Records with Keyword: Computational Fluid Dynamics
Showing records 26 to 50 of 472. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Last
Eulerian Two-Fluid Model of Alkaline Water Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production
Damien Le Bideau, Philippe Mandin, Mohamed Benbouzid, Myeongsub Kim, Mathieu Sellier, Fabrizio Ganci, Rosalinda Inguanta
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: alkaline water electrolysis, Computational Fluid Dynamics, hydrogen production, two-phase process, two-phases flow
Hydrogen storage is a promising technology for storage of renewable energy resources. Despite its high energy density potential, the development of hydrogen storage has been impeded, mainly due to its significant cost. Although its cost is governed mainly by electrical energy expense, especially for hydrogen produced with alkaline water electrolysis, it is also driven by the value of the cell tension. The most common means of electrolyzer improvement is the use of an electrocatalyst, which reduces the energy required for electrochemical reaction to take place. Another efficient means of electrolyzer improvement is to use the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)-assisted design that allows the comprehension of the phenomena occurring in the electrolyzer and also the improvement in the electrolyzer’s efficiency. The designed two-phase hydrodynamics model of this study has been compared with the experimental results of velocity profiles measured using Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) method.... [more]
Laminar Burning Velocity Model Based on Deep Neural Network for Hydrogen and Propane with Air
Konrad Malik, Mateusz Żbikowski, Andrzej Teodorczyk
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: artificial neural network, Computational Fluid Dynamics, laminar flame speed, Machine Learning
The aim of the study was to develop deep neural network models for laminar burning velocity (LBV) calculations. The present study resulted in models for hydrogen−air and propane−air mixtures. An original data-preparation/data-generation algorithm was also developed in order to obtain the datasets sufficient in quality and quantity for models training. The discussion about the current analytical models highlighted issues with both experimental data and methodology of creating those analytical models. It was concluded that there is a need for models that can capture data from multiple experimental techniques with ease and automate the model design and training process. We presented a full machine learning based approach that fulfills these requirements. Not only model development, but also data preparation was described in detail as it is crucial in obtaining good results. Resulting models calculations were compared with popular analytical models and experimental data gathered from liter... [more]
Investigation of the Internal Displacement Chamber Pressure of a Rotary Vane Pump
Timm Hieronymus, Thomas Lobsinger, Gunther Brenner
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, displacement chamber pressure, positive displacement pump, rotary vane pump
Low noise emissions of vehicle components are today a quality feature in the automotive sector. In automatic transmissions in particular, the hydraulic pump often contributes significantly to noise, which motivates research to clarify the noise sources and transmission pathways in these components. The subject of the present investigation is the generation of noise by the inherently instationary flow in hydraulic pumps. In order to shed some light on these phenomena, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation model for flow investigations on rotary vane pumps was set up. In this work, first the influence of different simulation parameters on the numerical results is analyzed. Then the pressure in the internal displacement chambers of the pump is examined, as it can be assumed that this is the essential parameter for noise generation. Different operating conditions such as rotational speeds and delivery pressures are investigated. Furthermore, the simulation results are compared to... [more]
A CFD Investigation of a 2D Balanced Vane Pump Focusing on Leakage Flows and Multiphase Flow Characteristics
Thomas Lobsinger, Timm Hieronymus, Gunther Brenner
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: 2D, Computational Fluid Dynamics, multiphase flow, rotary vane pump
Vane pumps are often applied in automatic transmission systems of vehicles. Future applications require the oil pumps to be more efficient and to be able to handle multiphase flow pumping situations to a certain extend. To fulfill these requirements, efficient development tools are needed. Therefore, a less demanding computational 2D model of a fixed-type balanced vane pump was derived and numerically analyzed with the commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software ANSYS CFX. The meshing of the rotating parts was done with TwinMesh, using a moving mesh approach. At first, a mesh convergence study was performed. It was shown that the resolution of the radial clearances in particular had a significant influence on the predicted leakages and the volumetric efficiency. The leakage was further investigated concerning the dependence on rotational speed and delivery pressure. In the next step, multiphase flows were considered. In a first setup, vapor cavitation was analyzed and the in... [more]
Phase Change Material Melting Process in a Thermal Energy Storage System for Applications in Buildings
Túlio Nascimento Porto, João M. P. Q. Delgado, Ana Sofia Guimarães, Hortência Luma Fernandes Magalhães, Gicelia Moreira, Balbina Brito Correia, Tony Freire de Andrade, Antonio Gilson Barbosa de Lima
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Ansys FLUENT®, Computational Fluid Dynamics, energy demand, PCM, thermal energy storage
The development of thermal energy storage systems is a possible solution in the search for reductions in the difference between the global energy supply and demand. In this context, the ability of some materials, the so-called phase change materials (PCMs), to absorb and release large amounts of energy under specific periods and operating conditions has been verified. The applications of these materials are limited due to their low thermal conductivity, and thus, it is necessary to associate them with high-conductivity materials, such as metals, to make the control of energy absorption and release times possible. Bearing this in mind, this paper presents a numerical analysis of the melting process of a PCM into a triplex tube heat exchanger (TTHX) with finned copper tubes, which allowed for the heat transfer between a heating fluid (water) and the phase change material to power a liquid-desiccant air conditioning system. Through the analysis of the temperature fields, liquid fractions,... [more]
Performance Analysis of a H-Darrieus Wind Turbine for a Series of 4-Digit NACA Airfoils
Krzysztof Rogowski, Martin Otto Laver Hansen, Galih Bangga
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aerodynamic wake, airfoil characteristics, Computational Fluid Dynamics, k-ω SST, VAWT
The purpose of this paper is to estimate the H-Darrieus wind turbine aerodynamic performance, aerodynamic blade loads, and velocity profiles downstream behind the rotor. The wind turbine model is based on the rotor designed by McDonnell Aircraft Company. The model proposed here consists of three fixed straight blades; in the future, this model is planned to be developed with controlled blades. The study was conducted using the unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier−Stokes (URANS) approach with the k-ω shear stress transport (SST) turbulence model. The numerical two-dimensional model was verified using two other independent aerodynamic approaches: a vortex model and the extended version of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code FLOWer. All utilized numerical codes gave similar result of the instantaneous aerodynamic blade loads. In addition, steady-state calculations for the applied airfoils were also made using the same numerical model as for the vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) to ob... [more]
Importance of Air Humidity and Contaminations in the Internal and External Transonic Flows
P. Wiśniewski, S. Dykas, S. Yamamoto
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, condensation, relative humidity, transonic flow
The paper presents mathematical modelling of steam condensation in the atmospheric air transonic flows. A single-fluid model was employed. The model was validated against the in-house experimental studies of internal flow in nozzles and against benchmark tests available in literature i.e., RAE2822 transonic airfoil. The impact of air relative humidity on the condensation process under transonic flow conditions was examined. The paper shows that the impact of the condensation process in air transonic flow is non-negligible and has to be taken under consideration in flow simulations. The presence of air contaminants in form of small particles was considered too. Their crucial role in the change of the transonic flow structure was numerically confirmed.
Numerical Characterization of an Ultrasonic Mist Generator as an Evaporative Cooler
Javier Ruiz, Pedro Martínez, Íñigo Martín, Manuel Lucas
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, cooling efficiency, evaporative cooling, ultrasonic nebulizer
Pre-cooling of inlet air using evaporative cooling is an effective approach to enhance the performance of air-cooled condensers in air conditioning applications. Ultrasonic mist generators have emerged as a promising alternative to conventional evaporative cooling systems based on cooling pads or spray cooling. This paper presents the developed numerical model of an ultrasonic mist generator for the evaporative pre-cooling of the inlet air of the condenser in air conditioning applications. The model was validated against the experimental data obtained in a wind tunnel experimental facility. A parametric analysis including some physical variables involved in the cooling process was carried out, including the main axial air velocity, the injection air velocity and the water mass flow rate of atomized water. The dimensionless groups water-to-air mass flow and air-to-air mass flow ratios were found to most affect the average evaporative cooling efficiency. A maximum value of 0.654 was foun... [more]
Design of a Passive Downdraught Evaporative Cooling Windcatcher (PDEC-WC) System for Greenhouses in Hot Climates
Marouen Ghoulem, Khaled El Moueddeb, Ezzedine Nehdi, Fangliang Zhong, John Calautit
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, evaporative cooling, natural ventilation, water spray
A windcatcher is a wind-driven natural ventilation system that catches the prevailing wind to bring fresh airflow into the building and remove existing stale air. This technology recently regained attention and is increasingly being employed in buildings for passive ventilation and cooling. The combination of windcatchers and evaporative cooling has the potential to reduce the amount of energy required to ventilate and cool a greenhouse in warm and hot climates. This study examined a greenhouse incorporated with a passive downdraught evaporative cooling windcatcher (PDEC-WC) system using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), validated with experimental data. Different hot ambient conditions of temperature (30−45 °C) and relative humidity (15−45%) were considered. The study explored the influence of different spray heights, layouts, cone angles and mass flow rates on indoor temperature and humidity. The average error between measurements and simulated results was 5.4% for the greenhouse m... [more]
Understanding the Aerodynamic Behavior and Energy Conversion Capability of Small Darrieus Vertical Axis Wind Turbines in Turbulent Flows
Francesco Balduzzi, Marco Zini, Andreu Carbó Molina, Gianni Bartoli, Tim De Troyer, Mark C. Runacres, Giovanni Ferrara, Alessandro Bianchini
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Darrieus, experiments, turbulence, VAWT
Small Darrieus vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs) have recently been proposed as a possible solution for adoption in the built environment as their performance degrades less in complex and highly-turbulent flows. Some recent analyses have even shown an increase of the power coefficient for the large turbulence intensities and length scales typical of such environments. Starting from these insights, this study presents a combined numerical and experimental analysis aimed at assessing the physical phenomena that take place during the operation of a Darrieus VAWT in turbulent flows. Wind tunnel experiments provided a quantification of the performance variation of a two-blade VAWT rotor for different levels of turbulence intensity and length scale. Furthermore, detailed experiments on an individual airfoil provided an estimation of the aerodynamics at high turbulence levels and low Reynolds numbers. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were used to extend the experimental result... [more]
Design and Numerical Analysis of Flow Characteristics in a Scaled Volute and Vaned Nozzle of Radial Turbocharger Turbines
Andrés Omar Tiseira Izaguirre, Roberto Navarro García, Lukas Benjamin Inhestern, Natalia Hervás Gómez
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aerodynamics, Computational Fluid Dynamics, losses, nozzled vane, turbine, turbocharging, volute
Over the past few decades, the aerodynamic improvements of turbocharger turbines contributed significantly to the overall efficiency augmentation and the advancements in downsizing of internal combustion engines. Due to the compact size of automotive turbochargers, the experimental measurement of the complex internal aerodynamics has been insufficiently studied. Hence, turbine designs mostly rely on the results of numerical simulations and the validation of zero-dimensional parameters as efficiency and reduced mass flow. To push the aerodynamic development even further, a precise validation of three-dimensional flow patterns predicted by applied computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods is in need. This paper presents the design of an up-scaled volute-stator model, which allows optical experimental measurement techniques. In a preliminary step, numerical results indicate that the enlarged geometry will be representative of the flow patterns and characteristic non-dimensional numbers a... [more]
Effects of an Inlet Vortex on the Performance of an Axial-Flow Pump
Wenpeng Zhang, Fangping Tang, Lijian Shi, Qiujin Hu, Ying Zhou
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: axial-flow pump, Computational Fluid Dynamics, experiment, inlet vortex, vortex generators
The formation of an inlet vortex seriously restricts axial-flow pump device performance and poses a great threat to the safe and stable operation of the entire system. In this study, the change trends of an inlet vortex and its influence on an axial-flow pump are investigated numerically and experimentally in a vertical axial-flow pump device. Four groups of fixed vortex generators (VGs) are installed in front of the impeller to create stable vortices at the impeller inlet. The vortex influence on the performance of pump device is qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. The vortex patterns at different positions and moments in the pump device are explored to reveal the vortex shape change trend in the impeller and the pressure fluctuation induced by the vortex. The reliability and accuracy of steady and unsteady numerical results are verified by external characteristics and pressure fluctuation experimental results. Results show that it is feasible to install VGs before the impeller... [more]
Aerodynamic Performance Analysis of a Building-Integrated Savonius Turbine
Zhaoyong Mao, Guangyong Yang, Tianqi Zhang, Wenlong Tian
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: building, Computational Fluid Dynamics, performance, Savonius, wind turbine
The building-integrated wind turbine is a new technology for the utilization of wind energy in cities. Previous studies mainly focused on the wind turbines mounted on the roofs of buildings. This paper discusses the performance of Savonius wind turbines which are mounted on the edges of a high-rise building. A transient CFD method is used to investigate the performance of the turbine and the interaction flows between the turbine and the building. The influence of three main parameters, including the turbine gap, wind angle, and adjacent turbines, are considered. The variations of the turbine torque and power under different operating conditions are evaluated and explained in depth. It is found that the edge-mounted Savonius turbine has a higher coefficient of power than that operating in uniform flows; the average Cp of the turbine under 360-degree wind angles is 92.5% higher than the turbine operating in uniform flows. It is also found that the flow around the building has a great imp... [more]
Impact of Sloshing on Fossil Fuel Loss during Transport
Hafsa Mir, Tahir Abdul Hussain Ratlamwala, Ghulam Hussain, Mohammed Alkahtani, Mustufa Haider Abidi
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: breather vent valve, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Petroleum, road tanker, sloshing, vapor loss
This study attempts to uncover the most common issue of fuel shortage faced by the oil and transportation industry worldwide. In Pakistan, petroleum is transported to the northern areas from the south coast. Currently, this is done using road tankers as a pipeline is still under construction. However, even after the pipeline becomes operative, road tankers would still be used for intra-city transport. Findings from this study can be used to determine the inter-city transport losses faced by oil companies. This study determines the hydrocarbons lost to the environment during inter-city road transport of petroleum. It takes nearly 2−3 days to complete a one-way trip with the fully loaded tank. Much work has been reported worldwide on hydrocarbon emissions, but nearly all of it has been done either for storage tanks/vessels or fuel tanks in rails/cars. The aim of this study was to investigate the actual amount of fuel lost to the environment due to the sloshing of liquid. Also, the result... [more]
Optimization of Window Positions for Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation Performance
Nari Yoon, Mary Ann Piette, Jung Min Han, Wentao Wu, Ali Malkawi
March 27, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: building simulation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, early-design phase, natural ventilation, Optimization, window positions
This paper optimizes opening positions on building facades to maximize the natural ventilation’s potential for ventilation and cooling purposes. The paper demonstrates how to apply computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation results to architectural design processes, and how the CFD-driven decisions impact ventilation and cooling: (1) background: A CFD helps predict the natural ventilation’s potential, the integration of CFD results into design decision-making has not been actively practiced; (2) methods: Pressure data on building facades were obtained from CFD simulations and mapped into the 3D modeling environment, which were then used to identify optimal positions of two openings of a zone. The effect of the selected opening positions was validated with building energy simulations; (3) results: The cross-comparison study of different window positions based on different geographical locations quantified the impact on natural ventilation effectiveness; and (4) conclusions: The optim... [more]
Preliminary Design and Off-Design Analysis of a Radial Outflow Turbine for Organic Rankine Cycles
Jun-Seong Kim, Do-Yeop Kim
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, off-design analysis, organic Rankine cycle, preliminary design, radial outflow turbine
Recently, the advantages of radial outflow turbines have been outstanding in various operating conditions of the organic Rankine cycle. However, there are only a few studies of such turbines, and information on the design procedure is insufficient. The main purpose of this study is to provide more detailed information on the design methodology of the turbine. In this paper, a preliminary design program of a radial outflow turbine for organic Rankine cycles was developed. The program determines the main specifications of the turbine through iterative calculations using the enthalpy loss model and deviation angle model. For reliability evaluation of the developed algorithm, a 400.0 kW turbine for R143a was designed. The designed turbine was validated through computational fluid dynamics. As a result, the accuracy of the program was about 95% based on the turbine power, which shows that it is reliable. In addition, the turbine target performance could be achieved by fine-tuning the blade... [more]
Open-Source Implementation and Validation of a 3D Inverse Design Method for Francis Turbine Runners
Sebastián Leguizamón, François Avellan
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Francis turbine, hydraulic turbomachine, inverse design, numerical simulation, open-source software
The hydraulic design of Francis turbines and pump-turbines is an expensive project-specific engineering effort that typically involves a direct iterative exploration of the design space. An inverse design method for turbomachinery has been previously introduced in the literature, and several recent applications have demonstrated its advantages; however, only a commercial implementation of the method is currently available. In this work, an open-source implementation of the inverse design method is introduced. First, the governing equations in cylindrical and curvilinear coordinate systems are derived, consolidating the somewhat inconsistent formulations that are available in the literature. Then, a convergence analysis of the method is performed in order to characterize the behavior of the discretization error and deduce the mesh resolution requirements. A validation of the method output with respect to high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics simulations is then presented; it is dem... [more]
CFD Study of Diffuse Ceiling Ventilation through Perforated Ceiling Panels
Alessandro Nocente, Tufan Arslan, Steinar Grynning, Francesco Goia
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ceiling panels, comfort, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Diffuse Ceiling Ventilation (DCV)
Diffuse Ceiling Ventilation (DCV) is a promising concept to address internal air quality and thermal comfort requirements in contemporary buildings. Sound-absorbing perforated ceiling panels are common in office rooms and can be used as air diffusers without modifications. The optimization of such systems is not a trivial procedure, and numerical simulation can represent an important tool to carry out this task. Today, most of the numerical studies on DCV are performed using porous medium models and focus on the general system performance rather than on the optimization of the diffuser design. In previous studies, a CFD model was used to optimize the size and distribution of the ceiling perforation. In the study presented in this paper, the results of simulations conducted on a full-scale three-dimensional domain and the performance comparison between a continuous and non-continuous perforation distribution are given. The results show that the non-continuous diffuser design does not di... [more]
Real-Time Reconstruction of Contaminant Dispersion from Sparse Sensor Observations with Gappy POD Method
Zheming Tong, Yue Li
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, contaminant distribution, gappy proper orthogonal decomposition, reconstruction, sparse sensor observations
Real-time estimation of three-dimensional field data for enclosed spaces is critical to HVAC control. This task is challenging, especially for large enclosed spaces with complex geometry, due to the nonuniform distribution and nonlinear variations of many environmental variables. Moreover, constructing and maintaining a network of sensors to fully cover the entire space is very costly, and insufficient sensor data might deteriorate system performance. Facing such a dilemma, gappy proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) offers a solution to provide three-dimensional field data with a limited number of sensor measurements. In this study, a gappy POD method for real-time reconstruction of contaminant distribution in an enclosed space is proposed by combining the POD method with a limited number of sensor measurements. To evaluate the gappy POD method, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is utilized to perform a numerical simulation to validate the effectiveness of the gappy POD metho... [more]
Numerical Analysis on the Effectiveness of Gurney Flaps as Power Augmentation Devices for Airfoils Subject to a Continuous Variation of the Angle of Attack by Use of Full and Surrogate Models
Piotr Wiśniewski, Francesco Balduzzi, Zbigniew Buliński, Alessandro Bianchini
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, gurney flap, power augmentation, RBF, VAWT, wind turbine
The disclosing of new diffusion frontiers for wind energy, like deep-water offshore applications or installations in urban environments, is putting new focus on Darrieus vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs). To partially fill the efficiency gap of these turbines, aerodynamic developments are still needed. This work in particular focuses on the development of a mathematical model that allows predicting the possible performance improvements enabled in a VAWT by application of the Gurney flaps (GFs) as a function of the blade thickness, the rotor solidity and geometry of the Gurney flap itself. The performance of airfoil with GFs was evaluated by means of detailed simulations making use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The accuracy of the CFD model was assessed against the results of a dedicated experimental study. In the simulations, a dedicated method to simulate cycles of variation of the angle of attack similar to those taking place in a cycloidal motion (rather than purely sinus... [more]
Investigation of the Energy Saving Efficiency of a Natural Ventilation Strategy in a Multistory School Building
Beungyong Park, Sihwan Lee
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, cooling load, field measurement, natural ventilation, void
Under-ventilation and high energy consumption are some of the problems associated with school classrooms. Thus, it is necessary to develop a ventilation strategy that is characterized by high energy-saving and ventilation efficiency. To this end, this study aims to investigate natural ventilation as a possible strategy to improve the indoor environment while reducing ventilation loads and maintaining energy costs during intermediate seasons. Ventilation and cooling load reductions based on the opening and closing of several windows were analyzed. Window flow coefficients and ventilation rates were measured and used for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation to obtain pressure coefficients for 16 wind directions. The results obtained showed that the improved natural ventilation strategy could be used to effectively establish required indoor conditions (26 °C, 60% RH). Additionally, compared with the mechanical ventilation system with variable refrigerant flow, this natural strate... [more]
Numerical and Experimental Study of an Asymmetric CPC-PVT Solar Collector
Pouriya Nasseriyan, Hossein Afzali Gorouh, João Gomes, Diogo Cabral, Mazyar Salmanzadeh, Tiffany Lehmann, Abolfazl Hayati
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cell temperature, Computational Fluid Dynamics, CPC, CPVT
Photovoltaic (PV) panels and thermal collectors are commonly known as mature technologies to capture solar energy. The efficiency of PV cells decreases as operating cell temperature increases. Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors (PVT) offer a way to mitigate this performance reduction by coupling solar cells with a thermal absorber that can actively remove the excess heat from the solar cells to the Heat Transfer Fluid (HTF). In order for PVT collectors to effectively counter the negative effects of increased operating cell temperature, it is fundamental to have an adequate heat transfer from the cells to the HTF. This paper analyzes the operating temperature of the cells in a low concentrating PVT solar collector, by means of both experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation results on the Solarus asymmetric Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC) PowerCollector (PC). The PC solar collector features a Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC) reflector geometry called the Maxi... [more]
Heat Sink Shape and Topology Optimization with Pareto-Vector Length Optimization for Air Cooling
Ferenc Szodrai
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, heat sink, moist air, pareto optimization, Peltier
Localized air cooling can be used for various purposes, e.g.: electronic equipment cooling, and air conditioning. The paper emphasizes that the connection between the air-flow and cooling has to fulfill a contradictory requirement (low pressure loss and effective cooling). The cooling and the pressure loss are dependent on the moisture content of the air flow. In the study, heat sink geometries were examined at various fresh air relative humidity, temperature and flowrates with commercially available simulation software (Ansys Fluent). The most favorable option was chosen by Pareto-vector length optimization. For optimization, head loss coefficient and temperature coefficient were used. Firstly, 108 cases were made to evaluate the sensitivity of the optimization parameters. Secondly, on 40 finned heat sinks with different fin width and quantity optimization were made. Thirdly, a prototype was made from the favorite solution where the performance was evaluated. For the measurement two t... [more]
CFD Simulation of Aeration and Mixing Processes in a Full-Scale Oxidation Ditch
Thomas Höhne, Tural Mamedov
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, hydrodynamics, multiphase flow, oxidation ditch
This study aims to build a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model that can be used to predict fluid flow pattern and to analyse the mixing process in a full-scale OD. CFD is a widely used numerical tool for analysing, modelling and simulating fluid flow patterns in wastewater treatment processes. In this study, a three-dimensional (3D) computational geometry was used, and the Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase flow model was built. Pure water was considered as the continuous phase, whereas air was modelled as the dispersed phase. The Shear Stress Transport (SST) turbulence model was specified which predicts turbulence eddies in free stream and wall-bounded region with high accuracy. The momentum source term approach and the transient rotor-stator approach were implemented for the modelling of the submersible agitators. The hydrodynamic analysis was successfully performed for four different scenarios. In order to prevent the incorrect positioning of the submerged agitators, thrust analysis... [more]
High Reynold’s Number Turbulent Model for Micro-Channel Cold Plate Using Reverse Engineering Approach for Water-Cooled Battery in Electric Vehicles
Satyam Panchal, Krishna Gudlanarva, Manh-Kien Tran, Roydon Fraser, Michael Fowler
March 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: battery thermal management, Computational Fluid Dynamics, heat and mass transfer, Lithium-ion battery, MeshWorks, micro-channel cooling plate, thermal analysis
The investigation and improvement of the cooling process of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) used in battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) are required in order to achieve better performance and longer lifespan. In this manuscript, the temperature and velocity profiles of cooling plates used to cool down the large prismatic Graphite/LiFePO4 battery are presented using both laboratory testing and modeling techniques. Computed tomography (CT) scanning was utilized for the cooling plate, Detroit Engineering Products (DEP) MeshWorks 8.0 was used for meshing of the cooling plate, and STAR CCM+ was used for simulation. The numerical investigation was conducted for higher C-rates of 3C and 4C with different ambient temperatures. For the experimental work, three heat flux sensors were attached to the battery surface. Water was used as a coolant inside the cooling plate to cool down the battery. The mass flow rate at each channel was 0.000277677 kg/s. The k-ε model wa... [more]
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