Records Added in May 2023
Records added in May 2023
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Showing records 101 to 125 of 418. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Last
Numerical Simulation on the Influence of Inlet Flow Characteristics on the Performance of a Centrifugal Compressor
Xing Li, Ning Huang, Guanyan Chen, Yanli Zhang, Yang Zhao, Jie Zhang, Ding Tong
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: centrifugal compressor, distortion degree, inlet bent pipes, numerical simulation, reduction degree
Although inlet bent pipes are usually adopted due to limited installation space, the influences of different bend pipes on the inlet flow characteristics and performance of centrifugal compressors are still unclear. The numerical simulation of a centrifugal compressor is established and validated by experimental results with the case of a straight inlet pipe. Then, the internal flow characteristics of the centrifugal compressor with a 90-degree bent pipe (p90) and Z-shaped bent pipe (pz) are simulated and discussed. The results show that the adoption of two inlet bent pipes reduces the performance of the centrifugal compressor to a certain extent, which reduces more greatly with pz, with a maximum reduction of 6.82% in pressure ratio and 14.83% in efficiency, respectively. The pressure ratio and efficiency reduction of the centrifugal compressor both increase with the increment of distortion degree, which maintains the increasing trend as the flow rate increases, and the maximum distor... [more]
Conjugate Radiation and Convection Heat Transfer Analysis in Solar Cooker Cavity Using a Computational Approach
Abhisek Sarangi, Asish Sarangi, Sudhansu Sekhar Sahoo, Ramesh Kumar Mallik, Mohamed M. Awad
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cavity, computational approach, conjugate heat transfer, convection, Nusselt number, radiation, solar cooker
The heat loss caused by radiation and persistently laminar natural convection in a solar cooker cavity that has a rectangular cavity or a trapezoidal cavity are computationally explored in this paper. The hot bottom and the adiabatic side wall are both taken into account. Two possibilities are considered for the top wall: first, a cold wall, and, second, losses from wind-induced convection and radiation. The parameters of heat loss in various depth cavities have been investigated along with a variety of external heat transfer coefficient values above the glass surface were simulated. The emissivity of the bottom surface, the absolute temperature ratio, on heat loss from the considered geometries, are also calculated. Analysis of the cavity’s flow pattern and isotherms at different depths has been conducted, and it is discovered that the total rate of heat transfer from the top wall increases as the bottom wall’s emissivity, the absolute temperature ratio, the Rayleigh number, and the e... [more]
Analysis of the European Strategy for Hydrogen: A Comprehensive Review
Begoña Vivanco-Martín, Alfredo Iranzo
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: energy system, European Commission, hydrogen economy, hydrogen energy
This review focuses on analysing the strategy and aspirations of the European Union within the hydrogen sector. This aim is achieved through the examination of the European Parliament’s hydrogen strategy, allowing for a study of actions and projects in hydrogen technologies. The Parliament’s hydrogen strategy is the document that provides the guideline of how the EU intends to function in the hydrogen sector and manages to cover a wide range of topics, all of them significant to represent the entirety of the hydrogen sector. It touches on subjects such as hydrogen demand, infrastructure, research, and standards, among others. The review discusses also the aspect that the EU intends to be a leader in the hydrogen sector, including the large-scale industrialization of key elements such as electrolysers, and this purpose is corroborated by the large number of associations, strategies, plans, and projects that are being established and developed by the European Union. The most important co... [more]
Ice-Templated Method to Promote Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion: A Review
Yucheng Wang, Yanan Wu, Xingqun Zheng, Shun Lu
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: CO2 reduction reaction, electrocatalysts, energy storage and conversion, fuel cell, ice-templated method
The ice-templated method (ITM) has drawn significant attention to the improvement of the electrochemical properties of various materials. The ITM approach is relatively straightforward and can produce hierarchically porous structures that exhibit superior performance in mass transfer, and the unique morphology has been shown to significantly enhance electrochemical performance, making it a promising method for energy storage and conversion applications. In this review, we aim to present an overview of the ITM and its applications in the electrochemical energy storage and conversion field. The fundamental principles underlying the ITM will be discussed, as well as the factors that influence the morphology and properties of the resulting structures. We will then proceed to comprehensively explore the applications of ITM in the fabrication of high-performance electrodes for supercapacitors, batteries, and fuel cells. We intend to find the key advances in the use of ITM and evaluate its po... [more]
Livestock Agriculture Greenhouse Gases for Electricity Production: Recent Developments and Future Perspectives
Chrysanthos Maraveas, Eleni Simeonaki, Dimitrios Loukatos, Konstantinos G. Arvanitis, Thomas Bartzanas, Marianna I. Kotzabasaki
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: agriculture, electricity, gases, greenhouse, livestock, production, trends
The focus of this review paper was to investigate innovations currently employed to capture and use greenhouse gases produced within livestock farms for energy production and expected future directions. The methods considered for data collection regarded a systematic review of the literature, where 50 journal articles were critically reviewed. The main findings identified that the conventional method used in transforming livestock agriculture greenhouse gases into energy regards the combustion of biogas. However, emerging methods encompass microbial fuel cells, dry biogas reforming, steam biogas reforming, auto thermal Chemical Looping Reforming (CLRa), and gas-to-liquid methods that convert methane to liquid hydrocarbons. The conclusions from the review are that there is a potential to integrate these methods in livestock agriculture in order to generate energy from greenhouse emissions and reduce the reliance on fossil fuels.
MOF-801/Graphene Adsorbent Material for Greenhouse Climate Control System—Numerical Investigation
Andrew N. Aziz, Raya Al-Dadah, Saad Mahmoud, Mohamed A. Ismail, Mohammed K. Almesfer, Marwa F. El-Kady, Hassan Shokry
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Adsorption, COMSOL, Matlab, Modelling, MOF-801/Graphene, Simulation
Greenhouses with efficient controlled environment offer a promising solution for food security against the impacts of increasing global temperatures and growing water scarcity. However, current technologies used to achieve this controlled environment consume a significant amount of energy, which impacts on operational costs and CO2 emissions. Using advanced metal organic framework materials (MOFs) with superior water adsorption characteristics, this work investigates the development of a new technology for a greenhouse-controlled environment. The system consists of MOF coated heat exchanger, air to air heat exchanger, and evaporative cooler. A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model was developed using COMSOL software and experimentally validated for the MOF-801/Graphene coated heat exchanger (DCHE) to determine the best cycle time and power input. It was found that using desorption time of 16 min and power input of 1.26 W, the maximum water removal rate was obtained... [more]
Influence of the Ignition Method on the Characteristics of Propellant Burning in the Context of the Geometric Burning Model
Zbigniew Leciejewski, Zbigniew Surma, Radosław Trębiński
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: burning rate, closed vessel test, form function, ignition, propellant
Mathematical models for the simulation of the operation of various projectile-throwing systems are continuously modified, simultaneously with the development of propellants. For these models, properly determined values of energetic ballistic characteristics of propellants are very important. This paper presents an original test and the results of closed vessel comparative investigations. The study analyses specific combustion characteristics of single-base propellants using conventional black powder ignition, plasma ignition, and gas ignition. The results of the study indicate the need to take into account—in the calculation of the burning rate—not only the dynamics of gas pressure changes but also the real (experimental) form function, which differs from the theoretical one resulting from the assumed geometric burning model. The obtained results allow for a critical analysis of the existing methods used for the determination of values of ballistic characteristics of propellants. Furth... [more]
Thermodynamic and Experimental Substantiation of the Possibility of Formation and Extraction of Organometallic Compounds as Indicators of Deep Naphthogenesis
Tatiana Aleksandrova, Nadezhda Nikolaeva, Valentin Kuznetsov
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cavitation-extraction technology, crude oil, metalloporphyrins, microelements, Modelling, naphthogenesis, thermodynamics
In this article, typomorphic associations of microelements in carbonaceous caustobioliths and oils are defined as indicators of naphthogenesis based on the analytical survey of the literature and our own research. Various approaches to the studying of crude oil genesis from the position of abiotic and complex approaches (polygenesis) are considered. Such approaches are relevant to the prospect and development of offshore oil deposits, localized at ultra-deep levels. For deep deposits, the most prominent hypothesis of oil origin is the abiogenious theory. In the foundation of that approach lays the assumption that hydrocarbons are formed mainly due to reactions of the formed mantle gases and the host rock. Key factors for these reactions to proceed are specific conditions concerning temperature, pressure, and specific catalysts. The article presents the results of thermodynamic and quantum-chemical modeling of the possibility of the organic and organometallic compound formation using th... [more]
The Material Entropy and the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics in the Evaluation of Energy Technologies of the Future
Aleksander Jakimowicz
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: controlled fusion energy, energetic dogma, entropic debt, entropy of matter, flow–fund model, fourth law of thermodynamics, nuclear fission energy, Promethean recipe, solar energy, viability of energy technology
The primary purpose of this article is to use the laws of thermodynamics, mainly the second and fourth laws, to evaluate three energy technologies of the future: fusion, solar, and fission. Among the criteria used to evaluate them, the most important are the amount of matter needed to sustain the technology itself and the environmental impact. Much emphasis is placed here on the fourth law of thermodynamics, which introduces the concept of material entropy. Zemansky−Georgescu-Roegen’s Law of Inevitable Dissipation of Useful Concentrated Matter states that, in the economic process, some matter is inevitably degraded and becomes unavailable matter. This has tremendous implications for humanity as a whole since the Earth is thermodynamically a closed system, meaning that it cannot exchange matter with space but is open to the flow of solar energy. This results in the need to conserve matter and natural resources. This law can be used as an important criterion for the selection of energy t... [more]
IoT-Based Low-Cost Photovoltaic Monitoring for a Greenhouse Farm in an Arid Region
Amor Hamied, Adel Mellit, Mohamed Benghanem, Sahbi Boubaker
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fault diagnosis, internet of things, monitoring system, photovoltaic
In this paper, a low-cost monitoring system for an off-grid photovoltaic (PV) system, installed at an isolated location (Sahara region, south of Algeria), is designed. The PV system is used to supply a small-scale greenhouse farm. A simple and accurate fault diagnosis algorithm was developed and integrated into a low-cost microcontroller for real time validation. The monitoring system, including the fault diagnosis procedure, was evaluated under specific climate conditions. The Internet of Things (IoT) technique is used to remotely monitor the data, such as PV currents, PV voltages, solar irradiance, and cell temperature. A friendly web page was also developed to visualize the data and check the state of the PV system remotely. The users could be notified about the state of the PV system via phone SMS. Results showed that the system performs better under this climate conditions and that it can supply the considered greenhouse farm. It was also shown that the integrated algorithm is abl... [more]
Performance of Mn-Ce-Fe/FA Catalysts on Selective Catalytic Reduction of NOX with CO under Different Atmospheres
Zheng Xia, Ruiping Zhang, Jixin Duan, Yanxing Liu, Zhengyuan Li, Xiang Gou
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: catalyst, CO-SCR, fly ash, nitrogen oxides
Gas turbines produce a large amount of NOx and CO due to high temperatures and insufficient combustion. Through the selective catalytic reduction of NO with CO (CO-SCR) in a gas turbine, the activities of the Mn-Fe-Ce/FA catalyst using fly ash (FA) as a carrier under different atmospheres were studied. The catalysts prepared by calcining different active materials under different atmospheres were used to analyze their denitrification abilities and resistance to water vapor. The denitrification performance of the catalyst prepared under reducing atmosphere is about 30 percent higher than that of the catalyst prepared under air atmosphere, and the decarburization performance is about 40 percent higher. In the presence of oxygen, the denitrification rate and decarburization rate of the 1:1 ratio of the Mn-Ce catalyst reach 67.16% and 59.57%, respectively. In an oxygen-containing atmosphere, the catalyst prepared by replacing Ce with Fe shows better denitrification and decarburization perf... [more]
Research Progress of Battery Life Prediction Methods Based on Physical Model
Xingxing Wang, Peilin Ye, Shengren Liu, Yu Zhu, Yelin Deng, Yinnan Yuan, Hongjun Ni
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: lithium-ion battery, physical model, prediction method, residual life
Remaining useful life prediction is of great significance for battery safety and maintenance. The remaining useful life prediction method, based on a physical model, has wide applicability and high prediction accuracy, which is the research hotspot of the next generation battery life prediction method. In this study, the prediction methods of battery life were compared and analyzed, and the prediction methods based on the physical model were summarized. The prediction methods were classified according to their different characteristics including the electrochemical model, equivalent circuit model, and empirical model. By analyzing the emphasis of electrochemical process simplification, different electrochemical models were classified including the P2D model, SP model, and electrochemical fusion model. The equivalent circuit model was divided into the Rint model, Thevenin model, PNGV model, and RC model for the change of electronic components in the model. According to the different mat... [more]
Identification and Mitigation of Shortcomings in Direct and Indirect Liquid Cooling-Based Battery Thermal Management System
Anisha, Anil Kumar
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: battery thermal management system, cold plate, discrete tube, immersive cooling, liquid cooling
Electric vehicles (EVs) have become a viable solution to the emerging global climate crisis. Rechargeable battery packs are the basic unit of the energy storage system of these vehicles. The battery thermal management system (BTMS) is the primary control unit of the energy source of the vehicles. EV performance is governed by specific power, charging/discharging rate, specific energy, and cycle life of the battery packs. Nevertheless, these parameters are affected by temperature, making thermal management the most significant factor for the performance of a battery pack in an EV. Although the BTMS has acquired plenty of attention, research on the efficiency of the liquid cooling-based BTMS for actual drive cycles has been minimal. Liquid cooling, with appropriate configuration, can provide up to 3500 times more efficient cooling than air cooling. Direct/immersive and indirect liquid cooling are the main types of liquid cooling systems. Immersive/direct cooling utilizes the technique of... [more]
Stock Price Forecasting of IBEX35 Companies in the Petroleum, Electricity, and Gas Industries
Ivan Borisov Todorov, Fernando Sánchez Lasheras
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electricity and gas companies, exponential smoothing, petroleum companies, publicly traded companies, stock price forecasting, time series forecasting
In recent years, time series forecasting has become an essential tool for stock market analysts to make informed decisions regarding stock prices. The present research makes use of various exponential smoothing forecasting methods. These include exponential smoothing with multiplicative errors and additive trend (MAN), exponential smoothing with multiplicative errors (MNN), and simple exponential smoothing with additive errors (ANN) for the forecasting of the stock prices of six different companies in the petroleum, electricity, and gas industries that are listed in the IBEX35 index. The database employed for this research contained the IBEX35 index values and stock closing prices from 3 January 2000 to 30 December 2022. The models trained with this data were employed in order to forecast the index value and the closing prices of the stocks under study from 2 January 2023 to 24 March 2023. The results obtained confirmed that although none of the proposed models outperformed the rest fo... [more]
Cloud-Based Deep Learning for Co-Estimation of Battery State of Charge and State of Health
Dapai Shi, Jingyuan Zhao, Zhenghong Wang, Heng Zhao, Chika Eze, Junbin Wang, Yubo Lian, Andrew F. Burke
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: cloud, deep learning, field application, lithium-ion battery, state of charge, state of health
Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries are currently the most viable option for energy storage systems in electric vehicle (EV) applications due to their high specific energy, falling costs, and acceptable cycle life. However, accurately predicting the parameters of complex, nonlinear battery systems remains challenging, given diverse aging mechanisms, cell-to-cell variations, and dynamic operating conditions. The states and parameters of batteries are becoming increasingly important in ubiquitous application scenarios, yet our ability to predict cell performance under realistic conditions remains limited. To address the challenge of modelling and predicting the evolution of multiphysics and multiscale battery systems, this study proposes a cloud-based AI-enhanced framework. The framework aims to achieve practical success in the co-estimation of the state of charge (SOC) and state of health (SOH) during the system’s operational lifetime. Self-supervised transformer neural networks offer ne... [more]
Detection Stability Improvement of Near-Infrared Laser Telemetry for Methane Emission from Oil/Gas Station Using a Catadioptric Optical Receiver
Dai Geng, Di Wang, Yushuang Li, Wei Zhou, Hanbing Qi
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: detection stability, energy security, laser absorption spectroscopy, methane emission, optical receiver, optical telemetry
Open-path laser telemetry of methane leakage yields security guarantees of energy storage and transportation for oil/gas station production operation. In order to further improve the long-term detection stability under the condition of long-distance non-cooperative targets, a catadioptric optical receiver (COR) consisting of a Fresnel lens, cone reflector and parabolic reflector is proposed to focus the laser echo light that deviates gradually with the increase in atmospheric turbulence. The geometric configuration parameters of COR are optimized by the ray-tracing method, and the condensing performance of COR is further verified. The self-developed methane laser telemetry system coupled with COR is calibrated in the laboratory and then moved to the field for a signal receiving stability experiment under turbulence interference. The results show that the receiving angle of COR increases 3.8 times compared with the Fresnel lens optical receiver (FOR). The RMSE and IS of the COR system a... [more]
CFD Investigation of a Hybrid Wells Turbine with Passive Flow Control
Mohammad Nasim Uddin, Michael Atkinson, Frimpong Opoku
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: blade stall, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Gurney flap, RANS, turbulence, Wave Energy, Wells turbine
In the past decade, there has been renewed interest in wave energy harvesting utilizing oscillating water columns (OWC), one of the most well-studied wave energy harnessing technologies. In the OWC, pneumatic power from ocean waves is converted to mechanical energy by Wells turbines. It should be noted, however, that such turbines tend to perform poorly, have a limited operating range, and have low efficiency. In the present study, we incorporate a rectangular Gurney flap (GF) at the trailing edge (TE) of a Wells turbine consisting of hybrid airfoil (NACA 0015 and NACA 0025) blades with variable chord distribution along the span. This passive flow control mechanism was adopted to achieve increased power production by the Wells turbine. This study aimed to determine the aerodynamic performance of the variable chord turbine with GF compared to a turbine with a constant chord. By using ANSYS™ CFX, the three-dimensional, steady-state, incompressible Reynolds averaged Navier−Stokes (RANS) e... [more]
Electrical Vehicle Battery Charger Based on Smart Microgrid
Dorin Petreus, Toma Patarau, Eniko Szilagyi, Marcian Cirstea
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: charging station, electric vehicle, photovoltaic energy, renewable energies
The need to reduce pollution and the shortage of fossil fuels has led to the increased development of hybrid and full electric vehicles. There is also increased development and an increased use of renewable energy resources such as photovoltaic, wind, tidal, etc. These two trends pose serious challenges to the existing grids: a lack of supply power when the demand is high, deficient management of excess power, an increased number off grid faults, grid instabilities and others. One way to increase the penetration of electric vehicles (EV) into the market and to keep the existing grid infrastructure is to combine renewable energy resources with the grid and local battery packs to make EV charging stations. This paper focuses on developing such an EV charging station. The main advantages of the proposed EV charger include the fact that it uses only off-the-shelf inverters, and it is intended to be used in households where the maximum installed power is 3.6 kW to enable fast-charging opera... [more]
Comparison of Space Cooling Systems from Energy and Economic Perspectives for a Future City District in Sweden
Sana Sayadi, Jan Akander, Abolfazl Hayati, Mattias Gustafsson, Mathias Cehlin
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: absorption and compression chillers, climate-resilient buildings, district cooling, life cycle cost analysis, nearly zero energy building (NZEB), primary energy number
In this study, the performance of different cooling technologies from energy and economic perspectives were evaluated for six different prototype residential Nearly Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) within a planned future city district in central Sweden. This was carried out by assessing the primary energy number and life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) for each building model and cooling technology. Projected future climate file representing the 2050s (mid-term future) was employed. Three cooling technologies (district cooling, compression chillers coupled/uncoupled with photovoltaic (PV) systems, and absorption chillers) were evaluated. Based on the results obtained from primary energy number and LCCA, compression chillers with PV systems appeared to be favorable as this technology depicted the least value for primary energy use and LCCA. Compared to compression chillers alone, the primary energy number and the life cycle cost were reduced by 13%, on average. Moreover, the district cooling s... [more]
Dimensioning Air Reactor and Fuel Reactor of a Pressurized CLC Plant to Be Coupled to a Gas Turbine: Part 2, the Fuel Reactor
Wang Lu, Pietro Bartocci, Alberto Abad, Aldo Bischi, Haiping Yang, Arturo Cabello, Margarita de Las Obras Loscertales, Mauro Zampilli, Francesco Fantozzi
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: BECCS, Biofuels, carbon negative technologies, gas turbines, pressurized chemical looping combustor
Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) technologies are fundamental to reach negative CO2 emissions by removing it from the atmosphere and storing it underground. A promising solution to implement BECCS is pressurized Chemical Looping Combustion (CLC), which involves coupling a pressurized CLC reactor system to a turboexpander. The typical configuration chosen is to have an air reactor and a fuel reactor based on coupled circulating fluidized beds. The fluidization regime in both reactors is preferred to be fast fluidization to enhance gas particle contact and solids circulation among reactors. To design the two reactors, Aspen Plus software was used, given that the new version has a module for fluidized bed modeling. At first, the oxygen carrier was designed ex novo, but given that it is a composite compound mainly made by nickel oxide freeze-granulated on alumina (Ni40Al-FG), the molecular structure has been inserted in Aspen Plus. Then, based on the power of the gas turbi... [more]
The European Dilemma—Energy Security or Green Transition
Diana Joița, Mirela Panait, Carmen-Elena Dobrotă, Alin Diniță, Adrian Neacșa, Laura Elly Naghi
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: energy dependence, energy poverty, energy security, energy transition, just transition, sustainable development
The energy transition is a subject of significant interest in the countries of the European Union, and the involvement of public authorities is remarkable. Unlike previous energy transitions, this process is politically driven, the efforts of public authorities being secondary to the actions of companies whose guidelines are based on stability at the European level through strategies and directives. This paper aims to provide an overview of the current evolution of energy security status in the European Union and in Romania, with reference to global efforts to achieve climate neutrality through the energy transition. The historical method was used in the elaboration of the material, in order to outline the current energy security policies in terms of sustainability, both environmental and social. The logical method was used in order to emphasize the cause−effect relationship between economic processes in the energy sector. The use of bibliometric analysis demonstrated the importance of... [more]
Investigation into Dynamic Pressure Pulsation Characteristics in a Centrifugal Pump with Staggered Impeller
Dan Ni, Jinbo Chen, Feifan Wang, Yanjuan Zheng, Yang Zhang, Bo Gao
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: centrifugal pump, numerical simulation, phase difference, pressure pulsation, staggered impeller
For the centrifugal pump, the rotor−stator interaction (RSI) induces high-energy pressure pulsation, which directly affects the stability of systems and equipment. Therefore, this work proposes a new staggered impeller structure to suppress high-energy pressure pulsation in centrifugal pumps. The original impeller blade is divided into two layers and is staggered at 10°, 20° and 30° to form a staggered impeller. The dynamic pressure pulsation characteristics of both the original impeller and the staggered impeller are predicted using large eddy simulation (LES). The results indicate that the uniform staggered arrangement of blades can significantly reduce the pressure pulsation energy in the pump by 54.69% under the design conditions, while also achieving the best performance. Even under off-design conditions, the pressure pulsation energy can still be effectively suppressed by the staggered blades. The study of the time−frequency domain of the monitoring points near the tongue found t... [more]
Active Thermal Management of Electric Motors and Generators Using Thermoelectric (Peltier Effect) Technology
Stephen Lucas, Romeo Marian, Michael Lucas, Titilayo Ogunwa, Javaan Chahl
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: core cooling, core heating, core temperature control, electrical insulation, thermoelectric cooler
Electric motors and generators underpin life in today’s world. They are numerous and widespread and consume approximately 45% of the world’s energy. Any improvements in efficiency or reductions in their whole-of-life costs are actively and continually being sought. While designs accommodate the removal of heat caused by internal losses because of inefficiencies, temperature variations due to load changes and environmental temperature fluctuations, and system harmonic content still stresses electrical insulation systems. This causes the fretting of insulation, combined with moisture ingress, which leads to leakage currents and, consequently, the early failure of the electrical insulation. This paper explores the addition of thermoelectric coolers/heaters (TECs) or Peltier effect devices. We show that these solid-state devices can actively support the thermal management of a motor by keeping its internals hot, reducing moisture ingress when off, and assisting in heat removal when under l... [more]
Performance Investigation of Currently Available Reaction Mechanisms in the Estimation of NO Measurements: A Comparative Study
Ali Alnasif, Syed Mashruk, Masao Hayashi, Joanna Jójka, Hao Shi, Akihiro Hayakawa, Agustin Valera-Medina
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: ammonia, burner-stabilized stagnation flame, kinetic modeling, NO formation/consumption, reaction mechanisms
Ammonia (NH3) has been receiving the attention of researchers as an alternative promising green fuel to replace fossil sources for energy production. However, the high NOx emissions are one of the drawbacks and restrictions of using NH3 on a broad scale. The current study investigates NO production/consumption for a 70/30 (vol%) NH3/H2 mixture using kinetic reaction mechanism concepts to shed light on the essential reaction routes that promote/inhibit NO formation. Sixty-seven kinetic reaction mechanisms from the literature have been investigated and compared with recently reported measurements at a wide range of equivalence ratios (ϕ) (0.6−1.4), atmospheric pressure and temperature conditions. Both numerical simulations and experimental measurements used the same combustion reactor configuration (premixed stabilized stagnation flame). To highlight the best kinetic model for the predicting of the NO experimental measurements of NO, a symmetric mean absolute percentage error (SMAPE) has... [more]
The Impact of Export Sophistication of the New Energy Industry on Carbon Emissions: An Empirical Study
Ke Huang, Teng Wang, Jiachao Peng, Lijun Sun
May 23, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Energy Policy
Keywords: carbon emissions, export sophistication, fixed effects model, heterogeneity, influential mechanism, mediation effect model, new energy industry
Existing research has insufficiently explored the nexus between the new energy industry and CO2 emissions from the standpoint of export sophistication. This study analyses the implications of the new energy industry’s export sophistication on CO2 emissions, regional heterogeneity, and its influencing mechanism by gathering data from 31 major economies throughout the world between 1996 and 2021. The study found that the new energy industry’s export sophistication helps reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and this conclusion still holds after robustness testing; the carbon emission reduction effect of the export sophistication of the new energy industry is more significant in developed countries than in developing countries; the new energy industry’s export sophistication possesses a crowding-out effect on domestic technological progress, which to a certain extent impedes carbon reduction effect. This paper’s findings provide theoretical guidance for the global low-carbon energy transition.
Showing records 101 to 125 of 418. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Last
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