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Records Added in May 2023
Records added in May 2023
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Showing records 51 to 75 of 418. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Last
Review on Greenhouse Gases Emission in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Countries
Meiri Triani, Handrea Bernando Tambunan, Kania Dewi, Addina Shafiyya Ediansjah
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: ASEAN member states, electricity, emission, greenhouse gases
The Association of the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region is a critical contributor to global development from an environmental perspective. This study has reviewed carbon emissions from energy generation, influence factors from the population, economic growth and renewable energy, emission and energy intensity projection, spatial distribution characteristics, and decarbonization strategy. This work utilizes a comparison methodology between ASEAN countries in the emission intensity and energy intensity in the future projection of electricity conditions in 2030 or 2040, as well as opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as determined by the national policies of each government. The results show that Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, and Malaysia produce 79.7% of the electricity in the ASEAN region. As a developing country, Indonesia has the largest population and gross domestic product (GDP) but has the highest predicted emission intensity, of 0.97 CO2e/MWh, in 2030. V... [more]
The Influence of Pressure on Local Heat Transfer Rate under the Vapor Bubbles during Pool Boiling
Vladimir Serdyukov, Ivan Malakhov, Anton Surtaev
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: boiling, heat transfer, infrared thermography, microlayer, subatmospheric pressures
This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the evolution of a nonstationary temperature field during ethanol pool boiling in a pressure range of 12−101.2 kPa. Experimental data were obtained using infrared thermography with high temporal and spatial resolutions, which made it possible to reconstruct the distribution of the heat flux density and to study the influence of pressure reduction on the local heat transfer rate in the vicinity of the triple contact line under vapor bubbles for the first time. It is shown that, for all studied pressures, a significant heat flux density is removed from the heating surface due to microlayer evaporation, which exceeds the input heat power by a factor of 3.3−27.7, depending on the pressure. Meanwhile, the heat transfer rate in the area of the microlayer evaporation significantly decreases with the pressure reduction. In particular, the local heat flux density averaged over the microlayer area decreases by four times as the pressure... [more]
The Micro-Occurrence Mechanisms of Tight Oil: Fluid−Rock Interactions at Microscale Pores, Nanoscale Pores, and Mineral Surfaces
Dongwei Zhang, Meng Han, Qianshan Zhou, Tianrui Ye, Yujie Zhou, Ji Chang, Xiaohui Lin
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: micro-occurrence, occurrence mechanism, Ordos Basin, tight oil, Yanchang Formation
Understanding the micro-occurrence mechanism of tight oil has long been a daunting challenge in the exploration and development of unconventional resources. This article discusses the micro-occurrence mechanism of tight oil through continuous extraction by combining thin casting, fluorescent thin sections, environmental scanning electron microscope observations, physical property testing, and X-ray diffraction experiments. The results indicated that in the tight sandstone of the Chang 8 Formation in the Ordos Basin, the average tight oil content was 35.46% for microscale pores, 35.74% for nanoscale pores, and 28.79% for mineral surfaces. Six types of micro-occurrence states of tight oil were identified: emulsion, cluster, throat, star-like, isolation, and thin film forms. Although clay minerals and heavy components dominate the adsorption of tight oil on mineral surfaces, micro-occurrence is fundamentally an oil−rock interaction process. Hence, oil−rock interactions and occurrence stat... [more]
Research on Electromagnetic Vibration Characteristics of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Based on Multi-Physical Field Coupling
Dongwen Wang, Wei Yang, Jiafeng Yang, Kongming Jiang, Yang Fu
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: multi-physics field coupling, PMSM, vibration characteristics
Background and Purpose: The stator vibration characteristics are comprehensively mastered by considering the influence of winding and the housing structure on the stator modes. This effect is neglected in the research field of electromagnetic vibration of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs). Methods: The radial air-gap flux density equations and PMSM’s electromagnetic force density are derived, and then the harmonic characteristics of electromagnetic force density are studied. An equivalent finite element model of the stator is proposed that investigates the impacts of the winding and stator housing rules on the stator modal frequency. Finally, the harmonic response and acoustic analyses of electromagnetic vibration are carried out based on multi-physics field coupling. Results: The equivalent radiated power distribution laws and acoustic field of motor electromagnetic vibration under transient operating conditions are obtained. The theoretical analysis results are consistent w... [more]
Particles Morphology of Mechanically Generated Oil Mist Mixtures of SAE 40 Grade Lubricating Oil with Diesel Oil in the Context of Explosion Risk in the Crankcase of a Marine Engine
Leszek Chybowski, Marcin Szczepanek, Katarzyna Gawdzińska, Oleh Klyus
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: crankcase explosion, laser diffraction, lubricating oil properties, mechanical spray generation, oil dilution with distillation fuel, oil mist particle distribution
This article presents research results on mechanically generated oil mists. The research was carried out for oil mixtures for the Agip/Eni Cladium 120 SAE 40 API CF oil for industrial and marine engines diluted with diesel oil Orlen Efecta Diesel Bio at diesel oil concentrations of 2%, 5%, 10%, 20%, and 50% m/m. Pure lubricating oil and pure diesel oil were also tested. Droplet size distributions were determined for the reference moment at which residual discrepancies R between the measurement data and the sprayed pure diesel oil calculation model obtained the lowest value. For mechanically generated oil mists, the light transmission coefficient through the oil mist T, the specific surface area of the oil mist SSA, and the volumetric share of drops DV(V%) for 10%, 50%, and 90% of the total volume of the generated oil mist were determined. The span of the volumetric distributions of droplet sizes SPAN, Sauter mean diameter D[3,2], De Brouckere mean diameter D[4,3], the volumetric and ma... [more]
Optimum Design of Large-Diameter Reverse Circulation Drill Bit for Drilling Rescue Wells Using Orthogonal Experimental Method and CFD Simulation
Kun Bo, Fangzhou Ji, Zhiqiang Zhao, Liming Fan, Maosen Wang
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: CFD simulation, mine disaster, orthogonal experimental method, percussive-rotary drilling, RC drill bit, rescue well drill
Down-the-hole (DTH) hammer drilling with reverse circulation is a novel, mobile, high-speed drilling system suitable for the specific requirements of mine rescue. This technology can be applied to shorten the rescue time during mine accidents. The performance of reverse circulation (RC) drilling depends on the structural design of the drill bit. An orthogonal experimental design is executed to investigate the effect of the structural design parameters of the large-diameter drill bit for drilling rescue wells on the cutting carrying capacity and reverse circulation performance. This study employs computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software to solve the Navier−Stokes equation for three-dimensional steady flow and calculate the flow field around the drill bit to evaluate the RC efficiency. Six key geometric parameters were proven to have a direct influence on the RC performance, including the diameter of suction nozzles Dn, the length of nozzles L, the quantity of nozzles N, the diameter... [more]
Life Cycle Assessment of District Heating Infrastructures: A Comparison of Pipe Typologies in France
Mahaut Vauchez, Jacopo Famiglietti, Kevin Autelitano, Morgane Colombert, Rossano Scoccia, Mario Motta
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: district heating network, environmental impact, greenhouse gas emissions, life cycle assessment, pre-insulated pipes
Identifying decarbonization strategies at the district level is increasingly necessary to align the development of urban projects with European climate neutrality objectives. It is well known that district heating and cooling networks are an attractive energy system solution because they permit the integration of renewable energies and local excess of hot or cold sources. The detailed design and optimization of network infrastructures are essential to achieve the full potential of this energy system. The authors conducted an attributional life cycle assessment to compare the environmental profile of five distribution network infrastructures (i.e., pipes, heat carrier fluid, trenches, heat exchangers, valves, and water pumps) based on a study case in Marseille, France. The work aims to put into perspective the environmental profile of subsystems comprising a district heating infrastructure, and compare pipe typologies that can be used to guide decision-making in eco-design processing. R... [more]
Investigation into Pressure Appearances and Hydraulic Fracturing Roof-Cutting Technology in Mining Working Face under Residual Pillars: A Case Study
Wenda Wu, Guorui Feng, Xiuxiu Yu, Jianbiao Bai, Xiangyu Wang, Xiangzhuo Zhao
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: hydraulic fracturing, mining pressure, numerical modelling, physical model, residual pillars
Strong mining pressure disasters are prone to happen when the mining working face is under residual pillars (MWFRPs). The purpose of this study was to experimentally investigate and evaluate pressure manifestations and hydraulic fracture roof-cutting technology in the development of a working face under residual pillars using a physical model and numerical modelling tools. A scheme for hydraulic fracturing cutting technology was proposed and carried out on-site at the 31106 working face. The results show that the instability of the overlying residual pillar causes the upper thick, hard strata (THS II) to rupture and form a “T-shaped structure”. The rotation and sinking movement of the structure leads to the transmission of the dynamic load downwards, causing shear failure in the lower thick, hard strata (THS I) along the boundary of the residual pillar. The smaller the length of the THS II fracture block, the smaller the shear damage of THS I, and the lesser the mining pressure in the... [more]
Circular Economy in Wastewater Treatment Plant—Water, Energy and Raw Materials Recovery
Marzena Smol
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: CE, circular economy, Energy, phosphorus, raw materials, Wastewater, wastewater treatment plant, Water, WWTP
Nowadays, the main challenge for industrial and municipal enterprises is related to the tightening regulations and recommendations regarding environmental protection, which have been included in the circular economy (CE) package. Enterprises from all sectors, including water and sewage management, are obliged to actively participate in the CE transition. Modern wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) should include actions aimed at a more sustainable use of available resources (water, energy, raw materials) to contribute to the protection of natural resources. In this way, they can be treated as resource facilities. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for a ‘Wastewater Treatment Plant of the Future’ that includes several technological solutions that take into account circular management of waste streams generated in WWTPs, such as wastewater (WW), sewage sludge (SS) and sewage sludge ash (SSA). Many actions have been already taken to modernize and build WWTPs that can respond to cur... [more]
Review of Hysteresis Models for Magnetic Materials
Gustav Mörée, Mats Leijon
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: Coleman–Hodgdon model, Congruency model, Duhem model, electrical steel models, hysteresis models, Jiles–Atherton model, Madelung’s rules, magnetic material, magnetization models, phenomenological models, Preisach model, rate-dependent model, rate-independent model, Tellinen model
There are several models for magnetic hysteresis. Their key purposes are to model magnetization curves with a history dependence to achieve hysteresis cycles without a frequency dependence. There are different approaches to handling history dependence. The two main categories are Duhem-type models and Preisach-type models. Duhem models handle it via a simple directional dependence on the flux rate, without a proper memory. While the Preisach type model handles it via memory of the point where the direction of the flux rate is changed. The most common Duhem model is the phenomenological Jiles−Atherton model, with examples of other models including the Coleman−Hodgdon model and the Tellinen model. Examples of Preisach type models are the classical Preisach model and the Prandtl−Ishlinskii model, although there are also many other models with adoptions of a similar history dependence. Hysteresis is by definition rate-independent, and thereby not dependent on the speed of the alternating f... [more]
Balance and Energy Use of Biogas in Poland: Prospects and Directions of Development for the Circular Economy
Józef Ciuła, Iwona Wiewiórska, Marian Banaś, Tadeusz Pająk, Piotr Szewczyk
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: biogas balance, biohydrogen, biomethane, biowaste, cogeneration
The production of biogas from biodegradable waste generated in all sectors of the economy in Poland is a key issue for the diversification of energy sources and climate neutrality. The biogas balances presented in the literature based on bio-waste often contain overly optimistic data, which in reality only represent the theoretical potential of biogas in Poland. The pragmatic approach presented in this study fills a gap in research by presenting a technical balance of biogas (real potential) that can be realistically achieved. The objective of the work was to perform a biogas balance in the context of electricity and heat generation in cogeneration units. The tests made it possible to estimate the technical potential of biogas, depending on the source of its generation, the possibility of its conversion to biomethane and biohydrogen and the methods of its use. The research results showed a 30% increase in biogas potential on an annual basis compared to the current state, resulting in a... [more]
Study of Supercapacitors Built in the Start-Up System of the Main Diesel Locomotive
Boris V. Malozyomov, Nikita V. Martyushev, Viktor Alekseevich Kukartsev, Vladislav Viktorovich Kukartsev, Sergei Vasilievich Tynchenko, Roman V. Klyuev, Nikolay A. Zagorodnii, Yadviga Aleksandrovna Tynchenko
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: booster converter circuit, diesel locomotive, mainline diesel locomotive start-up, Simulation, storage battery, supercapacitor
A successful guaranteed launch of a mainline diesel locomotive is one of the most important and urgent problems of the rolling stock operation. Improvement of the start-up system of the main diesel locomotive when using a supercapacitor allows multiple restarts of diesel locomotives, meaning that the operation of the diesel locomotive can be stopped several times without wasting fuel in idle operations. In this study, we simulated the electric starting circuit of a diesel locomotive with a block of supercapacitors using the Matlab Simulink program. The simulation results show that using only a supercapacitor in the start-up system is impossible. Even though the supercapacitor produces the required current and voltage, its operating time is extremely insufficient. Using a storage battery along with a supercapacitor in the diesel locomotive start-up system is most effective. This reduces the peak current load on the standard battery. The article suggests an effective principle for starti... [more]
The Role of Mild Alkaline Pretreatment in the Biorefinery Upgrade of Spent Coffee Grounds
Gabriel Mota Ribeiro, Pedro L. Martins, Ana Cristina Oliveira, Florbela Carvalheiro, Rita Fragoso, Luís C. Duarte
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: biogas, biomass pretreatment, circular bioeconomy, lignin-derived products, oligosaccharides
This work proposes a valorization route for spent coffee grounds (SCG), a widespread lignocellulosic residue, encompassing the production of: biomethane, lignin, and oligosaccharides as value-added products obtained simultaneously during a mild alkaline (NaOH) pretreatment. The studied operational variables were the reaction time (60−240 min), temperature (25−75 °C), and the NaOH concentration (0−2.5 M). The severity factor suitably describes the global process kinetics, with higher severities (log Mo = 5.5) yielding high product yields, 18.02% and 13.25% (on dry SCG basis) for lignin and oligosaccharides (XGMOS), respectively. Solid yield is negatively impacted by all studied variables (at the 95% confidence level). Conversely, XGMOS yield is positively influenced both by time and catalyst concentration, whereas lignin yield is only (positively) influenced by catalyst concentration. Optimal balance between product formation and potential operational costs is putatively achieved when u... [more]
From Hydrometeor Size Distribution Measurements to Projections of Wind Turbine Blade Leading-Edge Erosion
Fred Letson, Sara C. Pryor
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: blade reliability, droplet size distributions, erosion, hail, hydrometeors, leading-edge erosion, metrology, wind energy, wind turbines
Wind turbine blade leading-edge erosion (LEE) is a cause of increased operation and maintenance costs and decreased annual energy production. Thus, detailed, site-specific quantification of likely erosion conditions are critically needed to inform wind plant owner/operator decisions regarding mitigation strategies. Estimating the damage potential at a wind plant site requires accurate measurement of precipitation intensity, phase, droplet size distributions, wind speeds and their joint statistics. The current work quantifies the effect of disdrometer type on the characterization of LEE potential at a site in the US Southern Great Plains. using observations from three co-located disdrometers (an optical, an impact and a video disdrometer), along with hub-height wind-speed observations from a Doppler lidar and two LEE models: a kinetic energy model and the Springer model. Estimates of total kinetic energy of hydrometeor impacts over the four-year study period vary by as much as 38%, and... [more]
Advanced Active and Passive Methods in Residential Energy Efficiency
Hessam Taherian, Robert W. Peters
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: active building energy systems, ground-source heat pumps, new refrigerants, passive building energy systems, Trombe wall, vegetated roofs, white roofs
Energy efficiency in buildings is very important since it contributes significantly to fossil fuel consumption and consequently climate change. Several approaches have been taken by researchers and the industry to address the issue. These approaches are classified as either passive or active approaches. The purpose of this review article is to summarize a number of the technologies that have been investigated and/or developed. In this technical review paper, the more commonly used active and passive building energy conservation techniques are described and discussed. The pros and cons of both the active and passive energy techniques are described with appropriate reference citations provided. This review article provides a description to give an understanding of building conservation approaches. In the active classification, several methods have been reviewed that include earth-to-air heat exchangers, ground-source and hybrid heat pumps, and the use of new refrigerants, among other met... [more]
Optimization and Control of New Power Systems under the Dual Carbon Goals: Key Issues, Advanced Techniques, and Perspectives
Bo Yang, Yulin Li, Wei Yao, Lin Jiang, Chuanke Zhang, Chao Duan, Yaxing Ren
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Production and consumption as a result of human demand for energy are increasing with each passing day as populations grow [...]
Potentialities and Impacts of Biomass Energy in the Brazilian Northeast Region
Edvaldo Pereira Santos Júnior, Elias Gabriel Magalhães Silva, Maria Helena de Sousa, Emmanuel Damilano Dutra, Antonio Samuel Alves da Silva, Aldo Torres Sales, Everardo Valadares de Sa Barretto Sampaio, Luiz Moreira Coelho Junior, Rômulo Simões Cezar Menezes
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: bioeconomy, bioenergy, biomass emissions, biomass resources, regional economy
In Northeast Brazil, the use of biomass for energy generation is settled on traditional productive arrangements, such as a sugarcane production system in the humid Atlantic coastal area and firewood extraction from native tropical dry forests in the west. In parallel, substantial amounts of other biomass sources, such as residues from agricultural or urban processes, are still little used or wholly wasted, fudging the opportunity to generate new value chains based on these biomass sources. We hypothesize that using these non-traditional biomass sources to produce biofuels would significantly increase the regional bioenergy supply. In this context, this article discusses the potential for the production and use of biofuels and bioenergy in Northeast Brazil and its effects on regional development, which may be useful for both private actors and policymakers in the energy sector. The use of biomass sources for energy in the region is significant, reaching approximately 8.8 million tons of... [more]
Optimal Sizing of Battery and Super-Capacitor Based on the MOPSO Technique via a New FC-HEV Application
Abdeldjalil Djouahi, Belkhir Negrou, Boubakeur Rouabah, Abdelbasset Mahboub, Mohamed Mahmoud Samy
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: energy management strategy, fuel-cell hybrid electric vehicle, hydrogen consumption, multi-objective function problem, particle swarm optimization algorithm
In light of the energy and environment issues, fuel cell vehicles have many advantages, including high efficiency, low-temperature operation, and zero greenhouse gas emissions, making them an excellent choice for urban environments where air pollution is a significant problem. The dynamics of fuel cells, on the other hand, are relatively slow, owing principally to the dynamics of the air compressor and the dynamics of manifold filling. Because these dynamics can limit the overall performance of fuel cell vehicles, two key technologies that have emerged as critical components of electric vehicle powertrains are batteries and supercapacitors. However, choosing the best hybrid energy storage system that combines a battery and a supercapacitor is a critical task nowadays. An electric vehicle simulated application by MATLAB Code is modeled in this article using the multi-objective particle swarm optimization technique (MOPSO) to determine the appropriate type of batteries and supercapacitor... [more]
Power Transmission and Control in Microturbines’ Electronics: A Review
Ahmad Abuhaiba, Mohsen Assadi, Dimitra Apostolopoulou, Jafar Al-Zaili, Abdulnaser I. Sayma
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: control strategies, micro gas turbine, PMSM, power electronics, silicon carbide, switching frequency
When the shaft rotates in microturbines, the rotational movement is converted to electrical power. This is achieved through a permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) housed on the shaft and the power electronics components. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, articles that comprehensively describe the power transmission and control in the electrical part of microturbines have yet to be introduced, namely, the PMSM and power electronics. This review paper presents a detailed review of power conversion in each component of the electrical part of microturbines. The paper also reviews the existing literature on microturbines’ electrical performance, noting areas where progress has already been made as well as those where more research is still needed. Furthermore, the paper explains the control system in the electrical part of microturbines, outlining the grid synchronisation control approach for grid-connected microturbines and reviews the possibility of employing control strategie... [more]
Environmental Degradation by Energy−Economic Growth Interlinkages in EU Agriculture
Eleni Zafeiriou, Spyridon Galatsidas, Garyfallos Arabatzis, Stavros Tsiantikoudis, Athanasios Batzios
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: agricultural income, ARDL, Energy, EU
Energy has the most significant input to agricultural production. The EU’s effort to produce a carbon-neutral economic entity necessitates changes in the energy mix used for agricultural production. Therefore, we employ different variables, in particular, the emissions generated by energy sources, namely coal, natural gas, and diesel gas and their interlinkages with the GDP share generated from agriculture. The data are annual and refer to the period 1970−2020. The ARDL methodology is the econometric tool employed. The year 1990 is identified as a statistically significant break point for all variables, while for the cointegrating equation, the year 2009 appears to play a significant role. Emissions generated by coal appear to play a vital role in the GDP share generated by agriculture and, therefore, should be the main focus of the policy measures taken. Coal should be replaced by other renewable sources or the use of technologies by farmers that improve energy efficiency in order to... [more]
Method of Site Selection and Capacity Setting for Battery Energy Storage System in Distribution Networks with Renewable Energy Sources
Simin Peng, Liyang Zhu, Zhenlan Dou, Dandan Liu, Ruixin Yang, Michael Pecht
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: battery energy storage system, Genetic Algorithm, simulated annealing algorithm, site selection and capacity setting
The reasonable allocation of the battery energy storage system (BESS) in the distribution networks is an effective method that contributes to the renewable energy sources (RESs) connected to the power grid. However, the site and capacity of BESS optimized by the traditional genetic algorithm is usually inaccurate. In this paper, a power grid node load, which includes the daily load of wind power and solar energy, was studied. Aiming to minimize the average daily distribution networks loss with the power grid node load connected with RESs, a site selection and capacity setting model of BESS was built. To solve this model, a modified simulated annealing genetic algorithm was developed. In the developed method, the crossover probability and the mutation probability were modified by a double-threshold mutation probability control, which helped this genetic method to avoid trapping in local optima. Moreover, the cooling mechanism of simulated annealing method was presented to accelerate the... [more]
Optimization of Rectifiers in Firefighting Monitors Used in UHV Fire Safety Applications
Jiaqing Zhang, Sha Luo, Yubiao Huang, Yi Guo, Jiafei Zhang, Dong Li, Chuanwen Zhao
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Other
Keywords: axial velocity, firefighting monitor, star-type rectifier, turbulent kinetic energy
An electric power system is an important factor in national economic development. However, as an electric power system requires more electric equipment in its operation process, it is prone to short circuits, faults and other problems, which can lead to fires. To help prevent fires in such power systems, the hydraulic performance of the existing firefighting monitor should be optimized. A rectifier is an important structure which affects the performance of the firefighting monitor. In this paper, numerical simulations based on CFD (computational fluid dynamics) are carried out to analyze the fluid flow inside firefighting monitors with five different rectifier structures. In addition, the effects of rectifier structure on both the turbulent kinetic energy and axial velocity of the fluid inside the firefighting monitor are analyzed. The results show that rectifier installation can reduce the turbulent energy of the inlet and outlet of the firefighting monitor and improve the axial veloc... [more]
FastInformer-HEMS: A Lightweight Optimization Algorithm for Home Energy Management Systems
Xihui Chen, Dejun Ning
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: attention mechanism, FastInformer, home energy management system, multi-step prediction, photovoltaic storage system, self-consumption maximum
In a smart home with distributed energy resources, the home energy management system (HEMS) controls the photovoltaic (PV) storage system by executing the optimization algorithm to achieve the lowest power cost. The existing mixed integer linear programming (MILP) algorithm is not suitable for execution on the end-user side due to its high computational complexity. The HEMS algorithm based on a long short-term memory neural network (LSTM-HEMS) can effectively solve the problem of the high computational complexity of MILP, but its optimization outcome is not high due to the accumulation of prediction errors. In order to achieve a better balance between computational complexity and optimization outcome, this paper proposes a lightweight optimization algorithm called the FastInformer-HEMS, which introduces the E-Attn attention mechanism based on Informer and uses global average pooling to extract the attention characteristics. Meanwhile, the proposed method introduces the maximum self-con... [more]
Phase Change Material Composite Battery Module for Thermal Protection of Electric Vehicles: An Experimental Observation
Alexander C. Budiman, Brian Azzopardi, Sudirja, Muhammad A. P. Perdana, Sunarto Kaleg, Febriani S. Hadiastuti, Bagus A. Hasyim, Amin, Rina Ristiana, Aam Muharam, Abdul Hapid
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Materials
Keywords: battery thermal management system, composites, electric vehicles, heat storage, latent heat, temperature uniformity
A composite container for an electric vehicle (EV) battery module filled with a phase-change material (PCM) was experimentally tested at various discharge rates. The average cell temperatures at 1 C, 2 C, and 4 C discharge rates, respectively, might reach 38 °C, 50 °C, and 70 °C in the absence of any heat-absorbing material. The temperature was noticeably lower with PCM present than with a conventional battery module. For instance, at 4 C discharge rates, none of the battery cells inside the PCM-filled module were able to reach 70 °C. Unfortunately, the PCM addition also degraded the composite’s tensile qualities. Further investigations used Paraffin-20 and Caprylone since PCMs provide a notably different thermal performance due to their distinctive latent heat profiles. It was observed that a high melting temperature of the paraffin mixture, despite its slightly lower latent heat capacity compared to Caprylone, could lead to a more uniform temperature. Overall, both PCMs can be used a... [more]
Energy Storage Systems for Photovoltaic and Wind Systems: A Review
Djamila Rekioua
May 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Energy Storage, multi-energy storage, photovoltaic, storage, wind turbine
The study provides a study on energy storage technologies for photovoltaic and wind systems in response to the growing demand for low-carbon transportation. Energy storage systems (ESSs) have become an emerging area of renewed interest as a critical factor in renewable energy systems. The technology choice depends essentially on system requirements, cost, and performance characteristics. Common types of ESSs for renewable energy sources include electrochemical energy storage (batteries, fuel cells for hydrogen storage, and flow batteries), mechanical energy storage (including pumped hydroelectric energy storage (PHES), gravity energy storage (GES), compressed air energy storage (CAES), and flywheel energy storage), electrical energy storage (such as supercapacitor energy storage (SES), superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), and thermal energy storage (TES)), and hybrid or multi-storage systems that combine two or more technologies, such as integrating batteries with pumped hyd... [more]
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