Records with Keyword: Artificial Intelligence
Showing records 76 to 100 of 204. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Last
Criticality Analysis and Maintenance of Solar Tower Power Plants by Integrating the Artificial Intelligence Approach
Samir Benammar, Kong Fah Tee
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, bayesian network, criticality analysis, maintenance, solar tower power plants
Maintenance of solar tower power plants (STPP) is very important to ensure production continuity. However, random and non-optimal maintenance can increase the intervention cost. In this paper, a new procedure, based on the criticality analysis, was proposed to improve the maintenance of the STPP. This procedure is the combination of three methods, which are failure mode effects and criticality analysis (FMECA), Bayesian network and artificial intelligence. The FMECA is used to estimate the criticality index of the different elements of STPP. Moreover, corrections and improvements were introduced on the criticality index values based on the expert advice method. The modeling and the simulation of the FMECA estimations incorporating the expert advice method corrections were performed using the Bayesian network. The artificial neural network is used to predicate the criticality index of the STPP exploiting the database obtained from the Bayesian network simulations. The results showed a g... [more]
Petroleum Reservoir Control Optimization with the Use of the Auto-Adaptive Decision Trees
Edyta Kuk, Jerzy Stopa, Michał Kuk, Damian Janiga, Paweł Wojnarowski
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, auto-adaptive decision tree, CCS-EOR, Machine Learning, production optimization, sequential model-based algorithm configuration
The global increase in energy demand and the decreasing number of newly discovered hydrocarbon reservoirs caused by the relatively low oil price means that it is crucial to exploit existing reservoirs as efficiently as possible. Optimization of the reservoir control may increase the technical and economic efficiency of the production. In this paper, a novel algorithm that automatically determines the intelligent control maximizing the NPV of a given production process was developed. The idea is to build an auto-adaptive parameterized decision tree that replaces the arbitrarily selected limit values for the selected attributes of the decision tree with parameters. To select the optimal values of the decision tree parameters, an AI-based optimization tool called SMAC (Sequential Model-based Algorithm Configuration) was used. In each iteration, the generated control sequence is introduced into the reservoir simulator to compute the NVP, which is then utilized by the SMAC tool to vary the... [more]
An Efficient Method to Compute Thermal Parameters of the Comfort Map Using a Decreased Number of Measurements
Balázs Cakó, Erzsébet Szeréna Zoltán, János Girán, Gabriella Medvegy, Mária Eördöghné Miklós, Árpád Nyers, Anett Tímea Grozdics, Zsolt Kisander, Viktor Bagdán, Ágnes Borsos
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, comfort map, comfort theory, interpolation procedure
This paper presents an empirical approach to design ideal workplaces using the PMV-PPD (predicted mean vote−predicted percentage dissatisfied) method set in ISO 7730 in terms of thermal comfort. The key concept behind our method is that the overall employee satisfaction might be improved if they can select the most suitable desk based on their personal comfort preferences. To support desk sharing, we designed a comfort map toolkit, which can visualize the distribution of comfort parameters within office spaces. The article describes the steps to create comfort maps with methods already widely used, as well as a new one developed by our research team, including the measurement procedures and the theoretical background required.
Triboelectric Nanogenerators for Energy Harvesting in Ocean: A Review on Application and Hybridization
Ali Matin Nazar, King-James Idala Egbe, Azam Abdollahi, Mohammad Amin Hariri-Ardebili
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, energy harvesting, ocean wave, structural health monitoring, triboelectric nanogenerators
With recent advancements in technology, energy storage for gadgets and sensors has become a challenging task. Among several alternatives, the triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG) have been recognized as one of the most reliable methods to cure conventional battery innovation’s inadequacies. A TENG transfers mechanical energy from the surrounding environment into power. Natural energy resources can empower TENGs to create a clean and conveyed energy network, which can finally facilitate the development of different remote gadgets. In this review paper, TENGs targeting various environmental energy resources are systematically summarized. First, a brief introduction is given to the ocean waves’ principles, as well as the conventional energy harvesting devices. Next, different TENG systems are discussed in details. Furthermore, hybridization of TENGs with other energy innovations such as solar cells, electromagnetic generators, piezoelectric nanogenerators and magnetic intensity are investi... [more]
Energy-Efficient IoT e-Health Using Artificial Intelligence Model with Homomorphic Secret Sharing
Amjad Rehman, Tanzila Saba, Khalid Haseeb, Souad Larabi Marie-Sainte, Jaime Lloret
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Energy Efficiency, health system, homomorphic secrets, inflectional diseases
Internet of Things (IoT) is a developing technology for supporting heterogeneous physical objects into smart things and improving the individuals living using wireless communication systems. Recently, many smart healthcare systems are based on the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) to collect and analyze the data for infectious diseases, i.e., body fever, flu, COVID-19, shortness of breath, etc. with the least operation cost. However, the most important research challenges in such applications are storing the medical data on a secured cloud and make the disease diagnosis system more energy efficient. Additionally, the rapid explosion of IoMT technology has involved many cyber-criminals and continuous attempts to compromise medical devices with information loss and generating bogus certificates. Thus, the increase in modern technologies for healthcare applications based on IoMT, securing health data, and offering trusted communication against intruders is gaining much research attention.... [more]
Model Predictive Control of Internal Combustion Engines: A Review and Future Directions
Armin Norouzi, Hamed Heidarifar, Mahdi Shahbakhti, Charles Robert Koch, Hoseinali Borhan
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, combustion control, emissions, internal combustion engines, Machine Learning, Optimization, predictive control
An internal combustion engine (ICE) is a highly nonlinear dynamic and complex engineering system whose operation is constrained by operational limits, including emissions, noise, peak in-cylinder pressure, combustion stability, and actuator constraints. To optimize today’s ICEs, seven to ten control actuators and 10−20 feedback sensors are often used, depending on the engine applications and target emission regulations. This requires extensive engine experimentation to calibrate the engine control module (ECM), which is both cumbersome and costly. Despite these efforts, optimal operation, particularly during engine transients and to meet real driving emission (RDE) targets for broad engine speed and load conditions, has still not been obtained. Methods of model predictive control (MPC) have shown promising results for real-time multi-objective optimal control of constrained multi-variable nonlinear systems, including ICEs. This paper reviews the application of MPC for ICEs and analyzes... [more]
Recent Development in Electricity Price Forecasting Based on Computational Intelligence Techniques in Deregulated Power Market
Alireza Pourdaryaei, Mohammad Mohammadi, Mazaher Karimi, Hazlie Mokhlis, Hazlee A. Illias, Seyed Hamidreza Aghay Kaboli, Shameem Ahmad
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference, Artificial Intelligence, backtracking search algorithm, competitive market, electricity price forecasting, system feature selection
The development of artificial intelligence (AI) based techniques for electricity price forecasting (EPF) provides essential information to electricity market participants and managers because of its greater handling capability of complex input and output relationships. Therefore, this research investigates and analyzes the performance of different optimization methods in the training phase of artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for the accuracy enhancement of EPF. In this work, a multi-objective optimization-based feature selection technique with the capability of eliminating non-linear and interacting features is implemented to create an efficient day-ahead price forecasting. In the beginning, the multi-objective binary backtracking search algorithm (MOBBSA)-based feature selection technique is used to examine various combinations of input variables to choose the suitable feature subsets, which minimizes, simultaneously, both the number of... [more]
A Meta-Modeling Power Consumption Forecasting Approach Combining Client Similarity and Causality
Dimitrios Kontogiannis, Dimitrios Bargiotas, Aspassia Daskalopulu, Lefteri H. Tsoukalas
March 9, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, data analysis, Energy, ensemble neural networks, feature engineering, Machine Learning, meta-modeling, neural networks, power forecasting
Power forecasting models offer valuable insights on the electricity consumption patterns of clients, enabling the development of advanced strategies and applications aimed at energy saving, increased energy efficiency, and smart energy pricing. The data collection process for client consumption models is not always ideal and the resulting datasets often lead to compromises in the implementation of forecasting models, as well as suboptimal performance, due to several challenges. Therefore, combinations of elements that highlight relationships between clients need to be investigated in order to achieve more accurate consumption predictions. In this study, we exploited the combined effects of client similarity and causality, and developed a power consumption forecasting model that utilizes ensembles of long short-term memory (LSTM) networks. Our novel approach enables the derivation of different representations of the predicted consumption based on feature sets influenced by similarity an... [more]
Classification of Geomembranes as Raw Material for Defects Reduction in the Manufacture of Biodigesters Using an Artificial Neuronal Network
Rocio Camarena-Martinez, Rocio A. Lizarraga-Morales, Roberto Baeza-Serrato
March 8, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, artificial neural network, biodigester, geomembrane, quality, raw material, thermofusion process
Recently, biodigesters have attracted much attention as an efficient alternative for energy generation and organic waste treatment. The final performance of a biodigester depends heavily on the quality of its building process and the selection of its raw material: the geomembrane. The geomembrane is the coat that covers the biodigester used to control the migration of fluids. Therefore, the selection of the proper geomembrane, in terms of thickness, resistance, flexibility, etc., is fundamental. Unfortunately, there are no studies for the selection of geomembranes, and usually, it is an empirical process performed by workers based on their own experience. Such empirical selection might be inaccurate, limited, inconvenient, and even dangerous. In order to assist workers during the building process of a biodigester, this study proposes the use of an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to classify a geomembrane as appropriate or not appropriate for the manufacture of a biodigester. The ANN is... [more]
Hybrid Forecast and Control Chain for Operation of Flexibility Assets in Micro-Grids
Hamidreza Mirtaheri, Piero Macaluso, Maurizio Fantino, Marily Efstratiadi, Sotiris Tsakanikas, Panagiotis Papadopoulos, Andrea Mazza
March 7, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ant colony optimization, Artificial Intelligence, convolutional neural network, energy management system, forecast, microgrids, neural networks, recurrent neural networks
Studies on forecasting and optimal exploitation of renewable resources (especially within microgrids) were already introduced in the past. However, in several research papers, the constraints regarding integration within real applications were relaxed, i.e., this kind of research provides impractical solutions, although they are very complex. In this paper, the computational components (such as photovoltaic and load forecasting, and resource scheduling and optimization) are brought together into a practical implementation, introducing an automated system through a chain of independent services aiming to allow forecasting, optimization, and control. Encountered challenges may provide a valuable indication to make ground with this design, especially in cases for which the trade-off between sophistication and available resources should be rather considered. The research work was conducted to identify the requirements for controlling a set of flexibility assets—namely, electrochemical batt... [more]
Symptom Analysis Using Fuzzy Logic for Detection and Monitoring of COVID-19 Patients
Tayyaba Ilyas, Danish Mahmood, Ghufran Ahmed, Adnan Akhunzada
March 7, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, COVID-19, detection, E-Health, fusion algorithm, fuzzy logic, internet of things, monitoring
Recent developments regarding the Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Machine Learning (ML) opened new horizons of healthcare opportunities. Moreover, these technological advancements give strength to face upcoming healthcare challenges. One of such challenges is the advent of COVID-19, which has adverse effects beyond comprehension. Therefore, utilizing the basic functionalities of IoT, this work presents a real-time rule-based Fuzzy Logic classifier for COVID-19 Detection (FLCD). The proposed model deploys the IoT framework to collect real-time symptoms data from users to detect symptomatic and asymptomatic Covid-19 patients. Moreover, the proposed framework is also capable of monitoring the treatment response of infected people. FLCD constitutes three components: symptom data collection using wearable sensors, data fusion through Rule-Based Fuzzy Logic classifier, and cloud infrastructure to store data with a possible verdict (normal, mild, serious, or critic... [more]
Interactive Smart Space for Single-Person Households Using Electroencephalogram through Fusion of Digital Twin and Artificial Intelligence
Seung Yeul Ji
March 6, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, digital twin (DT), electroencephalogram, smart environment, smart space
The core technology for building a smart space includes the capability to analyse the space for users using various sensors. The purpose of this study was to propose a personalised interactive smart space implementation model driven by the fusion of digital twin (DT) and artificial intelligence (AI) based on electroencephalogram (EEG) data. This study utilised a handheld EEG sensor to identify a user’s emotion information and focused on the connection with the space. A smart space for single-person households that responds to EEG-based biometric information was designed for an interactive space that can improve the current emotional state of the space user. The technical characteristics of DT and AI were analysed to control spatial changes according to the user’s emotional state and to address safety-related issues. Furthermore, a fusion mechanism for DT and AI was developed for intelligent motor control to change the dimensions of the space in order to improve the EEG state of the use... [more]
A Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Approach to Price and Comfort Optimization in HVAC-Systems
Christian Blad, Simon Bøgh, Carsten Kallesøe
March 6, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Optimization
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, deep reinforcement learning, energy in buildings, HVAC-systems, predictive analytics, underfloor heating
This paper addresses the challenge of minimizing training time for the control of Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning (HVAC) systems with online Reinforcement Learning (RL). This is done by developing a novel approach to Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) to HVAC systems. In this paper, the environment formed by the HVAC system is formulated as a Markov Game (MG) in a general sum setting. The MARL algorithm is designed in a decentralized structure, where only relevant states are shared between agents, and actions are shared in a sequence, which are sensible from a system’s point of view. The simulation environment is a domestic house located in Denmark and designed to resemble an average house. The heat source in the house is an air-to-water heat pump, and the HVAC system is an Underfloor Heating system (UFH). The house is subjected to weather changes from a data set collected in Copenhagen in 2006, spanning the entire year except for June, July, and August, where heat is... [more]
Methods of Condition Monitoring and Fault Detection for Electrical Machines
Karolina Kudelina, Bilal Asad, Toomas Vaimann, Anton Rassõlkin, Ants Kallaste, Huynh Van Khang
March 6, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, condition monitoring, failure detection, fault diagnosis, fuzzy logic, Machine Learning, neural networks, reliability
Nowadays, electrical machines and drive systems are playing an essential role in different applications. Eventually, various failures occur in long-term continuous operation. Due to the increased influence of such devices on industry, industrial branches, as well as ordinary human life, condition monitoring and timely fault diagnostics have gained a reasonable importance. In this review article, there are studied different diagnostic techniques that can be used for algorithms’ training and realization of predictive maintenance. Benefits and drawbacks of intelligent diagnostic techniques are highlighted. The most widespread faults of electrical machines are discussed as well as techniques for parameters’ monitoring are introduced.
Machine-Learning-Based Condition Assessment of Gas Turbines—A Review
Martí de Castro-Cros, Manel Velasco, Cecilio Angulo
March 6, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, condition assessment, gas turbine, Machine Learning, soft sensor
Condition monitoring, diagnostics, and prognostics are key factors in today’s competitive industrial sector. Equipment digitalisation has increased the amount of available data throughout the industrial process, and the development of new and more advanced techniques has significantly improved the performance of industrial machines. This publication focuses on surveying the last decade of evolution of condition monitoring, diagnostic, and prognostic techniques using machine-learning (ML)-based models for the improvement of the operational performance of gas turbines. A comprehensive review of the literature led to a performance assessment of ML models and their applications to gas turbines, as well as a discussion of the major challenges and opportunities for the research on these kind of engines. This paper further concludes that the combination of the available information captured through the collectors and the ML techniques shows promising results in increasing the accuracy, robust... [more]
Optimization of Sizing and Operation Strategy of Distributed Generation System Based on a Gas Turbine and Renewable Energy
Hye-Rim Kim, Tong-Seop Kim
March 6, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, distributed generation, gas turbine, operation strategy, Optimization, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, sizing
Optimization of the sizing and operation strategy of a complex energy system requires a large computational burden because of the non-linear nature of the mathematical problem. Accordingly, using a conventional numerical method with only a physics-based model for complete optimization is impractical. To resolve this problem, this paper adopted an optimization method of using an artificial intelligence scheme that combines an artificial neural network (ANN) and a genetic algorithm (GA). Especially, the ANN was constructed based on results from a physics-based model to obtain a large amount of accurate simulation data in a short time frame. A distributed generation (DG) system based on a gas turbine (GT) and renewable energy (RE) was simulated to demonstrate the usefulness of the optimization method. In consideration of the capacity and partial load performance of the GT, the optimization of the sizing and operation strategy of the DG system was performed for three system design scenario... [more]
Optimising High-Rise Buildings for Self-Sufficiency in Energy Consumption and Food Production Using Artificial Intelligence: Case of Europoint Complex in Rotterdam
Berk Ekici, Okan F. S. F. Turkcan, Michela Turrin, Ikbal Sevil Sariyildiz, Mehmet Fatih Tasgetiren
March 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, BIPV, building performance simulation, computational optimisation, energy consumption, Machine Learning, metropolis, self-sufficiency, vertical farming
The increase in global population, which negatively affects energy consumption, CO2 emissions, and arable land, necessitates designing sustainable habitation alternatives. Self-sufficient high-rise buildings, which integrate (electricity) generation and efficient usage of resources with dense habitation, can be a sustainable solution for future urbanisation. This paper focuses on transforming Europoint Towers in Rotterdam into self-sufficient buildings considering energy consumption and food production (lettuce crops) using artificial intelligence. Design parameters consist of the number of farming floors, shape, and the properties of the proposed façade skin that includes shading devices. Nine thousand samples are collected from various floor levels to predict self-sufficiency criteria using artificial neural networks (ANN). Optimisation problems with 117 decision variables are formulated using 45 ANN models that have very high prediction accuracies. 13 optimisation algorithms are use... [more]
Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Power System Transient Stability Assessment
Petar Sarajcev, Antonijo Kunac, Goran Petrovic, Marin Despalatovic
March 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, deep learning, Machine Learning, power system stability, transient stability assessment, transient stability index
The high penetration of renewable energy sources, coupled with decommissioning of conventional power plants, leads to the reduction of power system inertia. This has negative repercussions on the transient stability of power systems. The purpose of this paper is to review the state-of-the-art regarding the application of artificial intelligence to the power system transient stability assessment, with a focus on different machine, deep, and reinforcement learning techniques. The review covers data generation processes (from measurements and simulations), data processing pipelines (features engineering, splitting strategy, dimensionality reduction), model building and training (including ensembles and hyperparameter optimization techniques), deployment, and management (with monitoring for detecting bias and drift). The review focuses, in particular, on different deep learning models that show promising results on standard benchmark test cases. The final aim of the review is to point out... [more]
Accelerating Energy-Economic Simulation Models via Machine Learning-Based Emulation and Time Series Aggregation
Alexander J. Bogensperger, Yann Fabel, Joachim Ferstl
March 2, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, distributed energy resources, electricity markets, emulation-model, energy communities, Machine Learning, meta-model, sampling, surrogate-model, TSA
Energy-economic simulation models with high levels of detail, high time resolutions, or large populations (e.g., distribution networks, households, electric vehicles, energy communities) are often limited due to their computational complexity. This paper introduces a novel methodology, combining cluster-based time series aggregation and sampling methods, to efficiently emulate simulation models using machine learning and significantly reduce both simulation and training time. Machine learning-based emulation models require sufficient and high-quality data to generalize the dataset. Since simulations are computationally complex, their maximum number is limited. Sampling methods come into play when selecting the best parameters for a limited number of simulations ex ante. This paper introduces and compares multiple sampling methods on three energy-economic datasets and shows their advantage over a simple random sampling for small sample-sizes. The results show that a k-means cluster samp... [more]
Energy Optimization of the Continuous-Time Perfect Control Algorithm
Marek Krok, Paweł Majewski, Wojciech P. Hunek, Tomasz Feliks
March 2, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, energy minimization, generalized inverses, LTI MIMO state-space, perfect control
In this paper, an attempt at the energy optimization of perfect control systems is performed. The perfect control law is the maximum-speed and maximum-accuracy procedure, which allows us to obtain a reference value on the plant’s output just after a time delay. Based on the continuous-time state-space description, the minimum-error strategy is discussed in the context of possible solutions aiming for the minimization of the control energy. The approach presented within this study is focused on the nonunique matrix inverse-originated so-called degrees of freedom being the core of perfect control scenarios. Thus, in order to obtain the desired energy-saving parameters, a genetic algorithm has been employed during the inverse model control synthesis process. Now, the innovative continuous-time procedure can be applied to a wide range of multivariable plants without any stress caused by technological limitations. Simulation examples made in the MATLAB/Simulink environment have proven the u... [more]
Power Quality Mitigation via Smart Demand-Side Management Based on a Genetic Algorithm
Adrian Eisenmann, Tim Streubel, Krzysztof Rudion
March 2, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, demand-side management, fourth industrial revolution, Genetic Algorithm, Industry 4.0, multi-objective optimization, operational planning, power quality, smart grid
In modern electrical grids, the number of nonlinear grid elements and actively controlled loads is rising. Maintaining the power quality will therefore become a challenging task. This paper presents a power quality mitigation method via smart demand-side management. The mitigation method is based on a genetic algorithm guided optimization for smart operational planning of the grid elements. The algorithm inherits the possibility to solve multiple, even competing, objectives. The objective function uses and translates the fitness functions of the genetic algorithm into a minimization or maximization problem, thus narrowing down the complexity of the addressed high cardinality optimization problem. The NSGA-II algorithm is used to obtain feasible solutions for the auto optimization of the demand-side management. A simplified industrial grid with five different machines is used as a case study to showcase the minimization of the harmonic distortion to normative limits for all time steps d... [more]
Error Compensation Enhanced Day-Ahead Electricity Price Forecasting
Dimitrios Kontogiannis, Dimitrios Bargiotas, Aspassia Daskalopulu, Athanasios Ioannis Arvanitidis, Lefteri H. Tsoukalas
March 2, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, deep learning, electricity price forecasting, Energy, error estimation, Machine Learning, neural networks
The evolution of electricity markets has led to increasingly complex energy trading dynamics and the integration of renewable energy sources as well as the influence of several external market factors contributed towards price volatility. Therefore, day-ahead electricity price forecasting models, typically using some kind of neural network, play a crucial role in the optimal behavior of market agents. The most prominent models and benchmarks rely on improving the accuracy of predictions and the time for convergence by some sort of a priori processing of the dataset that is used for the training of the neural network, such as hyperparameter tuning and feature selection techniques. What has been overlooked so far is the possible benefit of a posteriori processing, which would consider the effects of parameters that could refine the predictions once they have been made. Such a parameter is the estimation of the residual training error. In this study, we investigate the effect of residual... [more]
Particle Swarm Optimization in Residential Demand-Side Management: A Review on Scheduling and Control Algorithms for Demand Response Provision
Christoforos Menos-Aikateriniadis, Ilias Lamprinos, Pavlos S. Georgilakis
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, computational intelligence, demand response, demand-side management, distributed energy resources, electric vehicles, Energy Storage, load control, Particle Swarm Optimization, resource scheduling, smart grid
Power distribution networks at the distribution level are becoming more complex in their behavior and more heavily stressed due to the growth of decentralized energy sources. Demand response (DR) programs can increase the level of flexibility on the demand side by discriminating the consumption patterns of end-users from their typical profiles in response to market signals. The exploitation of artificial intelligence (AI) methods in demand response applications has attracted increasing interest in recent years. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is a computational intelligence (CI) method that belongs to the field of AI and is widely used for resource scheduling, mainly due to its relatively low complexity and computational requirements and its ability to identify near-optimal solutions in a reasonable timeframe. The aim of this work is to evaluate different PSO methods in the scheduling and control of different residential energy resources, such as smart appliances, electric vehicles (... [more]
Forecasting of Electric Load Using a Hybrid LSTM-Neural Prophet Model
Md Jamal Ahmed Shohan, Md Omar Faruque, Simon Y. Foo
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, artificial neural network, load forecasting, long short-term memory, neural prophet, time series forecasting
Load forecasting (LF) is an essential factor in power system management. LF helps the utility maximize the utilization of power-generating plants and schedule them both reliably and economically. In this paper, a novel and hybrid forecasting method is proposed, combining a long short-term memory network (LSTM) and neural prophet (NP) through an artificial neural network. The paper aims to predict electric load for different time horizons with improved accuracy as well as consistency. The proposed model uses historical load data, weather data, and statistical features obtained from the historical data. Multiple case studies have been conducted with two different real-time data sets on three different types of load forecasting. The hybrid model is later compared with a few established methods of load forecasting found in the literature with different performance metrics: mean average percentage error (MAPE), root mean square error (RMSE), sum of square error (SSE), and regression coeffic... [more]
Integration and Verification of PLUG-N-HARVEST ICT Platform for Intelligent Management of Buildings
Christos Korkas, Asimina Dimara, Iakovos Michailidis, Stelios Krinidis, Rafael Marin-Perez, Ana Isabel Martínez García, Antonio Skarmeta, Konstantinos Kitsikoudis, Elias Kosmatopoulos, Christos-Nikolaos Anagnostopoulos, Dimitrios Tzovaras
March 1, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: adaptable dynamic façade microgrids, Artificial Intelligence, digital platform architecture, Energy Efficiency, IoT building automation
THe energy-efficient operation of microgrids—a localized grouping of consuming loads (domestic appliances, EVs, etc.) with distributed energy sources such as solar photovoltaic panels—suggests the deployment of Energy Management Systems (EMSs) that enable the actuation of controllable microgrid loads coupled with Artificial Intelligence (AI) tools. Such tools are capable of optimizing the aggregated performance of the microgrid in an automated manner, based on an extensive network of Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI). Modular adaptable/dynamic building envelope (ADBE) solutions have been proven an effective solution—exploiting free façade areas instead of roof areas—for extending the thermal inertia and energy harvesting capacity in existing buildings of different nature (residential, commercial, industrial, etc.). This study presents the PLUG-N-HARVEST holistic workflow towards the delivery of an automatically controllable microgrid integrating active ADBE technologies (e.g., PVs... [more]
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