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Records Added in March 2023
Records added in March 2023
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Showing records 51 to 75 of 12968. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last
Sizing of Lithium-Ion Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid Energy Storage System for Forklift Vehicle
Théophile Paul, Tedjani Mesbahi, Sylvain Durand, Damien Flieller, Wilfried Uhring
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cost, forklift, hybrid electric vehicle, lithium-ion battery, supercapacitor, VDI drive cycle, volume, weight
Nowadays, electric vehicles are one of the main topics in the new industrial revolution, called Industry 4.0. The transport and logistic solutions based on E-mobility, such as handling machines, are increasing in factories. Thus, electric forklifts are mostly used because no greenhouse gas is emitted when operating. However, they are usually equipped with lead-acid batteries which present bad performances and long charging time. Therefore, combining high-energy density lithium-ion batteries and high-power density supercapacitors as a hybrid energy storage system results in almost optimal performances and improves battery lifespan. The suggested solution is well suited for forklifts which continuously start, stop, lift up and lower down heavy loads. This paper presents the sizing of a lithium-ion battery/supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system for a forklift vehicle, using the normalized Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI) drive cycle. To evaluate the performance of the lithium-ion ba... [more]
Biorefinery of the Olive Tree—Production of Sugars from Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Olive Stone Pretreated by Alkaline Extrusion
Pablo Doménech, Aleta Duque, Isabel Higueras, Raquel Iglesias, Paloma Manzanares
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: extrusion, fermentable sugars, lignocellulosic biomass, olive oil industry, pretreatment, sub-product
This work addresses for the first time the study of olive stone (OS) biomass pretreatment by reactive extrusion technology using NaOH as the chemical agent. It is considered as a first step in the biological conversion process of the carbohydrates contained in the material into bio-based products. OS is a sub-product of the olive oil extraction process that could be used in a context of a multi-feedstock and multi-product biorefinery encompassing all residues generated around the olive oil production sector. OS biomass is pretreated in a twin-screw extruder at varying temperatures—100, 125 and 150 °C and NaOH/biomass ratios of 5% and 15% (dry weight basis), in order to estimate the effectiveness of the process to favour the release of sugars by enzymatic hydrolysis. The results show that alkaline extrusion is effective in increasing the sugar release from OS biomass compared to the raw material, being necessary to apply conditions of 15% NaOH/biomass ratio and 125 °C to attain the best... [more]
Assessment of Switchgrass-Based Bioenergy Supply Using GIS-Based Fuzzy Logic and Network Optimization in Missouri (U.S.A.)
Huynh Truong Gia Nguyen, Erik Lyttek, Pankaj Lal, Taylor Wieczerak, Pralhad Burli
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: bioenergy, GIS-based fuzzy logic, Missouri, network location analysis, network optimization, switchgrass
Bioenergy has been globally recognized as one of the sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels. An assured supply of biomass feedstocks is a crucial bottleneck for the bioenergy industry emanating from uncertainties in land-use changes and future prices. Analytical approaches deriving from geographical information systems (GIS)-based analysis, mathematical modeling, optimization analyses, and empirical techniques have been widely used to evaluate the potential for bioenergy feedstock. In this study, we propose a three-phase methodology integrating fuzzy logic, network optimization, and ecosystem services assessment to estimate potential bioenergy supply. The fuzzy logic analysis uses multiple spatial criteria to identify suitable biomass cultivating regions. We extract spatial information based on favorable conditions and potential constraints, such as developed urban areas and croplands. Further, the network analysis uses the road network and existing biorefineries to evaluate feedstoc... [more]
Formic Acid as a Hydrogen Donor for Catalytic Transformations of Tar
Vladimir V. Chesnokov, Pavel P. Dik, Aleksandra S. Chichkan
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: catalyst, formic acid, hydrocracking, hydrogen donor, nickel, tar, zeolite
Specific features of the catalytic tar cracking in the presence of formic acid, BEA zeolite and 8% Ni-2.5% Mo/Sibunit catalyst were studied at 350 °C and 1.0 MPa pressure. The obtained results evidenced that formic acid can be used as a hydrogen donor during catalytic reactions. The formic acid addition made it possible to perform efficient hydrocracking of heavy feed such as tar. It was found that both the tar conversion and selectivity to light (gasoline-diesel) fractions grew in the sequence: tar < (tar - formic acid) < (tar - formic acid - BEA zeolite) < (tar - formic acid - BEA zeolite - 8% Ni-2.5% Mo/Sibunit catalyst). Furthermore, significantly lower concentrations of impurities containing sulfur and nitrogen were observed for the (tar - formic acid - BEA zeolite - 8% Ni-2.5% Mo/Sibunit catalyst) system. For example, the sulfur and nitrogen concentrations in the tar precursor were 1.50% and 0.86%, respectively. Meanwhile, their concentrations in the liquid products afte... [more]
The Design and Test for Degradation of Energy Density of a Silica Gel-Based Energy Storage System Using Low Grade Heat for Desorption Phase
Emmanuel Nyarko Ayisi, Karel Fraňa
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, Energy Storage, experimental device, material degradation, silica gel
This paper presents the design and a short cycle repeatability test of a silica gel-based thermal energy storage system using low grade heat for the desorption phase. The system was designed to test the degradation in the energy storage density of the adsorbent material for a 2 h working period in a short number of cycles (5 cycles). Low grade heat of 70 °C is used for regeneration during the desorption phase in each cycle. It was found that a reduction of 1.6 W/kg per each cycle of energy storage was observed, up to 5 cycles. The maximal heat storage density was 292 kJ/kg at the first cycle and reduced to 225 kJ/kg at the fifth cycle. Furthermore, the total amount of water vapor adsorbed in the silica gel was observed as well. The test of energy storage was performed under a short time period (maximal approx. 165 min).
Application of Optimal Energy Management Strategies for a Building Powered by PV/Battery System in Corsica Island
Sarah Ouédraogo, Ghjuvan Antone Faggianelli, Guillaume Pigelet, Jean Laurent Duchaud, Gilles Notton
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: energy management system, PV forecasting, rule-based control, solar microgrid
The use of renewable energy sources, and in particular photovoltaics, can effectively reduce the supply of household energy from the main grid, contributing to a more sustainable community. In this paper, several energy management strategies were applied to an existing microgrid with photovoltaic (PV) production and battery storage in view to supply in electricity a building and an electric vehicle located in Ajaccio, France. The purpose was to determine how the choice of a management strategy can impact the cost and the energy share in the microgrid, using the actual electricity tariff in France as well as an over-cost due to the island situation. For some strategies, a forecasting tool was introduced and its influence on the performances of the microgrid was discussed. It appears that the performance of the strategy increased with its complexity and the use of PV forecasting.
Evaluation of Phase Imbalance Compensation for Mitigating DFIG-Series Capacitor Interaction
Vinay Sewdien, Jose Luis Rueda Torres, Mart van der Meijden
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: DFIG, FACTS, MIGRATE, series compensation, SSCI, SSR, stability and control
The phase imbalance compensation concept is proposed in literature as an alternative way to mitigate classical subsynchronous resonance (SSR) problems in series-compensated transmission lines. However, a fundamental analysis to determine this concept’s ability to mitigate resonances between a doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) and a series compensated transmission line, i.e., DFIG-SSR, is not reported in literature. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to investigate to which extent phase imbalance compensation is able to mitigate DFIG-SSR. For the phase imbalance compensation scheme, an analytical model that captures the relation between the level of series compensation, the degree of asymmetry between the compensated phases, and the resulting shift in resonance frequency is developed and validated using time domain simulations. Then, an optimisation framework is developed to search for an adequate level of compensation asymmetry, capable of mitigating the adverse interactions... [more]
Hydrate Plugging and Flow Remediation during CO2 Injection in Sediments
Jarand Gauteplass, Stian Almenningen, Tanja Barth, Geir Ersland
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Carbon Dioxide, carbon storage, CCS, CH4, flow remediation, hydrate formation, injectivity
Successful geological sequestration of carbon depends strongly on reservoir seal integrity and storage capacity, including CO2 injection efficiency. Formation of solid hydrates in the near-wellbore area during CO2 injection can cause permeability impairment and, eventually, injectivity loss. In this study, flow remediation in hydrate-plugged sandstone was assessed as function of hydrate morphology and saturation. CO2 and CH4 hydrates formed consistently at elevated pressures and low temperatures, reflecting gas-invaded zones containing residual brine near the injection well. Flow remediation by methanol injection benefited from miscibility with water; the methanol solution contacted and dissociated CO2 hydrates via liquid water channels. Injection of N2 gas did not result in flow remediation of non-porous CO2 and CH4 hydrates, likely due to insufficient gas permeability. In contrast, N2 as a thermodynamic inhibitor dissociated porous CH4 hydrates at lower hydrate saturations (<0.48... [more]
Ecological and Economic Benefits of the “Medium” Level of the Building Thermo-Modernization: A Case Study in Poland
Janusz Adamczyk, Robert Dylewski
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: ecological and economic benefits, heat source replacement, life cycle assessment, thermal energy, thermal insulation, thermo-modernization
Energy saving is at the heart of sustainable development in the context of climate change. Saving energy is not only the amount of energy that we save, but also reducing emissions of pollutants to the atmosphere, as well as reducing the consumption of energy resources that are used to produce energy. Reducing pollutant emissions and the use of energy resources can be achieved by increasing the use of renewable energy sources, but at present, this method of obtaining energy in the world is not representative. It should be noted that renewable energy devices throughout the life cycle generate environmental impact. Similar to this situation, the building’s thermo-modernization, which is focused on reducing the pressure on the environment of the building’s user, also has an impact on the environment throughout the building’s life cycle. Determining this environmental impact and ecological or economic benefits or costs is the purpose of the following article. Thermo-modernization of the bui... [more]
Coloured BIPV Technologies: Methodological and Experimental Assessment for Architecturally Sensitive Areas
Martina Pelle, Elena Lucchi, Laura Maturi, Alexander Astigarraga, Francesco Causone
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: BIPV, BIPV integration, building-integrated photovoltaics, hidden coloured BIPV module, photovoltaic, PV
Energy flexibility in buildings is gaining momentum with the introduction of new European directives that enable buildings to manage their own energy demand and production, by storing, consuming or selling electricity according to their need. The transition towards a low-carbon energy system, through the promotion of on-site energy production and enhancement of self-consumption, can be supported by building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) technologies. This paper investigates the aesthetic and technological integration of hidden coloured PV modules in architecturally sensitive areas that seem to be the best possibility to favour a balance between conservation and energy issues. First, a multidisciplinary methodology for evaluating the aesthetic and technical integration of PV systems in architecturally sensitive area is proposed, referring to the technologies available on the market. Second, the experimental characterisation of the technical performance specific BIPV modules and their... [more]
Data-Intensive Task Scheduling for Heterogeneous Big Data Analytics in IoT System
Xin Li, Liangyuan Wang, Jemal H. Abawajy, Xiaolin Qin, Giovanni Pau, Ilsun You
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: big data analysis, heterogeneous data-intensive task, IoT system, service response delay, task scheduling
Efficient big data analysis is critical to support applications or services in Internet of Things (IoT) system, especially for the time-intensive services. Hence, the data center may host heterogeneous big data analysis tasks for multiple IoT systems. It is a challenging problem since the data centers usually need to schedule a large number of periodic or online tasks in a short time. In this paper, we investigate the heterogeneous task scheduling problem to reduce the global task execution time, which is also an efficient method to reduce energy consumption for data centers. We establish the task execution for heterogeneous tasks respectively based on the data locality feature, which also indicate the relationship among the tasks, data blocks and servers. We propose a heterogeneous task scheduling algorithm with data migration. The core idea of the algorithm is to maximize the efficiency by comparing the cost between remote task execution and data migration, which could improve the da... [more]
A Proposed Harmonic Monitoring System for Large Power Users Considering Harmonic Limits
Rosalia Sinvula, Khaled Mohamed Abo-Al-Ez, Mohamed Tariq Kahn
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electricity supply agreement, harmonic distortion, harmonic limit, harmonic measurement, harmonic monitoring
Most power utilities within Southern Africa are faced with the challenges of harmonic distortion due to the high penetration of renewable energy sources (RES) and the use of electronic devices. There is an excessive total harmonic distortion (THD) measured at the point of common coupling (PCC). In this paper, a proposed harmonic monitoring system for large power users (LPUs) is developed. This proposed system considers harmonic limits of the individual and THD of the customers allowed injecting into the network, which should be part of the contractual electricity supply agreement (ESA). Hence, it will enable the monitoring of harmonic distortion to be smooth by determining whether the customer has passed or failed compliance for individual harmonic order and the THD of the voltage. The measurements of harmonic distortion are done using the Unipower power quality (PQ) analyzers that are connected at different points within the industrial network. Measurements of harmonic distortion of a... [more]
The Impact of Pitch-To-Stall and Pitch-To-Feather Control on the Structural Loads and the Pitch Mechanism of a Wind Turbine
Arash E. Samani, Jeroen D. M. De Kooning, Nezmin Kayedpour, Narender Singh, Lieven Vandevelde
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: pitch mechanism, pitch-to-feather, pitch-to-stall, structural loads
This article investigates the impact of the pitch-to-stall and pitch-to-feather control concepts on horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) with different blade designs. Pitch-to-feather control is widely used to limit the power output of wind turbines in high wind speed conditions. However, stall control has not been taken forward in the industry because of the low predictability of stalled rotor aerodynamics. Despite this drawback, this article investigates the possible advantages of this control concept when compared to pitch-to-feather control with an emphasis on the control performance and its impact on the pitch mechanism and structural loads. In this study, three HAWTs with different blade designs, i.e., untwisted, stall-regulated, and pitch-regulated blades, are investigated. The control system is validated in both uniform and turbulent wind speed. The results show that pitch-to-stall control enhances the constant power control for wind turbines with untwisted and stall-regulated... [more]
An Analog Magnetic Isolator for Space Power Applications
Pablo F. Miaja, Abraham Lopez, Manuel Arias
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: analog isolator, isolated DC/DC converter, optocoupler replacement, resonant DC/DC converter
In power electronic applications, often a galvanic isolation barrier has to be passed. An example of this is the feedback control of isolated DC/DC converters where the secondary voltage has to be passed to the primary side where the control circuitry lies. For these applications, the use of optocouplers is well known in terrestrial applications. However, optocouplers tend to suffer degradation from the radiation damage induced by the space environment. For this reason, some space grade DC/DC converters use some form of magnetic feedback. In this paper, a magnetic analog isolator is presented. It will allow for passing an analog voltage through an isolation barrier by means of a magnetic transformer based circuit. It will be based on an LLC DC/DC converter so the gain between both sides of the isolator can be tuned. Design methodology will be presented so the circuit can be tailored for any foreseen application. In this paper, a simulation of its application in a Latching Current Limit... [more]
Method for Assessing Heat Loss in A District Heating Network with A Focus on the State of Insulation and Actual Demand for Useful Energy
Stanislav Chicherin, Vladislav Mašatin, Andres Siirde, Anna Volkova
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: 4GDH, actual, average, correlation, fourth generation district heating, heat loss(es), heating networks, low-temperature district heating, outdoor conditions, supply, temperature
The goal of this paper was to evaluate heat loss and the demand of district heating (DH) in the context of the fourth generation DH concept using a data-driven approach. The heat loss profile was calculated with GIS Zulu© (software (8.0.0.7539, Politerm, LLC, St.Petersburg, Russia) using eight various states of insulation, detailed information on thermal conductivity, internal heat transfer coefficient, and geometry of the concrete trench. There is a strong correlation between the heat sold and the average annual outdoor temperatures. The outstanding episodes are extremely rare, and the difference in the overall pattern is elusive. The results of the annual heat production and annual heat loss analyses were compared using three different estimation methods. The new method was the only one that showed a positive effect after the complete modernization of thermal insulation. The actual proportion of heat loss is much higher at 16%, while the actual heat delivery is less than anticipated... [more]
Real-Time Control Based on a CAN-Bus of Hybrid Electrical Systems
Kréhi Serge Agbli, Mickaël Hilairet, Frédéric Gustin
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: battery, Controller Area Network (CAN), hybrid electrical system, Microchip DSP, power management, supercapacitors
Power management of a one-converter parallel structure with battery and supercapacitor is addressed in this paper. The controller is implemented on a DSP from a Microchip and uses a Controller Area Network (CAN) bus communication for data exchange. However, the low data transmission rate of the CAN bus data impacts the performances of regular power management strategies. This paper details an initial strategy with a charge sustaining mode for an application coupling a battery with supercapacitors, in which low performances have been witnessed due to the high sampling time of the CAN bus data. Therefore, a new strategy is proposed to tackle the sample time issue based on a depleting mode. Simulation and experimental results with a dsPIC33EP512MU810 DSP based on a 10 kW hybrid system proves the feasibility of the proposed approach.
Experimental Analysis of an Air Heat Pump for Heating Service Using a “Hardware-In-The-Loop” System
Paolo Conti, Carlo Bartoli, Alessandro Franco, Daniele Testi
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: building dynamics, building-heating system coupling, control strategy, dynamic simulation, experimental performances, hardware-in-the-loop, heat pumps, on-off cycles, partial loads
Estimating and optimizing the dynamic performance of a heat pump system coupled to a building is a paramount yet complex task, especially under intermittent conditions. This paper presents the “hardware-in-the-loop” experimental campaign of an air-source heat pump serving a typical dwelling in Pisa (Italy). The experimental apparatus uses real pieces of equipment, together with a thermal load emulator controlled by a full energy dynamic simulation of the considered building. Real weather data are continuously collected and used to run the simulation. The experimental campaign was performed from November 2019 to February 2020, measuring the system performances under real climate and load dynamics. With a water set point equal to 40 °C, the average heat pump coefficient of performance was about 3, while the overall building-plant performance was around 2. The deviation between the two performance indexes can be ascribed to the continuous on-off signals given by the zone thermostat due to... [more]
Intraday Electricity Pricing of Night Contracts
Marcel Kremer, Rüdiger Kiesel, Florentina Paraschiv
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: 15-min. contracts, econometric modeling, fundamentals, intraday electricity market, night contracts, renewable power forecasts
This paper investigates the intraday electricity pricing of 15-min. contracts in night hours. We tailor a recently introduced econometric model with fundamental impacts, which is successful in describing the pricing of day contracts. Our estimation results show that the mean reversion and the positive price impact of neighboring contracts are generic features of the price formation process on the intraday market, independent of the time of day. Intraday auction prices have higher explanatory power for the pricing of night than day contracts, particularly, for the first and last 15-min. contract in a night hour. Intradaily updated forecasts of wind power infeed are the only significant fundamental factors for intraday electricity prices at night. Neither expected conventional capacities nor the slope of the merit order curve contribute to explaining price dynamics. Overall, we conclude that fundamentals lose in importance in night hours and the 15-min. intraday market is rather driven b... [more]
Artificial Neural Network for the Thermal Comfort Index Prediction: Development of a New Simplified Algorithm
Domenico Palladino, Iole Nardi, Cinzia Buratti
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: artificial neural networks, clothing insulation, indoor thermal conditions, predicted mean vote calculation, thermal comfort
A simplified algorithm using an artificial neural network (ANN, a feed-forward neural network) for the assessment of the predicted mean vote (PMV) index in summertime was developed, using solely three input variables (namely the indoor air temperature, relative humidity, and clothing insulation), whilst low air speed (<0.1 m/s), a minimal variation of radiant temperature (25.1 °C ± 2 °C) and steady metabolism (1.2 Met) were considered. Sensitivity analysis to the number of variables and to the number of neurons were performed. The developed ANN was then compared with three proven methods used for thermal comfort prediction: (i) the International Standard; (ii) the Rohles model; (iii) the modified Rohles model. Finally, another network able to predict the indoor thermal conditions was considered: the combined calculation of the two networks was tested for the PMV prediction. The proposed algorithm allows one to better approximate the PMV index than the other models (mean error of ANN... [more]
Analysis of the Relationship of the Improvement of Façades and Thermal Bridges of Spanish Building Stock with the Mitigation of Its Energy and Environmental Impact
David Bienvenido-Huertas
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: building, climate change, CO2 emissions, energy consumption, envelope improvement, thermal bridges
The energy improvement of building stock is essential to achieve a low-carbon economy. The improvement of façades is among the most common measures to reduce energy consumption. However, the effect of thermal bridges is undervalued in most cases. This study assesses the effect of improving building façades and thermal bridges. For this purpose, a case study is assessed for all climate zones in Spain, both in current and future scenarios, considering operational patterns from the COVID-19 pandemic. The study shows that the application of energy conservation measures focusing on reducing the thermal transmittance of façades and the linear thermal transmittance of thermal bridges has a more significant energy and environmental effect than other, more economical energy conservation measures that do not improve the effect of thermal bridges. Likewise, the application of energy conservation measures to improve façades can reduce carbon dioxide emissions but are far from achieving the 90% red... [more]
Parameter Optimization Model Photovoltaic Battery System for Charging Electric Cars
Peter Tauš, Marcela Taušová, Peter Sivák, Mária Shejbalová Muchová, Eva Mihaliková
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: battery system, economy, electric cars charging, Energy Efficiency, photovoltaic systems, renewable energy sources
Sales of electric cars and vehicles (EVs) have recently been showing a rapidly growing trend. In connection with rising electricity prices as well as social pressure on the environmental impacts of electromobility, there is also increasing interest of EV owners in the ecological source of electricity. The largest group of owners of EVs are residents of family houses, so, logically, they focus their attention on the possibility of using photovoltaic (PV) charging systems for EV charging. The design of the PV system for supporting EV charging is problematic due to several input parameters in the calculation of energy needs and due to the inconsistencies of electricity generation with normal electric vehicle (EV) charging time. While the PV system produces electricity during the day, family homeowners require charging EVs mainly at night. This requires batteries as part of a PV system. The optimal design of the PV of the battery system must take into account the real consumption of EV, th... [more]
A Fast Method to Determine the Critical Depth of Cut for Various Rock Types
Salih Koc, Arash Dahi Taleghani
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: critical depth of cut, ductile and brittle modes, rock cutting, scratched test, surface roughness
Knowing correct values of the rock mechanical properties is crucial for many engineering applications in subsurface. Rocks may show two failure modes during cutting: ductile and brittle. In the ductile mode, rock deforms plastically, and the debris is powdered ahead of the cutting face. On the other hand, chips are the major cutting characteristics for the brittle failure during rock cutting. The critical depth of cut represents the transition point between these two models, so knowing this value helps better predict the failure mechanism of rock. In this paper, a new method is introduced based on measuring the roughness of the groove for determining the transition point of failure modes for every rock sample after the scratch test. The graph depicting the average change in the surface roughness (Rt) versus the scratched surface roughness (ΔR) can be used to identify the rock failure mode and determine the transition point for the cutting process. The value of this slope increases unti... [more]
Development of Simulation Tool for Ground Source Heat Pump Systems Influenced by Ground Surface
Takao Katsura, Yoshitaka Sakata, Lan Ding, Katsunori Nagano
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ground source heat pump system, influence of ground surface, simulation tool, superposition theorem
The authors developed a ground heat exchanger (GHE) calculation model influenced by the ground surface by applying the superposition theorem. Furthermore, a simulation tool for ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems affected by ground surface was developed by combining the GHE calculation model with the simulation tool for GSHP systems that the authors previously developed. In this paper, the outlines of GHE calculation model is explained. Next, in order to validate the calculation precision of the tool, a thermal response test (TRT) was carried out using a borehole GHE with a length of 30 m and the outlet temperature of the GHE calculated using the tool was compared to the measured one. The relative error between the temperatures of the heat carrier fluid in the GHE obtained by measurement and calculation was 3.3% and this result indicated that the tool can reproduce the measurement with acceptable precision. In addition, the authors assumed that the GSHP system was installed in resid... [more]
Microclimate Conditions in Rooms: Their Impact on Mold Development in Buildings
Bożena Orlik-Kożdoń
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: geometric climate, mold, room microclimate, thermal bridges
The publication concerns the problem of adopting proper environmental conditions in the assessment of mold development in the so-called thermal bridges in the form of corners. The paper discusses the factors determining the development of mold and the models that predict its growth. The conditions of the internal microclimate, which is used in hygrothermal diagnostics of walls, were also recalled. Thermal bridges are areas where mold development takes place, therefore the climatic conditions in the room taken for their assessment—As it is currently applied—Are considered inappropriate. This thesis is confirmed by the results of in situ studies of changes in temperature and relative humidity in the area of corners. Some of these findings are presented in the work. On their basis, the author introduces the concept of the so-called geometric climate that would take into account the change of these parameters within thermal bridges of the corner type.
A Fast State Estimator for Integrated Electrical and Heating Networks
Chun Wang, Minghao Geng, Qingshan Xu, Haixiang Zang
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: integrated electrical and heating networks, state estimation, weighted least squares absolute value
Integrated electrical and heating networks (IEHNs) effectively improve energy utilization efficiency, reduce environmental pollution and realize sustainable development of energy. To realize the accurate, comprehensive and fast perception of the integrated electrical and heating networks, it is necessary to build a state estimation model. However, the robust state estimator of IEHNs based on the temperature drop equation, flow balance equation and power balance equation still have the problems of convergence and low computational efficiency. In this paper, a fast state estimation method based on weighted least absolute value is proposed, which makes partition calculation of ring-shaped heating network and radiant heating network under certain assumptions. Simulation results show that the method improves the efficiency of the robust state estimator on the premise of high accuracy.
Showing records 51 to 75 of 12968. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last
Change year: 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 | 2022 | 2023 | 2024
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