Records with Keyword: Computational Fluid Dynamics
Showing records 76 to 100 of 641. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Last
Prediction of Deflagrative Explosions in Variety of Closed Vessels
Wojciech Rudy, Andrzej Pekalski, Dmitriy Makarov, Andrzej Teodorczyk, Vladimir Molkov
April 19, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: CFD modeling, closed vessel, Computational Fluid Dynamics, deflagration, explosion, multi-phenomena deflagration model, simulations
In this paper the multi-phenomena deflagration model is used to simulate deflagrative combustion of several fuel−air mixtures in various scale closed vessels. The experimental transient pressure of methane−air, ethane−air, and propane−air deflagrations in vessels of volume 0.02 m3, 1 m3, and 6 m3 were simulated. The model includes key mechanisms affecting propagation of premixed flame front: the dependence of laminar burning velocity of concentration, pressure, and temperature; the effect of preferential diffusion in the corrugated flame front or leading point concept; turbulence generated by flame front itself or Karlovitz turbulence; increase of the flame front area with flame radius by fractals; and turbulence in the unburned mixture. Laminar velocity dependence on concentration, pressure, and temperature were calculated using CANTERA software. Various scale and geometry of used vessels induces various combustion mechanism. Simulations allow insight into the dominating mechanism. Th... [more]
Aerodynamic Effect of the Gurney Flap on the Front Wing of a F1 Car and Flow Interactions with Car Components
Mattia Basso, Carlo Cravero, Davide Marsano
April 19, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, front wing, gurney flap, racing car
The design of a racing car needs several aerodynamic design steps in order to achieve high performance. Each component has an aerodynamic interaction with the others and high performance requires a good match between them. The front wing is undoubtedly one of the main components to determine car performance with a strong interaction with the downstream components. The Gurney Flap (GF) is a small appendix perpendicular to the pressure side of the front wing at the trailing edge that can dramatically improve the front wing performance. In the literature, the performance of a GF on a single profile is well documented, while in this paper the GF mounted on the front wing of a racing car has been investigated and the interactions through the 3D flow structures are discussed. The global drag and downforce performance on the main components of the vehicle have been examined by comparing the cases with and without a GF. The GF increases the downforce by about 24% compared to a limited increase... [more]
Investigation of Thermal-Flow Characteristics of Pipes with Helical Micro-Fins of Variable Height
Piotr Bogusław Jasiński, Michał Jan Kowalczyk, Artur Romaniak, Bartosz Warwas, Damian Obidowski, Artur Gutkowski
April 19, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, friction factor, heat transfer coefficient, micro-fins, Numerical Methods
The results of numerical investigations of heat transfer and pressure drops in a channel with 30° helical micro-fins are presented. The main aim of the analysis is to examine the influence of the height of the micro-fins on the heat-flow characteristics of the channel. For the tested pipe with a diameter of 12 mm, the micro-fin height varies within the range of 0.05−0.40 mm (with 0.05 mm steps), which is equal to 0.4−3.3% of its diameter. The analysis was performed for a turbulent flow, within the range of Reynolds numbers 10,000−100,000. The working fluid is water with an average temperature of 298 K. For each tested geometry, the characteristics of the friction factor f(Re) and the Nusselt number Nu(Re) are shown in the graphs. The highest values of Nusselt numbers and friction factors were obtained for pipes with the micro-fins H = 0.30 mm and H = 0.35 mm. A large discrepancy is observed in the friction factors f(Re) calculated from the theoretical relationships (for the irregular r... [more]
Biomass Combustion Modeling Using OpenFOAM: Development of a Simple Computational Model and Study of the Combustion Performance of Lippia origanoides Bagasse
Gabriel Fernando García Sánchez, Jorge Luis Chacón Velasco, David Alfredo Fuentes Díaz, Yesid Javier Rueda-Ordóñez, David Patiño, Juan Jesús Rico, Jairo René Martínez Morales
April 18, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: agricultural waste, bioenergy, Biomass, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Modelling
Combustion is the most commonly used technology to produce energy from biomass; nevertheless, there are still thermal efficiency problems in current biomass combustion furnaces and a lack of knowledge about the properties of residual biomasses that could be used as fuels. Aiming to contribute to knowledge of the potential of residual biomass for energy generation, this work reports on the implementation of a 2D computational model to study the combustion performance of several solid biomass fuels, and its application in the analysis of Lippia origanoides bagasse combustion. The model uses an Eulerian−Lagrangian approach; in the continuous phase, governing equations are solved, and in the dispersed phase, particles are tracked and the mass, momentum, species and energy transfer between the phases are calculated. The model was validated against experimental data from a combustor fueled by three biomasses: wood pellets, olive stone and almond shell. The results show deviations of less tha... [more]
Oscillating-Foil Turbine Performance Improvement by the Addition of Double Gurney Flaps and Kinematics Optimization
Benoît Genest, Guy Dumas
April 18, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Gurney flap, oscillating-foil turbine, URANS
Refinement of the performance of a fully constrained oscillating-foil turbine is carried out via the addition of passive double Gurney flaps. Flaps ranging from hGF=0.005c to 0.075c are added at the trailing edge of the NACA 0015 blade of turbines operating in high-efficiency regimes without leading-edge vortex shedding (LEVS). Performance improvements are determined using 2D numerical simulations with an unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier−Stokes (URANS) approach. Based on a recent study of the double Gurney flaps on stationary foils, instantaneous power-extraction coefficients are analyzed and modifications of the foil’s kinematics are tested in order to fully benefit from the Gurney flaps’ performance improvements. Modifications to the pivot point location of the foil, to the pitch-heave phase, and to the pitching amplitude of the turbine are considered. Improvements are found for all turbine cases studied, including some of the previously optimal cases reported in the literature. The... [more]
A Literature Review on Methods and Metrics for the Analysis of Outdoor Air Displacement Conditions in the Urban Environment
Ritesh Wankhade, Giovanni Pernigotto, Michele Larcher
April 18, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, natural ventilation, street canyon, turbulence models, urban building design, urban ventilation, urban ventilation metrics, wind tunnel
The ongoing pandemic has driven the attention of both policy makers and professionals of the building sector towards the need for proper ventilation of the indoor environment. Despite accurate ventilation control only being available with mechanical ventilation systems, in several countries worldwide the renovation of indoor air relies mainly on natural solutions. In this context, in the design of new or renovated buildings, conventional natural ventilation rates are typically assumed to be in agreement with available technical standards, sometimes regardless of the actual external conditions. For instance, local wind speed and direction, as well as buoyancy-driven air displacements, are not considered, even if they can significantly affect the ventilation efficacy for the designed buildings. Moreover, the local outdoor temperature and the presence of pollutants are rarely accounted for, even though they can represent interesting inputs not only for naturally ventilated buildings but a... [more]
Analysis of Surrogate Models for Vapour Transport and Distribution in a Hollow Fibre Membrane Humidifier
Markus Pollak, Philipp Bekemeyer, Nicholas Lemke, Wilhelm Tegethoff, Juergen Koehler
April 18, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, experiment, mass transfer, membrane humidifier, POD, Surrogate Model
To achieve high efficiency and low degradation of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEMFC), it is necessary to maintain an appropriate level of humidification in the fuel cell membrane. Thus, membrane humidifiers are typically used in PEMFC systems. Parameter studies are important to evaluate membrane humidifiers under various operating conditions to reduce the amount of physical tests. However, simulative studies are computationally expensive when using detailed models. To reduce the computational cost, surrogate models are set up. In our study, a 3D computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of a hollow fibre membrane humidifier is presented and validated using measurement data. Based on the results of the validated CFD model, a surrogate model of the humidifier is constructed using proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) in combination with different interpolation methods. To evaluate the surrogate models, their results are compared against reference solutions from the CFD model. Our res... [more]
Thermoacoustic Combustion Stability Analysis of a Bluff Body-Stabilized Burner Fueled by Methane−Air and Hydrogen−Air Mixtures
Vito Ceglie, Michele Stefanizzi, Tommaso Capurso, Francesco Fornarelli, Sergio M. Camporeale
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Flame Response Function, Helmholtz solver, Hydrogen, thermoacoustic
Hydrogen can play a key role in the gradual transition towards a full decarbonization of the combustion sector, e.g., in power generation. Despite the advantages related to the use of this carbon-free fuel, there are still several challenging technical issues that must be addressed such as the thermoacoustic instability triggered by hydrogen. Given that burners are usually designed to work with methane or other fossil fuels, it is important to investigate their thermoacoustic behavior when fueled by hydrogen. In this framework, the present work aims to propose a methodology which combines Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD (3D Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS)) and Finite Element Method (FEM) approaches in order to investigate the fluid dynamic and the thermoacoustic behavior introduced by hydrogen in a burner (a lab-scale bluff body stabilized burner) designed to work with methane. The case of CH4-air mixture was used for the validation against experimental results and benchmark CF... [more]
Analysis of the Thermo-Aeraulic Behavior of a Heated Supply Air Window in Forced Convection: Numerical and Experimental Approaches
Salem Zeiny, Yassine Cherif, Stephane Lassue
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: a building’s active heating device, Computational Fluid Dynamics, experimentation, heated ventilated window, supply-air system
This paper presents work intended to characterize air flow and convective heat transfers within a ventilated window. This window is a device that allows for the entry of fresh air into a building while simultaneously preheating it in order to satisfy requirements in terms of air quality and thermal comfort in inhabited spaces. Therefore, this essential component of the building envelope functions herein as a heat exchanger with its own geometric characteristics and exchange conditions. In this research, a dual numerical and experimental approach has been implemented in order to highlight the temperatures, velocities and heat flux fields both at the glazing surfaces and in the ventilated air gaps. Several turbulence models were tested using CFD software (ANSYS-FLUENT®); their results were compared with each other as well as with the experimental results. This study shows that the air gap geometry in the window induces flow disturbances, recirculation phenomena and non-uniform heat excha... [more]
Effect of the Density Ratio on Emulsions and Their Segregation: A Direct Numerical Simulation Study
Oscar Krzeczek, Theresa Trummler, Elias Trautner, Markus Klein
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, density effect, direct numerical simulations, emulsions, segregation
Using direct numerical simulation (DNS) in combination with the volume of fluid method (VoF), we investigate the influence of the density ratio between the carrier and dispersed phase on emulsions, where the baseline simulation approximately corresponds to the ratio of water-in-gasoline emulsions. For this purpose, homogeneous isotropic turbulence (HIT) is generated using a linear forcing method, enhanced by a proportional−integral−derivative (PID) controller, ensuring a constant turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) for two-phase flows, where the TKE balance equation contains an additional term due to surface tension. Then, the forcing is stopped, and gravitational acceleration is activated. The proposed computational setup represents a unique and well-controlled configuration to study emulsification and segregation. We consider four different density ratios, which are applied in industrial processes, to investigate the influence of the density ratio on the statistically steady state of the... [more]
Dynamic Simulations on Enhanced Heat Recovery Using Heat Exchange PCM Fluid for Solar Collector
Yawen Ren, Hironao Ogura
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: chemical heat pump, Computational Fluid Dynamics, latent heat, multiphase flow, Solar Thermal, transportable energy
Facing the goal of carbon neutrality, energy supply chains should be more low-carbon and flexible. A solar chemical heat pump (SCHP) is a potential system for achieving this goal. Our previous studies developed a silicone-oil-based phase-change material (PCM) mixture as a PCM fluid for enhancing heat recovery above 373 K in the solar collector (SC) of the SCHP. The PCM fluid was previously tested to confirm its dispersity and flow properties. The present study proposed a 3D computational fluid dynamics model to simulate the closed circulation loop between the SC and reactor using the PCM fluid. The recovered heat in the SC was studied using several flow rates, as well as the PCM weight fraction of the PCM fluid. Furthermore, the net transportable energy is considered to evaluate the ratio of recovered heat and relative circulation power. As a result, it was verified that the recovered heat of the SC in the experiment and simulation is consistent. The total recovered heat is improved us... [more]
Fabrication and Performance Analysis of the Aero-Leaf Savonius Wind Turbine Tree
Mukesh Kumar Rathore, Meena Agrawal, Prashant Baredar, Anoop Kumar Shukla, Gaurav Dwivedi, Puneet Verma
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, performance analysis, Savonius rotor, wind tree
Large wind turbines of the horizontal axis are commonly used to gather wind energy; however, their performance is found to be constrained in conditions of erratic and low-speed wind flow. In contrast, low wind conditions—which are typically present in dense urban areas—are found to favour vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT). These turbines have a simple design, are inexpensive and quiet, and are discovered to be better in low wind situations. In this research, we have chosen wind tree applications to absorb the most available wind energy. The new Aeroleaf Savonius Wind Turbine was developed numerically and a computational fluid dynamics simulation was performed on this new type of Savonius tree to predict its performance. The results indicated that the system could accept wind from any direction and could start rotating as soon as the site had a cut in wind speed of 3.3 m/s. The rotor speed increased by 10.4% from 5.5 to 6.3 m/s wind speed at 0.45 tip speed ratio. The tip speed ratio is... [more]
3D Numerical Analysis of a Phase Change Material Solidification Process Applied to a Latent Thermal Energy Storage System
Tulio R. N. Porto, João A. Lima, Tony H. F. Andrade, João M. P. Q. Delgado, António G. B. Lima
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, phase change material, solidification process, triplex tube heat exchanger
The techniques for releasing thermal energy accumulated in periods of high availability to meet the demand in periods of low energy supply contribute to the continuity of the cycles involved in thermodynamic processes. In this context, phase change materials are capable of absorbing and releasing large amounts of energy in relatively short periods of time and under specific operating conditions. However, phase change materials have low thermal conductivity and need to be coupled with high-thermal-conductivity materials so that the heat flux can be intensified and the energy absorption and release times can be controlled. This work aims to numerically study the solidification process of a phase change material inserted into a triplex tube heat exchanger with finned copper walls to intensify the thermal exchange between the phase change material and the cooling heat transfer fluid, water, that will receive the energy accumulated in the material. This work proposes the 3D numerical modeli... [more]
Experimental and CFD Investigation of Fuel Mixing in an Optical-Access Direct-Injection NG Engine and Correlation with Test Rig Combustion and Performance Data
Daniela Misul, Mirko Baratta, Jiajie Xu, Alois Fuerhapter, Rene Heindl
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Alternative Fuels, Computational Fluid Dynamics, decarbonization, direct injection
The present paper is the result of a cooperation between Politecnico di Torino and AVL List Gmbh within a recent collaborative research project funded by the EC. The research work was focused on the experimental and numerical characterization of mixture formation, combustion, and emissions in direct-injection NG engines, to draw useful indication for the design of innovative, high-performance engine concepts. As a matter of fact, direct-injection IC engines running on NG are believed to be a competitive transition solution towards a sustainable mobility scenario, given their maturity, technological readiness, and flexibility with respect to the fuel quality. Moreover, gaseous-fuel engines can further decrease their carbon footprint if blending of natural gas with hydrogen is considered. Provided that mixture formation represents a key aspect for the design of direct-injection engines, the activity presented in this paper is focused on the characterization of NG injection and on the mix... [more]
Design and Implementation of a Particulate Matter Measurement System for Energy-Efficient Searching of Air Pollution Sources Using a Multirotor Robot
Grzegorz Suchanek, Roman Filipek, Andrzej Gołaś
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: air pollution, Computational Fluid Dynamics, finite-volume method, measurement system design, multirotor flying robot, particulate matter, pollution source localization, UAV application
Analyzing air pollutants is of key importance for the environmental protection goals. High concentrations of particulate matter (PM) have a particularly negative impact on human life and health. The use of an autonomous multirotor flying robot (drone) for the purposes of locating PM sources requires the design of a dedicated measurement system from scratch. The aim of this study was to make the most important design decision, which is the correct localization of the inlet of the measurement system, taking into account disturbances in the flow field caused by the rotors. To achieve this, a computational model was built with the use of a finite-volume method in Ansys Fluent software. Based on its results, a novel criterion was proposed and applied. In addition to the trivial position outside the rotors on the extended arm, it gave the second location in the space limited by the rotors below the robot. Finally, a robot prototype was built, and a series of verification experiments were car... [more]
Aerothermal Performance and Soot Emissions of Reacting Flow in a Micro-Gas Turbine Combustor
Heyu Wang, Kai Hong Luo
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustor, Computational Fluid Dynamics, micro-gas turbine
Micro-gas turbines are used for power generation and propulsion in unmanned aerial vehicles. Despite the growing demand for electric engines in a world striving for a net zero carbon footprint, combustion gas turbines will continue to play a critical role. Hence, there is a need for improved micro-gas turbines that can meet stringent environmental regulations. This paper is the first part of a comprehensive study focused on understanding the fundamental performance and emission characteristics of a micro-gas turbine model, with the aim of finding ways to enhance its operation. The study used a multidisciplinary CFD model to simulate the reacting flow in the combustion chamber and validated the results against experimental data and throughflow simulations. The present work is one of the few work that attempts to address both the aerothermal performance and emissions of the gas turbine. The findings highlight that parameters such as non-uniform outlet pressure, fuel-to-air ratio, and fue... [more]
Literature Review of Frost Formation Phenomena on Domestic Refrigerators Evaporators
Daria Krasota, Przemysław Błasiak, Piotr Kolasiński
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, domestic refrigerators, evaporator, frost
The topic of frost formation on the heat exchanger surface has been gaining interest since the late 1940s. Scientists and industrial engineers from many scientific and R&D units around the world have been trying to understand the nature of frosting and implement solutions to prevent such an unwanted phenomenon from having a significant impact on the performance of heat exchangers (such as a decrease in heat transfer efficiency, mechanical damage, and condensation risk). The aim of this article is to summarize the present state of knowledge dedicated to frost formation types and morphology, review, and discuss the most recent studies relevant to the challenge of frost formation, focusing on the evaporator of the domestic refrigerator. The different types of domestic refrigerators are summarized, as are the different types of evaporators inside them. Common methods of testing frost formation phenomena on the evaporator are revisited in this article, and the analysis of the most recent ma... [more]
Influence of Spacers and Skid Sizes on Heat Treatment of Large Forgings within an Industrial Electric Furnace
Sajad Mirzaei, Nima Bohlooli Arkhazloo, Farzad Bazdidi-Tehrani, Jean-Benoit Morin, Abdelhalim Loucif, Mohammad Jahazi
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, electrical furnace, multiple reference frame model, skid size, spacer size, stacking pattern, temperature uniformity
The influence of stacking patterns, through the different spacer and skid sizes, on the transient temperature distribution uniformity of large-size forgings in a 112-m3 electrical heat treatment furnace was investigated by conducting CFD simulations and real-scale experimental validation. A 3D CFD model of the electrical furnace was generated, including a heat-treating chamber, axial flow fans, large size blocks, skids, and spacers. Real-scale temperature measurements on instrumented test blocks during the heat treatment process were carried out to validate the CFD simulations. Results indicated that the CFD model was capable enough to determine the transient temperature evolution of the blocks with a maximum average deviation of about 6.62% compared to the experimental measurements. It was found that significant temperature non-uniformities of up to 379 K on the surfaces of the blocks due to the non-optimum stacking pattern were experienced by the blocks. Such non-uniformities could b... [more]
Analysis of Heat Flux Distribution during Brush Seal Rubbing Using CFD with Porous Media Approach
Manuel Hildebrandt, Corina Schwitzke, Hans-Jörg Bauer
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: brush seal, Computational Fluid Dynamics, heat flux distribution, porous media, rubbing
This paper discusses the question of heat flux distribution between bristle package and rotor during a rubbing event. A three-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamics (3D CFD) model of the brush seal test rig installed at the Institute of Thermal Turbomachinery (ITS) was created. The bristle package is modelled as a porous medium with local non-thermal equilibrium. The model is used to numerically recalculate experimentally conducted rub tests on the ITS test rig. The experimentally determined total frictional power loss serves as an input parameter to the numerical calculation. By means of statistical evaluation methods, the ma in influences on the heat flux distribution and the maximum temperature in the frictional contact are determined. The heat conductivity of the rotor material, the heat transfer coefficients at the bristles and the rubbing surface were identified as the dominant factors.
A Combined CFD-FEM Approach to Predict Fluid-Borne Vibrations and Noise Radiation of a Rotary Vane Pump
Timm Hieronymus, Thomas Lobsinger, Gunther Brenner
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, FEM, noise radiation, NVH, rotary vane pump, vibroacoustic
The rising demand for lower noise emissions of car ancillary units due to electrification and higher customer expectations regarding driving comfort results in the need for more silent car components. Hydraulic driven car components in particular are often identified as a major source of noise in the system. Therefore, it is mandatory to investigate the noise sources inside the hydraulic system. In this work, a combined CFD-FEM approach is applied to estimate the flow-induced noise radiation of a mechanically driven transmission pump. To achieve this goal, the mapping procedure to hand over the pressure field from the CFD to the FEM mesh must be valid. For this purpose, the error during the mapping process is evaluated and different parameters, which influence the mapping results, are analyzed. Additionally, the impact of the time step size and the length of the time signal on the frequency resolution of the force signal is investigated to get an appropriate excitation force for the vi... [more]
Conical Two-Phase Swirl Flow Atomizers—Numerical and Experimental Study
Marek Ochowiak, Daniel Janecki, Andżelika Krupińska, Sylwia Włodarczak, Tomasz Wilk, Radosław Olszewski
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: atomization, Computational Fluid Dynamics, conical swirl atomizer, Eulerian model
This paper presents the results of numerical simulations for the developed and discussed conical two-phase atomizers with swirl flow, differing in the ratio of the height of the swirl chamber to its diameter. Experiments were carried out for SAN-1 with HS/DS = 1 and SAN-2 with HS/DS = 4 atomizers. The study was conducted over a range of Reynolds number for liquid ReL = (1400; 5650) and for gas ReG = (2970; 9900). Numerical calculations were performed with the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD), which were verified on the basis of experimental data. Based on the analysis of experimental studies and simulations results the influence of operational parameters and changes of the atomizer geometry on the generated spray was demonstrated. As the gas flow rate increased and the swirl chamber height decreased, the spray angle increased. Higher velocity values of the liquid and greater turbulence occur in the center of the spray. The flow inside the atomizer determines the nature of the... [more]
Entrained-Flow Coal Gasification Process Simulation with the Emphasis on Empirical Char Conversion Models Optimization Procedure
Jakub Mularski, Norbert Modliński
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: char conversion, coal gasification, Computational Fluid Dynamics, entrained-flow reactor
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of an entrained-flow reactor is demonstrated and compared with experimental data. The study is focused on char conversion modeling and its impact on gasification simulation results. An innovative procedure of optimizing input data to empirical char conversion kinetic-diffusion model is investigated, based on the complex carbon burnout kinetic model for oxidation (CBK/E) and gasification (CBK/G). The kinetics of the CBK/G model is determined using the data from char gasification experiments in a drop tube reactor. CFD simulations are performed for the laboratory-scale entrained-flow reactor at Brigham Young University for the bituminous coal. A substantial impact of applied kinetic parameters on the in-reactor gas composition and char conversion factor was observed. The effect was most considerable for the reduction zone, where gasification reactions dominate, although a non-negligible impact could also be observed in the flame zone. Based on... [more]
Ocean Energy Systems Wave Energy Modeling Task 10.4: Numerical Modeling of a Fixed Oscillating Water Column
Harry B. Bingham, Yi-Hsiang Yu, Kim Nielsen, Thanh Toan Tran, Kyong-Hwan Kim, Sewan Park, Keyyong Hong, Hafiz Ahsan Said, Thomas Kelly, John V. Ringwood, Robert W. Read, Edward Ransley, Scott Brown, Deborah Greaves
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: boundary element method, Computational Fluid Dynamics, experimental measurements, numerical modeling, Simulation, Wave Energy
This paper reports on an ongoing international effort to establish guidelines for numerical modeling of wave energy converters, initiated by the International Energy Agency Technology Collaboration Program for Ocean Energy Systems. Initial results for point absorbers were presented in previous work, and here we present results for a breakwater-mounted Oscillating Water Column (OWC) device. The experimental model is at scale 1:4 relative to a full-scale installation in a water depth of 12.8 m. The power-extracting air turbine is modeled by an orifice plate of 1−2% of the internal chamber surface area. Measurements of chamber surface elevation, air flow through the orifice, and pressure difference across the orifice are compared with numerical calculations using both weakly-nonlinear potential flow theory and computational fluid dynamics. Both compressible- and incompressible-flow models are considered, and the effects of air compressibility are found to have a significant influence on t... [more]
Varying VAWT Cluster Configuration and the Effect on Individual Rotor and Overall Cluster Performance
Jeffrey E. Silva, Louis Angelo M. Danao
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: clustered wind farms, Computational Fluid Dynamics, VAWT
The effect of separation distance between turbines on overall cluster performance were simulated using computational fluid dynamics software and we found that at a distance equivalent to two rotors, there was an improvement of +8.06% in the average performance of the cluster compared to a single, isolated turbine. A very small improvement in performance was noted at the equivalent distance of 12 rotor diameters. The performances of three individual turbines in pyramid- and inverted pyramid-shaped vertical axis wind turbine clustered farm configurations with varying oblique angles at a fixed spacing of two equivalent rotor diameters were also investigated. The design experiment involves the simulation of test cases with oblique angles from 15° to 165° at an interval of 15° and the turbines were allowed to rotate through 18 full rotations. The results show that the left and right turbines increase in performance as the angle with respect to the streamline axis increases, with the excepti... [more]
Numerical Study on the Cavitation Flow and Its Effect on the Structural Integrity of Multi-Stage Orifice
Gonghee Lee, Myungjo Jhung, Juneho Bae, Soonho Kang
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: auxiliary feedwater system, cavitation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, in-service testing, multi-stage orifice, multiphase flow
Flow leakage due to cavitation erosion occurred at the socket welding part downstream of the multi-stage orifice installed in the auxiliary feedwater (AFW) pump recirculation line of the domestic nuclear power plant (NPP). To assess the adequacy of the changed operating flow rate proposed by a domestic NPP operator as the corrective measure concerning the flow leakage in the AFW pump recirculation line, the pattern of the cavitation flow in the eight-stage orifice and the connecting pipe depending on the magnitude of the operating flow rate was predicted by using ANSYS CFX R19.1. Additionally, using ANSYS Mechanical, the structural analysis was conducted under the same operating flow rate condition used for the flow analysis, and the structural integrity was evaluated for the allowable stress. Based on the flow analysis results, it was found that the operating flow rate was the main factor to influence the cavitation behavior inside the multi-stage orifice, and cavitation flow still ha... [more]
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