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Records with Subject: Environment
Showing records 26 to 50 of 3237. [First] Page: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Last
Adsorptive Removal of Dye (Methylene Blue) Organic Pollutant from Water by Pine Tree Leaf Biomass Adsorbent
Tushar Kanti Sen
August 2, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: equilibrium isotherm model, methylene blue dye adsorption, pine tree leaf biomass adsorbent, thermodynamics
In this laboratory batch adsorption study, the raw pine tree leaf biomass solid waste adsorbent material was used for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye from water at different physicochemical process conditions. The characteristics of adsorbents were determined for particle size, surface area, the existence of functional group identification, and the morphology of the adsorbent surface. The adsorption was performed at different process conditions, which include solution pH, dye concentrations, adsorbent doses, and temperature, respectively. In this study, it was found that MB dye adsorption increased with increases in solution pH and adsorbate MB dye concentration but decreased with adsorbent doses and temperature at fixed process conditions. The Langmuir isotherm model was best fitted with the experimental equilibrium data, with a higher linear regression coefficient (R2) value of 99.9% among the two widely used Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm model equations. The max... [more]
Effects of Nitrate Recycle on the Sludge Densification in Plug-Flow Bioreactors Fed with Real Domestic Wastewater
Jie-Fu Wang, Zhao-Hui An, Xue-Yao Zhang, Bob Angelotti, Matt Brooks, Zhi-Wu Wang
August 2, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: granular sludge, MLE, NRCY, PFR startup
The impact of adding a modified Ludzack−Ettinger (MLE) configuration with Nitrate Recycle (NRCY) on continuous-flow aerobic granulation has yet to be explored. The potential negative effects of MLE on sludge densification include that: (1) bioflocs brought by NRCY could compete with granules in feast zones; and (2) carbon addition to anoxic zones could increase the system organic loading rates and lead to higher feast-to-famine ratios. Two pilot-scale plug flow reactor (PFR) systems fed with real domestic wastewater were set up onsite to test these hypotheses. The results showed that MLE configuration with NRCY could hinder the sludge granulation, but the hindrance could be alleviated by the NRCY location change which to some extent also compensates for the negative effect of higher feast-to-famine ratios due to carbon addition in MLE. This NRCY location change can be advantageous to drive sludge densification without a radical washout of the sludge inventory, and had no effects on the... [more]
Distribution Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Different Particle Size Fractions of Chinese Paddy Soil Aggregates
Cang Gong, Yang Shao, Min Luo, Diandou Xu, Lingling Ma
August 2, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: heavy metals, leachability, paddy soil, particle size fraction, soil aggregates
In recent years, the migration and transformation of heavy metals (HMs) in soil has become a hot issue. Soil particle size has an important effect on the environmental behavior of HMs in soil. The distribution of HMs in soil is strongly affected by the size of a soil aggregate. In this study, paddy samples in both cultivated and uncultivated soils were collected from Anhui Province, China. The soils were sieved into six particle size fractions (diameters of >4000, 4000−2000, 2000−1000, 1000−250, 250−53, and 4000 μm particles. Moreover, the concentrations of Cd, Cr, Pb, and As were elevated in cultivated paddy soils compared to uncultivated soils. The accumulation of HMs in all paddy soils increased with decreasing particle size. Although the smallest particle size fractions accounted for only 5.65−17.28%, they provided the highest distribution factor (DF) of Cr (1.35), As (1.25), Cd (1.28), and Pb (1.38). The highest contributions of HMs came from the coarser fractions (>2000 μm); howe... [more]
Comparative Analysis of Paddy Harvesting Systems toward Low-Carbon Mechanization in the Future: A Case Study in Sri Lanka
P. D. Kahandage, S. D. S. Piyathissa, Reza Ariesca, Namgay, Riaru Ishizaki, E. J. Kosgollegedara, G. V. T. V. Weerasooriya, Tofael Ahamed, Ryozo Noguchi
July 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: combine harvesting, effective field capacity, greenhouse gas emissions, manual harvesting, reaper harvesting
In this study, three paddy harvesting systems, manual harvesting of paddy (MHP), reaper harvesting of paddy (RHP), and combine harvesting of paddy (CHP), were evaluated considering field capacities, field efficiencies, time and fuel consumption, mechanization indices, greenhouse gas emissions, straw availability, and direct and indirect costs. Field experiments were conducted in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. The effective field capacity, field efficiency and fuel consumption of the combine harvester were 0.34 hah−1, 60.8%, and 34.1 Lha−1, respectively, and those of the paddy reaper were 0.185 hah−1, 58.2%, and 3.8 Lha−1, respectively. The total time consumed by MHP, RHP, and CHP were 76.05 hha−1, 39.76 hha−1, and 2.94 hha−1, respectively. The highest energy utilization was recorded by the CHP, at 1851.09 MJha−1, while MHP recorded the lowest at 643.20 MJha−1. The direct cost of the MHP was 1.50 and 1.52 times higher than those of the CHP and RHP, respectively. MHP recorded t... [more]
Existing Stature and Possible Outlook of Renewable Power in Comprehensive Electricity Market
Shreya Shree Das, Jayendra Kumar, Subhojit Dawn, Ferdinando Salata
July 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: environment, global power scenario, grid-interactive power, India power scenario, renewable energy sources, tariff
The massive growth in power demand and the sharp decay in the availability of conventional energy sources forces society to move toward renewable power consumption. The rise in renewable energy utilization is one of the greatest strategies involved in making the environment clean, green, and emission-free. The investment cost is slightly high for this kind of resource, but their running costsare very minimal, which encourages power producers to invest in renewable power plants. Power producers always focus on their economic profit and possible feasibilities before the investment in a new power plant setup. Wind, small hydro, and solar photovoltaics have been considered the foremost efficient and feasible renewable sources. In 2021, the worldwide renewable power capacity had grown to 17%, despite supply chain disturbances and surges in prices. The renewable power market set a target of achieving a 95% increment in global power capacity by 2026. Hence, humankind should consider wind, hyd... [more]
Effects of Bio-Coal Briquette for Residential Combustion on Brown Carbon Emission Reduction
Juan Qi, Jianjun Wu
July 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: bio-coal briquette, BrC, combustion, residential solid fuel
Biomass burning is an important source of brown carbon (BrC) which poses high-risk threats to human health and the environment. In this study, bio-coal briquette (coal mixed with biomass), a promising solid fuel for residential combustion, is proven to be a clean fuel which can effectively reduce BrC emission. First of all, an orthogonal experiment with three factors and three levels on the physical property of bio-briquette was carried out to identify the optimal preparation conditions including the ratio of biomass to anthracite, particle size and molding pressure. Then a combustion experiment of the bio-coal briquetted was implemented in a simulated residential combustion system. BrC emission factors (EFs) were calculated based on the detected black carbon (BC) concentration by an aethalometer, and other optical characteristics for organic components of extract samplers, such as mass absorption efficiency (MAE) and absorption angstrom index (AAE), were also explored. Lastly, composi... [more]
Reclamation Potential of Onsite Wastewater Post-Treatment with Microalgae: Chemical Elements Perspective
Dobril Valchev, Irina Ribarova, Blagoy Uzunov, Maya Stoyneva-Gärtner, Valentina Lyubomirova
July 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: algae, circular technology, decentralized sewerage systems, fertilizer, irrigation, nature-based solutions, onsite wastewater treatment, resource recovery
Algae-based wastewater treatment is a promising technology with various applications for excess biomass such as biofertilizer production or valuable elements extraction. The benefits of the technology have been discussed for larger wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), but the use of microalgae in decentralized wastewater treatment has been barely reported. The current study screens the possible resource recovery potential of onsite technology, which adds algae-based post-treatment to the conventional biological treatment of domestic wastewater. The effluent from the onsite sequencing batch reactor (SBR) of a household was further processed in laboratory conditions using an SBR technology with two local monocultures of algae—Klebsormidium nitens (Kützing) Lokhorst and Tetradesmus obliquus (Turpin) M. J. Wynne. The decant and the generated algal biomass were analyzed in terms of their element content. The post-treated effluent has a slightly better quality for irrigation purposes than th... [more]
Phycoremediation of Synthetic Dyes Laden Textile Wastewater and Recovery of Bio-Based Pigments from Residual Biomass: An Approach towards Sustainable Wastewater Management
Vivek Kumar Nair, Koushalya Selvaraju, Saurabh Samuchiwal, Farah Naaz, Anushree Malik, Pooja Ghosh
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: algal-bacterial consortia, bio-based pigments, dye degradation, phycoremediation, textile wastewater
The textile industry is a growing sector worldwide and has immense opportunity in terms of providing employment and boosting a nation’s economy. However, there exist severe environmental risks associated with textile effluents that impact the surrounding ecosystem. This review offers an approach for sustainable water management using phycoremediation to treat dye-laden wastewater and recover bio-based pigments from the residual biomass. Microalgae such as Chlorella, Scenedesmus, Phormidium, and macroalgae like Sargassum, Enteromorpha, and Codium has been extensively used in several phycoremediation-based studies, and their residual biomass could be a potent source for extraction of bio-based pigments. This review also recommends studies involving the algal-bacterial consortia approach for treating dye-laden wastewater as an alternative to conventional, biobased methods. The outcome of this study will provide policymakers and researchers with new insight to manage water and wastewater r... [more]
Geochemical Characteristics and Development Model of the Coal-Measure Source Rock in the Kuqa Depression of Tarim Basin
Xiujian Ding, Tianze Gao, Xianzhang Yang, Zhenping Xu, Changchao Chen, Keyu Liu, Xueqi Zhang
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: coal-measure source rock, depositional environment, input of terrestrial organic matter, Jurassic system, Kuqa Depression, sedimentary rate
The development model of the coal-measure source rock may be different from that of the lacustrine source rock. The depositional environment of the coal-measure source rock is dominated by weak oxidation and weak reduction, and the majority of the organic material originates from terrestrial higher plants. Taking the Jurassic coal-measure source rock in the Kuqa Depression as the research object, the geochemical characteristics of the source rock are comprehensively analyzed, the primary controlling elements of source rock development are made clear, and the development model of the coal-measure source rock is established. This study contributes to the field of source rock prediction and oil and gas exploration. The lithology of the coal-measure source rock in the Kuqa Depression is mainly mudstone, carbonaceous mudstone, and coal, which are medium- to good-quality source rocks, and the organic matter type is mainly II2 and III. Terrestrial organic matter is a key factor in controlling... [more]
Chemical and Biological Characterisation of Orange (Citrus sinensis) Peel Extracts Obtained by Subcritical Water
Tanja Brezo-Borjan, Jaroslava Švarc-Gajić, Simone Morais, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Francisca Rodrigues, Ivana Lončarević, Biljana Pajin
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: biological and chemical characterisation, subcritical water extraction, sweet orange peel
Orange peels, generally considered as waste, were treated with subcritical water (SWE)—a green technology and environmentally friendly extraction process—at different temperatures (120−200 °C) and extraction times (5−60 min). The extracts which were obtained were chemically and biologically characterised to evaluate this potential source of bioactive compounds. The extracts total phenolics content (TPC) and total flavonoids contents (TFC), as well as total antioxidant capacity (TAC), DPPH radical scavenging activity, and total carbohydrate content, were determined by UV spectrophotometry. The pectin content was quantified by a gravimetric method. The dietary fibre content was investigated, and a phytochemical screening assay was performed. The extract obtained at 120 °C for 5 min displayed the highest TPC (45.45 mg GAE/g DW), TFC (9.29 mg RE/g DW), and TAC (130.47 mg AAE/g DW), indicating that relatively low temperatures and extremely short extraction times can be used in SWE to obtain... [more]
Increasing Surface Functionalities of FeCl3-Modified Reed Waste Biochar for Enhanced Nitrate Adsorption Property
Peijing Kuang, Yubo Cui, Zhongwei Zhang, Kedong Ma, Wanjun Zhang, Ke Zhao, Xiaomeng Zhang
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: iron modification, mechanism, nitrate adsorption property, reed waste biochar, surface functionalities
Ferric chloride (FeCl3) modified reed straw-based biochar was synthesized to remove nitrate from aqueous solutions and achieve waste recycling. The adsorption of nitrate onto Fe-RBC-600 adsorbents could be described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and fitted to Langmuir adsorption, and the maximum adsorption capacity predicted using the Langmuir model was 272.024 mg g−1. The adsorbent characterization indicated that a high temperature of 600 °C and an oxygen-poor environment could develop a hydrophobic surface and O-containing functional groups on the biochar, which provided more binding sites for Fe3+/Fe2+ attachment and increased the surface functionality of Fe-RBC-600 with iron oxide formation. The increasing surface functionality successfully enhanced the nitrate adsorption property. The mechanism of nitrate adsorption was mainly attributed to the physical adsorption onto the positive surface and sequential chemical reduction by Fe2+, and the electrostatic adsorption by pr... [more]
Monitoring and Analysis of the Driving Forces of Changes in the Ecological Environment of a Mining Area of Western China from 1986 to 2022
Lu Bai, Yingming Yang, Kai Zhang, Shuyu Liu, Gang Liu
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: coal mining area, ecological environment change, remote sensing ecological index
The remote sensing ecological index (RSEI) has been widely used in the rapid monitoring and evaluation of the regional ecological environment; however, the research on the main factors that cause changes in RSEI and the impact of human activities in the mining area on RSEI is not often explored. To this end, this paper selected the Landsat (TM/OLI) series of remote sensing images from 1986 to 2022; extracted the four important indicators of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the wetness component of the tasseled cap transformation (WET), normalized difference built-up and soil index (NDBSI), and land surface temperature (LST); calculated the remote sensing ecological index (RSEI) based on the principal component analysis method; monitored and evaluated the ecological environment changes in the Shendong Mining Area for a period of 36 years; and analyzed the driving forces that cause these ecological environment changes. The results show the following: (1) The ecological... [more]
Preliminary Study on the Feasibility of Radiation Technique for Mural Protection
Zesheng Wang, Min Luo, Yang Shao, Lingling Ma, Minghong Wu
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: CIE L*a*b* color space, cultural heritage preservation, decontamination, electron beam, mural blocks, Raman spectra, scotch tape test
Murals are a significant cultural heritage of humanity, and one of the conservation studies is to control the growth of microorganisms. General biocide agents can be used to preserve murals while also providing new organic carbon sources and increasing environmental pollution. In recent years, radiation technology has shown promising prospects for use in heritage protection. Five microorganisms often found in murals were irradiated with an electron beam in this study, and six mineral pigments were tested for color change, Raman spectra and pigment layer cohesion after irradiation. The result showed that irradiation at 20 kGy can basically eliminate Pseudomonas citronellolis, Bacillus sporothermodurans, Streptomyces vinaceus, and Streptomyces griseolus from the culture medium, but only inhibited the growth of Penicillium flavigenum. Lead white pigment showed a color difference of 5.56 (∆E*97) after irradiation, but lead tetroxide, azurite, malachite, ferrous oxide, and cinnabar showed n... [more]
Coffee Pulp: A Sustainable and Affordable Source for Developing Functional Foods
Angélica Pérez Calvo, Nelson Paz Ruiz, Zuly Delgado Espinoza
July 7, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: circular economy, coffee, environmental impact, experimental design, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, value added
Coffee cultivation in the Department of Cauca, Colombia, is vital for much of the department’s economy. Coffee processing generates waste, such as pulp, which accounts to about 40% of the fresh fruit. Currently, in most cases in Cauca, coffee byproducts are discarded, and, in other cases, the coffee pulp is used for fertilizers, generating environmental problems due to its decomposition. This research aims to design a process for supplying a functional food in the form of an energy bar based on coffee pulp and other components of the region, such as quinoa and panela, helping to mitigate the environmental impact of coffee production. Our research included four phases. First, we determined the study area; in the second phase, we studied an energy bar’s nutritional and physical characteristics. Then, the requirements and specifications of the bar were defined, and the authors documented the process diagram, variables within the process, and the quality plan. Finally, the authors conducte... [more]
Life Cycle Assessment of Fuel Ethanol Production from Food Waste in Consideration of By-Product Utilization
Jun Zhou, Hongzhi Ma, Pin Lv, Wei Su, Qunhui Wang, Ming Gao, Heyang Qin
July 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: by-product, environmental implications, Ethanol, food waste, life cycle assessment
In this paper, a life cycle assessment was used to evaluate fuel ethanol production from food waste with a capacity of 20 tons/day. The energy and pollution emissions during the whole process were recorded and compared by the method of electricity conversion to standard coal. Different indicators, such as GWP (global warming potential), ODP (ozone depletion potential), AP (acid potential), EP (possibility of eutrophication), POCP (photochemical oxidation potential), and DUST (dust), were used to perform an environmental impact analysis with and without by-product utilization. The result shows that the indicator sequence under the weighted factor sequence was AP > DUST > GWP > ODP > EP > POCP. The consideration of by-products decreased the values of GWP, AP, and DUST significantly; EP declined slightly; ODP and POCP increased; and the overall energy output was negative. The consideration of by-product utilization was determined to be environmentally friendly.
Economic−Financial Assessment of Seawater Desalination Plants in Northern Chile to Reduce Hydric Scarcity and a Proposal for the Environmental and Sustainable Use of Brine Waste by Cultivating the Microalga Dunaliella salina to Produce β-Carotene
Tomas Gabriel Bas, Rodrigo Fariña, Fernanda Gallardo, Macarena Vilches
July 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: brine, business model, desalination plant, Dunaliella salina, freshwater, hydric scarcity, north of Chile, waste, β-carotene
Climate change and global warming generate serious consequences and disturbances by drastically modifying historical temperature and precipitation patterns. Water scarcity is one of the most revealing phenomena of these instabilities. This transdisciplinary bibliometric and economic−financial research focuses on analyzing two aspects: first, the feasibility of implementing seawater desalination plants as a solution to water scarcity in northern Chile. Investment and amortization costs of the desalination plants were determined (NPV-IRR-IRP). NPV showed a positive value indicating a recovery of the initial investment and a surplus over profitability. The IRR was higher than the discount rate calculated for NPV, which showed that the investment project was accepted. The IRP indicated that the initial investment of the plant would be recovered in 3.7 years. Second, an innovative and environmentally sustainable solution to the brine (NaCl) waste generated by desalination plants is proposed... [more]
Recycling of Chrome-Containing Waste from a Mining and Processing Plant to Produce Industrial Products
Yerbulat Tastanov, Nuriya Serzhanova, Almagul Ultarakova, Nurzhan Sadykov, Zhadyra Yerzhanova, Aisha Tastanova
July 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: chromium oxide, concentrate, gravity concentration, nitrogen–magnesium fertilizer, slime tailings, thermal sulfatization
Prolonged development of ore deposits, ore beneficiation and metallurgical smelting of concentrates result in the accumulation of wastes, forming large-scale dumps and sludge ponds negatively affecting the environment and human health. The creation and introduction of industrial waste treatment technologies will make it possible to dispose of them with the production of valuable commercial products and improve the environmental situation. In a research article on chemical beneficiation with the subsequent gravitational beneficiation of chrome-containing slurry tailings of Donskoy Ore-Mining and Beneficiation Plant (DOMBP), which processes chrome ore of the Kempirsay deposit in the Republic of Kazakhstan, Aktobe region, having considerable stocks of such waste is presented. The chromium-containing slurry tailings were heat-treated at 1100 °C, sintered with ammonium sulfate, water and sulfuric acid in a defined ratio at 300 °C, and then the resulting sinter was leached with water at 90 °... [more]
Bioaugmentation of Aerobic Granular Sludge with Dye-Decolorizing Yeast for Textile Industrial Wastewater
Marta Mendes, Irina S. Moreira, Patrícia Moreira, Manuela Pintado, Paula M. L. Castro
July 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: aerobic granular sludge, bioaugmentation, decolorization, synthetic saline wastewater, textile dye, yeast
A sequencing batch reactor (SBR) inoculated with activated sludge and bioaugmented with a dye-decolorizing yeast strain—Yarrowia lipolytica (HOMOGST27AB) was assembled to form yeast-bioaugmented aerobic granular sludge (AGS). The bioaugmented AGS-SBR was operated for the treatment of synthetic saline wastewater (12 g L−1) intermittently fed with a reactive textile dye (Navy Everzol ED) at 25, 15, and 7.5 mg L−1. Dye degradation did not occur, although some dye adsorbed to the granules. AGS-SBR performance in removing carbon and nitrogen was good and was not affected by the dye addition. Bioaugmentation with the yeast Y. lipolytica (HOMOGST27AB) occurred with success, proved by sequencing samples from granules throughout the reactor operation. The AGS core microbiome gathered essentially microorganisms from the Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes phyla. The microbial profile showed a dynamic microbiome established at Phase I of the operation, with a high decrease in the abundance of Ignavi... [more]
Pilot Study on the Deep Treatment of Sulfuric-Acid−Titanium-Dioxide Wastewater Using an Ultrafiltration/Reverse Osmosis Process
Liangfu Li, Sirui Li, Yiming Dong, Ping Yang, Runkai Wang
July 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: deep treatment, reverse osmosis, sulfuric-acid–titanium-dioxide wastewater, ultrafiltration, water reuse
The production of titanium dioxide via the sulfuric acid process generates large amounts of acidic wastewater. Investigating the possibility of reusing this wastewater after deep treatment can reduce pollutant discharge and conserve water resources. In a pilot study, a dual-membrane method of ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) was employed to perform deep treatments of sulfuric-acid−titanium-dioxide wastewater. The findings showed that the multimedia and precision filters reduced the turbidity of water from an external drainage to as low as 0.18 NTU, with a turbidity removal rate of approximately 50%, reaching a maximum of 68%. When the UF effluent had a membrane flux of 70−100 L/m2 h and a water production rate of 85−90%, the SDI15 was <5.0 and the turbidity was 95%, a CODCr removal rate of 85%, and a desalination rate of >98.5%. At a smooth operation system water recovery rate of 50%, the highest system recovery rate obtained was 64%. The water produced via RO adhered t... [more]
Evaluating Eco-Friendly Refrigerant Alternatives for Cascade Refrigeration Systems: A Thermoeconomic Analysis
G. Shanmugasundar, Kamaraj Logesh, Robert Čep, Ranendra Roy
July 4, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: annual plant cost, cascade refrigeration system, co-efficient of performance, exergetic efficiency, R170
A simple vapor-compression refrigeration system becomes ineffective and inefficient as it consumes a huge energy supply when operating between large temperature differences. Moreover, the recent Kigali amendment has raised a concern about phasing out some hydrofluorocarbon refrigerants due to their impact on the environment. In this paper, a numerical investigation is carried out to compare the performance of a cascade refrigeration system with two environmentally friendly refrigerant combinations, namely, R170−R404A and R41−R404A. Refrigerant R170, from the hydrocarbon category, and refrigerant R41, from the hydrofluorocarbon category, are separately chosen for the low-temperature circuit due to their similar thermophysical properties. On the other hand, refrigerant R404A is selected for the high-temperature circuit. An attempt is made to replace refrigerant R41 with refrigerant R170 as a possible alternative. The condenser temperature is kept constant at 40 °C, and the evaporator tem... [more]
Special Issue on “Anammox-Based Processes for Wastewater Treatment”
Albert Magrí, Tommaso Lotti
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox, A) has become an appealing bioprocess for the water sector as a method to remove nitrogen (N) from wastewater using low-energy and organic carbon inputs [...]
The Impact of Air Source Heat Pump on the Production Performance of Broiler Chicks
Chenming Hu, Mohan Qiu, Chunlin Yu, Li Yang, Qubo Zhu, Anfang Liu, Longhuan Du, Chaowu Yang
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: air source heat pump, chick rearing environment, production performance, yellow-feathered broiler chicken
Air source heat pump (ASHP) is a good new energy heating system. To explore the effect of ASHP on the production of yellow-feather broiler chicks, 31,500 one-day-old yellow broiler chicks were divided into three chicken houses with the same building structure but different heating methods (ASHP, CCF, CB). During the experiment, the parameters of heating time, temperature uniformity, gas concentration, weight gain, survival rate and production benefit were analyzed and evaluated. Results showed that the difference in NH3, CO2, and H2S concentrations was not significant in all test groups (p > 0.05). Only group II detected the CO gas. In winter and spring, the weight of the chickens in group II were weighed the least at 35 days of age, and were significantly different from the ASHP and CB system (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in body weight between ASHP and CB (p > 0.05). Group II had the lowest evenness and survival, the slowest warming, the worst uniformity of temperat... [more]
Enhanced Treatment of Basic Red 46 by Ozonation in a Rotating Packed Bed with Liquid Detention
Peng Xu, Tianyang Wu, Yang Xiang, Jimmy Yun, Lei Shao
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: Basic Red 46, degradation, liquid detention, ozonation, rotating packed bed
This study investigated the use of ozone in a rotating packed bed (RPB) with liquid detention for the treatment of Basic Red 46 (BR-46). Liquid detention means that liquid accumulates at the lower section to a certain level in the RPB, which leads to longer liquid residence time and greater liquid holdup in the packing and cavity in the RPB. The experimental results showed that the presence of liquid detention in the RPB significantly enhanced the BR-46 treatment effect and ozone absorption rate. With 200 mL of liquid detention in the RPB, the decolorization rate, COD degradation rate, and ozone absorption rate were 34.7%, 62.8%, and 80.0% higher than those without liquid detention. The effects of the rotational speed of the RPB, ozone concentration, initial BR-46 concentration, liquid and gas flow rates on BR-46 degradation were also investigated, and it was found that the high-gravity environment is beneficial to the degradation of BR-46. These results suggest that with the utilizati... [more]
Emissions and Absorption of CO2 in China’s Cold Regions
Weiwei Song, Zhiyu Zhu, Wanying Yao, Zhi Gao, Ruihan Chen, Yixuan Zhao, Mengying Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Chunhui Li, Miao Liang, Dajiang Yu
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: city-level inventory, CO2 emissions, cold region, ecological absorption, energy-related emissions
Energy production and consumption are dominant sources of CO2 emissions. Investigating the amount and characteristics of CO2 emission sources can aid in reducing CO2 emissions from energy-related sectors, which could lead to the development of advanced technologies and ideas for abatement. Cities play a significant role in CO2 emissions, representing a distinctive unit with a specialized energy consumption structure, meteorology, economy, agriculture, forest acreage, etc. Those properties interact and influence CO2 emissions. The city-level emission inventory is an important scientific database helping to investigate emission abatement technologies and establish control strategies. In this study, city-level CO2 emissions and ecological absorption of China’s coldest province are quantified. In the targeted region, winter lasts for about 6 months. Sectors of industry, thermal power generation, and domestic heating are dominant contributors to the total emissions. The provincial CO2 emiss... [more]
Comparative Analysis of Three WEEE Management Scenarios Based on LCA Methodology: Case Study in the Municipality of Iasi, Romania
Simona Cecilia Ghiga, Isabela Maria Simion, Cătălina Filote, Mihaela Roșca, Raluca Maria Hlihor, Maria Gavrilescu
June 13, 2023 (v1)
Subject: Environment
Keywords: e-waste, Energy, environmental impact, Life Cycle Assessment, recovery, waste management
The increasing consumption of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), correlated with the fast innovation pace in this field, generates a large amount of annual waste. The current established management practices cannot keep up with it, and the results are of increased significance given the negative effects on the environment and human health. Thus, the current study aimed to analyze the environmental impact of three different scenarios of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) management, following population awareness campaigns regarding its collection in the Municipality of Iasi, Romania. Data processing was carried out considering Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology with the established functional unit for each scenario according to the collected amount. The results were quantified using the CML2001 and ReCiPe methods and showed that the highest environmental impact was obtained for scenario II (S2) (1.59 × 10−7 pers. equiv. using the CML2001 method and 32.7 pers.... [more]
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