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Records with Type: Published Article
Showing records 1 to 25 of 30102. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 Last
The Antarctic Astronomical Observations Intelligent Support Equipment “Dome A” Site-Testing Observatory: Electric Power Generation and Control Systems
Shixiong Fang, Xinyi Chen, Kanjian Zhang, Haikun Wei, Jian Ge
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: astronomical observatory, ControlNet field bus, Dome A, intelligent support equipment, robotics, site testing
AAOISE, the Antarctic Astronomical Observations Intelligent Support Equipment, is an autonomous control equipment serving for energy support and environment thermal preservation, which is used for astronomical science observations in the Antarctic “Dome A”. It was deployed to “Dome A” and had an unattended run until now. The AAOISE stressed on the ways to adapt to adverse circumstances of “Dome A” and to have as little influence on the environment as possible. Its shape and structure are fully qualified for transportation and thermal insulation demands. The power generation and control systems are designed to provide continuous power and heat. Its communication system can support high-reliability data transmission and communications. It offers a possibility for developing “Dome A” scientific activities and remote monitoring of the running situation of the science instruments. This paper presents a detailed description of the power generation, power control, thermal management, instrume... [more]
Reduced Graphene Oxide Decorated with Dispersed Gold Nanoparticles: Preparation, Characterization and Electrochemical Evaluation for Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Oana-Andreea Lazar, Adriana Marinoiu, Mircea Raceanu, Aida Pantazi, Geanina Mihai, Mihai Varlam, Marius Enachescu
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: catalyst, fuel cell, gold nanoparticles, graphene
The commonly used electrode Pt supported on a carbon (Pt/C) catalyst has demonstrated underperforming electrochemical durability in proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) harsh operation conditions, especially in terms of Pt electrochemical instability and carbon corrosion. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are considered one of the best alternative catalysts of PtNPs due to their remarkable selectivity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and electrochemical stability in strong acid conditions, attributes which are ideal for practical PEMFC applications. In this work, we propose a new, facile and low-cost approach to prepare AuNPs supported on reduced graphene oxide nanocompounds (AuNPs/rGO). The morphological and structural properties of the as-prepared AuNPs/rGO were studied using various microscopic and spectroscopic techniques, namely, Raman Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform In... [more]
Numerical Analysis and Preliminary Experiment of a Solar Assisted Heat Pump Drying System for Chinese Wolfberry
Zhongting Hu, Sheng Zhang, Wenfeng Chu, Wei He, Cairui Yu, Hancheng Yu
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Chinese wolfberry, electric energy, heat pump, kinetic characteristic, solar drying
The present work investigated a solar assisted heat pump system for drying Chinese wolfberry. The kinetic characteristic was firstly analyzed through a series of lab experiments. It was concluded that the Page model was the most suitable for predicting the heat and mass transfer of the wolfberry. Based on the wolfberry kinetic model, solar collector model and chamber air model, the coupled drying system model was developed. The accuracy of the mathematic model was determined through comparing with the preliminary experimental results. The influence of operating conditions on the thermal and energy performance of the dryer for the different operating mode was discussed. The drying weight of no more than 75 kg may be preferable in the stand-alone solar drying mode, and less than 15 h was needed to be dried. The electric energy consumption in the solar assisted the heat pump drying mode was lower than that in the stand-alone heat pump mode, and it was recommended that about 50 kg of wolfb... [more]
Advanced Adsorbent Materials for Waste Energy Recovery
Lucio Bonaccorsi, Antonio Fotia, Angela Malara, Patrizia Frontera
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: electrospinning, microfibers, SAPO-34, water adsorption
Nowadays, waste thermal energy represents a huge quantity of energy that, in most cases, is unfortunately dispersed rather than recovered. Although it is well known that its recovery could result in a considerable impact reduction of human activities on the environment, it is still a challenging issue. In view of this, absorption chillers and heat pumps, based on the use of porous materials capable of reversibly adsorbing and desorbing water vapor, can be considered among the preferred systems to recover waste thermal energy, especially at medium−low temperatures. This study deals with the preparation and performance of a new generation of advanced adsorbent materials specifically produced as coatings for water adsorption systems driven by low temperature heat sources (around 150 °C). The proposed coating consists of hybrid SAPO-34/polyacrilonitrile microfibers directly deposited on the surface to be coated by means of the electrospinning technique. Their zeolite morphology and concent... [more]
FP-TES: Fluidization Based Particle Thermal Energy Storage, Part II: Experimental Investigations
Verena Sulzgruber, David Wünsch, Heimo Walter, Markus Haider
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: experimental investigations, fluidized bed heat exchanger, fluidized bed technology, particle transport, thermal energy storage (TES)
In recent years, the fight against global warming and therefore CO2 reduction have become the most important issue for humanity. As a result, volatile sources of energy—like wind and solar power—are penetrating the electrical grid and therefore an increased demand on storage capacities is required. At the TU Wien Institute for Energy Systems and Thermodynamics, a Fluidization Based Particle Thermal Energy Storage (FP-TES) working with bulk material as a sensible storage material is developed. In this paper, the concept and an experimental study of the cold test rig is presented. By means of various pressure measurements, a novel concept of particle transport based on advanced fluidization technology without any mechanical transport devices is investigated. Moreover, a mathematical correlation between the pressure gradients and the particle mass flow is found. Overall, the experimental study provides a full proof of concept and functionality of the novel energy storage system.
Influence of Insulating Material Properties on Partial Discharges at DC Voltage
Marek Florkowski
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: DC voltage, diagnostics, high voltage insulation, partial discharges
Understanding a partial discharge mechanism at direct current (DC) is an actual research topic that requires both modeling, simulations and measurements. This paper describes an influence of insulating material properties on partial discharges at DC voltage. Modifications of the traditional model reflecting the conditions of partial discharges (PD) inception and post discharge processes at DC voltage have been proposed. The aim was to show the partial discharge mechanisms and draw attention to the role of parameters of insulation materials adjacent to the cavity at DC voltage. The investigations were performed on two kinds of dielectric material used in power cables. Various combinations of specimens were designed to reveal the effect of the material resistivity on the PD activity. Key observations referred to the impact of the void adjacent material resistance on the partial discharge inception voltage threshold at DC voltage. The modified PD model was applied to analyze both inceptio... [more]
Rack Temperature Prediction Model Using Machine Learning after Stopping Computer Room Air Conditioner in Server Room
Kosuke Sasakura, Takeshi Aoki, Masayoshi Komatsu, Takeshi Watanabe
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: continuous and reliable operation, data center, Machine Learning, server room, temperature environment, temperature prediction
Data centers (DCs) are becoming increasingly important in recent years, and highly efficient and reliable operation and management of DCs is now required. The generated heat density of the rack and information and communication technology (ICT) equipment is predicted to get higher in the future, so it is crucial to maintain the appropriate temperature environment in the server room where high heat is generated in order to ensure continuous service. It is especially important to predict changes of rack intake temperature in the server room when the computer room air conditioner (CRAC) is shut down, which can cause a rapid rise in temperature. However, it is quite difficult to predict the rack temperature accurately, which in turn makes it difficult to determine the impact on service in advance. In this research, we propose a model that predicts the rack intake temperature after the CRAC is shut down. Specifically, we use machine learning to construct a gradient boosting decision tree mo... [more]
The Political Economy of Deep Decarbonization: Tradable Energy Quotas for Energy Descent Futures
Samuel Alexander, Joshua Floyd
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: carbon budget, deep decarbonization, degrowth, energy descent, epistemic humility, post-carbon, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, Tainter, Tradable Energy Quotas (TEQs), voluntary simplification
This paper reviews and analyses a decarbonization policy called the Tradable Energy Quotas (TEQs) system developed by David Fleming. The TEQs system involves rationing fossil fuel energy use for a nation on the basis of either a contracting carbon emission budget or scarce fuel availability, or both simultaneously, distributing budgets equitably amongst energy-users. Entitlements can be traded to incentivize demand reduction and to maximize efficient use of the limited entitlements. We situate this analysis in the context of Joseph Tainter’s theory about the development and collapse of complex societies. Tainter argues that societies become more socio-politically and technologically ‘complex’ as they solve the problems they face and that such complexification drives increased energy use. For a society to sustain itself, therefore, it must secure the energy needed to solve the range of societal problems that emerge. However, what if, as a result of deep decarbonization, there is less en... [more]
Inrush Current Control of High Power Density DC−DC Converter
Ahmed H. Okilly, Namhun Kim, Jeihoon Baek
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: DC–DC converter, inrush current, MOSFET, phase shift PWM, telecom server, ZVS
This paper presents a complete mathematical design of the main components of 2 kW, 54 direct current (DC)−DC converter stage, which can be used as the second stage of the two stages of alternating current (AC)−DC telecom power supply. In this paper, a simple inrush current controlling circuit to eliminate the high inrush current, which is generated due to high input capacitor at the input side of the DC−DC converter, is proposed, designed, and briefly discussed. The proposed circuit is very easy to implement in the lab using a single metal−oxide−semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) switch and some small passive elements. PSIM simulation has been used to test the power supply performance using the value of the designed components. Furthermore, the experimental setup of the designed power supply with inrush current control is built in the lab to show the practical performance of the designed power supply and to test the reliability of the proposed inrush current mitigation circ... [more]
Volt-Var Curve Reactive Power Control Requirements and Risks for Feeders with Distributed Roof-Top Photovoltaic Systems
C. Birk Jones, Matthew Lave, Matthew J. Reno, Rachid Darbali-Zamora, Adam Summers, Shamina Hossain-McKenzie
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electric feeder, hosting capacity, photovoltaic, volt-var curve, voltage management
The benefits and risks associated with Volt-Var Curve (VVC) control for management of voltages in electric feeders with distributed, roof-top photovoltaic (PV) can be defined using a stochastic hosting capacity analysis methodology. Although past work showed that a PV inverter’s reactive power can improve grid voltages for large PV installations, this study adds to the past research by evaluating the control method’s impact (both good and bad) when deployed throughout the feeder within small, distributed PV systems. The stochastic hosting capacity simulation effort iterated through hundreds of load and PV generation scenarios and various control types. The simulations also tested the impact of VVCs with tampered settings to understand the potential risks associated with a cyber-attack on all of the PV inverters scattered throughout a feeder. The simulation effort found that the VVC can have an insignificant role in managing the voltage when deployed in distributed roof-top PV inverters... [more]
Evaluation of Suitable Areas to Introduce a Closed-Loop Ground Source Heat Pump System in the Case of a Standard Japanese Detached Residence
Gaurav Shrestha, Mayumi Yoshioka, Hikari Fujii, Youhei Uchida
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: borehole heat exchanger depth, detached residence, ground source heat pump system, Japan, suitable areas
Evaluation of appropriate areas to introduce a closed-loop ground-source heat pump (GSHP) system in the case of a standard detached residence was conducted in Akita Plain, Japan. Depth of borehole heat exchanger (BHE) required to use a GSHP system was taken as the suitability index, which is simpler for the general public to understand and to promote the system. Heating and cooling loads of the standard size detached residence were calculated based on the 2013 Energy Conservation Standard. To estimate BHE depths and estimate a suitable area, identical 3D BHE models were constructed at 30 points in the plain. Required BHE depths were determined by performing heat exchange simulations at each location using the calculated loads and heat exchange rates. A suitability map showing distribution of the required BHE depths was prepared. BHE depths were shorter in the north-western area compared to the other parts, implying that the coastal lowlands in this area are more suitable for closed-loo... [more]
Effect of Premixed n-Butanol Ratio on the Initial Stage of Combustion in a Light-Duty Butanol/Diesel Dual-Fuel Engine
Wei Tian, Hongchuan Zhang, Lenian Wang, Zhiqiang Han, Wenbin Yu
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: flammability limit, high-temperature reaction, initial combustion period, n-butanol, reactivity stratification
The impact of premixed n-butanol mixture on the heat release rate was investigated based on a modified light-duty diesel engine. The results show that reactivity stratification is formed in the cylinder through n-butanol port fuel injection (PFI) and diesel direct injection (DI). The initial heat release rate of the diesel/butanol dual-fuel combustion is restrained due to the low ignitability of butanol and the high volatility. Because of the auto-ignition of diesel, premixed n-butanol undergoes a high-temperature reaction, which has an active influence on the heat releasing of diesel/butanol dual-fuel combustion. With the increase of the amount of premixed n-butanol injected, the heat release rate in the initial combustion period has a critical value. When the n-butanol injection quantity is less than 13 mg/cycle, the initial heat release rate of dual-fuel combustion is lower than the pure diesel combustion because the lean premixed n-butanol/air mixture limits the flame propagation.... [more]
FP-TES: A Fluidisation-Based Particle Thermal Energy Storage, Part I: Numerical Investigations and Bulk Heat Conductivity
David Wünsch, Verena Sulzgruber, Markus Haider, Heimo Walter
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fluidised bed heat exchanger, fluidised bed technology, numerical investigation, particle transport, thermal energy storage (TES)
Renewables should become more continuously available, reliable and cost-efficient to manage the challenges caused by the energy transition. Thus, analytic and numerical investigations for the layout of a pilot plant of a concept called Fluidisation-Based Particle Thermal Energy Storage (FP-TES)—a highly flexible, short- to long-term fluidised bed regenerative heat storage utilising a pressure gradient for hot powder transport, and thus enabling minimal losses, high energy densities, compact construction and countercurrent heat exchange—are presented in this article. Such devices in decentralised set-up—being included in energy- and especially heat-intensive industries, storing latent or sensible heat or power-to-heat to minimise losses and compensate fluctuations—can help to achieve the above-stated goals. Part I of this article is focused on geometrical and fluidic design via numerical investigations utilising Computational Particle Fluid Dynamics (CPFD). In the process a controlled t... [more]
A Coolant Circulation Cooling System Combining Aluminum Plates and Copper Rods for Li-Ion Battery Pack
Chuanwei Zhang, Zhan Xia, Huaibin Gao, Jianping Wen, Shangrui Chen, Meng Dang, Sujing Gu, Jianing Zhang
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: coolant, cooling system, Lithium-ion battery, permitted temperature
The spontaneous combustion of electric vehicles occurs frequently, and the main reason is the thermal runaway of a lithium-ion battery. In order to prevent the heat that is produced in the use of a lithium-ion battery out of control, this study proposed a coolant circulation cooling system, that is, the heat generated by the lithium-ion battery is transferred to heat sinks through aluminum plates and copper rods, and then dissipated through the coolant. Based on a CALB-LB5F73 LiFePO4 battery pack, experiments with the coolant circulation cooling system were conducted to study the temperature rise characteristics at different ambient temperatures. The temperature of the battery pack was still close to the upper limit of permitted temperature when the ambient temperature reached 313 K. Further improvement, increasing the diameter of copper rod of the system was proposed to enhance heat dissipation and simulations with this scheme were completed. The findings show that the cooling system... [more]
Investigating the Width of Isolated Coal Pillars in Deep Hard-Strata Mines for Prevention of Mine Seismicity and Rockburst
Bo Wang, Sitao Zhu, Fuxing Jiang, Jinhai Liu, Xiaoguang Shang, Xiufeng Zhang
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: compression, isolated coal pillar, limited deflection, microseismic monitoring, mine seismicity, rockburst
In deep mines, a reasonable design of the widths of isolated coal pillars (ICPs) is critically important, particularly for hard-strata mines. This is because the frequent occurrence of mine seismicity (MS) and rockburst in deep mines often arises from the inappropriate widths of the remnant ICPs. To address this problem, this paper takes the ICP of Yingpanhao Coal Mine in Inner Mongolia in China as the engineering case study and then presents a mechanical model to illuminate the occurrence mechanism of MS induced by the mining on both sides of ICPs. The results indicate that, after the mining on both sides of ICPs, the ICPs will produce a vertical compressive deformation, and the overlying high main key stratum (MKS) will experience a flexure deformation. When the limited deflection of MKS is less than the compression of ICPs, the MKS will be fractured, and the released energy may lead to MS. Based on the mechanism model, a design criterion is proposed for ICP widths; this criterion ca... [more]
Methodological Approach for 1D Simulation of Port Water Injection for Knock Mitigation in a Turbocharged DISI Engine
Federico Millo, Fabrizio Gullino, Luciano Rolando
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: engine performance, knock mitigation, port water injection, predictive combustion model, turbocharged gasoline engine, virtual test rig
In the upcoming years, more challenging CO2 emission targets along with the introduction of more severe Real Driving Emissions limits are expected to foster the development and the exploitation of innovative technologies to further improve the efficiency of automotive Spark Ignition (SI) engines. Among these technologies, Water Injection (WI), thanks to its knock mitigation capabilities, can represent a valuable solution, although it may significantly increase the complexity of engine design and calibration. Since, to tackle such a complexity, reliable virtual development tools seem to be mandatory, this paper aims to describe a quasi-dimensional approach to model a Port Water Injection (PWI) system integrated in a Turbocharged Direct Injection Spark Ignition (T-DISI) engine. Through a port-puddling model calibrated with 3D-CFD data, the proposed methodology was proven to be able to properly replicate transient phenomena of water wall film formation, catching cycle by cycle the amount... [more]
Solar Integrated Anaerobic Digester: Energy Savings and Economics
Lidia Lombardi, Barbara Mendecka, Simone Fabrizi
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: anaerobic digestion, biogas, biomethane, integration, solar thermal energy
Industrial anaerobic digestion requires low temperature thermal energy to heat the feedstock and maintain temperature conditions inside the reactor. In some cases, the thermal requirements are satisfied by burning part of the produced biogas in devoted boilers. However, part of the biogas can be saved by integrating thermal solar energy into the anaerobic digestion plant. We study the possibility of integrating solar thermal energy in biowaste mesophilic/thermophilic anaerobic digestion, with the aim of reducing the amount of biogas burnt for internal heating and increasing the amount of biogas, further upgraded to biomethane and injected into the natural gas grid. With respect to previously available studies that evaluated the possibility of integrating solar thermal energy in anaerobic digestion, we introduce the topic of economic sustainability by performing a preliminary and simplified economic analysis of the solar system, based only on the additional costs/revenues. The case of I... [more]
Data Augmentation for Electricity Theft Detection Using Conditional Variational Auto-Encoder
Xuejiao Gong, Bo Tang, Ruijin Zhu, Wenlong Liao, Like Song
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: conditional variational auto-encoder, convolutional neural network, data augmentation, deep learning, power theft detection
Due to the strong concealment of electricity theft and the limitation of inspection resources, the number of power theft samples mastered by the power department is insufficient, which limits the accuracy of power theft detection. Therefore, a data augmentation method for electricity theft detection based on the conditional variational auto-encoder (CVAE) is proposed. Firstly, the stealing power curves are mapped into low dimensional latent variables by using the encoder composed of convolutional layers, and the new stealing power curves are reconstructed by the decoder composed of deconvolutional layers. Then, five typical attack models are proposed, and the convolutional neural network is constructed as a classifier according to the data characteristics of stealing power curves. Finally, the effectiveness and adaptability of the proposed method is verified by a smart meters’ data set from London. The simulation results show that the CVAE can take into account the shapes and distribut... [more]
Financing Energy Transition with Real Estate Wealth
Jussi Vimpari
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: energy transition, finance, investment, power purchase agreement, PPA, real estate, renewables
Transition to a low carbon energy system requires extensive private investment and novel financing instruments. Corporate power purchase agreements (PPAs) have been proven effective in increasing renewables financing. The challenge is to scale this corporate model to smaller energy consumers that form a significant part of the global total energy demand and carbon dioxide emissions. This paper examines collateral strength and global potential of the real estate sector as an offtaker for PPAs. The strength is evaluated by constructing a detailed energy and economic model for 90,000 buildings in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area (HMA), Finland. The global potential is evaluated by creating country-level profiles with global data of interest rates, energy consumption, and energy costs. The results suggest that real estate is a strong offtaker as the HMA’s value of real estate collateral compared to required wind power capital expenditures (that could cover electricity demand of the buildings... [more]
Gaussian Processes Proxy Model with Latent Variable Models and Variogram-Based Sensitivity Analysis for Assisted History Matching
Dongmei Zhang, Yuyang Zhang, Bohou Jiang, Xinwei Jiang, Zhijiang Kang
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: gaussian process, history matching, production optimization, proxy model, reservoir simulation
Reservoir history matching is a well-known inverse problem for production prediction where enormous uncertain reservoir parameters of a reservoir numerical model are optimized by minimizing the misfit between the simulated and history production data. Gaussian Process (GP) has shown promising performance for assisted history matching due to the efficient nonparametric and nonlinear model with few model parameters to be tuned automatically. Recently introduced Gaussian Processes proxy models and Variogram Analysis of Response Surface-based sensitivity analysis (GP-VARS) uses forward and inverse Gaussian Processes (GP) based proxy models with the VARS-based sensitivity analysis to optimize the high-dimensional reservoir parameters. However, the inverse GP solution (GPIS) in GP-VARS are unsatisfactory especially for enormous reservoir parameters where the mapping from low-dimensional misfits to high-dimensional uncertain reservoir parameters could be poorly modeled by GP. To improve the p... [more]
Development of Home Energy Management Scheme for a Smart Grid Community
Md Mamun Ur Rashid, Fabrizio Granelli, Md. Alamgir Hossain, Md. Shafiul Alam, Fahad Saleh Al-Ismail, Ashish Kumar Karmaker, Md. Mijanur Rahaman
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: home energy management scheme (HEMS), power sharing algorithm (PSA), renewable energy sources (RESs), residence energy management (REM), smart grid
The steady increase in energy demand for residential consumers requires an efficient energy management scheme. Utility organizations encourage household applicants to engage in residential energy management (REM) system. The utility’s primary goal is to reduce system peak load demand while consumer intends to reduce electricity bills. The benefits of REM can be enhanced with renewable energy sources (RESs), backup battery storage system (BBSS), and optimal power-sharing strategies. This paper aims to reduce energy usages and monetary cost for smart grid communities with an efficient home energy management scheme (HEMS). Normally, the residential consumer deals with numerous smart home appliances that have various operating time priorities depending on consumer preferences. In this paper, a cost-efficient power-sharing technique is developed which works based on priorities of appliances’ operating time. The home appliances are sorted on priority basis and the BBSS are charged and discha... [more]
Validation of a RANS 3D-CFD Gaseous Emission Model with Space-, Species-, and Cycle-Resolved Measurements from an SI DI Engine
Stefania Esposito, Max Mally, Liming Cai, Heinz Pitsch, Stefan Pischinger
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion, emission, internal combustion engine, RANS simulation
Reynolds-averaged Navier−Stokes (RANS) three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of gaseous emissions from combustion engines are very demanding due to the complex geometry, the emissions formation mechanisms, and the transient processes inside the cylinders. The validation of emission simulation is challenging because of modeling simplifications, fundamental differences from reality (e.g., fuel surrogates), and difficulty in the comparison with measured emission values, which depend on the measuring position. In this study, detailed gaseous emission data were acquired for a spark ignition (SI) direct-injection (DI) single-cylinder engine (SCE) fueled with a toluene reference fuel (TRF) surrogate to allow precise comparison with simulations. Multiple devices in different sampling locations were used for the measurement of average emission concentration, as well as hydrocarbon (HC) cycle- and species-resolved values. A RANS 3D-CFD methodology to predict gaseo... [more]
Zero-Airgap Induction Motor Used to Drive a Transmission Oil Pump
Dan-Cristian Popa, Nicolae-Florin Jurca, Razvan Alexandru Inte, Nicholas Hrusch, Jeff Hemphill, Codrin G. Cantemir
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: induction motor, transmission oil pump, zero-airgap
In this paper, we propose a novel study concerning the future use of a zero-airgap induction motor in applications related to transmission oil pumps. The name of the machine comes from the fact that the rotor touches the stator as it spins. The use of such an eccentric motor provides the possibility to remove the mechanical part that is typically found in the transmission oil pump, increasing its efficiency in this way. We focused on determining the optimum variant of a zero-airgap small power induction motor from the point of view of the electrical and mechanical performance. As such, 18 topologies of induction motors with various numbers of pole pairs and rotor bars were designed and numerically analyzed. For the best variant from each category, different eccentricities were considered to evaluate this effect over the performances of the motors. For the best candidate, various analyses were performed in order to demonstrate the validity of this solution for the proposed application.... [more]
Resonance of Investments in Renewable Energy Sources in Industrial Enterprises in the Food Industry
Katarzyna Liczmańska-Kopcewicz, Paula Pypłacz, Agnieszka Wiśniewska
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: brand equity, brand image, creating value in a sustainable enterprise, innovation, innovativeness, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, renewable energy sources, sustainable development
Investments in renewable energy sources are an important direction in the development of modern economies. Motivating organizations to include appropriate investments in their development strategies becomes an essential issue. It seems clear that organizations need to see the long-term benefits of such investments in order to follow this trend. This article presents a thesis that assumes that from the microeconomic perspective, such investments are conducive to the implementation of various goals of the organization, causing the phenomenon of resonance in spheres such as the implementation of the sustainable development strategy, the level of innovation in the organization, brand image, and brand equity. The survey method was carried out on a sample of 143 industrial companies in the food industry in order to verify the hypotheses based on previous examples. Among the most important findings, it should be noted that investments in renewable energy sources make a significant contributio... [more]
Electrical Response of Mechanically Damaged Lithium-Ion Batteries
Damoon Soudbakhsh, Mehdi Gilaki, William Lynch, Peilin Zhang, Taeyoung Choi, Elham Sahraei
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: charge/discharge cycle, distributed ECM, EIS, mechanical deformation
Lithium-ion batteries have found various modern applications due to their high energy density, long cycle life, and low self-discharge. However, increased use of these batteries has been accompanied by an increase in safety concerns, such as spontaneous fires or explosions due to impact or indentation. Mechanical damage to a battery cell is often enough reason to discard it. However, if an Electric Vehicle is involved in a crash, there is no means to visually inspect all the cells inside a pack, sometimes consisting of thousands of cells. Furthermore, there is no documented report on how mechanical damage may change the electrical response of a cell, which in turn can be used to detect damaged cells by the battery management system (BMS). In this research, we investigated the effects of mechanical deformation on electrical responses of Lithium-ion cells to understand what parameters in electrical response can be used to detect damage where cells cannot be visually inspected. We used ch... [more]
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