Records with Keyword: Computational Fluid Dynamics
Showing records 126 to 150 of 628. [First] Page: 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Last
Improving the Modeling of Pressure Pulsation and Cavitation Prediction in a Double-Volute Double-Suction Pump Using Mosaic Meshing Technology
Virgel M. Arocena, Louis Angelo M. Danao
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cavitation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, double-volute pump, NPSH
Over the years, Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) has been an integral part of most pump design processes. Unfortunately, as calculation schemes and flow investigations become more complicated, the cost of conducting numerical simulations also becomes more expensive in terms of computational time. To remedy this, cutting-edge technology, together with novel calculation techniques, are continuously introduced with the end target of producing more accurate results and faster computing time. In this paper, CFD simulations are run on a numerical model of a double-volute double-suction pump prepared using ANSYS Fluent Mosaic meshing technology. Poly-Hexcore, the first application of Mosaic technology, fills the bulk region with octree hexes, keeps a high-quality layered poly-prism mesh in the boundary layer, and conformally connects these two meshes with general polyhedral elements. This technology promises to provide a lower number of cells along with a significant increase in computing s... [more]
Reliability of Different Nanofluids and Different Micro-Channel Configurations on the Heat Transfer Augmentation
Ibrahim Elbadawy, Abdulaziz Alhajri, Mohammad Doust, Yousef Almulla, Mohamed Fayed, Ali Dinc, Mohamed Abouelela, Ibrahim Mahariq, Wael Al-Kouz
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, MCHS configurations, microchannels, nanofluids
Nanofluid, the fluid suspensions of a metallic nanoparticle, became a coolant fluid that is used when a promising enhancement in heat transfer is required. In the current study, the characteristics of fluid flow and heat transfer are numerically investigated using different nanofluids (Al2O3−H2O, TiO2−H2O, and SiO2−H2O) and different micro-channel heat sink (MCHS) configurations (rectangular, triangular, trapezoidal, and circular). In this numerical investigation, the effect of Re number ranged from 890 to 1500, and the effect of nanoparticle concentration ranged from 1% to 7% at constant heat flux q = 106 W/m2, and constant fluid inlet temperature of 288 K, were studied. The average heat transfer coefficient, h, and pressure drop, Δp, are used to quantify the fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics in each MCHS configuration and for each nanoparticle concentration. It is revealed that a better heat transfer coefficient is obtained for Al2O−H2O compared with other types of nanopar... [more]
Impact of Chemistry−Turbulence Interaction Modeling Approach on the CFD Simulations of Entrained Flow Coal Gasification
Jakub Mularski, Norbert Modliński
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: coal gasification, Computational Fluid Dynamics, entrained flow reactor, PFR, PSR, turbulence
This paper examines the impact of different chemistry−turbulence interaction approaches on the accuracy of simulations of coal gasification in entrained flow reactors. Infinitely fast chemistry is compared with the eddy dissipation concept considering the influence of turbulence on chemical reactions. Additionally, ideal plug flow reactor study and perfectly stirred reactor study are carried out to estimate the accuracy of chosen simplified chemical kinetic schemes in comparison with two detailed mechanisms. The most accurate global approach and the detailed one are further implemented in the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code. Special attention is paid to the water−gas shift reaction, which is found to have the key impact on the final gas composition. Three different reactors are examined: a pilot-scale Mitsubishi Heavy Industries reactor, a laboratory-scale reactor at Brigham Young University and a Conoco-Philips E-gas reactor. The aim of this research was to assess the impact o... [more]
Numerical Study on Novel Design for Compact Parallel-Flow Heat Exchanger with Manifolds to Improve Flow Characteristics
Byunghui Kim, Kuisoon Kim, Seokho Kim
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: compact heat exchangers, Computational Fluid Dynamics, dividing manifold, flow uniformity, parallel flow, pressure drop
Parallel flow heat exchangers with manifolds are widely used in various industries owing to their compact size and ease of application. Research has been conducted to understand their flow characteristics and improve flow distribution and pressure drop performance; however, it is difficult to derive generalized improvements under different conditions for each application. This study proposes a novel design to improve the flow characteristics of a compact heat exchanger with a sudden expansion area of a dividing manifold and uses computational fluid dynamics simulation to verify it. The abrupt cross-sectional area change in the dividing manifold induces a jet flow near the entry region, which causes the flow maldistribution of the first few parallel tubes. To improve the efficiency of the dividing manifold, simple and novel designs with a converging-diverging area in the manifold header have been proposed. Parametric studies on the novel designs show improvements of up to 37.5% and 52.0... [more]
A Mathematical Model of Biomass Combustion Physical and Chemical Processes
Florin Popescu, Razvan Mahu, Ion V. Ion, Eugen Rusu
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Biomass, combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, mathematical modeling, numerical simulation, thermochemical decomposition
The numerical simulation of biomass combustion requires a model that must contain, on one hand, sub-models for biomass conversion to primary products, which involves calculations for heat transfer, biomass decomposition rate, product fractions, chemical composition, and material properties, and on the other hand, sub-models for volatile products transport inside and outside of the biomass particle, their combustion, and the char reduction/oxidation. Creating such a complete mathematical model is particularly challenging; therefore, the present study proposes a versatile alternative—an originally formulated generalized 3D biomass decomposition model designed to be efficiently integrated with existing CFD technology. The biomass decomposition model provides the chemical composition and mixture fractions of volatile products and char at the cell level, while the heat transfer, species transport, and chemical reaction calculations are to be handled by the CFD software. The combustion model... [more]
Numerical and Experimental Analysis of Heat Transfer for Solid Fuels Combustion in Fixed Bed Conditions
Wojciech Judt
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, experimental analysis, fixed bed, heat load, heat transfer, Modelling, solid fuels
The paper concerns the analysis of the heat transfer process that occurred during solid fuel burning in fixed bed conditions. The subject of the analysis is a cylindrical combustion chamber with an output of 12 kW heating power equipped with a retort burner for hard coal and biomass combustion. During the research, a numerical and experimental study is performed. The analysis is prepared for various heat load of the combustion chamber, which allowed for the reconstruction of real working conditions for heating devices working with solid fuels combustion. The temperature distribution obtained by the experimental way is compared with results of the numerical modeling. Local distribution of principal heat transfer magnitudes like a heat flux density and a heat transfer coefficient that occurred on the sidewall of the combustion chamber is analyzed. The analysis showed, that the participation of convection and radiation in the overall heat transfer process has resulted from the heat load o... [more]
Reduction of Entrained Vortices in Submersible Pump Suction Lines Using Numerical Simulations
Virgel M. Arocena, Binoe E. Abuan, Joseph Gerard T. Reyes, Paul L. Rodgers, Louis Angelo M. Danao
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, free surface flow, free surface vortices, intake structures, physical hydraulic model, vertical pump
Pump intake structure design is one area where physical models still remain as the only acceptable method that can provide reliable engineering results. Ensuring the amount of turbulence, entrained air vortices, and swirl are kept within acceptable limits requires site-specific, expensive, and time-consuming physical model studies. This study aims to investigate the viability of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) as an alternative tool for pump intake design thus reducing the need for extensive physical experiments. In this study, a transient multiphase simulation of a 530 mm wide rectangular intake sump housing a 116 m3/h pump is presented. The flow conditions, vortex formation and inlet swirl are compared to an existing 1:10 reduced scaled physical model test. For the baseline test, the predicted surface and submerged vortices agreed well with those observed in the physical model. Both the physical model test and the numerical model showed that the initial geometry of the pump sump i... [more]
Numerical Investigation on Flow Field Distribution of Eccentric Compressors Based on Steady and Unsteady CFD Methods
Chao Jiang, Jun Hu, Jiayu Wang, Longteng Cong
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, eccentric compressor, non-uniform flow, non-uniform tip clearance, steady and unsteady
The tip clearance has an important effect on the performance of an engine compressor. While the impact of tip clearance on a concentric compressor has been widely explored in previous research, the flow field distribution of an eccentric compressor has only been minimally explored. Both the steady and unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) methods have been widely used in the studies of concentric axial-compressors, and they have similar simulation results in terms of flow field. However, they have been rarely applied to axial-compressors with non-uniform tip clearance to investigate their flow field. In this paper, ANSYS CFX is used as CFD software, and both steady and unsteady CFD methods are applied to study a single rotor of ROTOR67 to investigate the compressor characteristic line and flow field under different eccentricity conditions. The results show that non-uniform tip clearance creates a non-uniform flow field at the inlet and tip regions over the whole operating range.... [more]
Simulation and Measurement of Energetic Performance in Decentralized Regenerative Ventilation Systems
Nicolas Carbonare, Hannes Fugmann, Nasir Asadov, Thibault Pflug, Lena Schnabel, Constanze Bongs
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, decentralized ventilation, heat recovery, honeycomb heat exchanger, Modelica
Decentralized regenerative mechanical ventilation systems have acquired relevance in recent years for the retrofit of residential buildings. While manufacturers report heat recovery efficiencies over 90%, research has shown that the efficiencies often vary between 60% and 80%. In order to better understand this mismatch, a test facility is designed and constructed for the experimental characterization and validation of regenerative heat exchanger simulation models. A ceramic honeycomb heat exchanger, typical for decentralized regenerative ventilation devices, is measured in this test facility. The experimental data are used to validate two modeling approaches: a one-dimensional model in Modelica and a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model built in COMSOL Multiphysics®. The results show an overall acceptable thermal performance of both models, the 1D model having a much lower simulation time and, thus, being suitable for integration in building performance simulations. A test case is... [more]
Numerical Investigation of the Rotor-Rotor Aerodynamic Interaction for eVTOL Aircraft Configurations
Riccardo Piccinini, Matteo Tugnoli, Alex Zanotti
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, eVTOL aircraft, rotary-wing aerodynamics, rotor interaction, vortex particle method
The rotor-rotor aerodynamic interaction is one of the key phenomena that characterise the flow and the performance of most of the new urban air mobility vehicles (eVTOLs) developed in the recent years. The present article describes a numerical activity that aimed to the systematic study of the rotor-rotor aerodynamic interaction with application to the flight conditions typical of eVTOL aircraft. The activity considers the use of a novel mid-fidelity aerodynamic solver based on vortex particle method. In particular, numerical simulations were performed when considering two propellers both in side-by-side and tandem configuration with different separation distances. The results of numerical simulations showed a slight reduction of the propellers performance in side-by-side configuration, while a remarkable loss of thrust in the order of 40% and a reduction of about 20% of the propulsive efficiency were found in tandem configuration, particularly when the propeller disks are completely o... [more]
Numerical Modeling of Ejector and Development of Improved Methods for the Design of Ejector-Assisted Refrigeration System
Hafiz Ali Muhammad, Hafiz Muhammad Abdullah, Zabdur Rehman, Beomjoon Lee, Young-Jin Baik, Jongjae Cho, Muhammad Imran, Manzar Masud, Mohsin Saleem, Muhammad Shoaib Butt
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, ejectors, empirical correlation, refrigeration cycle
An ejector is a simple mechanical device that can be integrated with power generation or the refrigeration cycle to enhance their performance. Owing to the complex flow behavior in the ejector, the performance prediction of the ejector is done by numerical simulations. However, to evaluate the performance of an ejector integrated power cycle or refrigeration cycle, the need for simpler and more reliable thermodynamic models to estimate the performance of the ejector persists. This research, therefore, aims at developing a single mathematical correlation that can predict the ejector performance with reasonable accuracy. The proposed correlation relates the entrainment ratio and the pressure rise across the ejector to the area ratio and the mass flow rate of the primary flow. R141b is selected as the ejector refrigerant, and the results obtained through the proposed correlation are validated through numerical solutions. The comparison between the analytical and numerical with experimenta... [more]
Data Mining and Machine Learning Techniques for Aerodynamic Databases: Introduction, Methodology and Potential Benefits
Esther Andrés-Pérez
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aerodynamic analysis, Computational Fluid Dynamics, data mining, linear regression, Machine Learning, support vector regression, surrogate modeling
Machine learning and data mining techniques are nowadays being used in many business sectors to exploit the data in order to detect trends, discover certain features and patters, or even predict the future. However, in the field of aerodynamics, the application of these techniques is still in the initial stages. This paper focuses on exploring the benefits that machine learning and data mining techniques can offer to aerodynamicists in order to extract knowledge from the CFD data and to make quick predictions of aerodynamic coefficients. For this purpose, three aerodynamic databases (NACA0012 airfoil, RAE2822 airfoil and 3D DPW wing) have been used and results show that machine-learning and data-mining techniques have a huge potential also in this field.
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of the Gas Flow in the Axisymmetric Radial Clearance
Damian Joachimiak, Andrzej Frąckowiak
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, experiment, flow coefficient, labyrinth seal, leakage, mini gap
This paper focuses on the analysis of the gas flow in the axisymmetric mini gap bounded by the surface of the top of the labyrinth seal tooth and the surface of the body. It includes the results of experimental research and numerical calculations. Experimental research focused on the analysis of gas flow for six clearance heights in a wide range of pressure drops. Based on this research, we determined the mass flow in the clearance. Using the Saint-Venant equation, we determined the flow coefficient versus the pressure ratio upstream and downstream from the seal. Flow coefficients for various clearance heights obtained from the experiment can be divided into two data groups, the values of which differ significantly. To explain changes in the value of the gas flow coefficient for selected clearance heights, numerical analysis of the said gas flow was performed using the Fluent software. This analysis allowed us to explain the reason for the variability of the flow coefficient. This rese... [more]
Development and Validation of CFD 2D Models for the Simulation of Micro H-Darrieus Turbines Subjected to High Boundary Layer Instabilities
Rosario Lanzafame, Stefano Mauro, Michele Messina, Sebastian Brusca
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, Delayed DES, H-Darrieus, micro wind power generation, VAWT
The simulation of very small vertical axis wind turbines is often a complex task due to the very low Reynolds number effects and the strong unsteadiness related to the rotor operation. Moreover, the high boundary layer instabilities, which affect these turbines, strongly limits their efficiency compared to micro horizontal axis wind turbines. However, as the scientific interest toward micro wind turbine power generation is growing for powering small stand-alone devices, Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWTs)might be very suitable for this kind of application as well. Furthermore, micro wind turbines are widely used for wind tunnel testing, as the wind tunnel dimensions are usually quite limited. In order to obtain a better comprehension of the fluid dynamics of such micro rotors, in the present paper the authors demonstrate how to develop an accurate CFD 2D model of a micro H-Darrieus wind turbine, inherently characterized by highly unstable operating conditions. The rotor was tested in t... [more]
Analysing the Material Suitability and Concentration Ratio of a Solar-Powered Parabolic trough Collector (PTC) Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
Mohammad Akrami, Husain Alsari, Akbar A. Javadi, Mahdieh Dibaj, Raziyeh Farmani, Hassan E.S. Fath, Alaa H. Salah, Abdelazim Negm
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: clean production, Computational Fluid Dynamics, desalination, parabolic trough collector, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, solar energy, sustainable
Solar-powered desalination is a sustainable solution for countries experiencing water scarcity. Several studies have presented different solutions to provide cleaner production in desalination systems. Parabolic trough collector (PTC) is one of these solutions that has proven to be superior among solar concentrators. Furthermore, a number of studies have investigated the use of PTC for distillation of saline water in response to water scarcity. In this study, a modified PTC model was developed, in which the heat exchanger was replaced by a condensation tube to reduce the energy consumption, and a black layer was introduced to the surface of the receiver to enhance its absorptance. As a reference case, the system productivity according to average solar intensities in Zagazig, located at 30°34′N 31°30′E in the North East of Egypt, is estimated. The results indicated that the maximum production rate that can be attained is 1.72 kg/h. Then, the structure of the system is evaluated with the... [more]
Simulation of Mixing Intensity Profile for Bioethanol Production via Two-Step Fermentation in an Unbaffled Agitator Reactor
Snunkhaem Echaroj, Hwai Chyuan Ong, Xiuhan Chen
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: alternative fuel, bioenergy, bioethanol fermentation, Computational Fluid Dynamics, green energy, impeller geometry
Bioethanol synthesis techniques have been studied intensively due to the energy crisis and various environmental concerns. A two-step bioethanol production process was carried out multiple times in an unbaffled agitator tank. The parameters varied, including the fermentation temperature, the pH level, the amount of yeast, and the impeller type. Then, a simulation was used to obtain an image of the agitation behavior inside the agitator tank to compare the velocity profile of each type of impeller design. The impeller with eight blades was found to produce the highest flow velocity: 0.28 m/s. The highest concentration of bioethanol generated from the fermentation was 34 g/L, which was produced by using an eight-blade impeller at 30 °C, a pH level of 5, an agitation speed of 70 rpm, and 2 wt % yeast. The two-blade impeller produced the lowest bioethanol concentration, 18 g/L, under the same conditions. Ethanol concentration was found to peak at 40 °C and a pH level of 5. The geometry of... [more]
An Inter-Comparison of Dynamic, Fully Coupled, Electro-Mechanical, Models of Tidal Turbines
Arturo Ortega, Joseph Praful Tomy, Jonathan Shek, Stephane Paboeuf, David Ingram
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: actuator line model, blade element momentum theory, Computational Fluid Dynamics, coupled system, electrical system, tidal turbine
Production of electricity using hydrokinetic tidal turbines has many challenges that must be overcome to ensure reliable, economic and practical solutions. Kinetic energy from flowing water is converted to electricity by a system comprising diverse mechanical and electrical components from the rotor blades up to the electricity grid. To date these have often been modelled using simulations of independent systems, lacking bi-directional, real-time, coupling. This approach leads to critical effects being missed. Turbulence in the flow, results in large velocity fluctuations around the blades, causing rapid variation in the shaft torque and generator speed, and consequently in the voltage seen by the power electronics and so compromising the export power quality. Conversely, grid frequency and voltage changes can also cause the generator speed to change, resulting in changes to the shaft speed and torque and consequently changes to the hydrodynamics acting on the blades. Clearly, fully in... [more]
Determination and Fire Analysis of Gob Characteristics Using CFD
Florencio Fernández-Alaiz, Ana Maria Castañón, Fernando Gómez-Fernández, Antonio Bernardo-Sánchez, Marc Bascompta
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: coal fire, coal seam, Computational Fluid Dynamics, FDS, fire behavior
A laboratory-scale analysis using coal from an underground mine was carried out, emulating a mixture from the gob area in an actual mine, consisting of waste, coal, and free space for the flow of air. Experimental tests and computational fluid dynamics modelling were done to define and verify the behavior of the collapsed region in a time-dependent analysis. In addition, the characteristics of coal were defined, regarding the self-combustion, combustion rate, and pollutants generated in each stage of the fire. The results achieved are useful for determining the behavior of the collapsed area in full-scale conditions and to provide valuable information to study different scenarios of a potential fire in a real sublevel coal mine regarding how the heat is spread in the gob and how pollutants are generated.
Combustion Modeling and Simulation of Recycled Anode-off-Gas from Solid Oxide Fuel Cell
Sataish Asghar Kashmiri, Muhammad Wasim Tahir, Umer Afzal
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ANSYS Fluent, combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, fuel cell, Modelling, SOFC
A solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is popular amongst other fuel cell technologies due to fuel flexibility, low cost, and stability. Because of difficulties involved in the handling of hydrogen, onsite hydrogen production is considered for many small- and large-scale applications. It involves an integrated setup consisting of a reformer, combustor, and fuel cell stack. Being operated at high temperature, gases leaving SOFC contain a significant amount of thermal energy which can be utilized within the integrated reforming process. In addition, anode-off-gas (AOG) from SOFC contains unreacted hydrogen which can be utilized as fuel in an integrated combustor thereby increasing combustor efficiency. For effective integration of a combustor, reformer, and power generator, modeling and simulation is of great utility. In the present work, a 3D model of an integrated combustor unit is developed and implemented into the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation package ANSYS FLUENT®. Main obje... [more]
Modelling of Hard Coal Beneficiation Process Utilising Negative Pressure Pneumatic Separator
Kamil Stańczyk
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: aerodynamic separation, coal enrichment, coal waste processing, Computational Fluid Dynamics, deshaling, dry coal beneficiation, mathematical model, negative pressure system, NPPS, numerical modelling
The dry separation methods for coal beneficiation have been regaining attention in the past decades. A number of improved or newly designed devices have been developed—one of them is a negative pressure pneumatic separator (NPPS). The said method of separation is based on the differences in the physical properties between coal and gangue minerals, such as the grain density, size, and shape. The aim of the hereby presented work was to develop working models describing the operation of the NPPS. To validate the models, the calculation results were compared with experimental results of the tests carried out in the previous study on the topic. Based on the findings it can be inferred that the models accurately predict the separation results, i.e., the majority of results are within the range of estimated measurement uncertainties. Consequently, the models allow one to optimise the process to obtain the products with desirable properties.
Numerical Study on the Thermal Performance of a Single U-Tube Borehole Heat Exchanger Using Nano-Enhanced Phase Change Materials
Hossein Javadi, Javier F. Urchueguia, Seyed Soheil Mousavi Ajarostaghi, Borja Badenes
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: borehole heat exchanger, Computational Fluid Dynamics, geothermal energy, nano-enhanced phase change material, numerical simulation, thermal performance
To investigate the impacts of using nano-enhanced phase change materials on the thermal performance of a borehole heat exchanger in the summer season, a three-dimensional numerical model of a borehole heat exchanger is created in the present work. Seven nanoparticles including Cu, CuO, Al2O3, TiO2, SiO2, multi-wall carbon nanotube, and graphene are added to the Paraffin. Considering the highest melting rate and lowest outlet temperature, the selected nano-enhanced phase change material is evaluated in terms of volume fraction (0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20) and then the shape (sphere, brick, cylinder, platelet, blade) of its nanoparticles. Based on the results, the Paraffin containing Cu and SiO2 nanoparticles are found to be the best and worst ones in thermal performance improvement, respectively. Moreover, it is indicated that the increase in the volume fraction of Cu nanoparticles could enhance markedly the melting rate, being 0.20 the most favorable value which increased up to 55% the the... [more]
CFD and PIV Investigation of a Liquid Flow Maldistribution across a Tube Bundle in the Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger with Segmental Baffles
Grzegorz Ligus, Marek Wasilewski, Szymon Kołodziej, Daniel Zając
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: baffle, Computational Fluid Dynamics, heat exchanger, maldistribution, PIV, shell side, shell-and-tube, tube bundle
The paper presents the results of research on liquid flow maldistribution in the shell side of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger (STHE). This phenomenon constitutes the reason for the formation of the velocity reduction area and adversely affects heat transfer and pressure drop. In order to provide details of the liquid distribution in STHE, two visualization methods were utilized. First, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code coupled with the k-ε model and the laser-based particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was applied. The tests were carried out for a bundle comprising 37 tubes in an in-line layout with a pitch dz/t = 1.5, placed in a shell with Din = 0.1 m. The STHE liquid feed rates corresponded to Reynolds numbers Rein equal to 16,662, 24,993, and 33,324. The analysis demonstrated that the flow maldistribution in the investigated geometry originates the result of three main streams in the cross-section of the shell side: central stream, oblique stream, and bypass stream. For... [more]
Reduction of Unburned Carbon Release and NOx Emission from a Pulverized Wood Pellet Boiler Retrofitted for Fuel Switching from Coal
Jiseok Lee, Seunghan Yu, Jinje Park, Hyunbin Jo, Jongkeun Park, Changkook Ryu, Yeong-gap Jeong
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combustion, Computational Fluid Dynamics, NOx emission, unburned carbon, wall-firing boiler, wood pellet
For renewable electricity production, biomass can fully displace coal in an existing power plant with some equipment modifications. Recently, a 125 MWe power plant burning mainly anthracite in Korea was retrofitted for dedicated wood pellet combustion with a change of boiler configuration from arch firing to wall firing. However, this boiler suffers from operational problems caused by high unburned carbon (UBC) contents in the bottom ash. This study comprises an investigation of some methods to reduce the UBC release while achieving lower NOx emissions. The computational fluid dynamics approach was established and validated for typical operating data. Subsequently, it was applied to elucidate the particle combustion and flow characteristics leading to the high UBC content and to evaluate the operating variables for improving the boiler performance. It was found that the high UBC content in the bottom ash was a combined effect of the poor fuel grindability and low gas velocity in the wi... [more]
Numerical Modelling of Horizontal Oil-Water Pipe Flow
Thomas Höhne, Ali Rayya, Gustavo Montoya
April 3, 2023 (v1)
The purpose of this work is modeling of a horizontal oil−water flow with and without the Algebraic Interfacial Area Density (AIAD) model. Software and hardware developments in the past years have significantly increased and improved the accuracy, flexibility, and performance of simulations for large and complex problems typically encountered in industrial applications. At Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), the focus has been concentrated on the R&D of new modeling capabilities for Euler−Euler approach where interfaces exist. In this research paper, the applicability of the AIAD model for a horizontal oil−water flow is investigated. The comparison between the standard ANSYS Fluent Eulerian Interface Capabilities (namely Multi-Fluid VOF) without AIAD and ANSYS CFX with AIAD implemented via user functions for the oil−water flow was performed. Thereafter, the obtained results were compared with existing experimental data produced by the Department of Thermodynamics and Transport... [more]
Investigation and Modeling of the Magnetic Nanoparticle Aggregation with a Two-Phase CFD Model
Péter Pálovics, Márton Németh, Márta Rencz
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics, magnetic nanoparticle, microfluidics, OpenFOAM, rheology, two-phase solver
In this paper the magnetic nanoparticle aggregation procedure in a microchannel in the presence of external magnetic field is investigated. The main goal of the work was to establish a numerical model, capable of predicting the shape of the nanoparticle aggregate in a magnetic field without extreme computational demands. To that end, a specialized two-phase CFD model and solver has been created with the open source CFD software OpenFOAM. The model relies on the supposed microstucture of the aggregate consisting of particle chains parallel to the magnetic field. First, the microstructure was investigated with a micro-domain model. Based on the theoretical model of the particle chain and the results of the micro-domain model, a two-phase CFD model and solver were created. After this, the nanoparticle aggregation in a microchannel in the field of a magnet was modeled with the solver at different flow rates. Measurements with a microfluidic device were performed to verify the simulation re... [more]
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