LAPSE:2023.35899
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.35899
State-of-the-Art Grid Stability Improvement Techniques for Electric Vehicle Fast-Charging Stations for Future Outlooks
May 26, 2023
The growing trend for electric vehicles (EVs) and fast-charging stations (FCSs) will cause the overloading of grids due to the high current injection from FCSs’ converters. The insensitive nature of the state of charge (SOC) of EV batteries during FCS operation often results in grid instability problems, such as voltage and frequency deviation at the point of common coupling (PCC). Therefore, many researchers have focused on two-stage converter control (TSCC) and single-stage converter (SSC) control for FCS stability enhancement, and suggested that SSC architectures are superior in performance, unlike the TSCC methods. However, only a few research works have focused on SSC techniques, despite the techniques’ ability to provide inertia and damping support through the virtual synchronous machine (VSM) strategy due to power decoupling and dynamic response problems. TSCC methods deploy current or voltage control for controlling EVs’ SOC battery charging through proportional-integral (PI), proportional-resonant (PR), deadbeat or proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controllers, but these are relegated by high current harmonics, frequency fluctuation and switching losses due to transient switching. This paper reviewed the linkage between the latest research contributions, issues associated with TSCC and SSC techniques, and the performance evaluation of the techniques, and subsequently identified the research gaps and proposed SSC control with SOC consideration for further research studies.
Keywords
battery state of charge, electric vehicle, fast charging station, grid stability, virtual synchronous machine
Suggested Citation
Momoh K, Zulkifli SA, Korba P, Sevilla FRS, Afandi AN, Velazquez-Ibañez A. State-of-the-Art Grid Stability Improvement Techniques for Electric Vehicle Fast-Charging Stations for Future Outlooks. (2023). LAPSE:2023.35899
Author Affiliations
Momoh K: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering FKEE, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat 86400, Malaysia
Zulkifli SA: Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering FKEE, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat 86400, Malaysia [ORCID]
Korba P: School of Engineering, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Technikumstrasse 9, 8401 Winterthur, Switzerland [ORCID]
Sevilla FRS: School of Engineering, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Technikumstrasse 9, 8401 Winterthur, Switzerland [ORCID]
Afandi AN: Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang, JL. Semarang 5 Malang, Malang 65145, Indonesia
Velazquez-Ibañez A: School of Engineering, Zurich University of Applied Sciences, Technikumstrasse 9, 8401 Winterthur, Switzerland [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
16
Issue
9
First Page
3956
Year
2023
Publication Date
2023-05-08
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
Version Comments
Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en16093956, Publication Type: Review
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LAPSE:2023.35899
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doi:10.3390/en16093956
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May 26, 2023
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May 26, 2023
 
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May 26, 2023
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Calvin Tsay
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