LAPSE:2023.22652v1
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.22652v1
Numerical Analysis on the Effectiveness of Gurney Flaps as Power Augmentation Devices for Airfoils Subject to a Continuous Variation of the Angle of Attack by Use of Full and Surrogate Models
March 24, 2023
The disclosing of new diffusion frontiers for wind energy, like deep-water offshore applications or installations in urban environments, is putting new focus on Darrieus vertical-axis wind turbines (VAWTs). To partially fill the efficiency gap of these turbines, aerodynamic developments are still needed. This work in particular focuses on the development of a mathematical model that allows predicting the possible performance improvements enabled in a VAWT by application of the Gurney flaps (GFs) as a function of the blade thickness, the rotor solidity and geometry of the Gurney flap itself. The performance of airfoil with GFs was evaluated by means of detailed simulations making use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The accuracy of the CFD model was assessed against the results of a dedicated experimental study. In the simulations, a dedicated method to simulate cycles of variation of the angle of attack similar to those taking place in a cycloidal motion (rather than purely sinusoidal ones) was also developed. Based on the results from CFD, a multidimensional interpolation based on the radial basis functions was conducted in order to find the GF design solution that provides the highest efficiency for a given turbine in terms of airfoil and solidity. The results showed that, for the selected study cases based on symmetric airfoils, the GF positioned facing outwards from the turbine, which provides the upwind part of the revolution, can lead to power increments ranging from approximately 30% for the lower-solidity turbine up to 90% for the higher-solidity turbine. It was also shown that the introduction of a GF should be coupled with a re-optimization of the airfoil thickness to maximize the performance.
Keywords
Computational Fluid Dynamics, gurney flap, power augmentation, RBF, VAWT, wind turbine
Suggested Citation
Wiśniewski P, Balduzzi F, Buliński Z, Bianchini A. Numerical Analysis on the Effectiveness of Gurney Flaps as Power Augmentation Devices for Airfoils Subject to a Continuous Variation of the Angle of Attack by Use of Full and Surrogate Models. (2023). LAPSE:2023.22652v1
Author Affiliations
Wiśniewski P: Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 22, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland [ORCID]
Balduzzi F: Department of Industrial Engineering (DIEF), Università degli Studi di Firenze, via di Santa Marta 3, 50139 Firenze, Italy
Buliński Z: Institute of Thermal Technology, Silesian University of Technology, Konarskiego 22, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland [ORCID]
Bianchini A: Department of Industrial Engineering (DIEF), Università degli Studi di Firenze, via di Santa Marta 3, 50139 Firenze, Italy [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
13
Issue
8
Article Number
E1877
Year
2020
Publication Date
2020-04-12
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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Original Submission
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PII: en13081877, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2023.22652v1
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doi:10.3390/en13081877
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Mar 24, 2023
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