Records with Keyword: Computational Fluid Dynamics
Showing records 51 to 75 of 472. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last
Development and Assessment of an Integrated 1D-3D CFD Codes Coupling Methodology for Diesel Engine Combustion Simulation and Optimization
Federico Millo, Andrea Piano, Benedetta Peiretti Paradisi, Mario Rocco Marzano, Andrea Bianco, Francesco C. Pesce
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, diesel engines, numerical simulation, pollutant emissions prediction
In this paper, an integrated and automated methodology for the coupling between 1D- and 3D-CFD simulation codes is presented, which has been developed to support the design and calibration of new diesel engines. The aim of the proposed methodology is to couple 1D engine models, which may be available in the early stage engine development phases, with 3D predictive combustion simulations, in order to obtain reliable estimates of engine performance and emissions for newly designed automotive diesel engines. The coupling procedure features simulations performed in 1D-CFD by means of GT-SUITE and in 3D-CFD by means of Converge, executed within a specifically designed calculation methodology. An assessment of the coupling procedure has been performed by comparing its results with experimental data acquired on an automotive diesel engine, considering different working points, including both part load and full load conditions. Different multiple injection schedules have been evaluated for par... [more]
3D Mapping of the Sprinkler Activation Time
Wojciech Węgrzyński, Grzegorz Krajewski, Piotr Tofiło, Wolfram Jahn, Aleksander Król, Małgorzata Król
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, detection, fire, performance-based design, smoke management, suppression
Sprinkler activation is one of the key events defining the course of a compartment fire. The time when activation occurs is commonly used in the determination of the design fire scenario, which is the cornerstone of the design of building fire safety features. A well-known model of sprinkler activation (response time index (RTI) model) was introduced into the numerical scheme of the ANSYS Fluent computational fluid dynamics (CFD) package. The novel way in which the model is used is the calculation of the time for sprinkler activation within each discrete cell of the domain. The proposed novel approach was used in a case-study to assess the effects of comfort mode natural ventilation on a sprinkler’s activation pattern. It was found that hinged vents in the comfort mode had a significant effect on sprinkler activation, both in terms of delaying it as well as limiting the total number of cells in which the sprinkler would have activated. In some scenarios with a hinged vent, no activatio... [more]
The Effect of Groundwater Flow on the Thermal Performance of a Novel Borehole Heat Exchanger for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems: Small Scale Experiments and Numerical Simulation
Ahmed A. Serageldin, Ali Radwan, Yoshitaka Sakata, Takao Katsura, Katsunori Nagano
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: borehole heat exchanger, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Ground source heat pump, groundwater, oval cross-section, Sandtank
New small-scale experiments are carried out to study the effect of groundwater flow on the thermal performance of water ground heat exchangers for ground source heat pump systems. Four heat exchanger configurations are investigated; single U-tube with circular cross-section (SUC), single U-tube with an oval cross-section (SUO), single U-tube with circular cross-section and single spacer with circular cross-section (SUC + SSC) and single U-tube with an oval cross-section and single spacer with circular cross-section (SUO + SSC). The soil temperature distributions along the horizontal and vertical axis are measured and recorded simultaneously with measuring the electrical energy injected into the fluid, and the borehole wall temperature is measured as well; consequently, the borehole thermal resistance (Rb) is calculated. Moreover, two dimensional and steady-state CFD simulations are validated against the experimental measurements at the groundwater velocity of 1000 m/year with an averag... [more]
CFD Based Design for Ejector Cooling System Using HFOS (1234ze(E) and 1234yf)
Anas F A Elbarghthi, Saleh Mohamed, Van Vu Nguyen, Vaclav Dvorak
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, ejector cooling system, ejector efficiency, R1234yf, R1234ze(E), real gas model
The field of computational fluid dynamics has been rekindled by recent researchers to unleash this powerful tool to predict the ejector design, as well as to analyse and improve its performance. In this paper, CFD simulation was conducted to model a 2-D axisymmetric supersonic ejector using NIST real gas model integrated in ANSYS Fluent to probe the physical insight and consistent with accurate solutions. HFOs (1234ze(E) and 1234yf) were used as working fluids for their promising alternatives, low global warming potential (GWP), and adhering to EU Council regulations. The impact of different operating conditions, performance maps, and the Pareto frontier performance approach were investigated. The expansion ratio of both refrigerants has been accomplished in linear relationship using their critical compression ratio within ±0.30% accuracy. The results show that R1234yf achieved reasonably better overall performance than R1234ze(E). Generally, by increasing the primary flow inlet satura... [more]
Numerical Study of the Winter−Kennedy Flow Measurement Method in Transient Flows
Binaya Baidar, Jonathan Nicolle, Bhupendra K. Gandhi, Michel J. Cervantes
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, flow rate, hydropower, transient flow, Winter–Kennedy
This paper explores the possibility of using the Winter−Kennedy (WK) method for transient flow rate measurement in hydraulic turbines. Computational fluid dynamic (CFD) analysis of a numerical model of an axial turbine was carried out for accelerating and decelerating flows. Those were obtained by linearly opening and closing of the guide vanes, respectively, while retaining the inlet pressure constant during the simulations. The behavior of several WK configurations on a cross-sectional plane and along the azimuthal direction of the spiral casing was studied during the transients. The study showed that there are certain WK configurations that are more stable than others. The physical mechanism behind the stability (or instability) of the WK method during transients is presented. Using the steady WK coefficient obtained at the best efficiency point (BEP), the WK method could estimate the transient flow rate with a deviation of about 7.5% and 3.5%, for accelerating and decelerating flow... [more]
Thermal Assessment of Laminar Flow Liquid Cooling Blocks for LED Circuit Boards Used in Automotive Headlight Assemblies
Muhsin Kilic, Mehmet Aktas, Gokhan Sevilgen
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: automotive headlight, Computational Fluid Dynamics, finned plate, junction temperature, laminar flow, LED chip, liquid cooling
This research work presents a comparative thermal performance assessment of the laminar flow cooling blocks produced for automotive headlight assembly using a high power Light Emitting Diode (LED) chip. A three-dimensional numerical model with conjugate heat transfer in solid and fluid domains was used. Laminar flow was considered in the present analysis. The validation of the numerical model was realized by using the measured data from the test rig. It was observed that substantial temperature variations were occurred around the LED chip owing to volumetric heat generation. The cooling board with lower height performs better thermal performance but higher pressure drop for the same mass flow rates. The cooling board with the finned cover plate performs better thermal performance but results in an increased pressure drop for the same mass flow rates. Increasing the power of the LED results in higher temperature values for the same mass flow rates. The junction temperature is highly dep... [more]
Test and Modeling of the Hydraulic Performance of High-Efficiency Cooling Configurations for Gyrotron Resonance Cavities
Andrea Allio, Rosa Difonzo, Alberto Leggieri, François Legrand, Rodolphe Marchesin, Laura Savoldi
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, gyrotron resonator, hydraulic test, mini-channels, pressure drop, Raschig rings
The design and manufacturing of different full-size mock-ups of the resonance cavity of gyrotrons, relevant for fusion applications, were performed according to two different cooling strategies. The first one relies on mini-channels, which are very promising in the direction of increasing the heat transfer in the heavily loaded cavity, but which could face an excessively large pressure drop, while the second one adopts the solution of Raschig rings, already successfully used in European operating gyrotrons. The mock-ups, manufactured with conventional techniques, were hydraulically characterized at the Thales premises, using water at room temperature. The measured pressure drop data were used to validate the corresponding numerical computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models, developed with the commercial software STAR-CCM+ (Siemens PLM Software, Plano TX, U.S.A.) and resulting in excellent agreement with the test results. When the validated models were used to compare the two optimized... [more]
CFD Analysis on the Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow of Solar Air Heater having Transverse Triangular Block at the Bottom of Air Duct
Hwi-Ung Choi, Kwang-Hwan Choi
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, friction factor, Nusselt number, solar air heater, solar collector
In this study, a two-dimensional CFD (computational fluid dynamics) analysis was performed to investigate the heat-transfer and fluid-friction characteristics in a solar air heater having a transverse triangular block at the bottom of the air duct. The Reynolds number, block height (e), pitch (P), and length (l) were chosen as design parameters. The results are validated by comparing the Nusselt number predicted by simulation with available experimental results. Renormalization-group (RNG) k - ε model with enhanced wall-treatment was selected as the most appropriate turbulence model. From the results, it was found that the presence of a transverse triangular block produces a higher Nusselt number than that of smooth air duct. The enhancement in Nusselt number varied from 1.19 to 3.37, according to the geometric conditions investigated. However, the use of transverse triangular block also results in significantly higher friction losses. The thermohydraulic performance (THPP) w... [more]
A New Design for Wood Stoves Based on Numerical Analysis and Experimental Research
Przemysław Motyl, Marcin Wikło, Julita Bukalska, Bartosz Piechnik, Rafał Kalbarczyk
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion simulation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, stove, thermal measurements
This work proposes a comprehensive approach to modifying the design of wood stoves with a heating power up to 20 kW, including design works, simulations, and experimental research. The work is carried out in two stages. In the first part, a numerical model is proposed of the fireplace insert including fluid flow, the chemical combustion reaction, and heat exchange (FLUENT software is applied to solve the problem). The results of the simulation were compared with the experiment carried out on the test bench. A comparison of the experimental and numerical results was made for the temperature distribution along with the concentration of CO, CO2, and O2. Construction changes were proposed in the second stage, together with numerical simulations whose goal was an increase in the efficiency of the heating devices. The results obtained show that the average temperature in the chimney flue, which has a low value that is a determinant of the higher efficiency of the heating devices, was reduced... [more]
Turbine Characteristics of Wave Energy Conversion Device for Extraction Power Using Breaking Waves
Paresh Halder, Hideki Takebe, Krisna Pawitan, Jun Fujita, Shuji Misumi, Tsumoru Shintake
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: breaking wave, Computational Fluid Dynamics, turbine and generator characteristics, wave energy conversion device
A new type of wave energy converter which harnesses electricity from onshore breaking waves has been studied at Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) since 2014. This concept has been demonstrated at a coral beach on the Maldives since 2018. Wave energy conversion is possible when waves approaching the shore steepen due to decreased water depth resulting in wave breaks near the surface. A steepened wave reaches the critical velocity of 4~6 m/sec shoreward before it breaks. A rotating blade takes advantage of this breaking phenomenon to convert the wave energy into electricity. The work presented here includes an experimental and numerical investigation of a prototype model of the wave energy converter. The turbine having five blades of variable chord lengths, twist angles, and constant thickness profile from hub to tip was simulated under similar flow as well as testing conditions, to predict the turbine performance. A commercial computational fluid dyn... [more]
Energy Harvesting by a Novel Substitution for Expansion Valves: Special Focus on City Gate Stations of High-Pressure Natural Gas Pipelines
Yahya Sheikhnejad, João Simões, Nelson Martins
March 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: compressible turbulent flow, Computational Fluid Dynamics, design rules, energy harvesting, high-pressure methane, tesla turbine
A countless amount of energy has been wasted in all kinds of expansion valves (EV) in industries. In fact, EVs, including regulators, throttling valves, capillary tubes, etc., have been used to intentionally reduce the potential of carrier fluid. City gate stations (CGS) have been recognized as one of the important points with high potential for energy harvesting due to its function for regulating natural gas (NG) pressure by EV. In this study, Tesla turbine (TT) is introduced as a new candidate for substitution of EV, particularly those that have been employed in CGS on high-pressure NG pipelines, as well as those applications in which high-potential fluid must be reduced to a low-potential state to form a complete thermodynamic cycle or to be used at end-user equipment. Although harvesting energy is one of the hottest fields of science and engineering, there are few traces of research on using a TT as an alternative for EVs, even for the industries possessing high-pressure lines. Thi... [more]
Analysis of the Influencing Factors on Oil Removal Efficiency in Large-Scale Flotation Tanks: Experimental Observation and Numerical Simulation
Qian Huang, Xueyuan Long
March 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, flotation tank, gas bubble, oil droplet, oil removal efficiency
A modified computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model has been developed to obtain oil removal efficiency for oily wastewater treatment in large-scale flotation tanks. According to the investigation of oil droplet/bubble interactions in a flotation tank, a modified Bloom−Heindel model is used to calculate the collision and attachment efficiencies between oil droplets and bubbles. Effects of the gas flow rate, oil diameter and oil concentration on oil removal efficiency of flotation tank were analyzed experimentally. The application scope of this modified CFD model is evaluated using experimental results. In addition, the comparison between the existing model and the modified model demonstrates that this modified CFD model can make a good prediction for the separation performance of the flotation tank.
The Wave-to-Wire Energy Conversion Process for a Fixed U-OWC Device
Luana Gurnari, Pasquale G. F. Filianoti, Marco Torresi, Sergio M. Camporeale
March 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, energy conversion chain, oscillating water column, porous medium, resonance condition, wave energy converter, wells turbine
Oscillating water column (OWC) devices, either fixed or floating, are the most common wave energy converter (WEC) devices. In this work, the fluid dynamic interaction between waves and a U-shaped OWC breakwater embedding a Wells turbine has been investigated through unsteady Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) simulations. The full-scale plant installed in the harbor of Civitavecchia (Italy) was numerically modeled. A two-dimensional domain was adopted to simulate the unsteady flow, both outside and inside the U-OWC device, including the air chamber and the oscillating flow inside the conduit hosting the Wells turbine. For the numerical simulation of the damping effect induced by the Wells turbine connected to the air chamber, a porous medium was placed in the computational domain, representing the conduit hosting the turbine. Several simulations were carried out considering periodic waves with different periods and amplitudes, getting a deep insight into the energy conversion process fr... [more]
Modelling of Passive Heat Removal Systems: A Review with Reference to the Framatome BWR Reactor KERENA: Part II
René Manthey, Frances Viereckl, Amirhosein Moonesi Shabestary, Yu Zhang, Wei Ding, Dirk Lucas, Christoph Schuster, Stephan Leyer, Antonio Hurtado, Uwe Hampel
March 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, condensation, containment cooling condensers, emergency condensers, passive heat removal systems, system codes, two-phase flow instabilities
Passive safety systems are an important feature of currently designed and constructed nuclear power plants. They operate independent of external power supply and manual interventions and are solely driven by thermal gradients and gravitational force. This brings up new needs for performance and reliably assessment. This paper provides a review on fundamental approaches to model and analyze the performance of passive heat removal systems exemplified for the passive heat removal chain of the KERENA boiling water reactor concept developed by Framatome. We discuss modeling concepts for one-dimensional system codes such as ATHLET, RELAP and TRACE and furthermore for computational fluid dynamics codes. Part I dealt with numerical and experimental methods for modeling of condensation inside the emergency condenser and on the containment cooling condenser. This second part deals with boiling and two-phase flow instabilities.
Experimental and Numerical Study on the Cooling Performance of Fins and Metal Mesh Attached on a Photovoltaic Module
Jaemin Kim, Sangmu Bae, Yongdong Yu, Yujin Nam
March 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, cooling fin, indoor test, metal mesh, passive cooling, photovoltaic module, solar energy
The electrical efficiency and durability of a photovoltaic (PV) cell degrades as its temperature increases. Accordingly, there have been continued efforts to control the cell temperature by cooling the PV module. Generally, passive PV cooling using heat sinks attached on the back of the PV module can improve the electrical efficiency. However, few experimental studies have evaluated the effect of the heat sink shape on PV cooling. Therefore, this study proposed a passive cooling technology using meshes made of iron and aluminum, and performed indoor tests using a solar simulator to analyze the cooling performance. The experimental results demonstrated that iron and aluminum meshes reduced the PV module temperature by approximately 4.35 °C and 6.56 °C, respectively. Additionally, numerical studies were performed using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation to compare the cooling fins and meshes. The numerical results showed that the cooling fins exhibited a better cooling perfo... [more]
Modelling of Passive Heat Removal Systems: A Review with Reference to the Framatome KERENA BWR Reactor: Part I
Amirhosein Moonesi Shabestary, Frances Viereckl, Yu Zhang, Rene Manthey, Dirk Lucas, Christoph Schuster, Stephan Leyer, Antonio Hurtado, Uwe Hampel
March 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: 1D codes, Computational Fluid Dynamics, condensation, containment cooling condensers, emergency condensers, passive heat removal systems
Passive safety systems are an important feature of currently designed and constructed nuclear power plants. They operate independent of external power supply and manual interventions and are solely driven by thermal gradients and gravitational force. This brings up new needs for performance and reliably assessment. This paper provides a review on fundamental approaches to model and analyze the performance of passive heat removal systems exemplified for the passive heat removal chain of the KERENA boiling water reactor concept developed by Framatome. We discuss modelling concepts for one-dimensional system codes such as ATHLET, RELAP and TRACE and furthermore for computational fluid dynamics codes. Part I deals with numerical and experimental methods for modelling of condensation inside the emergency condensers and on the containment cooling condenser while part II deals with boiling and two-phase flow instabilities.
Parameter Analysis of Savonius Hydraulic Turbine Considering the Effect of Reducing Flow Velocity
Jianjun Yao, Fengshen Li, Junhua Chen, Zheng Yuan, Wangeng Mai
March 22, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: basic parameters, Computational Fluid Dynamics, flow velocity reduction, power-efficient, Savonius-tpye hydrokinetic turbine
The Savonius-type hydraulic turbine, mainly known for its good self-starting properties and simple structure, not only has energy capturing characteristics but also has a certain effect on flow velocity reduction. Aside from ensuring energy capture efficiency, studying the effects of parameters on the flow velocity reduction capacity is of great significance for the protection of mariculture, as it can reduce the damage to cages and fishes. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics method was carried out to investigate the hydrodynamic characteristics and variations in the wake of a turbine. The accuracy of the simulation results was verified by experimental comparison. Firstly, the velocity contours and vectors were studied in detail to reveal the mechanism of the flow velocity reduction effect. Secondly, the velocity attenuation coefficient and relative attenuation length were formulated by the variation rule of the velocity field to evaluate the turbine reduction strength and ra... [more]
CFD Simulation of Defogging Effectivity in Automotive Headlamp
Michal Guzej, Martin Zachar
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, condensation, defogging, dew point, fogging, headlamp
In the past decade, the condensation of internal air humidity in automotive headlamps has become more prevalent than ever due to the increased usage of a new light source—LEDs. LEDs emit far less heat than previously-used halogen lamps, which makes them far more susceptible to fogging. This fogging occurs when the internal parts of the headlamp fall to a temperature below the dew point. The front glass is most vulnerable to condensation due to its direct exposure to ambient conditions. Headlamp fogging leads to a decrease in performance and the possibility of malfunctions, which has an impact not only on the functional aspect of the product’s use but also on traffic safety. There are currently several technical solutions available which can determine the effectivity of ventilation systems applied for headlamp defogging. Another approach to this problem may be to use a numerical simulation. This paper proposes a CFD (computational fluid dynamics) simulation with a slightly simplified 3D... [more]
An Investigation of the Influence of Gas Injection Rate Shape on High-Pressure Direct-Injection Natural Gas Marine Engines
Jingrui Li, Jietuo Wang, Teng Liu, Jingjin Dong, Bo Liu, Chaohui Wu, Ying Ye, Hu Wang, Haifeng Liu
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, high-pressure direct injection (HPDI), injection rate shape, low-speed engine, Natural Gas
High-pressure direct-injection (HPDI) natural gas marine engines are widely used because of their higher thermal efficiency and lower emissions. The effects of different injection rate shapes on the combustion and emission characteristics were studied to explore the appropriate gas injection rate shapes for a low-speed HPDI natural gas marine engine. A single-cylinder model was established and the CFD model was validated against experimental data from the literature; then, the combustion and emission characteristics of five different injection rate shapes were analyzed. The results showed that the peak values of in-cylinder pressure and heat release rate profiles of the triangle shape were highest due to the highest maximum injection rate, which occurred in a phase close to the top dead center. The shorter combustion duration of the triangle shape led to higher indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) and NOx emissions compared with other shapes. The higher initial injection rates of t... [more]
Development of a Thermal Environment Analysis Method for a Dwelling Containing a Colonnade Space through Coupled Energy Simulation and Computational Fluid Dynamics
Tatsuhiro Yamamoto, Akihito Ozaki, Myonghyang Lee
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, ES, heat loss, large space
In building design, several approaches have been proposed for coupling computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and energy simulation (ES) to perform analyses of thermal environments. The unsteady analysis of thermal environments within buildings containing offices and colonnade spaces is difficult to perform using an ES that represents the space with a single mass point, owing to excessive predictive heat loss; therefore, CFD has typically been used instead. Although it is possible to divide the space into zones using ES, it leads to excessive predicted heat loss and the prediction of heat movement due to the influence of strong air currents, such as those associated with air conditioners. This behavior is observed because these zones are not detailed mesh divisions. To solve these problems, we proposed a method for calculating the ratio of heat contribution to zones that were pre-divided using CFD followed by the distribution of the total thermal load calculated by ES. In this study, we pr... [more]
Unsteady Simulation of Ignition of Turbulent Reactive Swirling Flow of Novel Design of Solid-Fuel Ramjet Motor
Omer Musa, Xiong Chen, Yingkun Li, Weixuan Li, Wenhe Liao
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion characteristics, Computational Fluid Dynamics, propulsion, ramjet, solid fuel
This paper presents a numerical investigation of ignition and combustion stabilization of a novel design of a solid-fuel ramjet (SFRJ) motor with and without swirl flow. The proposed design includes two solid fuels, retaining the simple design of the classic SFRJ. Numerical simulations of unsteady, turbulent, reactive, and swirling flow coupled with solid-fuel pyrolysis have been performed using an in-house CFD solver. Experiments on SFRJ were conducted via a connected-pipe test facility to validate the developed code. Furthermore, the code was validated for chemical reactions, heat diffusion, and swirl flow by using benchmark test cases of shock-induced, semi-infinite plate, and dump combustor with swirl flow, respectively. Then, the proposed and classic designs were simulated for the same inflow conditions and configurations, and the results were analyzed and discussed. It is found that the mixing degree, reactant residence time, mass flux, ignition delay time, and regression rate im... [more]
CFD Computation of the H-Darrieus Wind Turbine—The Impact of the Rotating Shaft on the Rotor Performance
Krzysztof Rogowski
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, rotating shaft/tower, URANS, VAWTs
Aerodynamics of the Darrieus wind turbine is an extremely complex issue requiring the use of very advanced numerical methods. Additional structural components of this device, such as, for example, a rotating shaft disturb the flow through the rotor significantly impairing its aerodynamic characteristics. The main purpose of the presented research is to validate the commonly-used unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier−Stokes (URANS) approach with the shear stress transport (SST) k-ω turbulence model based on the particle image velocimetry (PIV) studies of a two-bladed rotor operating at the moderate tip speed ratio of 4.5. In the present numerical studies, a two-dimensional turbine rotor with a diameter of 1 m was considered. The following parameters were evaluated: instantaneous velocity fields; velocity profiles in the rotor shadow and aerodynamic blade loads. The obtained numerical results are comparable with the reference experimental results taken from the literature. The second purpose... [more]
Effects of the Current Direction on the Energy Production of a Tidal Farm: The Case of Raz Blanchard (France)
Van Thinh Nguyen, Alina Santa Cruz, Sylvain S. Guillou, Mohamad N. Shiekh Elsouk, Jérôme Thiébot
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: actuator disk, Computational Fluid Dynamics, misalignment, tidal energy converter, tidal farm
This study aims to investigate the influence of the current direction on the energy production of a tidal turbines array. It is based on a three-dimensional (3D) numerical simulation of the flow where the turbines are represented with actuator disks. The case study consists of modelling the energy extraction of a small array of turbines (staggered and aligned layouts) placed in the Raz Blanchard (Alderney Race, France). The simulations are performed with hydrodynamic data (current magnitude and direction) representative of a mean tide, with several resistance forces and ambient turbulence intensities. The influence of the current direction on the energy production is highlighted by comparing the simulations forced with the real current direction with those in which the angle of incidence between the incoming flow and the turbine’s axis is “switched off” (bi-directional flow). When the flow is aligned with the turbines’ axis (misalignment “switched off”), the staggered layout produces m... [more]
The Use of CFD for the Design and Development of Innovative Configurations in Regenerative Glass Production Furnaces
Carlo Cravero, Davide De Domenico
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, glass production plants, NOx reduction, thermal regenerator
The limitation of nitrogen oxides emissions is nowadays a challenge in several engineering fields. Recent European regulations have reduced the maximum NOx emissions and therefore forced the glass production sector to develop emission reduction strategies. Two different systems have been developed within the framework of the European LIFE project and are currently applied to glass regenerative furnaces: the Waste Gas Recirculation (WGR) and the Hybrid Air Staging (HyAS). The above systems are primary NOx reduction strategies because they both operate to control the combustion evolution. Both WGR and HyAS systems have been conceived with the extensive use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models: design strategies for both systems have been developed based on the use of CFD and are currently under use by glass furnace designers. In the present work, the CFD procedures routinely used for the design of the above systems are described. The systems effectiveness, due to the harsh condit... [more]
Improving Performance of Simplified Computational Fluid Dynamics Models via Symmetric Successive Overrelaxation
Vojtěch Turek
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, performance, preconditioning, symmetric successive overrelaxation
The ability to model fluid flow and heat transfer in process equipment (e.g., shell-and-tube heat exchangers) is often critical. What is more, many different geometric variants may need to be evaluated during the design process. Although this can be done using detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models, the time needed to evaluate a single variant can easily reach tens of hours on powerful computing hardware. Simplified CFD models providing solutions in much shorter time frames may, therefore, be employed instead. Still, even these models can prove to be too slow or not robust enough when used in optimization algorithms. Effort is thus devoted to further improving their performance by applying the symmetric successive overrelaxation (SSOR) preconditioning technique in which, in contrast to, e.g., incomplete lower−upper factorization (ILU), the respective preconditioning matrix can always be constructed. Because the efficacy of SSOR is influenced by the selection of forward and... [more]
Showing records 51 to 75 of 472. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last
[Show All Keywords]