Records with Keyword: Computational Fluid Dynamics
Showing records 76 to 100 of 472. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Last
Numerical Investigation of the Aeroelastic Behavior of a Wind Turbine with Iced Blades
Sudhakar Gantasala, Narges Tabatabaei, Michel Cervantes, Jan-Olov Aidanpää
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aeroelastic behavior, Computational Fluid Dynamics, icing, Simulation, wind turbine
Wind turbines installed in cold-climate regions are prone to the risks of ice accumulation which affects their aeroelastic behavior. The studies carried out on this topic so far considered icing in a few sections of the blade, mostly located in the outer part of the blade, and their influence on the loads and power production of the turbine are only analyzed. The knowledge about the influence of icing in different locations of the blade and asymmetrical icing of the blades on loads, power, and vibration behavior of the turbine is still not matured. To improve this knowledge, multiple simulation cases are needed to run with different ice accumulations on the blade considering structural and aerodynamic property changes due to ice. Such simulations can be easily run by automating the ice shape creation on aerofoil sections and two-dimensional (2-D) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of those sections. The current work proposes such methodology and it is illustrated on the Nation... [more]
Natural Ventilation Effectiveness of Awning Windows in Restrooms in K-12 Public Schools
Sung-Chin Chung, Yi-Pin Lin, Chun Yang, Chi-Ming Lai
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: air environment, awning window, Computational Fluid Dynamics, natural ventilation, school restroom
Using computational fluid dynamics (CFD), this study explores the effect of a different number of awning windows and their installation locations on the airflow patterns and air contaminant distributions in restrooms in K-12 (for kindergarten to 12th grade) public schools in Taiwan. A representative restroom configuration with dimensions of 10.65 m × 9.2 m × 3.2 m (height) was selected as the investigated object. Based on the façade design feasibility, seven possible awning window configurations were considered. The results indicate that an adequate number of windows and appropriate installation locations are required to ensure the natural ventilation effectiveness of awning windows. The recommended installation configuration is provided.
Field Measurements and Numerical Simulation for the Definition of the Thermal Stratification and Ventilation Performance in a Mechanically Ventilated Sports Hall
Lina Seduikyte, Laura Stasiulienė, Tadas Prasauskas, Dainius Martuzevičius, Jurgita Černeckienė, Tadas Ždankus, Mantas Dobravalskis, Paris Fokaides
March 21, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: basketball hall, Computational Fluid Dynamics, field measurement, indoor air quality, stratification
Sports halls must meet strict requirements for energy and indoor air quality (IAQ); therefore, there is a great challenge in the design of the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of such buildings. IAQ in sports halls may be affected by thermal stratification, pollutants from different sources, the maintenance of building, and the HVAC system of the building, as well as by the activities performed inside the building. The aim of this study is to investigate thermal stratification conditions in accordance with the performance of the HVAC systems in the basketball training hall of Žalgirio Arena, Kaunas in Lithuania. Field measurements including temperature, relative humidity, and CO2 concentration were implemented between January and February in 2017. The temperature and relative humidity were measured at different heights (0.1, 1.7, 2.5, 3.9, 5.4, and 6.9 m) and at five different locations in the arena. Experimental results show that mixing the ventilation applica... [more]
Development and Validation of a CFD Combustion Model for Natural Gas Engines Operating with Different Piston Bowls
Giovanni Gaetano Gianetti, Tommaso Lucchini, Gianluca D’Errico, Angelo Onorati, Patrik Soltic
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, FAM, light-duty engine, Natural Gas, premixed turbulent combustion, RANS
Nowadays, an accurate and precise description of the combustion phase is essential in spark-ignition (SI) engines to drastically reduce pollutant and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increase thermal efficiency. To this end, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can be used to study the different phenomena involved, such as the ignition of the charge, combustion development, and pollutant formation. In this work, a validation of a CFD methodology based on the flame area model (FAM) was carried out to model the combustion process in light-duty SI engines fueled with natural gas. A simplified spherical kernel approach was used to model the ignition phase, whereas turbulent flame propagation was described through two variables. A zero-dimensional evolution of the flame kernel radius was used in combination with the Herweg and Maly formulation to take the laminar-to-turbulent flame transition into account. To estimate the chemical composition of burnt gas, two different approaches were cons... [more]
Investigation of the Heat Storage Capacity and Storage Dynamics of a Novel Polymeric Macro-Encapsulated Core-Shell Particle Using a Paraffinic Core
Matthias Singer, Michael Fischlschweiger, Tim Zeiner
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, core-shell, latent heat, phase change materials
Thermal energy storages represent important devices for the decarbonisation of heat; hence, enabling a circular economy. Hereby, important tasks are the optimisation of thermal losses and providing a tuneable storage capacity, as well as tuneable storage dynamics for thermal energy storage modules which are composed of either sensible or phase change-based heat storage materials. The thermal storage capacity and the storage dynamics behaviour are crucial for fulfilling certain application requirements. In this work, a novel macro-encapsulated and spherical heat storage core-shell structure is presented and embedded in a supercritical ammonia working fluid flow field. The core of the macro-capsule is built by an organic low molecular weight substance showing a solid−liquid phase transition in a respective temperature zone, where the shell structure is made of polyvinylidene fluoride. Due to the direct coupling of computational fluid dynamics and the simulation of the phase transition of... [more]
Pulverized Coal-Fired Boilers: Future Directions of Scientific Research
Marek Ochowiak, Zdzisław Bielecki, Andżelika Krupińska, Magdalena Matuszak, Sylwia Włodarczak, Michał Bielecki, Dariusz Choiński, Jarosław Smyła, Krzysztof Jagiełło
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: catalyst, combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, dust duct, flow, pulverized coal-fired boiler
The paper provides an outlook on future directions of research and the possible applications for pulverized coal-fired boilers. One potential direction for future research is to focus on the ways to improve the efficiency of pulverized coal-fired boilers. This could involve developing new combustion technologies that are able to more thoroughly burn the coal and produce less waste or finding ways to capture and use the excess heat that is generated during the combustion process. The pulverized coal combustion process in power boilers is still being improved by the preliminary cleaning of coal and the use of various catalytic additives. Another area of research that could be valuable is the development of advanced control systems and monitoring technologies for pulverized coal-fired boilers. These systems could be used to optimize the performance of the boiler and ensure that it is operating at maximum efficiency while also providing real-time data on the condition of the boiler and any... [more]
Thermal Effects in the End-Winding Region of Electrical Machines
Mario Vukotić, Stefan Lutovski, Nina Šutar, Damijan Miljavec, Selma Čorović
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, end-winding region, fan blades, fanning factor, heat transfer, heat transfer coefficient, induction machine, permanent magnet machine, stator end winding, thermal analysis
The main heat transfer mechanism in the end-winding region of electrical machines is convection. In order to increase the air motion, the rotor is equipped with a series of blades. Their geometry is reflected in the fanning factor, i.e., the ratio between the rotor peripheral speed and air velocity. An accurate calculation procedure for the fanning factor has not yet been given. Knowing its value is crucial for the determination of air velocity and heat transfer coefficient (HTC), as the latter describes the end-winding heat removal capability. In this study, the convective heat transfer phenomena between the end winding and air inside the end-winding region were analyzed, with the heat generated only in the end winding, mimicked with a custom designed coil, and air moved by the blades. The analysis was performed by experimental testing and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling. Measurements data were used to build a reliable CFD model. Further on, CFD results were used to derive... [more]
Overview of Common Thermophysical Property Modelling Approaches for Cryogenic Fluid Simulations at Supercritical Conditions
Jaya Vignesh Madana Gopal, Robert Morgan, Guillaume De Sercey, Konstantina Vogiatzaki
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, cryogenic fluids, equations of state, real fluids, supercritical
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) frameworks of supercritical cryogenic fluids need to employ Real Fluid models such as cubic Equations of State (EoS) to account for thermal and inertial driven mechanisms of fluid evolution and disintegration. Accurate estimation of the non-linear variation in density, thermodynamic and transport properties is required to computationally replicate the relevant thermo and fluid dynamics involved. This article reviews the availability, performance and the implementation of common Real Fluid EoS and data-based models in CFD studies of supercritical cryogenic fluids. A systematic analysis of supercritical cryogenic fluid (N2, O2 and CH4) thermophysical property predictions by cubic (PR and SRK) and non-cubic (SBWR) Real Fluid EoS, along with Chung’s model, reveal that: (a) SRK EoS is much more accurate than PR at low temperatures of liquid phase, whereas PR is more accurate at the pseudoboiling region and (b) SBWR EoS is more accurate than PR and SRK desp... [more]
Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Surface Wettability and Rotation on Condensation Heat Transfer in a Sludge Dryer Vertical Paddle
Wei Liu, Miao Gui, Yudong Zha, Zengyao Li
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, dropwise condensation, rotation, sludge paddle dryer
In this paper, the applicability of advanced heat transfer enhancement technology to a paddle dryer was discussed. A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was used to simulate condensation heat transfer on the inner surface of a dryer paddle. The effect of surface wettability and rotation on condensation heat transfer and droplet behavior was studied. The results showed that the present CFD model could properly simulate the condensation process on a vertical surface. With a decrease in the contact angle, the filmwise condensation turned into a dropwise condensation, which resulted in a significant increase in heat transfer coefficient and provided an approximately 5% increase in evaporation rate for the paddle dryer by changing the wettability of the inner surface of the paddle. Additionally, with a change in rotational angular velocity, heat transfer performance was almost unchanged under the filmwise condensation condition. However, rotational motion might cause a decrease in wal... [more]
Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger with Round and Hexagonal Tubes
Abdullah Khan, Imran Shah, Waheed Gul, Tariq Amin Khan, Yasir Ali, Syed Athar Masood
March 20, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Ansys Fluent, Computational Fluid Dynamics, hexagonal tubes, Reynolds number, shell and tube heat exchanger, temperature drop
Shell and tube heat exchangers are used to transfer thermal energy from one medium to another for regulating fluid temperatures in the processing and pasteurizing industries. Enhancement of a heat transfer rate is desired to maximize the energy efficiency of the shell and tube heat exchangers. In this research work, we performed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and experimental analysis on the shell and tube heat exchangers using round and hexagonal tubes for a range of flow velocities using both parallel flow and counter flow arrangements. In the present work, the rate of heat transfer, temperature drop, and heat transfer coefficient are computed using three turbulence models: the Spalart−Allmaras, the k-epsilon (RNG), and the k-omega shear stress transport (SST). We further utilized the logarithmic mean temperature difference (LMTD) method to compute the heat transfer and mass flow rates for both parallel and counter flow arrangements. Our results show that the rate of... [more]
Thermohydraulic and Economic Evaluation of a New Design for Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers in Supercritical CO2 Brayton Cycle
Dora Villada-Castillo, Guillermo Valencia-Ochoa, Jorge Duarte-Forero
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, cost design analysis, printed circuit heat exchanger, thermal hydraulic performance
The present study focused on the analysis of a new geometrical modification of the conventional zig-zag channel for Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers. The research was carried out using OpenFOAM and Salome software, which were used for the CFD analysis and the construction of the computational domain. For the development of the study, three types of channel geometries were defined: a modified zig-zag channel, a conventional zig-zag channel, and a straight channel. The results show that the modified zig-zag channel achieves better thermal hydraulic performance compared to that of the conventional zig-zag channel, evidenced by a 7.6% increase in the thermal performance factor. The modified zig-zag channel proposed in the research caused a 1.5% reduction of the power consumption of supercritical Brayton cycle compressors. Additionally, the modified zig-zag channel achieves a maximum efficiency of 49.1%, which is 1.5% higher compared to that of the conventional zig-zag channel. The above res... [more]
CFD Analysis of Solar Greenhouse Thermal and Humidity Environment Considering Soil−Crop−Back Wall Interactions
Changqing Si, Fei Qi, Xiaoming Ding, Fen He, Zhenjun Gao, Qian Feng, Liang Zheng
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, microclimate, solar greenhouse, thermal and humidity environment
In the study of solar greenhouses, microclimate, soil, and back walls have an important influence on the greenhouse thermal environment because of their good heat storage and release characteristics. The transpiration of crops makes indoor humidity increase sharply, which is the main factor affecting indoor humidity distribution. Therefore, it is of great significance to grasp the microclimate change law of solar greenhouses and study the coupling effect of thermal and humidity environment. In this paper, based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD), a three-dimensional model of the thermal and humidity environment of a solar greenhouse is established, and the indoor temperature and humidity distribution under the influence of soil, crops, and back walls are considered. The CFD model initialization uses binary fitting functions to fit the temperature distribution of soil, back wall, and air. The distribution law of the temperature field and relative humidity field of the solar greenhous... [more]
Design of a Test Section for the Experimental Investigation of the WCLL Manifold Hydraulic Features
Aldo Collaku, Pietro Arena, Alessandro Del Nevo, Ranieri Marinari, Laura Savoldi
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, experiments, manifold, thermal hydraulics, water technology for DEMO, WCLL
A scaled-down test section representative of an Outboard Segment manifold of the Water-Cooled Lithium Lead Breeding Blanket for the European DEMO has been designed for installation and test in a high- mass flow branch of the W-HYDRA facility, under construction at the premises of ENEA Brasimone Research Center. The test section should confirm the flow repartition recently computed in the different breeding units on the full-scale manifold, validating at the same time the computational tools used for the design and analysis. The detailed objectives and requirements of the test section, as well as the scaling rationale and procedure adopted for its design, are presented in the paper. The final design of the test section is discussed. The preliminary analyses of the developed design are also presented and show that it is compliant with the initial objectives.
Study on Optimization of Copper to Aluminum for Locomotive Finned Tube Radiator
Ying Guan, Hongjiang Cui, Jiyou Fei
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, field synergy, finned tube radiator, Optimization, sawtooth fin window
The influence of the improvement of the finned tube radiator unit structure on the fluid flow and heat transfer effect of the locomotive was studied. A saw-toothed fin structure with aluminum instead of copper was proposed to keep the position and size of the flat copper hot water pipe unchanged. CFD simulation analysis was carried out by ICEPAK17.0, under the conditions of an ambient temperature of 24.6 °C, atmospheric pressure of 85,040 Pa and air density ρ = 0.94 kg/m3, to compare the changes of velocity field, temperature field, turbulence field and field synergy angle. The sawtooth structure of the new heat sink increases the turbulence effect of the fluid, reduces the thickness of the outer boundary layer of the water pipe, and strengthens the heat transfer effect of the radiator. Finally, the baffle height, wing window width and sawtooth angle of the sawtooth structure were selected, and the heat transfer coefficient and pressure under three conditions of low, medium and high we... [more]
Assessment of the Thermodynamic and Numerical Modeling of LES of Multi-Component Jet Mixing at High Pressure
Alexander Begemann, Theresa Trummler, Alexander Doehring, Michael Pfitzner, Markus Klein
March 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, high pressure jet mixing, real gas thermodynamics, supercritical fuel injection
Mixing under high pressure conditions plays a central role in several engineering applications, such as direct-injection engines and liquid rocket engines. Numerical flow simulations have become a complementary tool to study the mixing process under these conditions but require complex thermodynamic modeling as well as validation with accurate experimental data. For this reason, we use experiments of supercritical single-phase jet mixing from the literature, where the mixing is quantified by the mixture speed of sound, as a reference for our work. We here focus on the thermodynamic modeling of multi-component flows under high pressure conditions and the analytical calculation of the mixture speed of sound. Our thermodynamic model is based on cubic equations of state extended for multi-components. Using an extension of OpenFOAM, we perform large-eddy simulations of hexane and pentane injections and compare our results with the experimentally measured mixture speed of sound at specific p... [more]
Predicting the Parameters of Vortex Bladeless Wind Turbine Using Deep Learning Method of Long Short-Term Memory
Mahsa Dehghan Manshadi, Majid Ghassemi, Seyed Milad Mousavi, Amir H. Mosavi, Levente Kovacs
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Computational Fluid Dynamics, data science, deep learning, Energy, Energy Conversion, long short-term memory, Machine Learning, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, wind turbine
From conventional turbines to cutting-edge bladeless turbines, energy harvesting from wind has been well explored by researchers for more than a century. The vortex bladeless wind turbine (VBT) is considered an advanced design that alternatively harvests energy from oscillation. This research investigates enhancing the output electrical power of VBT through simulation of the fluid−solid interactions (FSI), leading to a comprehensive dataset for predicting procedure and optimal design. Hence, the long short-term memory (LSTM) method, due to its time-series prediction accuracy, is proposed to model the power of VBT from the collected data. To find the relationship between the parameters and the variables used in this research, a correlation matrix is further presented. According to the value of 0.3 for the root mean square error (RMSE), a comparative analysis between the simulation results and their predictions indicates that the LSTM method is suitable for modeling. Furthermore, the LST... [more]
Natural Ventilation of Toilet Units in K−12 School Restrooms Using CFD
Yi-Pin Lin
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, natural ventilation, school restroom, toilet, ventilation
In this study, the influence of architectural design parameters (the exterior window area, the wall height at a corridor-side, and the door gap of a toilet unit) on the airflow patterns and malodorous volatile substance (acetic acid) distributions within toilet units were investigated via computational fluid dynamics (CFD), with the restrooms in K−12 public schools (kindergarten through grade 12) of Taiwan as research objects. The results show that when there is a 2 m/s north wind in winter, all the cases exceed the required 12 air changes per hour (ACH), and most are above 43.75 ACH. When there is a 0.5 m/s south wind in summer, nearly half of the cases fail to reach 12 ACH. Maintaining an adequate natural ventilation rate and an acceptable level of odor pollution through passive design and architectural design is difficult. Thinking about how to improve the ventilation efficiency of toilet units with the aid of simple, appropriate, and energy-saving mechanical ventilation approaches... [more]
Numerical Analysis on the Performance of a Radiant Cooling Panel with Serpentine-Based Design
Mohammad Hakim Mohd Radzai, Chong Tak Yaw, Chin Wai Lim, Siaw Paw Koh, Nur Amirani Ahmad
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ansys fluent, Computational Fluid Dynamics, cooling capacity, radiant cooling system, serpentine flow
Radiant cooling systems (RCS) are gaining acceptance as a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) solution for achieving adequate thermal comfort and maintaining acceptable indoor air quality inside buildings. RCS are well known for their energy-saving potential; however, serious condensation problem hinders the growth of this technology. In order to prevent the risk of condensation, the supply water temperature is kept higher than the dew point temperature of the air inside the room. The full potential of the cooling power of a radiant cooling panel is limited. Therefore, this article is on maximizing the cooling capacity of a radiant cooling panel, in terms of flow configuration. Radiant cooling panels (RCP) with different chilled water pipe configurations are designed and compared, side by side with the conventional serpentine flow configuration. The cooling performance of the radiant cooling panels is evaluated by using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with Ansys Fluent... [more]
Experimental and CFD Simulations of the Aerosol Flow in the Air Ventilating the Underground Excavation in Terms of SARS-CoV-2 Transmission
Tomasz Janoszek, Zbigniew Lubosik, Lucjan Świerczek, Andrzej Walentek, Jerzy Jaroszewicz
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aerosol, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Modelling, underground mine
The paper presents the results of experimental and model tests of transport of dispersed fluid droplets forming a cloud of aerosol in a stream of air ventilating a selected section of the underground excavation. The excavation selected for testing is part of the ventilation network of the Experimental Mine Barbara of the Central Mining Institute. For given environmental conditions, such as temperature, pressure, relative humidity, and velocity of air, the distribution of aerosol droplet changes in the mixture of air and water vapor along the excavation at a distance was measured at 10 m, 25 m, and 50 m from the source of its emission. The source of aerosol emission in the excavation space was a water nozzle that was located 25 m from the inlet (inlet) of the excavation. The obtained results of in situ tests were related to the results of numerical calculations using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). Numerical calculations were performed using Ansys-Fluent and Ansys-CFX software. The... [more]
A New Evaluation of Skin Factor in Inclined Wells with Anisotropic Permeability
Ekhwaiter Abobaker, Abadelhalim Elsanoose, Faisal Khan, Mohammad Azizur Rahman, Amer Aborig, Khalid Noah
March 10, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: anisotropic permeability, Computational Fluid Dynamics, inclined wells, skin factor
Oil and gas well productivity can be affected by a number of different skin factors, the combined influences of which contribute to a well’s total skin factor. The skin caused by deviated wells is one such well-known factor. The present study aimed to investigate skin effects caused by deviated well slants when considering vertical-to-horizontal permeability anisotropy. The research employed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software to simulate fluid flows in inclined wells through the injection of water with Darcy flow using 3D geometric formations. The present work investigates the effects of four main characteristics—namely, the permeability anisotropy, wellbore radius, reservoir thickness, and deviation angle—of open-hole inclined wells. Additional investigations sought to verify the effect of the direction of perforations on the skin factor or pressure drop in perforated inclined wells. In the case of an inclined open hole well, the novel correlation produced in the current stud... [more]
Design and Modeling of Metallic Bipolar Plates for a Fuel Cell Range Extender
Uwe Reimer, Ekaterina Nikitsina, Holger Janßen, Martin Müller, Dieter Froning, Steven B. Beale, Werner Lehnert
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, design, flow field, fuel cell, metallic plate
Fuel cells, designed for mobile applications, should feature compact and low-weight designs. This study describes a design process that fulfills the specific needs of target applications and the production process. The key challenge for this type of metallic bipolar plate is that the combination of two plates creates three flow fields, namely an anode side, a cathode side, and a coolant. This illustrates the fact that each cell constitutes an electrochemical converter with an integrated heat exchanger. The final arrangement is comprised of plates with parallel and separate serpentine channel configurations. The anode and cathode sides are optimized for operation under dry conditions. The final plate offers an almost perfect distribution of coolant flow over the active area. The high quality of this distribution is almost independent of the coolant mass flow, even if one of the six inlet channels is blocked. The software employed (OpenFOAM and SALOME) is freely available and can be used... [more]
Effect of Operating Conditions on the Performance of Gas−Liquid Mixture Roots Pumps
Qing Guo, Kai Luo, Daijin Li, Chuang Huang, Kan Qin
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, energy systems, multiphase flow, Roots pump
The performance of the gas−liquid mixture Roots pump at different operating conditions is investigated in this paper. The pump efficiency was first increased from 48% to 64%, and then decreased to 59% with the increased inlet CO2 volume fraction (from 0.8 to 1). The increased rotational speed (from 1000 rpm to 4000 rpm) and pressure ratio (from 2 to 10) can lead to a reduction in the pump’s efficiency from 67% to 43% and from 48% to 33%, respectively. The variation in the pump’s efficiency is affected by the volumetric efficiency and the flow efficiency simultaneously. The high pressure and the CO2 volume fraction in the outlet zone can increase the leakage, leading to a reduction in the volumetric efficiency. The flow efficiency decreases with the increase in the local pressure at the outlet zone and the backflow density. The outlet zone pressure can also affect the fluid properties by changing the density of the gas phase. Therefore, the combined effect of the outlet zone pressure an... [more]
Numerical Analysis of GDI Flash Boiling Sprays Using Different Fuels
Raul Payri, Pedro Marti-Aldaravi, Rami Abboud, Abian Bautista
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, discrete droplet method, flash boiling, fuel surrogates, gasoline direct injection, Spray G
Modeling the fuel injection process in modern gasoline direct injection engines plays a principal role in characterizing the in−cylinder mixture formation and subsequent combustion process. Flash boiling, which usually occurs when the fuel is injected into an ambient pressure below the saturation pressure of the liquid, is characterized by fast breakup and evaporation rates but could lead to undesired behaviors such as spray collapse, which significantly effects the mixture preparation. Four mono−component fuels have been used in this study with the aim of achieving various flashing behaviors utilizing the Spray G injector from the Engine Combustion Network (ECN). The numerical framework was based on a Lagrangian approach and was first validated for the baseline G1 condition. The model was compared with experimental vapor and liquid penetrations, axial gas velocity, droplet sizes and spray morphology and was then extended to the flash boiling condition for iso−octane, n−heptane, n−hexa... [more]
On the Mathematical Modelling of a Moving-Bed Counter-Current Gasifier Fuelled with Wood-Pellets
Andreas Schwabauer, Marco Mancini, Yunus Poyraz, Roman Weber
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, gasification, mathematical modelling, wood-pellets
The subject of this work is the mathematical modelling of a counter-current moving-bed gasifier fuelled by wood-pellets. Two versions of the model have been developed: the one-dimensional (1D) version-solving a set of Ordinary Differential Equations along the gasifier height-and the three-dimensional (3D) version where the balanced equations are solved using Computational Fluid Dynamics. Unique procedures have been developed to provide unconditionally stable solutions and remove difficulties occurring by using conventional numerical methods for modelling counter-current reactors.The procedures reduce the uncertainties introduced by other mathematical approaches, and they open up the possibility of straightforward application to more complex software, including commercial CFD packages. Previous models of Hobbs et al., Di Blasi and Mandl et al. used a correction factor to tune calculated temperatures to measured values. In this work, the factor is not required. Using the 1D model, the Ma... [more]
CFD Simulation of a 3D Solar Chimney Integrated with an Axial Turbine for Power Generation
Suad Hassan Danook, Hussein A. Z. AL-bonsrulah, Ishak Hashim, Dhinakaran Veeman
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, electricity, numerical simulation, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, solar chimney, solar energy
The solar chimney is one of the uninvestigated areas in the possible selection in the field of renewable solar energy utilization. CFD can be demonstrated as a useful tool of figure confidence in the design and employment of a solar chimney. A realistic numerical model for a solar-based updraft power plant for power generation was established through this research work. Iraqi weather in Kirkuk, northern Iraq was considered for this case study. A three-dimensional (3D) simulation of the main geometric dimensions of the Spanish, Manzanares model integrated with a real turbine was performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The turbulent model of RNG k-e, the nongrey discrete coordinate (DO) radiation model, and the solar raytracing algorithm were used. It was observed that the air velocity below the turbine was graded according to the seasons of the year and was at its maximum in July with 18.28 m/s due to the high ambient temperature, and the lowest value was recorded in January... [more]
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