Records Added in March 2023
Records added in March 2023
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Showing records 76 to 100 of 12968. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Last
Anti-Disturbance Finite-Time Adaptive Sliding Mode Backstepping Control for PV Inverter in Master−Slave-Organized Islanded Microgrid
Chengshun Yang, Shuangfei Ni, Yuchen Dai, Xiaoning Huang, Dongdong Zhang
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: adaptive control, command-filter, disturbance-observer (DO), master–slave-organized islanded microgrid, photovoltaic (PV), terminal sliding mode control (TSMC)
With the aim to solve the problem related to the power chattering and anti-disturbance performance of a photovoltaic (PV) inverter in master−slave-organized islanded microgrid, an anti-disturbance finite-time adaptive sliding mode backstepping (DFA-SMB) controller is designed in this paper. First, the topology and the second-order dynamic model of PV inverter are established based on constant DC voltage and constant reactive power control method. Subsequently, the backstepping method is adopted to perform the control of a high-order system. Moreover, a second-order sliding mode differentiator is used to realize the function of command-filter, solving the differential expansion problem caused by the derivation of virtual controller. Besides, the terminal sliding mode control (TSMC) is introduced into the q-axis controller and d-axis inner loop controller, increasing the robustness and reducing the convergence time of the system. Adaptive control and disturbance-observer (DO) are used to... [more]
Selective Immobilization of Antimony Using Brucite-rich Precipitate Produced during In Situ Hypochlorous Acid Formation through Seawater Electrolysis in a Nuclear Power Plant
Kyung-Hee Lee, Yong-Gu Lee, Jaegwan Shin, Kangmin Chon, Sang-Ho Lee
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Adsorption, antimony, brandholzite-like structure, brucite
This study has investigated the selective immobilization of antimony using the brucite (magnesium hydroxide)-rich precipitate (BP) collected from a hypochlorous storage tank in a nuclear power plant of South Korea. The energy dispersive X-ray and X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the BP mainly consisted of magnesium (72.5%) and its dominant mineral phase was brucite (Mg(OH)2). Therefore, brandholzite (Mg[Sb(OH)6]2·6H2O) was newly formed through the surface-induced precipitation during the adsorption of antimony using the BP. The adsorbed amount of antimony increased with decreasing pH values because of the increased positive surface charge of the BP (pHpzc = 9.6). The maximum adsorption capacity (Qmax) of BP, calculated by Langmuir adsorption isotherm, was 11.02 mg/g. The presence of competitive anions did not significantly affect the adsorption of antimony toward the BP due to its high selectivity. These results suggest that the facile utilization of the BP as a low-cost adsorb... [more]
Predicting Renewable Energy Investment Using Machine Learning
Govinda Hosein, Patrick Hosein, Sanjay Bahadoorsingh, Robert Martinez, Chandrabhan Sharma
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: electricity pricing, energy policy, Machine Learning, neural network, regression, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
In order to combat climate change, many countries have promised to bolster Renewable Energy (RE) production following the Paris Agreement with some countries even setting a goal of 100% by 2025. The reasons are twofold: capitalizing on carbon emissions whilst concomitantly benefiting from reduced fossil fuel dependence and the fluctuations associated with imported fuel prices. However, numerous countries have not yet made preparations to increase RE production and integration. In many instances, this reluctance seems to be predominant in energy-rich countries, which typically provide heavy subsidies on electricity prices. With such subsidies, there is no incentive to invest in RE since the time taken to recoup such investments would be significant. We develop a model using a Neural Network (NN) regression algorithm to quantitatively illustrate this conjecture and also use it to predict the reduction in electricity price subsidies required to achieve a specified RE production target. Th... [more]
Reservoir Characteristics of the Lower Jurassic Lacustrine Shale in the Eastern Sichuan Basin and Its Effect on Gas Properties: An Integrated Approach
Jianhua He, Hucheng Deng, Ruolong Ma, Ruyue Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Ang Li
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: eastern Sichuan Basin, gas content, reservoir characteristics, shale gas, the Da’anzhai member
The exploration of shale gas in Fuling area achieved great success, but the reservoir characteristics and gas content of the lower Jurassic lacustrine in the northern Fuling areas remain unknown. We conducted organic geochemical analyses, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, high-pressure mercury intrusion (MIP) and CH4adsorption experimental methods, as well as NMR logging, to study mineral composition, geochemical, pore structure characteristics of organic-rich shales and their effects on the methane adsorption capacity. The Da’anzhai shale member is generally a set of relatively thick (avg. 75 m) and high carbonate-content (avg. 56.89%) lacustrine sediments with moderate total organic carbon (TOC) (avg. 1.12%) and thermal maturation (Vitrinite reflectance (VR): avg. 1.19%). Five types of lithofacies can be classified: marl (ML), calcareous shale (CS), argillaceous shale (AS), muddy siltstone (MS), and silty shale (SS). CS has good r... [more]
Real-Time Construction Simulation Coupling a Concrete Temperature Field Interval Prediction Model with Optimized Hybrid-Kernel RVM for Arch Dams
Wenshuai Song, Tao Guan, Bingyu Ren, Jia Yu, Jiajun Wang, Binping Wu
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: arch dam, concept drift, concrete temperature field, construction simulation, grasshopper optimization algorithm, interval prediction, relevance vector machine
Joint grouting simulation is an important aspect of arch dam construction simulation. However, the current construction simulation model simplifies the temperature factors in joint grouting simulation, which leads to the difference between the simulation results and the actual construction schedule. Furthermore, the majority of existing temperature prediction research is based on deterministic point predictions, which cannot quantify the uncertainties of the prediction values. Thus, this study presents a real-time construction simulation method coupling a concrete temperature field interval prediction model to address these problems. First, a real-time construction simulation model is established. Secondly, this paper proposes a concrete temperature interval prediction method based on the hybrid-kernel relevance vector machine (HK-RVM) with the improved grasshopper optimization algorithm (IGOA). The hybrid-kernel method is adopted to ensure the prediction accuracy and generalization ab... [more]
Energy Performance Evaluation for Exterior Insulation System Consisting of Truss-Form Wire-Frame Mullion Filled with Glass Wool
Jin-Hee Song, Cheol-Yong Park, Jae-Weon Jeong
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: building envelope performance, dry exterior insulation system, energy performance, thermal bridge, truss insulation frame
Heat loss and gain through opaque envelopes of buildings are major factors that affect the overall cooling and heating loads in buildings. The government has enforced regulations to strengthen the thermal transmittance requirement level as a major means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the building sector. In addition, the thermal bridge is considered to be one of the major factors in heating load of buildings. In this study, truss-form wire frame was developed in order to minimize thermal bridge of steel mullion in exterior insulation system. In the case of thermal transmittance test for specimen of 0.145 W/m2 K as design value, the value of the steel pipe was 0.190 W/m2 K and the value of the truss-form wire frame was 0.150 W/m2 K, respectively. This means the other is much smaller than the one in thermal bridge. For four cases, annual energy performance analysis was calculated using Passive House Planning Package (PHPP)—ideal condition without thermal bridge, steel pipe mulli... [more]
Study on Reasonable Amount of Flushing Fluid and Flushing Time
Jingpeng Wang, Youming Xiong, Baocheng Wu, Zongyu Lu, Xiaoxiao Li, Zheng Zhang
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: flushing effect evaluation, flushing fluid, flushing time, oil-based drilling fluid, reasonable dosage
Oil-based drilling fluid has many advantages, such as stable performance, strong anti-pollution ability, and strong inhibition, and it has been widely used in the world. However, at present, there is no unified evaluation standard for the effect of flushing fluid under this condition, and most of them are based on the flushing effect evaluation of water-based drilling fluid. However, there are few studies on wetting reversal phenomenon, reasonable dosage, and flushing time between oil-based drilling fluid and flushing fluid on the two-phase interface. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a comprehensive evaluation method for the effect of flushing fluid under oil-based drilling fluid, and explore the relationship between the amount of flushing fluid and flushing efficiency, so as to determine the reasonable range of flushing fluid consumption. In this paper, using the existing experimental instruments, a type A oil-based flushing fluid commonly used in oil fields was selected for th... [more]
Control and Suppression of Vortex Shedding from a Slightly Rough Circular Cylinder by a Discrete Vortex Method
Marcos André de Oliveira, Paulo Guimarães de Moraes, Crystianne Lilian de Andrade, Alex Mendonça Bimbato, Luiz Antonio Alcântara Pereira
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: bluff body, Lagrangian description, roughness model, suppression hybrid control, Venturi effect
A discrete vortex method is implemented with a hybrid control technique of vortex shedding to solve the problem of the two-dimensional flow past a slightly rough circular cylinder in the vicinity of a moving wall. In the present approach, the passive control technique is inspired on the fundamental principle of surface roughness, promoting modifications on the cylinder geometry to affect the vortex shedding formation. A relative roughness size of ε*/d* = 0.001 (ε* is the average roughness and d* is the outer cylinder diameter) is chosen for the test cases. On the other hand, the active control technique uses a wall plane, which runs at the same speed as the free stream velocity to contribute with external energy affecting the fluid flow. The gap-to-diameter varies in the range from h*/d* = 0.05 to 0.80 (h* is the gap between the moving wall and the cylinder bottom). A detailed account of the time history of pressure distributions, simultaneously investigated with the time evolution of... [more]
Risk Mitigation of Poor Power Quality Issues of Standalone Wind Turbines: An Efficacy Study of Synchronous Reference Frame (SRF) Control
Saqib Mehmood, Amin Qureshi, Anders S. Kristensen
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Monte Carlo Optimization (MC), power quality, risk assessment, Synchronous Reference Frame Scheme (SRF), Total Harmonics Distortion (THD), Voltage Source Converter (VSC)
This paper validates and presents the efficiency and performance of Synchronous Reference Frame (SRF) control as a mitigating control in managing risks of high volatility of electric current flows from the wind turbine generator to the distributed load. High volatility/fluctuations of electricity (high current, voltage disturbance) and frequency are hazards that can trip off or, in extreme cases, burn down a whole wind turbine generator. An advanced control scheme is used to control a Voltage Source Converter (VSC)-based three-phase induction generator with a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS). For the purpose of risk mitigation of harmonics, this scheme converts three-phase input quantity to two-phase Direct Current (DC) quantity (dq) so that the reactive power compensation decreases the harmonics level. Thus, no other analog filters are required to produce the reconstructed signal of fundamental frequency. In this paper, the values of Proportional Integral (PI) regulators are calcu... [more]
Energy and Exergy Evaluations of a Combined Heat and Power System with a High Back-Pressure Turbine under Full Operating Conditions
Shifei Zhao, Weishu Wang, Zhihua Ge
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: combined heat and power, exergy-based efficiencies, full operating conditions, high back-pressure, thermodynamic performance
High back-pressure technology is a promising method for the waste heat recovery of exhaust steams in combined heat and power systems. In this research, a 300 MW coal-fired subcritical combined heat and power system was selected as the reference system, and modeled in EBSILON professional. Then, energy-based and exergy-based performances of the high back-pressure system and traditional combined heat and power system were compared under full operating conditions. Moreover, a novel exergy-based evaluation method, which considers the energy level of the heating supply, was proposed and applied to evaluate the two systems. Results show that: In design conditions, both the heating capacity and power output of the high back-pressure system were higher than those of the extraction condensing system, which led to 17.67% and 33.21% increments of the gross thermal efficiency and generation efficiency, respectively. Compared with the extraction condensing system, the exergy efficiencies of the hig... [more]
Impact of US Shale Gas on the Vertical and Horizontal Dynamics of Ethylene Price
Soohyeon Kim, Surim Oh
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: error correction model, ethylene market, shale gas, time-varying cointegration
The rise of shale resources in the United States is changing the petrochemical industries. Ethylene, the first building block of petrochemical products, is becoming the first target to be hit by the shale boom, and its shifting price dynamics needs to be explored. This study analyzes the transition of ethylene prices from crude oil to natural gas (vertical price dynamics) and investigates widening gaps among regional ethylene prices (horizontal price dynamics). To do this, we detect structural changes in cointegrating relationships and derive time-varying cointegration equations. In addition, for the long- and short-run dynamics, this study established and estimated an error correction model (ECM), with controlling, time-varying cointegrations. This study develops econometric studies by applying time-varying cointegration to nonenergy uses of fossil fuels. Thereby, our results discover that the feedstock structure of US ethylene is moving from crude oil to natural gas and that the como... [more]
Use of Carbon Additives towards Rechargeable Zinc Slurry Air Flow Batteries
Nak Heon Choi, Diego del Olmo, Diego Milian, Nadia El Kissi, Peter Fischer, Karsten Pinkwart, Jens Tübke
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: carbon additives, redox flow battery, rheology, zinc slurry air flow battery, zinc-air battery
The performance of redox flow batteries is notably influenced by the electrolyte, especially in slurry-based flow batteries, as it serves as both an ionic conductive electrolyte and a flowing electrode. In this study, carbon additives were introduced to achieve a rechargeable zinc slurry flow battery by minimizing the zinc plating on the bipolar plate that occurs during charging. When no carbon additive was present in the zinc slurry, the discharge current density was 24 mA∙cm−2 at 0.6 V, while the use of carbon additives increased it to up to 38 mA∙cm−2. The maximum power density was also increased from 16 mW∙cm−2 to 23 mW∙cm−2. Moreover, the amount of zinc plated on the bipolar plate during charging decreased with increasing carbon content in the slurry. Rheological investigation revealed that the elastic modulus and yield stress are directly proportional to the carbon content in the slurry, which is beneficial for redox flow battery applications, but comes at the expense of an incre... [more]
Condition Maintenance Decision of Wind Turbine Gearbox Based on Stochastic Differential Equation
Hongsheng Su, Dantong Wang, Xuping Duan
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: entropy method, polynomial approximation, reliability, stochastic differential equation, Weibull distribution
Maintenance decision analysis is necessary to ensure the safe and stable operation of wind turbine equipment. To address gearboxes with a high failure rate in wind turbines, this paper establishes a new stochastic differential equation model of gearbox state transition to maximize the utilization of gearboxes. This model divides the state of the gearbox into two parts: internal degradation and external random interference. Weibull distribution and polynomial approximation were used to construct the internal degradation model of the gearbox. The external random interference is simulated by Brownian motion. On the basis of the analysis of monitoring data, the parameters of the gearbox state model were solved using the Newton−Raphson iterative method and entropy method. The state change of the gearbox was simulated in MATLAB, and the residual value between the predicted state and the real state was calculated. Compared with the state transformation model constructed by the traditional ord... [more]
Numerical Investigation of the Turbulent Wake-Boundary Interaction in a Translational Cascade of Airfoils and Flat Plate
Xiaodong Ruan, Xu Zhang, Pengfei Wang, Jiaming Wang, Zhongbin Xu
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: boundary layer, rotor stator interaction, secondary vortex
Rotor stator interaction (RSI) is an important phenomenon influencing performances in the pump, turbine, and compressor. In this paper, the correlation-based transition model is used to study the RSI phenomenon between a translational cascade of airfoils and a flat plat. A comparison was made between computational results and experimental results. The computational boundary layer velocity is in reasonable agreement with the experimental velocity. The thickness of boundary layer decreases as the RSI frequency increases and it increases as the fluid flows downstream. The spectral plots of velocity fluctuations at leading edge x/c = 2 under RSI partial flow condition f = 20 Hz and f = 30 Hz are dominated by a narrowband component. RSI frequency mainly affects the turbulence intensity in the freestream region. However, it has little influence on the turbulence intensity of boundary layer near the wall. A secondary vortex is induced by the wake−boundary layer interaction and it leads to the... [more]
Frequency Support from a Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Generator Using Different Variable Droop Characteristics
Dejian Yang, Jingjiao Li, Xinsong Zhang, Liang Hua
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: DFIG, over-frequency disturbances, system frequency response, wind power
Doubly-fed induction generators (DFIGs) are capable of boosting frequency response capability while preventing the rotor speed from stalling during under-frequency disturbances, by employing variable droop characteristics. However, the frequency response capability during over-frequency disturbances is shortened because the potential for storing the kinetic energy is inversely proportional to the variable droop characteristics used for under-frequency disturbances. This paper designs a frequency control method of a DFIG to boost the frequency response capability during over-frequency disturbances while preserving the frequency response capability during under-frequency disturbances, by employing different variable droop characteristics. The effectiveness of the proposed frequency control method is investigated in a test system. The investigation results under five scenarios with different load variations, wind power penetrations and wind conditions clearly demonstrate that the proposed... [more]
Method for Clustering Daily Load Curve Based on SVD-KICIC
Yikun Zhang, Jing Zhang, Gang Yao, Xiao Xu, Kewen Wei
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: classification of load curves, clustering validity, dimensionality reduction, inter-class distance, singular value decomposition, weighted Euclidean distance
Clustering electric load curves is an important part of the load data mining process. In this paper, we propose a clustering algorithm by combining singular value decomposition and KICIC clustering algorithm (SVD-KICIC) for analyzing the characteristics of daily load curves to mitigate some of the traditional clustering algorithm problems, such as only considering intra-class distance and low computational efficiency when dealing with massive load data. Our method identifies effective daily load curve characteristics using the singular value decomposition technique to improve dimensionality reduction, which improves low computational efficiency by reducing the number of dimensions inherent in big data. Additionally, the method performs SVD on the load data to obtain singular values for determination of weight of the KICIC algorithm, which leverages intra-class and inter-class distances of the load data and further improves the computational efficiency of the algorithm. Finally, we perf... [more]
Fault-Structure-Based Active Fault Diagnosis: A Geometric Observer Approach
Zhao Zhang, Xiao He
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: active fault diagnosis, auxiliary input, fault structure, geometric approach, incipient faults
Fault diagnosis techniques can be classified into passive and active types. Passive approaches only utilize the original input and output signals of the system. Because of the small amplitudes, the characteristics of incipient faults are not fully represented in the data of the system, so it is difficult to detect incipient faults by passive fault diagnosis techniques. In contrast, active methods can design auxiliary signals for specific faults and inject them into the system to improve fault diagnosis performance. Therefore, active fault diagnosis techniques are utilized in this article to detect and isolate incipient faults based on the fault structure. A new framework based on observer approach for active fault diagnosis is proposed and the geometric approach based fault diagnosis observer is introduced to active fault diagnosis for the first time. Based on the dynamic equations of residuals, auxiliary signals are designed to enhance the diagnosis performance for incipient faults th... [more]
The Analysis of the Symmetrical Short-Circuit Currents in Backup Power Supply Systems with Low-Power Synchronous Generators
Dominik Mamcarz, Paweł Albrechtowicz, Natalia Radwan-Pragłowska, Bartosz Rozegnał
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: power supply systems, short-circuit current, synchronous generator
This paper presents an analysis of the short-circuit currents of a synchronous generator with a rated power of 16 kVA. For this purpose, the authors carried out measurements of real short-circuit currents during laboratory tests. Additionally, a simulation model of the generator was developed according to the individual machines data from the catalog and field calculations in ANSYS Maxwell software. Based on the mentioned research, the authors compared waveforms of the symmetrical short-circuit currents. In this paper, the last compared family of short-circuit current waveforms was obtained using analytic calculations. As the presented comparison shows, the assumed method of selecting short-circuit waveforms impacted their values. However, the difference in energy related to short-circuit currents did not influence on the selection of the short-circuit protections, especially at low values of steady-state short-circuit currents and short time constants characteristic for the generators... [more]
Simulation-Based Coyote Optimization Algorithm to Determine Gains of PI Controller for Enhancing the Performance of Solar PV Water-Pumping System
Jouda Arfaoui, Hegazy Rezk, Mujahed Al-Dhaifallah, Mohamed N. Ibrahim, Mami Abdelkader
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: coyote optimization algorithm, Energy Efficiency, simulation-based optimization, water pumping
In this study, a simulation-based coyote optimization algorithm (COA) to identify the gains of PI to ameliorate the water-pumping system performance fed from the photovoltaic system is presented. The aim is to develop a stand-alone water-pumping system powered by solar energy, i.e., without the need of electric power from the utility grid. The voltage of the DC bus was adopted as a good candidate to guarantee the extraction of the maximum power under partial shading conditions. In such a system, two proportional-integral (PI) controllers, at least, are necessary. The adjustment of (Proportional-Integral) controllers are always carried out by classical and tiresome trials and errors techniques which becomes a hard task and time-consuming. In order to overcome this problem, an optimization problem was reformulated and modeled under functional time-domain constraints, aiming at tuning these decision variables. For achieving the desired operational characteristics of the PV water-pumping s... [more]
Pyrolysis of Rapeseed Oil Press Cake and Steam Gasification of Solid Residues
Lech Nowicki, Dorota Siuta, Maciej Markowski
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: kinetics, pyrolysis, rapeseed oil press cake, steam gasification, synthesis gas, TGA-MS analysis
A deoiled rapeseed press cake (RPC) was pyrolyzed by heating at a slow heating rate to 1000 °C in a fixed bed reactor, and the produced char was then gasified to obtain data for the kinetic modeling of the process. The gasification experiments were performed in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) under steam/argon mixtures at different temperatures (750, 800 and 850 °C) and steam mole fractions (0.17 and 0.45). The three most commonly used gas-solid kinetic models, the random pore model, the volumetric model and the shrinking core model were used to describe the conversion of char during steam gasification. The objective of the kinetic study was to determine the kinetic parameters and to assess the ability of the models to predict the RPC conversion during steam gasification. A TGA-MS analysis was applied to assess the composition of the product gas. The main steam gasification product of the RPC was hydrogen (approximately 60 mol % of the total product). The volumetric model was able t... [more]
Optimal Management of Thermal Comfort and Driving Range in Electric Vehicles
Anas Lahlou, Florence Ossart, Emmanuel Boudard, Francis Roy, Mohamed Bakhouya
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: dynamic programming, electric vehicle autonomy, energy management, HVAC, thermal comfort
The HVAC system represents the main auxiliary load in battery-powered electric vehicles (BEVs) and requires efficient control approaches that balance energy saving and thermal comfort. On the one hand, passengers always demand more comfort, but on the other hand the HVAC system consumption strongly impacts the vehicle’s driving range, which constitutes a major concern in BEVs. In this paper, a thermal comfort management approach that optimizes the thermal comfort while preserving the driving range during a trip is proposed. The electric vehicle is first modeled together with the HVAC and the passengers’ thermo-physiological behavior. Then, the thermal comfort management issue is formulated as an optimization problem solved by dynamic programing. Two representative test-cases of hot climates and traffic situations are simulated. In the first one, the energetic cost and ratio of improved comfort is quantified for different meteorological and traffic conditions. The second one highlights... [more]
A Novel BIPV Reconfiguration Algorithm for Maximum Power Generation under Partial Shading
Saoud A. Al-Janahi, Omar Ellabban, Sami G. Al-Ghamdi
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: building-information modelling, building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV), complex geometric rooftop, genetic algorithm optimisation, partial shading
The feasibility of electricity production via solar energy in the Middle East is high due to the enormous value of solar radiation. Building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) are systems used to utilise the unused spaces that can be installed on the façade or roof by replacing the building’s main element. However, the main problem associated with electricity production by BIPV is partial shading on the roof, which can produce multiple hot spots and disturbances to the system if the insolation values within the whole BIPV array vary. Partial shading, in this case, is observed due to the complexly shaped roof. This paper studies the partial shading effect on one of Qatar’s most recent projects (metro stations), and models the Education City station, which is a major station. The rooftop is complex, and it has many wavy shapes that can affect the BIPV system’s performance. The station is modelled using building-information modelling (BIM) software, wherein all of the station’s models are ga... [more]
Evaluation of the Environmental Sustainability of a Stirling Cycle-Based Heat Pump Using LCA
Umara Khan, Ron Zevenhoven, Tor-Martin Tveit
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: eco-indicator 99, gas/oil-fired boilers, life cycle assessment, SimaPro, stirling cycle-based heat pump
Heat pumps are increasingly seen as efficient and cost-effective heating systems also in industrial applications. They can drastically reduce the carbon footprint of heating by utilizing waste heat and renewable electricity. Recent research on Stirling cycle-based very high temperature heat pumps is motivated by their promising role in addressing global environmental and energy-related challenges. Evaluating the environmental footprint of a heat pump is not easy, and the impacts of Stirling cycle-based heat pumps, with a relatively high temperature lift have received little attention. In this work, the environmental footprint of a Stirling cycle-based very high temperature heat pump is evaluated using a “cradle to grave” LCA approach. The results for 15 years of use (including manufacturing phase, operation phase, and decommissioning) of a 500-kW heat output rate system are compared with those of natural gas- and oil-fired boilers. It is found that, for the Stirling cycle-based HP, the... [more]
Sustainable Protected Cropping: A Case Study of Seasonal Impacts on Greenhouse Energy Consumption during Capsicum Production
Premaratne Samaranayake, Weiguang Liang, Zhong-Hua Chen, David Tissue, Yi-Chen Lan
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Capsicum annum L., crop yield, energy use efficiency, greenhouse horticulture, sustainable food production
Sustainable food production in protected cropping is increasing rapidly in response to global climate change and population growth. However, there are significant knowledge gaps regarding energy consumption while achieving optimum environmental conditions for greenhouse crop production. A capsicum crop cultivated in a high-tech greenhouse facility in Australia was analysed in terms of relationships between key environmental variables and the comparative analysis of energy consumption during different seasons. We showed that daily energy consumption varied due to the seasonal nature of the external environment and maintenance of optimal growing temperatures. Total power consumption reported throughout the entire crop cycle for heating (gas hot water system) and cooling (pad and fan) was 12,503 and 5183 kWh, respectively; hence, heating consumed ca. 70% of the total energy requirement over the 8-month growing period (early spring to late autumn) in the greenhouse facility. Regressions of... [more]
Demagnetization Fault Diagnosis of a PMSM Using Auto-Encoder and K-Means Clustering
Lien-Kai Chang, Shun-Hong Wang, Mi-Ching Tsai
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Other
Keywords: fault diagnosis, permanent magnet synchronous motor, unsupervised learning
In recent years, many motor fault diagnosis methods have been proposed by analyzing vibration, sound, electrical signals, etc. To detect motor fault without additional sensors, in this study, we developed a fault diagnosis methodology using the signals from a motor servo driver. Based on the servo driver signals, the demagnetization fault diagnosis of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) was implemented using an autoencoder and K-means algorithm. In this study, the PMSM demagnetization fault diagnosis was performed in three states: normal, mild demagnetization fault, and severe demagnetization fault. The experimental results indicate that the proposed method can achieve 96% accuracy to reveal the demagnetization of PMSMs.
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