tension (IF), acidity (ACY), moisture (M), oil color (OC), and 2-furfuraldehyde (2-FAL). The DP, which was used as the key indicator for the paper state, was categorized into five classes labeled 1, 2, 3, 4, and... [more]
Algorithm to Use Some Specific Lean Manufacturing Methods: Application in an Industrial Production Process
Ana Cornelia Gavriluţă, Eduard Laurenţiu Niţu, Constantin Alin Gavriluţă
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: 5S, algorithm, job observation, lean manufacturing, plastics injection process, process improvement
Lean Manufacturing includes an ensemble of methods to analyze and continuously improve the functioning of manufacturing systems. The research presented in the literature highlights the fact that these methods are, on their own, in a process of continuous improvement as tools, being used in different ways, for different production systems. The paper presents an algorithm that facilitates the choice of the performance evaluation method, and the choice of the method of improvement that needs to be implemented for an efficient analysis and for a continuous increase of the manufacturing system performance. In addition to these, for the JobObservation and 5S methods, chartflows are proposed and specific tools are developed (questionnaires, forms etc.) that are meant to facilitate the implementation and to focus (guide) the user in the direction of improvement for the analyzed process. The algorithm, techniques, and tools developed in this research were used in a case study that took place in... [more]
A Numerical Model for Investigating the Steam Conformance along the Dual-String Horizontal Wells in SAGD Operations
Peng Li, Yanyu Zhang, Xiaofei Sun, Huijuan Chen, Yang Liu
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: dual-string, heavy oil, numerical model, SAGD, steam conformance
Non-uniformity of the steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) steam chamber significantly decreases the development of heavy oil reservoirs. In this study, to investigate the steam conformance in SAGD operations, a wellbore model is developed for fluid flow in dual-string horizontal wells. Then, a three-dimensional, three-phase reservoir model is presented. Next, the coupled wellbore and reservoir model is solved with a fully implicit finite difference method. Finally, the effects of the injector wellbore configuration, steam injection ratio and injection time on the steam conformance are investigated. The results indicate that under different injector wellbore configurations, the closer the differences between the pressure drop from the landing position of the short string to the heel of the wellbore and the pressure drop from the landing position of the short string to the toe of the wellbore, the better is the steam conformance. The smaller the difference in the steam injection rate... [more]
Operational Performance of Electric Power Firms: Comparison between Japan and South Korea by Non-Radial Measures
Toshiyuki Sueyoshi, Youngbok Ryu, Mika Goto
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: DEA, electric power industry, Japan, South Korea
This study compares the electric power sectors between Japan and South (S) Korea. Both nations have been under a global trend of deregulation. To assess their progress due to industrial change and technology development, we use Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) as an assessment tool that enables us to evaluate the level of simultaneous achievements on economic and technological measures, so assessing the degree of holistic development. DEA has been widely applied for performance assessment in the past decades. In this study, the method compares electric power firms by their operational efficiencies. To compare their achievements, it is necessary to develop a new type of DEA application for performance measurement. The proposed approach adds two analytical capabilities. First, the approach needs to handle “zero” in a data set and then restrict multipliers (i.e., weights among inputs and outputs) without any prior information to increase our empirical reliability. No study has simultaneous... [more]
Tests of an Absorption Cooling Machine at the Gijón Solar Cooling Laboratory
María-José Suárez López, Jesús-Ignacio Prieto, Eduardo Blanco, David García
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: absorption machine, charging and discharging time, internal storage, solar cooling, test facility
Final energy consumption in the residential sector is increasing, even in countries with favourable climate conditions and technological capacity to promote the use of renewable resources and energy efficiency. Air conditioning systems based on absorption cycles are common solutions in solar assisted installations. In this paper, the main characteristics of the Gijón Solar Cooling Laboratory (GSCL) are summarized, showing its ability to test cooling machines with a variety of heat sources and sinks, as well as different technologies and strategies. An absorption machine with internal energy storage in LiCl salts has been tested at the GSCL, measuring power and temperatures as a function of time during several charging and discharging cycles. During the charging cycles, the operation of the machine was analysed for various hot temperatures and power values. In the discharging cycles, special attention was paid to the refrigeration capacity produced for various chilled water temperatures... [more]
Low Cost Simple Look-Up Table-Based PMSM Drive Considering DC-Link Voltage Variation
Do-Yun Kim, Jung-Hyo Lee
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: flux weakening operation, look-up table-based PMSM drive, two-dimensional look-up table
This paper proposes a permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) table-based torque control method considering a variable DC-link voltage that can be used in a low cost DSP. The current reference generation based on two-dimensional look-up table (2D-LUT) is widely used for PMSM drives used in industrial applications because of its torque control performance and operation stability. In general, a 2D-LUT is established based on the flux and torque to overcome the variation in DC-link voltage. However, this method requires a flux estimator for estimating the instantaneous flux, which is defined as a division of the operating speed used to obtain the flux data. Therefore, to obtain the operating flux, a variable division calculation or complex controller is used, which can be difficult to process through a low cost digital signal processor. In this paper, a novel look-up table-based control method that uses the newly established speed-torque 2D-LUT is proposed. This 2D-LUT inherently impl... [more]
Showing records 1 to 25 of 551. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
[Show All Subjects]