Records with Keyword: Artificial Intelligence
Showing records 26 to 50 of 204. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Last
A Future with Machine Learning: Review of Condition Assessment of Structures and Mechanical Systems in Nuclear Facilities
Harleen Kaur Sandhu, Saran Srikanth Bodda, Abhinav Gupta
April 18, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: advanced reactors, Artificial Intelligence, concrete, condition assessment, damage detection, data management, deep learning, digital twin, nuclear piping, signal processing
The nuclear industry is exploring applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI), including autonomous control and management of reactors and components. A condition assessment framework that utilizes AI and sensor data is an important part of such an autonomous control system. A nuclear power plant has various structures, systems, and components (SSCs) such as piping-equipment that carries coolant to the reactor. Piping systems can degrade over time because of flow-accelerated corrosion and erosion. Any cracks and leakages can cause loss of coolant accident (LOCA). The current industry standards for conducting maintenance of vital SSCs can be time and cost-intensive. AI can play a greater role in the condition assessment and can be extended to recognize concrete degradation (chloride-induced damage and alkali−silica reaction) before cracks develop. This paper reviews developments in condition assessment and AI applications of structural and mechanical systems. The applicability of exist... [more]
Day-Ahead Electricity Market Price Forecasting Considering the Components of the Electricity Market Price; Using Demand Decomposition, Fuel Cost, and the Kernel Density Estimation
Arim Jin, Dahan Lee, Jong-Bae Park, Jae Hyung Roh
April 17, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, data preprocessing, decomposition, electricity market, feature selection, price forecast
This paper aims to improve the forecasting of electricity market prices by incorporating the characteristics of electricity market prices that are discretely affected by the fuel cost per unit, the unit generation cost of the large-scale generators, and the demand. In this paper, two new techniques are introduced. The first technique applies feature generation to the label and forecasts the transformed new variables, which are then post-processed by inverse transformation, considering the characteristic of the fuel types of marginal generators or prices through two variables: fuel cost per unit by the representative fuel type and argument of the maximum of Probability Density Function (PDF) calculated by Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) from the previous price. The second technique applies decomposition to the demand, followed by a feature selection process to apply the major decomposed feature. It is verified using gain or SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) value in the feature selec... [more]
Employees’ Trust in Artificial Intelligence in Companies: The Case of Energy and Chemical Industries in Poland
Justyna Łapińska, Iwona Escher, Joanna Górka, Agata Sudolska, Paweł Brzustewicz
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, chemical industry, employees, energy industry, trust
The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in companies is advancing rapidly. Consequently, multidisciplinary research on AI in business has developed dramatically during the last decade, moving from the focus on technological objectives towards an interest in human users’ perspective. In this article, we investigate the notion of employees’ trust in AI at the workplace (in the company), following a human-centered approach that considers AI integration in business from the employees’ perspective, taking into account the elements that facilitate human trust in AI. While employees’ trust in AI at the workplace seems critical, so far, few studies have systematically investigated its determinants. Therefore, this study is an attempt to fill the existing research gap. The research objective of the article is to examine links between employees’ trust in AI in the company and three other latent variables (general trust in technology, intra-organizational trust, and individual competence trust).... [more]
Suggesting a Stochastic Fractal Search Paradigm in Combination with Artificial Neural Network for Early Prediction of Cooling Load in Residential Buildings
Hossein Moayedi, Amir Mosavi
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, building energy, cooling load, deep learning, energy-efficiency, HVAC, Machine Learning, nature-inspired metaheuristic, smart buildings, smart city, zero energy
Early prediction of thermal loads plays an essential role in analyzing energy-efficient buildings’ energy performance. On the other hand, stochastic algorithms have recently shown high proficiency in dealing with this issue. These are the reasons that this study is dedicated to evaluating an innovative hybrid method for predicting the cooling load (CL) in buildings with residential usage. The proposed model is a combination of artificial neural networks and stochastic fractal search (SFS−ANNs). Two benchmark algorithms, namely the grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA) and firefly algorithm (FA) are also considered to be compared with the SFS. The non-linear effect of eight independent factors on the CL is analyzed using each model’s optimal structure. Evaluation of the results outlined that all three metaheuristic algorithms (with more than 90% correlation) can adequately optimize the ANN. In this regard, this tool’s prediction error declined by nearly 23%, 18%, and 36% by applying... [more]
Double-Target Based Neural Networks in Predicting Energy Consumption in Residential Buildings
Hossein Moayedi, Amir Mosavi
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: air conditioning, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, consumption prediction, deep learning, Energy Efficiency, heating loads, heating ventilation, Machine Learning, metaheuristic, operational research
A reliable prediction of sustainable energy consumption is key for designing environmentally friendly buildings. In this study, three novel hybrid intelligent methods, namely the grasshopper optimization algorithm (GOA), wind-driven optimization (WDO), and biogeography-based optimization (BBO), are employed to optimize the multitarget prediction of heating loads (HLs) and cooling loads (CLs) in the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Concerning the optimization of the applied algorithms, a series of swarm-based iterations are performed, and the best structure is proposed for each model. The GOA, WDO, and BBO algorithms are mixed with a class of feedforward artificial neural networks (ANNs), which is called a multi-layer perceptron (MLP) to predict the HL and CL. According to the sensitivity analysis, the WDO with swarm size = 500 proposes the most-fitted ANN. The proposed WDO-ANN provided an accurate prediction in terms of heating load (training (R2 correlation =... [more]
An Innovative Metaheuristic Strategy for Solar Energy Management through a Neural Networks Framework
Hossein Moayedi, Amir Mosavi
April 14, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, artificial neural networks, Big Data, deep learning, electrical power modeling, Machine Learning, metaheuristic, photovoltaic, solar energy, solar irradiance, solar power
Proper management of solar energy as an effective renewable source is of high importance toward sustainable energy harvesting. This paper offers a novel sophisticated method for predicting solar irradiance (SIr) from environmental conditions. To this end, an efficient metaheuristic technique, namely electromagnetic field optimization (EFO), is employed for optimizing a neural network. This algorithm quickly mines a publicly available dataset for nonlinearly tuning the network parameters. To suggest an optimal configuration, five influential parameters of the EFO are optimized by an extensive trial and error practice. Analyzing the results showed that the proposed model can learn the SIr pattern and predict it for unseen conditions with high accuracy. Furthermore, it provided about 10% and 16% higher accuracy compared to two benchmark optimizers, namely shuffled complex evolution and shuffled frog leaping algorithm. Hence, the EFO-supervised neural network can be a promising tool for th... [more]
A Heating Controller Designing Based on Living Space Heating Dynamic’s Model Approach in a Smart Building
Roozbeh Sadeghian Broujeny, Kurosh Madani, Abdennasser Chebira, Veronique Amarger, Laurent Hurtard
April 13, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ambient intelligence, Artificial Intelligence, Energy Efficiency, fuzzy inference system, heating controller, smart building
Most already advanced developed heating control systems remain either in a prototype state (because of their relatively complex implementation requirements) or require very specific technologies not implementable in most existing buildings. On the other hand, the above-mentioned analysis has also pointed out that most smart building energy management systems deploy quite very basic heating control strategies limited to quite simplistic predesigned use-case scenarios. In the present paper, we propose a heating control strategy taking advantage of the overall identification of the living space by taking advantage of the consideration of the living space users’ presence as additional thermal sources. To handle this, an adaptive controller for the operation of heating transmitters on the basis of soft computing techniques by taking into account the diverse range of occupants in the heating chain is introduced. The strategy of the controller is constructed on a basis of the modeling heating... [more]
Innovative Methodology to Identify Errors in Electric Energy Measurement Systems in Power Utilities
Marco Toledo-Orozco, Carlos Arias-Marin, Carlos Álvarez-Bel, Diego Morales-Jadan, Javier Rodríguez-García, Eddy Bravo-Padilla
April 13, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, consumption patterns, data analytics, electrical energy losses, Machine Learning, outlier detection
Many electric utilities currently have a low level of smart meter implementation on traditional distribution grids. These utilities commonly have a problem associated with non-technical energy losses (NTLs) to unidentified energy flows consumed, but not billed in power distribution grids. They are usually due to either the electricity theft carried out by their own customers or failures in the utilities’ energy measurement systems. Non-technical energy losses lead to significant economic losses for electric utilities around the world. For instance, in Latin America and the Caribbean countries, NTLs represent around 15% of total energy generated in 2018, varying between 5 and 30% depending on the country because of the strong correlation with social, economic, political, and technical variables. According to this, electric utilities have a strong interest in finding new techniques and methods to mitigate this problem as much as possible. This research presents the results of determining... [more]
Fuzzy Control System for Smart Energy Management in Residential Buildings Based on Environmental Data
Dimitrios Kontogiannis, Dimitrios Bargiotas, Aspassia Daskalopulu
April 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, decision trees, demand response, energy management, fuzzy control systems, fuzzy logic, Machine Learning
Modern energy automation solutions and demand response applications rely on load profiles to monitor and manage electricity consumption effectively. The introduction of smart control systems capable of handling additional fuzzy parameters, such as weather data, through machine learning methods, offers valuable insights in an attempt to adjust consumer behavior optimally. Following recent advances in the field of fuzzy control, this study presents the design and implementation of a fuzzy control system that processes environmental data in order to recommend minimum energy consumption values for a residential building. This system follows the forward chaining Mamdani approach and uses decision tree linearization for rule generation. Additionally, a hybrid feature selector is implemented based on XGBoost and decision tree metrics for feature importance. The proposed structure discovers and generates a small set of fuzzy rules that highlights the energy consumption behavior of the building... [more]
The Data-Driven Multi-Step Approach for Dynamic Estimation of Buildings’ Interior Temperature
Stefano Villa, Claudio Sassanelli
April 12, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, cyber–physical system, data-driven model, energy and comfort management system, Industry 4.0, Machine Learning, multi-step model, Simulation, Support Vector Regression, temperature estimation
Buildings are among the main protagonists of the world’s growing energy consumption, employing up to 45%. Wide efforts have been directed to improve energy saving and reduce environmental impacts to attempt to address the objectives fixed by policymakers in the past years. Meanwhile, new approaches using Machine Learning regression models surged in the modeling and simulation research context. This research develops and proposes an innovative data-driven black box predictive model for estimating in a dynamic way the interior temperature of a building. Therefore, the rationale behind the approach has been chosen based on two steps. First, an investigation of the extant literature on the methods to be considered for tests has been conducted, shrinking the field of investigation to non-recursive multi-step approaches. Second, the results obtained on a pilot case using various Machine Learning regression models in the multi-step approach have been assessed, leading to the choice of the Sup... [more]
Optimizing Clinical Workflow Using Precision Medicine and Advanced Data Analytics
Kevin Zhai, Mohammad S. Yousef, Sawsan Mohammed, Nader I. Al-Dewik, M. Walid Qoronfleh
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, clinical workflow, cloud computing, healthcare fusion, IMS, information management system, Machine Learning, medical records, patient-centered care, population health, precision medicine, precision prescription, ROBIN
Precision medicine—of which precision prescribing is a core component—is becoming a new frontier in today’s healthcare. Both artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) have the potential to enhance our understanding of data and therefore our ability to accurately diagnose and treat patients. By leveraging these technologies and processes, we can uncover associations between a person’s genomic makeup and their health, identify biomarkers associated with diseases, fine-tune patient selection for clinical trials, reduce costs, and accelerate drug discovery and vaccine development. Although real-world data pose challenges in terms of collection, representation, and missing or inaccurate data sets, the integration of precision medicine into healthcare is critical. Clearly, precision medicine can benefit from health information innovations that empower decision-making at the patient level. is an example of an innovative framework and process [K Zhai et al. ECKM 2022, 20(3), pp. 1... [more]
An Artificial Intelligence Solution for Electricity Procurement in Forward Markets
Thibaut Théate, Sébastien Mathieu, Damien Ernst
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, deep learning, electricity procurement, forward/future market
Retailers and major consumers of electricity generally purchase an important percentage of their estimated electricity needs years ahead in the forward market. This long-term electricity procurement task consists of determining when to buy electricity so that the resulting energy cost is minimised, and the forecast consumption is covered. In this scientific article, the focus is set on a yearly base load product from the Belgian forward market, named calendar (CAL), which is tradable up to three years ahead of the delivery period. This research paper introduces a novel algorithm providing recommendations to either buy electricity now or wait for a future opportunity based on the history of CAL prices. This algorithm relies on deep learning forecasting techniques and on an indicator quantifying the deviation from a perfectly uniform reference procurement policy. On average, the proposed approach surpasses the benchmark procurement policies considered and achieves a reduction in costs of... [more]
Convolutional Neural Network for Dust and Hotspot Classification in PV Modules
Giovanni Cipriani, Antonino D’Amico, Stefania Guarino, Donatella Manno, Marzia Traverso, Vincenzo Di Dio
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, convolutional neural network, diagnostics, dust, energy efficient, hot spot, infrared thermography, photovoltaic energy, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
This paper proposes an innovative approach to classify the losses related to photovoltaic (PV) systems, through the use of thermographic non-destructive tests (TNDTs) supported by artificial intelligence techniques. Low electricity production in PV systems can be caused by an efficiency decrease in PV modules due to abnormal operating conditions such as failures or malfunctions. The most common performance decreases are due to the presence of dirt on the surface of the module, the impact of which depends on many parameters and conditions, and can be identified through the use of the TNDTs. The proposed approach allows one to automatically classify the thermographic images from the convolutional neural network (CNN) of the system, achieving an accuracy of 98% in tests that last a couple of minutes. This approach, compared to approaches in literature, offers numerous advantages, including speed of execution, speed of diagnosis, reduced costs, reduction in electricity production losses.
Can Artificial Intelligence Assist Project Developers in Long-Term Management of Energy Projects? The Case of CO2 Capture and Storage
Eric Buah, Lassi Linnanen, Huapeng Wu, Martin A. Kesse
April 11, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, CCS communication and engagement, CO2 capture and storage, deep neural network, fuzzy deep learning, fuzzy logic
This paper contributes to the state of the art of applications of artificial intelligence (AI) in energy systems with a focus on the phenomenon of social acceptance of energy projects. The aim of the paper is to present a novel AI-powered communication and engagement framework for energy projects. The method can assist project managers of energy projects to develop AI-powered virtual communication and engagement agents for engaging their citizens and their network of stakeholders who influence their energy projects. Unlike the standard consultation techniques and large-scale deliberative engagement approaches that require face-to-face engagement, the virtual engagement platform provides citizens with a forum to continually influence project outcomes at the comfort of their homes or anywhere via mobile devices. In the communication and engagement process, the project managers’ cognitive capability can be augmented with the probabilistic capability of the algorithm to gain insights into... [more]
Optimization of a 660 MWe Supercritical Power Plant Performance—A Case of Industry 4.0 in the Data-Driven Operational Management. Part 2. Power Generation
Waqar Muhammad Ashraf, Ghulam Moeen Uddin, Ahmad Hassan Kamal, Muhammad Haider Khan, Awais Ahmad Khan, Hassan Afroze Ahmad, Fahad Ahmed, Noman Hafeez, Rana Muhammad Zawar Sami, Syed Muhammad Arafat, Sajawal Gul Niazi, Muhammad Waqas Rafique, Ahsan Amjad, Jawad Hussain, Hanan Jamil, Muhammad Shahbaz Kathia, Jaroslaw Krzywanski
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, combustion, generator power, industry 4.0 for the power sector, supercritical power plant
Modern data analytics techniques and computationally inexpensive software tools are fueling the commercial applications of data-driven decision making and process optimization strategies for complex industrial operations. In this paper, modern and reliable process modeling techniques, i.e., multiple linear regression (MLR), artificial neural network (ANN), and least square support vector machine (LSSVM), are employed and comprehensively compared as reliable and robust process models for the generator power of a 660 MWe supercritical coal combustion power plant. Based on the external validation test conducted by the unseen operation data, LSSVM has outperformed the MLR and ANN models to predict the power plant’s generator power. Later, the LSSVM model is used for the failure mode recovery and a very successful operation control excellence tool. Moreover, by adjusting the thermo-electric operating parameters, the generator power on an average is increased by 1.74%, 1.80%, and 1.0 at 50%... [more]
Optimization of a 660 MWe Supercritical Power Plant Performance—A Case of Industry 4.0 in the Data-Driven Operational Management Part 1. Thermal Efficiency
Waqar Muhammad Ashraf, Ghulam Moeen Uddin, Syed Muhammad Arafat, Sher Afghan, Ahmad Hassan Kamal, Muhammad Asim, Muhammad Haider Khan, Muhammad Waqas Rafique, Uwe Naumann, Sajawal Gul Niazi, Hanan Jamil, Ahsaan Jamil, Nasir Hayat, Ashfaq Ahmad, Shao Changkai, Liu Bin Xiang, Ijaz Ahmad Chaudhary, Jaroslaw Krzywanski
April 4, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, combustion, industry 4.0 for the power sector, supercritical power plant, thermal efficiency
This paper presents a comprehensive step-wise methodology for implementing industry 4.0 in a functional coal power plant. The overall efficiency of a 660 MWe supercritical coal-fired plant using real operational data is considered in the study. Conventional and advanced AI-based techniques are used to present comprehensive data visualization. Monte-Carlo experimentation on artificial neural network (ANN) and least square support vector machine (LSSVM) process models and interval adjoint significance analysis (IASA) are performed to eliminate insignificant control variables. Effective and validated ANN and LSSVM process models are developed and comprehensively compared. The ANN process model proved to be significantly more effective; especially, in terms of the capacity to be deployed as a robust and reliable AI model for industrial data analysis and decision making. A detailed investigation of efficient power generation is presented under 50%, 75%, and 100% power plant unit load. Up to... [more]
Methods to Optimize Carbon Footprint of Buildings in Regenerative Architectural Design with the Use of Machine Learning, Convolutional Neural Network, and Parametric Design
Mateusz Płoszaj-Mazurek, Elżbieta Ryńska, Magdalena Grochulska-Salak
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: AI, Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, circular economy, computer vision, GHG emissions, life cycle assessment, Machine Learning, neural networks, Optimization, parametric, sustainable architecture
The analyzed research issue provides a model for Carbon Footprint estimation at an early design stage. In the context of climate neutrality, it is important to introduce regenerative design practices in the architect’s design process, especially in early design phases when the possibility of modifying the design is usually high. The research method was based on separate consecutive research works−partial tasks: Developing regenerative design guidelines for simulation purposes and for parametric modeling; generating a training set and a testing set of building designs with calculated total Carbon Footprint; using the pre-generated set to train a Machine Learning Model; applying the Machine Learning Model to predict optimal building features; prototyping an application for a quick estimation of the Total Carbon Footprint in the case of other projects in early design phases; updating the prototyped application with additional features; urban layout analysis; preparing a new approach based... [more]
Energy Modeling of a Refiner in Thermo-Mechanical Pulping Process Using ANFIS Method
Behnam Talebjedi, Ali Khosravi, Timo Laukkanen, Henrik Holmberg, Esa Vakkilainen, Sanna Syri
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system, Artificial Intelligence, data analysis, evolutionary optimization algorithm, thermo-mechanical pulping
In the pulping industry, thermo-mechanical pulping (TMP) as a subdivision of the refiner-based mechanical pulping is one of the most energy-intensive processes where the core of the process is attributed to the refining process. In this study, to simulate the refining unit of the TMP process under different operational states, the idea of machine learning algorithms is employed. Complicated processes and prediction problems could be simulated and solved by utilizing artificial intelligence methods inspired by the pattern of brain learning. In this research, six evolutionary optimization algorithms are employed to be joined with the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) to increase the refining simulation accuracy. The applied optimization algorithms are particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO), differential evolution (DE), biogeography-based optimization algorithm (BBO), genetic algorithm (GA), ant colony (ACO), and teaching learning-based optimization algorithm (TLBO). The... [more]
Detection of Non-Technical Losses in Power Utilities—A Comprehensive Systematic Review
Muhammad Salman Saeed, Mohd Wazir Mustafa, Nawaf N. Hamadneh, Nawa A. Alshammari, Usman Ullah Sheikh, Touqeer Ahmed Jumani, Saifulnizam Bin Abd Khalid, Ilyas Khan
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, electricity theft, Machine Learning, non-technical loss, power utilities
Electricity theft and fraud in energy consumption are two of the major issues for power distribution companies (PDCs) for many years. PDCs around the world are trying different methodologies for detecting electricity theft. The traditional methods for non-technical losses (NTLs) detection such as onsite inspection and reward and penalty policy have lost their place in the modern era because of their ineffective and time-consuming mechanism. With the advancement in the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI), newer and efficient NTL detection methods have been proposed by different researchers working in the field of data mining and AI. The AI-based NTL detection methods are superior to the conventional methods in terms of accuracy, efficiency, time-consumption, precision, and labor required. The importance of such AI-based NTL detection methods can be judged by looking at the growing trend toward the increasing number of research articles on this important development. However, the autho... [more]
Machine Learning for Energy Systems
Denis Sidorov, Fang Liu, Yonghui Sun
April 3, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, cyber-physical systems, energy management system, Energy Storage, energy systems, forecasting, industrial mathematics, intelligent control, inverse problems, load leveling, offshore wind farm, Optimization, pattern recognition, power control, smart microgrid, Volterra equations
The objective of this editorial is to overview the content of the special issue “Machine Learning for Energy Systems”. This special issue collects innovative contributions addressing the top challenges in energy systems development, including electric power systems, heating and cooling systems, and gas transportation systems. The special attention is paid to the non-standard mathematical methods integrating data-driven black box dynamical models with classic mathematical and mechanical models. The general motivation of this special issue is driven by the considerable interest in the rethinking and improvement of energy systems due to the progress in heterogeneous data acquisition, data fusion, numerical methods, machine learning, and high-performance computing. The editor of this special issue has made an attempt to publish a book containing original contributions addressing theory and various applications of machine learning in energy systems’ operation, monitoring, and design. The re... [more]
Air Temperature Forecasting Using Machine Learning Techniques: A Review
Jenny Cifuentes, Geovanny Marulanda, Antonio Bello, Javier Reneses
March 31, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: air temperature forecasting, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, neural networks, support vector machines
Efforts to understand the influence of historical climate change, at global and regional levels, have been increasing over the past decade. In particular, the estimates of air temperatures have been considered as a key factor in climate impact studies on agricultural, ecological, environmental, and industrial sectors. Accurate temperature prediction helps to safeguard life and property, playing an important role in planning activities for the government, industry, and the public. The primary aim of this study is to review the different machine learning strategies for temperature forecasting, available in the literature, presenting their advantages and disadvantages and identifying research gaps. This survey shows that Machine Learning techniques can help to accurately predict temperatures based on a set of input features, which can include the previous values of temperature, relative humidity, solar radiation, rain and wind speed measurements, among others. The review reveals that Deep... [more]
A Review on Artificial Intelligence Applications for Grid-Connected Solar Photovoltaic Systems
Varaha Satra Bharath Kurukuru, Ahteshamul Haque, Mohammed Ali Khan, Subham Sahoo, Azra Malik, Frede Blaabjerg
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, condition monitoring, irradiance forecasting, optimal sizing, photovoltaic systems, reliability, transition control
The use of artificial intelligence (AI) is increasing in various sectors of photovoltaic (PV) systems, due to the increasing computational power, tools and data generation. The currently employed methods for various functions of the solar PV industry related to design, forecasting, control, and maintenance have been found to deliver relatively inaccurate results. Further, the use of AI to perform these tasks achieved a higher degree of accuracy and precision and is now a highly interesting topic. In this context, this paper aims to investigate how AI techniques impact the PV value chain. The investigation consists of mapping the currently available AI technologies, identifying possible future uses of AI, and also quantifying their advantages and disadvantages in regard to the conventional mechanisms.
Optimal Allocation and Operation of Droop-Controlled Islanded Microgrids: A Review
Maen Z. Kreishan, Ahmed F. Zobaa
March 29, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, droop control, generation and load uncertainties, islanded microgrid, multi-objective optimization, optimal allocation and operation, Renewable and Sustainable Energy
This review paper provides a critical interpretation and analysis of almost 150 dedicated optimization research papers in the field of droop-controlled islanded microgrids. The significance of optimal microgrid allocation and operation studies comes from their importance for further deployment of renewable energy, reliable and stable autonomous operation on a larger scale, and the electrification of rural and isolated communities. Additionally, a comprehensive overview of islanded microgrids in terms of structure, type, and hierarchical control strategy was presented. Furthermore, a larger emphasis was given to the main optimization problems faced by droop-controlled islanded microgrids such as allocation, scheduling and dispatch, reconfiguration, control, and energy management systems. The main outcome of this review in relation to optimization problem components is the classification of objective functions, constraints, and decision variables into 10, 9 and 6 distinctive categories,... [more]
AI and Text-Mining Applications for Analyzing Contractor’s Risk in Invitation to Bid (ITB) and Contracts for Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) Projects
Su Jin Choi, So Won Choi, Jong Hyun Kim, Eul-Bum Lee
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Artificial Intelligence, engineering-procurement-construction (EPC), information retrieval, invitation-to-bid (ITB) document, Machine Learning, named-entity recognition (NER), natural language processing (NLP), phrasematcher, Python, spaCy, text mining
Contractors responsible for the whole execution of engineering, procurement, and construction (EPC) projects are exposed to multiple risks due to various unbalanced contracting methods such as lump-sum turn-key and low-bid selection. Although systematic risk management approaches are required to prevent unexpected damage to the EPC contractors in practice, there were no comprehensive digital toolboxes for identifying and managing risk provisions for ITB and contract documents. This study describes two core modules, Critical Risk Check (CRC) and Term Frequency Analysis (TFA), developed as a digital EPC contract risk analysis tool for contractors, using artificial intelligence and text-mining techniques. The CRC module automatically extracts risk-involved clauses in the EPC ITB and contracts by the phrase-matcher technique. A machine learning model was built in the TFA module for contractual risk extraction by using the named-entity recognition (NER) method. The risk-involved clauses col... [more]
Big Data Value Chain: Multiple Perspectives for the Built Environment
Gema Hernández-Moral, Sofía Mulero-Palencia, Víctor Iván Serna-González, Carla Rodríguez-Alonso, Roberto Sanz-Jimeno, Vangelis Marinakis, Nikos Dimitropoulos, Zoi Mylona, Daniele Antonucci, Haris Doukas
March 28, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: analytics, Artificial Intelligence, Big Data, building stock, Machine Learning
Current climate change threats and increasing CO2 emissions, especially from the building stock, represent a context where action is required. It is necessary to provide efficient manners to manage energy demand in buildings and contribute to a decarbonised future. By combining new technologies, such as artificial intelligence, Internet of things, blockchain, and the exploitation of big data towards solving real life problems, the way could be paved towards smart and energy-aware buildings. In this context, the aim of this paper is to present a critical review and an in-detail definition of the big data value chain for the built environment in Europe, covering multiple needs and perspectives: “policy”, “technology” and “business”, in order to explore the main challenges and opportunities in this area.
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