Records with Keyword: Computational Fluid Dynamics
Showing records 126 to 150 of 641. [First] Page: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Last
Investigation of Turbulence Modeling for Point-Absorber-Type Wave Energy Converters
Christian Windt, Josh Davidson, John V. Ringwood
April 12, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, RANS, turbulence modeling, Wave Energy
Reviewing the literature of CFD-based numerical wave tanks for wave energy applications, it can be observed that different flow conditions and different turbulence models are applied during numerical wave energy converter (WEC) experiments. No single turbulence model can be identified as an `industry standard’ for WEC modeling. The complexity of the flow field around a WEC, together with the strong dependency of turbulence effects on the shape, operational conditions, and external forces, hampers the formulation of such an `industry standard’. Furthermore, the conceptually different flow characteristics (i.e., oscillating, free surface flows), compared to the design cases of most turbulence models (i.e., continuous single-phase flow), can be identified as a source for the potential lack of accuracy of turbulence models for WEC applications. This communication performs a first step towards analyzing the accuracy and necessity of modeling turbulence effects, by means of turbulence models... [more]
Thermodynamic Analysis of a High-Temperature Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System
David W. MacPhee, Mustafa Erguvan
April 12, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, entropy, latent heat thermal energy storage, phase change material, thermodynamics
Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies are becoming vitally important due to intermittency of renewable energy sources in solar applications. Since high energy density is an important parameter in TES systems, latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) system is a common way to store thermal energy. Though there are a great number of experimental studies in the field of LHTES systems, utilizing computational codes can yield relatively quick analyses with relatively small expense. In this study, a numerical investigation of a LHTES system has been studied using ANSYS FLUENT. Results are validated with experiments, using hydroquinone as a phase-change material (PCM), which is external to Therminol VP-1 as a heat transfer fluid (HTF) contained in pipes. Energy efficiency and entropy generation are investigated for different tube/pipe geometries with a constant PCM volume. HTF inlet temperature and flow rate impacts on the thermodynamic efficiencies are examined including viscous dissip... [more]
Thermal Performance and Numerical Simulation of the 1-Pyrene Carboxylic-Acid Functionalized Graphene Nanofluids in a Sintered Wick Heat Pipe
Alireza Esmaeilzadeh, Mahyar Silakhori, Nik Nazri Nik Ghazali, Hendrik Simon Cornelis Metselaar, Azuddin Bin Mamat, Mohammad Sajad Naghavi Sanjani, Soudeh Iranmanesh
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, graphene, heat pipe, multiphase flow, nanofluid, sintered wick heat pipe
Experimental and numerical modeling of a heat pipe included with a phase change heat transfer was developed to assess the effects of three parameters of nanofluid, heat pipe inclination angles, and input heating power. Distilled water (DW) and 1-pyrene carboxylic-acid (PCA)-functionalized graphene nanofluid (with concentrations of 0.06 wt%) were used as working fluids in the heat pipe. A computational fluid dynamic (CFD) model was developed for evaluation of the heat transfer and two-phase flow through the steady-state process of the heat pipe. It was found that inclination significantly affects the heat transfer of the heat pipe. Maximum increment of thermal performance in the heat pipe reached 49.4% by using 0.06 wt% of PCA-functionalized graphene as working fluids. The result associated with this comparison indicates that the highest deviation is less than 6%, consequently confirming that the CFD model was successful in reproducing the heat and mass transfer processes in the DW and... [more]
Towards Accurate Boundary Conditions for CFD Models of Synthetic Jets in Quiescent Flow
Andrea Matiz-Chicacausa, Omar D. Lopez Mejia
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, lumped element model, quiescent flow, synthetic jet
In this paper, an accurate model to simulate the dynamics of the flow of synthetic jets (SJ) in quiescent flow is proposed. Computational modeling is an effective approach to understand the physics involved in these devices, commonly used in active flow control for several reasons. For example, SJ actuators are small; hence, it is difficult to experimentally measure pressure changes within the cavity. Although computational modeling is an advantageous approach, experiments are still the main technique employed in the study of SJs due to the lack of accurate computational models. The same aspect that represents an advantage over other techniques also represents a challenge for the computational simulations, such as capturing the unsteady phenomena, localized compressible effects, and boundary layer formation characteristic of this complex flow. One of the main challenges in the simulation of SJs is related to the fact that the spatial and temporal scales of the actuator and the correspo... [more]
Coupled CFD-DEM Simulation of Seed Flow in Horizontal-Vertical Tube Transition
Leno Guzman, Ying Chen, Hubert Landry
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, discrete element method, pneumatic conveyance, seed, Simulation
A series of computational fluid dynamics−discrete element method (CFD-DEM) simulations were applied to seed flow in horizontal-vertical 90-degree elbows. The performance of one-way and two-way CFD-DEM coupling methods was compared. Additionally, simulated seed velocities were compared to the current pneumatic conveying theory for each coupling method. Simulated field peas (Pisum sativum) were pneumatically conveyed to study the effect of air velocity (20, 25, and 30 m/s), seed rate (0.07, 0.21, and 0.42 kg/s), elbow diameter, D, (48.3, 60.3, and 72.4 mm), and elbow bend radius (1.5D, 2.5D, 3.5D, and 4.5D) on seed attributes (trajectory, velocity, and force). Results showed that seed velocity was significantly different between one-way and two-way coupling. Both methods resulted in nearly identical seed trajectory and force. Overall, simulated seed velocities had a strong correlation to values calculated through the current pneumatic conveyance theory. Dimensional analysis revealed that... [more]
Simulation of Multi-Phase Flow in Autoclaves Using a Coupled CFD-DPM Approach
Bin Kou, Yanqing Hou, Weiqin Fu, Ni Yang, Junchang Liu, Gang Xie
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: autoclave, Computational Fluid Dynamics, discrete phase model (DPM), numerical simulation
In this work, a numerical simulation study on the mixing characteristics of multiphase flow in an autoclave was carried out using CFD technology. The Eulerian−Eulerian model and discrete phase model (DPM) were employed to investigate the solid holdup, critical suspension speed, nonuniformity of solid suspension, gas holdup distribution, bubble tracks, and residence time during stirring leaching in the autoclave. Experiments validate the accuracy of the numerical model, and the experimental values correspond well with the simulation results. The numerical simulation results show that the solid−liquid mixing is mainly affected by the axial flow, the best agitation speed is 400 rpm, and increasing the speed further cannot make the mixture more homogenous and buildup occurred above the autoclave. The calculated critical suspension speed is 406 rpm, which is slightly lower than that obtained from the empirical formula. The gas phase is mainly concentrated in the vortex area above the blade.... [more]
A Critical Evaluation of Recent Studies on Packed-Bed Bioreactors for Solid-State Fermentation
David Alexander Mitchell, Héctor A. Ruiz, Nadia Krieger
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: biorefinery, Computational Fluid Dynamics, forced aeration, heat transfer coefficient, lignocellulosic biomass conversion, mass transfer coefficient, multi-layered bed, scale-up, superficial air velocity, Zymotis bioreactor
Packed-bed bioreactors are often used for aerobic solid-state fermentation, since the forced aeration supplies O2 and removes metabolic heat from the bed. Motivated by the potential for applications in biorefineries, we review studies conducted on packed-bed bioreactors over the last decade, evaluating the insights these studies provide into how large-scale packed beds should be designed and operated. Many studies have used low superficial air velocities and suffer from preferential airflow, such that parts of the bed are not properly aerated. Moreover, some studies have proposed ineffective strategies, such as reversing the direction of the airflow or introducing air through perforated pipes within the bed. Additionally, many studies have used narrow water-jacketed packed-bed bioreactors, but these bioreactors do not reflect heat removal in wide large-scale packed beds, in which heat removal through the side walls makes a minor contribution. Finally, we conclude that, although some at... [more]
Analysis of the Shear Stresses in a Filling Line of Parenteral Products: The Role of Tubing
Camilla Moino, Bernadette Scutellà, Marco Bellini, Erwan Bourlès, Gianluca Boccardo, Roberto Pisano
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, filling line, parenteral products, shear stress
Parenteral products appear to be sensitive to process conditions in bioprocessing steps, such as interfacial stress and shear stress. The combination of these elements is widely believed and proven to influence product stability, but the defined roles of these players in the product damage process have not yet been identified. The present work addresses a current industrial problem, by focusing on the analysis of shear stress on protein-based therapeutics flowing in tubing by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations. The purpose of this article is not to pinpoint the mechanism triggering the damage of the product, but it represents the first step towards wider experimental investigations and introduces a new strategy to quantify the average shear stress. The field of scale-down approaches, used to scale the commercial process down to the laboratory level, is also explored. Since quality control is critical in the pharmaceutical realm, it is essential that the scale-down approa... [more]
A Model for the Flow Distribution in Dual Cell Density Monoliths
Consuelo Reinao, Iván Cornejo
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, dual cell density, flow distribution, monolith, substrate
Monoliths are promising as catalytic structured supports due to their many operational advantages. Compared to pellets, monoliths offer low backpressure and good heat distribution, even at high flow rates. There is interest in the industry for improving temperature control in highly exothermic systems, such as the catalytic hydrogenation of CO2 for e-fuels synthesis. In this context, novel substrate shapes, such as non-homogeneous cell density monoliths, show good potential; however, to date, they have only been sparsely described. This work focuses on a dual cell density substrate and uses a computational model of a straight-channel monolith with two concentric regions to analyze its flow distribution. The central (core) and peripheral (ring) regions of the substrate differ in cell density in order to obtain a non-homogeneous cross-section. The model is validated against classical data in the literature and theoretical equations. Then, the flow fraction passing through each region of... [more]
Evaluation of Relative Permeability Curves in Sandstone Core Flooding Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Tathagata Acharya, Liaosha Song, Elizabeth Duginski, Andrew Goodwin
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: carbon sequestration, Computational Fluid Dynamics, relative permeability
Geological carbon sequestration is a proven method of safely storing carbon dioxide in formations, thereby reducing atmospheric carbon imprint and mitigating global warming. The relative permeability to carbon dioxide versus brine/water in geological formations determines flow characteristics of one fluid in the presence of another. The objective of this research is to evaluate the relative permeability to carbon dioxide in both the gas phase and the supercritical state in the presence of water in a Vedder sandstone core sample. The sandstone sample used is medium- to fine-grain arkosic artenite containing primarily quartz, potassium feldspar, plagioclase, and biotite. The effect of the viscosity ratio between the non-wetting phase and the wetting phase, on the relative permeability to the non-wetting phase, is studied. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is used for this study. Results show that with the same amount of irreducible water fraction, the endpoint relative permeability to t... [more]
Study on Cavitation of Port Plate of Seawater Desalination Pump with Energy Recovery Function
Wenlei Li, Rui Guo, Guogang Wang, Jingyi Zhao, Qian Zhang, Lin Yu, Qisheng Zhang
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cavitation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, energy recovery, seawater desalination
To address the problem of low integration and efficiency of reverse osmosis desalination system, an energy-recovery type incurve multiple acting pump is developed with integrated functions of a high-pressure pump, energy recovery device and booster pump. In order to determine its flow range and suppress cavitation generation, a mathematical model of the port plate is established, combining the realizable k-ɛ turbulence model and the Schnerr-Sauer cavitation model to obtain the internal flow field characteristics of the port plate. The effects of different rotational speeds and inlet pressures on cavitation were analyzed to obtain the gas volume fraction distribution rules. The design is based on the pressure and mass flow monitoring test device to verify the numerical calculation results. The results show that the experimental and simulation data match accurately, and with the increase in speed and the decrease in inlet pressure, the cavitation phenomenon becomes serious and the flow c... [more]
Temperature and Thermal Stress Analysis of a Hot Blast Stove with an Internal Combustion Chamber
Donghwi Park, Feng Guo, Jongrak Choi, Joo-Hyoung Park, Naksoo Kim
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, finite element analysis, hot blast stove, thermal stress
In this study, the temperature and thermal stress fields of an internal combustion hot blast stove were calculated and analysed. Turbulent, species transport, chemical reaction, radiation, and porous media models were implemented in a computational fluid dynamics model. Thermal boundary conditions on the structure of the hot blast stove were calculated based on the analytic adiabatic Y-plus method. A method to interpolate the thermal boundary conditions to a finite element mesh was developed, and the boundary conditions were mapped through the proposed method. In the on-gas period, the vortex was generated in the dome, and it made the variation of the temperature field in the checker chamber. The maximum temperature of the flue gas reached 1841 K in the on-gas period. In the on-blast period, the flow was considerably even compared to the on-gas period, and the average blast temperature reached 1345 K. The outer region of the checker chamber is shown to be continuously exposed to a high... [more]
Structural Optimization of High-Pressure Polyethylene Cyclone Separator Based on Energy Efficiency Parameters
Baisong Hu, Shuo Liu, Chuanzhi Wang, Bingjun Gao
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, cyclone separator, design of experiment, high-pressure polyethylene, pressure drop, separation efficiency
The high-pressure polyethylene process uses cyclone separators to separate ethylene gas, polyethylene, and its oligomers. The oligomers larger than 10 microns that cannot be separated must be filtered through a filter to prevent them from entering the compressor and affecting its normal operation. When the separation efficiency of the cyclone separator is low, the filter must be cleaned more frequently, which will reduce production efficiency. Research shows that improving the separation efficiency of the separator is beneficial for the separation of small-particle oligomers and reduces the frequency of filter cleaning. For this reason, Computational Fluid Dynamics simulations were performed for 27 sets of cyclone separators to determine the effects of eight structural factors (cylinder diameter, cylinder height, cone diameter, cone height, guide vane height, guide vane angle, exhaust pipe extension length, and umbrella structure height) on separation efficiency and pressure drop. The... [more]
Improving the Modeling of Pressure Pulsation and Cavitation Prediction in a Double-Volute Double-Suction Pump Using Mosaic Meshing Technology
Virgel M. Arocena, Louis Angelo M. Danao
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cavitation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, double-volute pump, NPSH
Over the years, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has been an integral part of most pump design processes. Unfortunately, as calculation schemes and flow investigations become more complicated, the cost of conducting numerical simulations also becomes more expensive in terms of computational time. To remedy this, cutting-edge technology, together with novel calculation techniques, are continuously introduced with the end target of producing more accurate results and faster computing time. In this paper, CFD simulations are run on a numerical model of a double-volute double-suction pump prepared using ANSYS Fluent Mosaic meshing technology. Poly-Hexcore, the first application of Mosaic technology, fills the bulk region with octree hexes, keeps a high-quality layered poly-prism mesh in the boundary layer, and conformally connects these two meshes with general polyhedral elements. This technology promises to provide a lower number of cells along with a significant increase in computing s... [more]
Reliability of Different Nanofluids and Different Micro-Channel Configurations on the Heat Transfer Augmentation
Ibrahim Elbadawy, Abdulaziz Alhajri, Mohammad Doust, Yousef Almulla, Mohamed Fayed, Ali Dinc, Mohamed Abouelela, Ibrahim Mahariq, Wael Al-Kouz
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, MCHS configurations, microchannels, nanofluids
Nanofluid, the fluid suspensions of a metallic nanoparticle, became a coolant fluid that is used when a promising enhancement in heat transfer is required. In the current study, the characteristics of fluid flow and heat transfer are numerically investigated using different nanofluids (Al2O3−H2O, TiO2−H2O, and SiO2−H2O) and different micro-channel heat sink (MCHS) configurations (rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal, and circular). In this numerical investigation, the effect of Re number ranged from 890 to 1500, and the effect of nanoparticle concentration ranged from 1% to 7% at constant heat flux q = 106 W/m2, and constant fluid inlet temperature of 288 K, were studied. The average heat transfer coefficient, h, and pressure drop, Δp, are used to quantify the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in each MCHS configuration and for each nanoparticle concentration. It is revealed that a better heat transfer coefficient is obtained for Al2O−H2O compared with other types of nanopar... [more]
Impact of Chemistry−Turbulence Interaction Modeling Approach on the CFD Simulations of Entrained Flow Coal Gasification
Jakub Mularski, Norbert Modliński
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: coal gasification, Computational Fluid Dynamics, entrained flow reactor, PFR, PSR, turbulence
This paper examines the impact of different chemistry−turbulence interaction approaches on the accuracy of simulations of coal gasification in entrained flow reactors. Infinitely fast chemistry is compared with the eddy dissipation concept considering the influence of turbulence on chemical reactions. Additionally, ideal plug flow reactor study and perfectly stirred reactor study are carried out to estimate the accuracy of chosen simplified chemical kinetic schemes in comparison with two detailed mechanisms. The most accurate global approach and the detailed one are further implemented in the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. Special attention is paid to the water−gas shift reaction, which is found to have the key impact on the final gas composition. Three different reactors are examined: a pilot-scale Mitsubishi Heavy Industries reactor, a laboratory-scale reactor at Brigham Young University and a Conoco-Philips E-gas reactor. The aim of this research was to assess the impact o... [more]
Numerical Study on Novel Design for Compact Parallel-Flow Heat Exchanger with Manifolds to Improve Flow Characteristics
Byunghui Kim, Kuisoon Kim, Seokho Kim
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: compact heat exchangers, Computational Fluid Dynamics, dividing manifold, flow uniformity, parallel flow, pressure drop
Parallel flow heat exchangers with manifolds are widely used in various industries owing to their compact size and ease of application. Research has been conducted to understand their flow characteristics and improve flow distribution and pressure drop performance; however, it is difficult to derive generalized improvements under different conditions for each application. This study proposes a novel design to improve the flow characteristics of a compact heat exchanger with a sudden expansion area of a dividing manifold and uses computational fluid dynamics simulation to verify it. The abrupt cross-sectional area change in the dividing manifold induces a jet flow near the entry region, which causes the flow maldistribution of the first few parallel tubes. To improve the efficiency of the dividing manifold, simple and novel designs with a converging-diverging area in the manifold header have been proposed. Parametric studies on the novel designs show improvements of up to 37.5% and 52.0... [more]
A Mathematical Model of Biomass Combustion Physical and Chemical Processes
Florin Popescu, Razvan Mahu, Ion V. Ion, Eugen Rusu
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Biomass, combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, mathematical modeling, numerical simulation, thermochemical decomposition
The numerical simulation of biomass combustion requires a model that must contain, on one hand, sub-models for biomass conversion to primary products, which involves calculations for heat transfer, biomass decomposition rate, product fractions, chemical composition, and material properties, and on the other hand, sub-models for volatile products transport inside and outside of the biomass particle, their combustion, and the char reduction/oxidation. Creating such a complete mathematical model is particularly challenging; therefore, the present study proposes a versatile alternative—an originally formulated generalized 3D biomass decomposition model designed to be efficiently integrated with existing CFD technology. The biomass decomposition model provides the chemical composition and mixture fractions of volatile products and char at the cell level, while the heat transfer, species transport, and chemical reaction calculations are to be handled by the CFD software. The combustion model... [more]
Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Heat Transfer for Solid Fuels Combustion in Fixed Bed Conditions
Wojciech Judt
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, experimental analysis, fixed bed, heat load, heat transfer, Modelling, solid fuels
The paper concerns the analysis of the heat transfer process that occurred during solid fuel burning in fixed bed conditions. The subject of the analysis is a cylindrical combustion chamber with an output of 12 kW heating power equipped with a retort burner for hard coal and biomass combustion. During the research, a numerical and experimental study is performed. The analysis is prepared for various heat load of the combustion chamber, which allowed for the reconstruction of real working conditions for heating devices working with solid fuels combustion. The temperature distribution obtained by the experimental way is compared with results of the numerical modeling. Local distribution of principal heat transfer magnitudes like a heat flux density and a heat transfer coefficient that occurred on the sidewall of the combustion chamber is analyzed. The analysis showed, that the participation of convection and radiation in the overall heat transfer process has resulted from the heat load o... [more]
Reduction of Entrained Vortices in Submersible Pump Suction Lines Using Numerical Simulations
Virgel M. Arocena, Binoe E. Abuan, Joseph Gerard T. Reyes, Paul L. Rodgers, Louis Angelo M. Danao
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, free surface flow, free surface vortices, intake structures, physical hydraulic model, vertical pump
Pump intake structure design is one area where physical models still remain as the only acceptable method that can provide reliable engineering results. Ensuring the amount of turbulence, entrained air vortices, and swirl are kept within acceptable limits requires site-specific, expensive, and time-consuming physical model studies. This study aims to investigate the viability of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) as an alternative tool for pump intake design thus reducing the need for extensive physical experiments. In this study, a transient multiphase simulation of a 530 mm wide rectangular intake sump housing a 116 m3/h pump is presented. The flow conditions, vortex formation and inlet swirl are compared to an existing 1:10 reduced scaled physical model test. For the baseline test, the predicted surface and submerged vortices agreed well with those observed in the physical model. Both the physical model test and the numerical model showed that the initial geometry of the pump sump i... [more]
Numerical Investigation on Flow Field Distribution of Eccentric Compressors Based on Steady and Unsteady CFD Methods
Chao Jiang, Jun Hu, Jiayu Wang, Longteng Cong
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, eccentric compressor, non-uniform flow, non-uniform tip clearance, steady and unsteady
The tip clearance has an important effect on the performance of an engine compressor. While the impact of tip clearance on a concentric compressor has been widely explored in previous research, the flow field distribution of an eccentric compressor has only been minimally explored. Both the steady and unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods have been widely used in the studies of concentric axial-compressors, and they have similar simulation results in terms of flow field. However, they have been rarely applied to axial-compressors with non-uniform tip clearance to investigate their flow field. In this paper, ANSYS CFX is used as CFD software, and both steady and unsteady CFD methods are applied to study a single rotor of ROTOR67 to investigate the compressor characteristic line and flow field under different eccentricity conditions. The results show that non-uniform tip clearance creates a non-uniform flow field at the inlet and tip regions over the whole operating range.... [more]
Simulation and Measurement of Energetic Performance in Decentralized Regenerative Ventilation Systems
Nicolas Carbonare, Hannes Fugmann, Nasir Asadov, Thibault Pflug, Lena Schnabel, Constanze Bongs
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, decentralized ventilation, heat recovery, honeycomb heat exchanger, Modelica
Decentralized regenerative mechanical ventilation systems have acquired relevance in recent years for the retrofit of residential buildings. While manufacturers report heat recovery efficiencies over 90%, research has shown that the efficiencies often vary between 60% and 80%. In order to better understand this mismatch, a test facility is designed and constructed for the experimental characterization and validation of regenerative heat exchanger simulation models. A ceramic honeycomb heat exchanger, typical for decentralized regenerative ventilation devices, is measured in this test facility. The experimental data are used to validate two modeling approaches: a one-dimensional model in Modelica and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model built in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results show an overall acceptable thermal performance of both models, the 1D model having a much lower simulation time and, thus, being suitable for integration in building performance simulations. A test case is... [more]
Numerical Investigation of the Rotor-Rotor Aerodynamic Interaction for eVTOL Aircraft Configurations
Riccardo Piccinini, Matteo Tugnoli, Alex Zanotti
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, eVTOL aircraft, rotary-wing aerodynamics, rotor interaction, vortex particle method
The rotor-rotor aerodynamic interaction is one of the key phenomena that characterise the flow and the performance of most of the new urban air mobility vehicles (eVTOLs) developed in the recent years. The present article describes a numerical activity that aimed to the systematic study of the rotor-rotor aerodynamic interaction with application to the flight conditions typical of eVTOL aircraft. The activity considers the use of a novel mid-fidelity aerodynamic solver based on vortex particle method. In particular, numerical simulations were performed when considering two propellers both in side-by-side and tandem configuration with different separation distances. The results of numerical simulations showed a slight reduction of the propellers performance in side-by-side configuration, while a remarkable loss of thrust in the order of 40% and a reduction of about 20% of the propulsive efficiency were found in tandem configuration, particularly when the propeller disks are completely o... [more]
Numerical Modeling of Ejector and Development of Improved Methods for the Design of Ejector-Assisted Refrigeration System
Hafiz Ali Muhammad, Hafiz Muhammad Abdullah, Zabdur Rehman, Beomjoon Lee, Young-Jin Baik, Jongjae Cho, Muhammad Imran, Manzar Masud, Mohsin Saleem, Muhammad Shoaib Butt
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, ejectors, empirical correlation, refrigeration cycle
An ejector is a simple mechanical device that can be integrated with power generation or the refrigeration cycle to enhance their performance. Owing to the complex flow behavior in the ejector, the performance prediction of the ejector is done by numerical simulations. However, to evaluate the performance of an ejector integrated power cycle or refrigeration cycle, the need for simpler and more reliable thermodynamic models to estimate the performance of the ejector persists. This research, therefore, aims at developing a single mathematical correlation that can predict the ejector performance with reasonable accuracy. The proposed correlation relates the entrainment ratio and the pressure rise across the ejector to the area ratio and the mass flow rate of the primary flow. R141b is selected as the ejector refrigerant, and the results obtained through the proposed correlation are validated through numerical solutions. The comparison between the analytical and numerical with experimenta... [more]
Data Mining and Machine Learning Techniques for Aerodynamic Databases: Introduction, Methodology and Potential Benefits
Esther Andrés-Pérez
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aerodynamic analysis, Computational Fluid Dynamics, data mining, linear regression, Machine Learning, support vector regression, surrogate modeling
Machine learning and data mining techniques are nowadays being used in many business sectors to exploit the data in order to detect trends, discover certain features and patters, or even predict the future. However, in the field of aerodynamics, the application of these techniques is still in the initial stages. This paper focuses on exploring the benefits that machine learning and data mining techniques can offer to aerodynamicists in order to extract knowledge from the CFD data and to make quick predictions of aerodynamic coefficients. For this purpose, three aerodynamic databases (NACA0012 airfoil, RAE2822 airfoil and 3D DPW wing) have been used and results show that machine-learning and data-mining techniques have a huge potential also in this field.
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