Records Added in March 2023
Records added in March 2023
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Showing records 12944 to 12968 of 12968. [First] Page: 1 515 516 517 518 519 Last
Energy Transition Pathways for Deep Decarbonization of the Greater Montreal Region: An Energy Optimization Framework
Sajad Aliakbari Sani, Azadeh Maroufmashat, Frédéric Babonneau, Olivier Bahn, Erick Delage, Alain Haurie, Normand Mousseau, Kathleen Vaillancourt
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: bottom–up energy model, cities, deep decarbonization, energy policy, ETEM
More than half of the world’s population live in cities, and by 2050, it is expected that this proportion will reach almost 68%. These densely populated cities consume more than 75% of the world’s primary energy and are responsible for the emission of around 70% of anthropogenic carbon. Providing sustainable energy for the growing demand in cities requires multifaceted planning approach. In this study, we modeled the energy system of the Greater Montreal region to evaluate the impact of different environmental mitigation policies on the energy system of this region over a long-term period (2020−2050). In doing so, we have used the open-source optimization-based model called the Energy−Technology−Environment Model (ETEM). The ETEM is a long-term bottom−up energy model that provides insight into the best options for cities to procure energy, and satisfies useful demands while reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Results show that, under a deep decarbonization scenario, the transporta... [more]
Depositional Paleo-Environments of Lower Cambrian Qiongzhusi Formation in the Western Middle Yangtze Block and Its Controlling Effect on the Organic Matter Enrichment
Zhengkai Lan, Junjun Shen
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: black shale, depositional paleoenvironment, enrichment model, main factors controlling of organic matter enrichment, organic matter, western Middle Yangtze Block
No systematic comparative study has been conducted on the factors controlling organic matter enrichment in the different depositional environments of the Lower Cambrian Qiongzhusi Formation in the western Middle Yangtze Block, leading to a large discrepancy in our understanding. Based on organic geochemical and elemental analyses of core, outcrop, rock, and mineral samples from the slope, deep-water shelf, and shallow-water shelf, in this study, comparative analysis of the organic matter content, sedimentological characteristics, and depositional paleoenvironments of the Lower Cambrian Qiongzhusi Formation in the western Middle Yangtze Block was conducted, and the main controlling factors and models of the organic matter enrichment were investigated. The results revealed that the organic matter enrichment in the Qiongzhusi Formation was jointly controlled by redox conditions, water restriction, upwelling currents, terrigenous inputs, and paleo-productivity, but the main factors control... [more]
Research on Diagnosis and Prediction Method of Stator Interturn Short-Circuit Fault of Traction Motor
Jianqiang Liu, Hu Tan, Yunming Shi, Yu Ai, Shaoyong Chen, Chenyang Zhang
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fault diagnosis, fault prediction, Park vector, stator interturn short-circuit fault, track fitting, traction motors
The traction motor (TM) is an essential part of the high-speed train, the health condition of which determines the quality and safety of the vehicle. Hence, this study proposed a novel approach to diagnosing and predicting the TM stator interturn short-circuit fault (SISCF). Based on the Park vector (PV) of the stator current, this method could overcome the interference of current sensor errors, null shift, and motor frequency fluctuations in the actual conditions. More specifically, Park’s transformation was used to obtain the PV of the stator current. Then, the PV was fitted to obtain the elliptical trajectory and its parameters from which the negative sequence component of the stator current could be calculated. Finally, the SISCF diagnosis and prediction method were realized by the magnitude and trend of the negative current as well as the inclination of the trajectory ellipse. Furthermore, the performance of the proposed method was validated by a simulation model and a series of e... [more]
Automatic Recognition of Faults in Mining Areas Based on Convolutional Neural Network
Guangui Zou, Hui Liu, Ke Ren, Bowen Deng, Jingwen Xue
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: convolutional neural network, fault interpretation, model parameters, training set
Tectonic interpretation is critical to a coal mine’s safe production, and fault interpretation is an essential component of seismic tectonic interpretation. With the increasing necessity for accuracy in fault interpretation in coal mines, it is increasingly challenging to achieve greater accuracy only through traditional fault interpretation. The convolutional neural network (CNN) is a machine learning method established in recent years and it has been widely applied in coal mine fault interpretation because of its powerful feature-learning and classification capabilities. To improve the accuracy and efficiency of fault interpretation in coal mines, an automatic seismic fault identification method based on the convolutional neural network has been developed. Taking a mining area in eastern Yunnan province as an example, the CNN model realized automatic identification of faults with eight seismic attributes as feature inputs, and the model-training parameters were optimized and compared... [more]
Modeling and Fuzzy FOPID Controller Tuned by PSO for Pneumatic Positioning System
Mohamed Naji Muftah, Ahmad Athif Mohd Faudzi, Shafishuhaza Sahlan, Mokhtar Shouran
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fuzzy FOPID, fuzzy PID, intelligent pneumatic actuators, PSO algorithm
A pneumatic cylinder system is believed to be extremely nonlinear and sensitive to nonlinearities, which makes it challenging to establish precise position control of the actuator. The current research is aimed at reducing the overshoot in the response of a double-acting pneumatic actuator, namely, the IPA positioning system’s reaction time. The pneumatic system was modeled using an autoregressive with exogenous input (ARX) model structure, and the control strategy was implemented using a fuzzy fractional order proportional integral derivative (fuzzy FOPID) employing the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. This approach was used to determine the optimal controller parameters. A comparison study has been conducted to prove the advantages of utilizing a PSO fuzzy FOPID controller over PSO fuzzy PID. The controller tuning algorithm was validated and tested using a pneumatic actuator system in both simulation and real environments. From the standpoint of time-domain performance me... [more]
Control Design and Parameter Tuning for Islanded Microgrids by Combining Different Optimization Algorithms
Seyedamin Valedsaravi, Abdelali El Aroudi, Jose A. Barrado-Rodrigo, Walid Issa, Luis Martínez-Salamero
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: Genetic Algorithm, islanded microgrid, Particle Swarm Optimization, state-space modelling, voltage-source inverter
Load and supply parameters may be uncertain in microgrids (MGs) due for instance to the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources among others. Guaranteeing reliable and stable MGs despite parameter uncertainties is crucial for their correct operation. Their stability and dynamical features are directly related to the controllers’ parameters and power-sharing coefficients. Hence, to maintain power good quality within the desirable range of system parameters and to have a satisfactory response to sudden load changes, careful selection of the controllers and power-sharing coefficients are necessary. In this paper, a simple design approach for the optimal design of controllers’ parameters is presented in an islanded MG. To that aim, an optimization problem is formulated based on a small-signal state-space model and solved by three different optimization techniques including particle swarm optimization (PSO), genetic algorithm (GA), and a proposed approach based on the combination of... [more]
Expectations for Coal Demand in Response to Evolving Carbon Policy and Climate Change Awareness
Horacio Andres Aguirre-Villegas, Craig H. Benson
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: carbon capture and storage, Coal, decarbonization, energy matrix, fossil fuels, greenhouse gas emissions
Increasing awareness of climate change has induced demand for action most notably. As public demand for action on climate change increases, conversion to energy sources with lower greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity will accelerate. Experience during the COVID-19 pandemic provided insight into how atmospheric conditions will respond to lower GHG emissions. A low-carbon future will require decarbonization of the energy supply mix for electrical production and industrial processes. Coal demand likely will decrease more rapidly than other fossil energy sources, replaced by natural gas and renewable energy sources that have lower GHG intensity and that will be available readily and economically. This decline will accelerate as China focuses on its carbon neutrality goals, the U.S. re-engages in the Paris Agreement, and India moves to a lower carbon future. However, perturbations in the decline will inevitably occur in response to global issues (e.g., pandemic, military conflict). Carbon capture... [more]
Numerical and Experimental Study on Thermal Comfort of Human Body by Split-Fiber Air Conditioner
Jie Yang, Zhimeng Dong, Huihan Yang, Yanyan Liu, Yunjie Wang, Fujiang Chen, Haifei Chen
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: CFD simulation, split-fiber air conditioner, temperature field, thermal comfort characterization model
The thermal comfort of an enclosed room with air conditioner and air-distribution duct coupling can be studied, and the parameters of a split-fiber air conditioner can be optimized on the basis of studying the thermal comfort of various parts of the human body. In this paper, a room model with a distributed air conditioner was proposed. First, the rationality of the three thermal comfort characterization models of predict mean vote (PMV), predicted percentage of dissatisfied (PPD), and percentage of dissatisfied (PD) were verified through experiments and simulations. Then, the temperature and thermal comfort of various parts of the human body were explored when the air-distribution duct had different openings and different positions of the air outlet. The simulation results showed that compared with other situations, when the split-fiber air conditioner had three rows of holes (5-o’clock, 6-o’clock, 7-o’clock) and the air outlet was located in the middle of the right wall of the human... [more]
A Review on Solar Energy Utilization and Projects: Development in and around the UAE
Tholkappiyan Ramachandran, Abdel-Hamid I. Mourad, Fathalla Hamed
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electricity production and consumption, energy projects in the UAE, seven emirates, solar energy industry, solar energy resource
Demand on the energy sector has increased significantly due to the incredible evolution of the industry and urbanization. Photovoltaic (PV) technology is rapidly evolving to meet the demands of people in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) by generating more electricity. The UAE has demonstrated that it has the world’s highest rates of sun exposure, indicating a significant efficiency in solar energy development. This might be a way to cut down on fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions even further. In this review, we discuss five major aspects of solar energy utilization and projects within the framework of the UAE starting with (i) recent advances in solar scenario and development trends, (ii) electricity production, consumption, and tariffs, (iii) focus on various key aspects of photovoltaic solar installation projects inside the Dubai, Abu Dhabi emirates and other smaller projects in the UAE, (iv) different solar projects outside the UAE, and (v) the solar energy industry,... [more]
A Systematic Review of Amino Acid-Based Adsorbents for CO2 Capture
Nur Syahirah Mohamed Hatta, Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua, Farihahusnah Hussin, Lai Ti Gew
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: amino acid, Carbon Dioxide Capture, CO2 adsorption, solid sorbent
The rise of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the atmosphere emphasises the need for improving the current carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology. A conventional absorption method that utilises amine-based solvent is known to cause corrosion to process equipment. The solvent is easily degraded and has high energy requirement for regeneration. Amino acids are suitable candidates to replace traditional alkanolamines attributed to their identical amino functional group. In addition, amino acid salt is a green material due to its extremely low toxicity, low volatility, less corrosive, and high efficiency to capture CO2. Previous studies have shown promising results in CO2 capture using amino acids salts solutions and amino acid ionic liquids. Currently, amino acid solvents are also utilised to enhance the adsorption capacity of solid sorbents. This systematic review is the first to summarise the currently available amino acid-based adsorbents for CO2 capture using PRISMA method. Physical... [more]
Influence of the Catenary Distributed Parameters on the Resonance Frequencies of Electric Railways Based on Quantitative Calculation and Field Tests
Qiujiang Liu, Wanqi Zhang, Guotao Cao, Jingwei Liu, Jingjing Ye, Mingli Wu, Shaobing Yang
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electric railway, field test, railway, resonance frequency, traction network parameters
High-order harmonic resonance is a key issue in the traction power supply systems (TPSS) of electric railways for safe operation. The effective evaluation of the resonance frequency is critical for taking measures to suppress harmonic resonance. In this paper, the influence of the distributed parameters of traction networks on resonance frequencies based on accurate calculation is proposed. The quantitative assessments of the distributed impedance and admittance are investigated. Furthermore, the theoretical calculation is directly verified using field tests at a high voltage level equal to 25 kV. The results show that the resonance frequencies of the TPSS are mainly affected by the distributed parameters, including the self-admittance and self-impedance of the contact wires, and the self-admittance of the positive feeders. In addition, the admittance connected in parallel has a greater effect than the series-connected impedance. The calculation method is also adapted to TPSS connected... [more]
An Approach to the Design and the Interactions of a Fully Superconducting Synchronous Generator and Its Power Converter
Sebastian Lengsfeld, Sebastian Sprunck, Simon Robin Frank, Marco Jung, Marc Hiller, Bernd Ponick, Stefan Mersche
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fully superconducting generator, HTS, power converter, synchronous generator, wind energy
The design of a fully superconducting wind power generator is influenced by several factors. Among them, a low number of pole pairs is desirable to achieve low AC losses in the superconducting stator winding, which greatly influences the cooling system design and, consecutively, the efficiency of the entire wind power plant. However, it has been identified that a low number of pole pairs in a superconducting generator tends to greatly increase its output voltage, which in turn creates challenging conditions for the necessary power electronic converter. This study highlights the interdependencies between the design of a fully superconducting 10 MW wind power generator and the corresponding design of its power electronic converter.
Numerical Simulation of Erosion Characteristics and Residual Life Prediction of Defective Pipelines Based on Extreme Learning Machine
Qi Wang, Chao Sun, Yuelin Li, Yuechan Liu
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: defective pipelines, erosion characteristics, extreme learning machine, residual life prediction
Aiming to solve the problem that the residual life of defective elbows is difficult to predict and the prediction accuracy of a traditional extreme learning machine (ELM) is unsatisfactory, a genetic algorithm optimization neural network extreme learning machine method (GA-ELM) that can effectively predict erosion rate and residual life is proposed. In this method, the input weight and hidden layer node threshold of the hidden layer node is mapped to GA, and the input weight and threshold of the ELM network error is selected by GA, which improves the generalization performance of the ELM. Firstly, the effects of solid particle velocity, particle size, and mass flow rate on the erosion of elbow are studied, and the erosion rates under the conditions of point erosion defect, groove defect, and double groove erosion defect are calculated. On this basis, the optimized GA-ELM network model is used to predict the residual life of the pipelines and then compared with the traditional ELM netwo... [more]
An Improved Method of Clay-Induced Rock Typing Derived from Log Data in Modelling Low Salinity Water Injection: A Case Study on an Oil Field in Indonesia
Hafizh Zakyan, Asep Kurnia Permadi, Egi Adrian Pratama, Muhammad Arif Naufaliansyah
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ANN, clay distribution, clay typing, EOR, log-derived CEC, log-derived HFU, LSWI, Machine Learning
Low salinity water injection (LSWI) is an emerging way to improve waterflood performance through chemical processes. The presence of clay minerals is one of the required parameters to successfully implement LSWI in sandstone formations. The ability of clays to exchange the cations, represented by cation exchange capacity (CEC), leads to oil detachment from the rock surface and changes the formation wettability toward water-wet. There are still limited studies that discuss the implementation of specific CEC models in the field-scale LSWI reservoir simulation. This paper attempts to propose an improved method of clay-induced rock typing that can be representatively implemented for field-scale reservoir simulation. The scope of this study is limited to a sandstone reservoir from an oil field in Indonesia. The oil is considered light, and the reservoir contains main clay minerals, including kaolinite and illite, and a trace of chlorite was also found from the XRD evaluation. CEC can be der... [more]
Numerical Simulation of Fluid Flow in Carbonate Rocks Based on Digital Rock Technology
Yong Hu, Jiong Wei, Tao Li, Weiwei Zhu, Wenbo Gong, Dong Hui, Moran Wang
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: carbonate rock, digital rock, fluid flow, numerical analysis, pore–fracture–vug, two-phase flow
Strong heterogeneity, low matrix permeability, and complex oil−water interaction make the fluid flow in carbonate rocks extremely complicated. In this study, we quantitatively characterize and simulate single-phase and multiphase flows with multiscale pore−vug−fracture structures involved in the carbonate reservoir developments. The main studies and conclusions include: (i) The CT technology is utilized to characterize the pores, fractures, and vugs of carbonate cores at multiple scales. It is found that even if the CT resolution reaches 0.5 μm, the pores of the core are still unconnected as a network, indicating that the carbonate matrix is particularly tight. The existence of fractures can increase the effective permeability, and even poorly connected fractures can significantly increase the permeability because it reduces the flow distance through the less permeable matrix. (ii) A numerical model of low-porosity strongly heterogeneous carbonate rocks was constructed based on digital... [more]
Influence of Thermoelectric Properties and Parasitic Effects on the Electrical Power of Thermoelectric Micro-Generators
Soufiane El Oualid, Francis Kosior, Gerhard Span, Ervin Mehmedovic, Janina Paris, Christophe Candolfi, Bertrand Lenoir
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: heat recovery, micro-generators, numerical modelling, power density, thermal contact resistances, thermoelectric
Heat recovery systems based on thermoelectric micro-generators (µ-TEGs) can play a significant role in the development of wireless, energetically autonomous electronics. However, to date, the power density recovered for low temperature differences using µ-TEGs is limited to a few micro-watts or less, which is still insufficient to power a wide-range of wireless devices. To develop more efficient µ-TEGs, material, device and system requirements must be considered simultaneously. In this study, an innovative design of an in-plane µ-TEG integrating bismuth telluride forming sinusoidal-shaped trenches is reported. Using 3D numerical modelling, the influence of boundary conditions, parasitic effects (electrical and thermal contact resistances), and transport properties of thermoelectric materials on the output power of these µ-TEGs are investigated in detail for a small temperature difference of 5 K between the hot and cold sources. Compared to wavy-shaped trenches, this novel shape enables... [more]
An External Ocean Thermal Energy Power Generation Modular Device for Powering Smart Float
Hongwei Zhang, Xinghai Ma, Yanan Yang
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: counterweight characteristic, heat transfer characteristic, hydrodynamic characteristic, ocean thermal energy, power generation
Smart Float is a new multi-modal underwater vehicle, a tool for ocean observation and detection, whose performance is limited by its underwater voyage distance and endurance like most underwater vehicles. The utilization of marine energy provides an ideal way to overcome these limitations. In this paper, an external ocean thermal energy power generation module is developed for Smart Float, which can be used for multiple times of energy storage and power generation and is expected to be further applied to small and medium-sized underwater vehicles. The integration of the proposed device will cause changes in the counterweight characteristic, hydrodynamic characteristic, and heat transfer characteristic of the vehicle, which are deeply analyzed in this study, and adaptive modification solutions are proposed according to the analysis results. Finally, a prototype of Smart Float integrating the proposed device was deployed in the South China Sea to perform a sea trial, to test its performa... [more]
The Fouling Effect on Commercial Ceramic Membranes during Filtration of Microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Monoraphidium contortum
Arkadiusz Nędzarek, Piotr Tomasz Mitkowski
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: crossflow filtration, dissolved organic matter, fouling, irreversible resistance, permeate flux, reversible resistance
Although interest in the use of membranes for the concentration of microalgal biomass has steadily been growing, little is known regarding the phenomena of membrane fouling. In addition, more attention has been given to polymeric membranes compared to ceramic membranes, which have a longer life that is associated with a higher resistance to aggressive chemical cleaning. In this study, microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) of two microalgae species, Chlorella vulgaris and Monoraphidium contortum, were carried out using tubular crossflow ceramic membranes. Permeate flux was measured, resistance was calculated, and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) was determined. The flux reduction during the first 10 min of filtration was higher for MF than UF (>70% and <50%), and steady-state permeate fluxes were <5% (for MF) and 80%) than for MF (<66%) and DOC concentrations (mg C L−1) in permeates following MF and UF were about five and two, respectively. In conclusion, we demonstrated:... [more]
Reclaiming the Windy Commons: Landownership, Wind Rights, and the Assetization of Renewable Resources
Robert Wade, Geraint Ellis
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: commons, energy transition, landownership, political economy, rent, wind rights
The ‘second phase’ of the energy transition involves large-scale rollout of renewables, raising wider questions about arrangements for the management and ownership of such resources and how costs and benefits should be distributed. Ideas and practices such as ‘community energy’ and ‘prosumption’ capture the potential for more decentralised systems of ownership and control inherent in renewable energy technologies. However, until now, ownership and control of the key biophysical resources (e.g., wind, wave, solar, geothermal) underpinning the transition have received surprisingly little attention, given the potential for wealth creation and issues of justice that underpin their use. This paper explores this issue using the idea of ‘wind rights’, which highlights the numerous social actors who have rights or claims to use and benefit from wind resources. Key among these are landowners who are silently enclosing the ‘windy commons’ to extract ‘wind rents’ from monopoly property rights. Th... [more]
Scenarios to Decarbonize Austria’s Energy Consumption and the Role of Underground Hydrogen Storage
Marcel Clemens, Torsten Clemens
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Austria’s energy consumption, hydrogen usage, underground hydrogen storage
The European Union is aiming at reaching greenhouse gas (GHG) emission neutrality in 2050. Austria’s current greenhouse gas emissions are 80 million t/year. Renewable Energy (REN) contributes 32% to Austria’s total energy consumption. To decarbonize energy consumption, a substantial increase in energy generation from renewable energy is required. This increase will add to the seasonality of energy supply and amplifies the seasonality in energy demand. In this paper, the seasonality of energy supply and demand in a Net-Zero Scenario are analyzed for Austria and requirements for hydrogen storage derived. We looked into the potential usage of hydrogen in Austria and the economics of hydrogen generation and technology and market developments to assess the Levelized Cost of Hydrogen (LCOH). Then, we cover the energy consumption in Austria followed by the REN potential. The results show that incremental potential of up to 140 TWh for hydropower, photovoltaic (PV), and wind exists in Austria.... [more]
A Novel Layered Slice Algorithm for Soil Heat Storage and Its Solving Performance Analysis
Guolong Li, Dongliang Sun, Dongxu Han, Bo Yu
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: calculation speed, layered slice algorithm, simulation precision, soil heat storage, solution performance
According to the structural and heat transfer characteristics of soil heat storage, a novel layered slice algorithm is proposed to realize the rapid and accurate solution to the problem. The heat transfer process between the double U-tube heat exchanger and the surrounding soil is taken as an example to analyze its solving performance. The study finds that the layered slice algorithm has higher simulation precision and faster solving speed. Its maximum relative error of temperature is only 0.19%. Compared with the traditional 3D simulation algorithm, it can accelerate about 2.2~2.56 times. At the same time, the layered slice algorithm has an excellent parallel characteristic. Its maximum parallel speedup ratio is more than twice that of the traditional 3D algorithm. Due to the superior solving performance, the proposed algorithm can help the optimization design of the buried-tube heat exchangers.
Exploiting the Moth−Flame Optimization Algorithm for Optimal Load Management of the University Campus: A Viable Approach in the Academia Sector
Ibrar Ullah, Irshad Hussain, Khalid Rehman, Piotr Wróblewski, Wojciech Lewicki, Balasubramanian Prabhu Kavin
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: load balancing, moth–flame optimization (MFO) algorithm, neutral current reduction, optimization algorithms, practical approach of optimization
Unbalanced load condition is one of the major issues of all commercial, industrial and residential sectors. Unbalanced load means that, when different loads are distributed on a three-phase four-wire system, unequal currents pass through the three phases. Due to it, a heavy current flows in the neutral wire, which not only adds the losses, but also puts constraints on three phases’ loads. In this paper, we have presented a practical approach for load balancing. First, we have considered the existing three-phase load system where the supply is a three-phase unbalanced supply. Before balancing the load, it is necessary to compensate the current in neutral wire. A nature-inspired moth−flame optimization (MFO) algorithm is used to propose a scheme for balancing of current in neutral wire. The information of a distributed single-phase load was used to balance the currents in a three-phase system. The feeder phase and load profiles of each single-phase load are used to reconfigure the networ... [more]
Interrogating the Installation Gap and Potential of Solar Photovoltaic Systems Using GIS and Deep Learning
Sumit Kalyan, Qian (Chayn) Sun
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Ballarat, deep learning, GIS, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, solar PV systems, sustainable development
Non-renewable-resource consumption and global greenhouse-gas (GHG) emissions are critical issues that pose a significant threat to sustainable development. Solar energy is a promising source to generate renewable energy and an appealing alternative electricity source for households. The primary goal of this research is to detect the rooftops that have no solar photovoltaic (PV) system deployed on them but that receive moderate to high solar-energy radiation using the Geographic Information System (GIS) and deep-learning techniques. Although various studies have been conducted on this subject, not many addressed these two issues simultaneously at a residential level. Identifying the installed solar PV systems in a large area can be expensive and time-consuming work if performed manually. Therefore, the deep-learning algorithm is an emerging alternative method to detect objects using aerial images. We employed the Single-Shot-Detector (SSD) model with the backbone of residual neural netw... [more]
Hydrothermal Treatment of Residual Forest Wood (Softwood) and Digestate from Anaerobic Digestion—Influence of Temperature and Holding Time on the Characteristics of the Solid and Liquid Products
Gregor Sailer, Julian Comi, Florian Empl, Martin Silberhorn, Valeska Heymann, Monika Bosilj, Siham Ouardi, Stefan Pelz, Joachim Müller
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: chemical compounds, GC-MS, HTC, ICP-OES, microwave-assisted hydrothermal carbonization (MAHC), physicochemical characterization, trace elements, waste materials
Hydrothermal treatment (HTT) offers the potential to upgrade low-value biomass such as digestate (DG) or forest residue (FR) by producing solids and liquids for material use or energetic utilization. In this study, microwave-assisted HTT experiments with DG and FR as feedstocks were executed at different temperatures (130, 150, 170 °C) and with different holding times (30, 60, 90 min) to determine the influences on product properties (ash and elemental concentrations, calorific values and chemical compounds). In general, DG and FR reacted differently to HTT. For the DG solids, for instance, the ash concentration was reduced to 8.68%DM at 130 °C (initially 27.67%DM), and the higher heating value increased from 16.55 MJ/kgDM to 20.82 MJ/kgDM at 170 °C, while the FR solids were affected only marginally. Elements with importance for emissions in combustion were leached out in both HTT solids. The DG and FR liquids contained different chemical compounds, and the temperature or holding time... [more]
Multiagent-Based Distributed Coordination of Inverter-Based Resources for Optimal Operation of Microgrids Considering Communication Failures
Woon-Gyu Lee, Thai-Thanh Nguyen, Hak-Man Kim
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: diffusion algorithm, distributed control, economic dispatch, frequency control, microgrid, multi-agent cooperative control
This paper proposes the distributed coordination of inverter-based resources, to optimize the operational cost of a microgrid system. The microgrid is considered a multiagent system, which includes a distributed generator agent and energy storage system agent. A communication network is utilized to exchange information among agents. The issue of communication failures is addressed in the proposed strategy, to ensure the stable operation of the control system. A two-level hierarchical cooperative optimization system is proposed in this paper for distributed economic dispatch. The primary controller is responsible for the frequency and voltage regulations, and the secondary controller is implemented in a diffusion-based distributed control scheme, for optimal microgrid management. The proposed control strategy consistently maintains the optimal operation and frequency, even in the event of communication failures. A five-node multiagent system including a dispatchable agent is considered.... [more]
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