Published Article
Combustion Thermodynamics of Ethanol, n-Heptane, and n-Butanol in a Rapid Compression Machine with a Dual Direct Injection (DDI) Supply System
April 19, 2023
The development of internal combustion engines involves various new solutions, one of which is the use of dual-fuel systems. The diversity of technological solutions being developed determines the efficiency of such systems, as well as the possibility of reducing the emission of carbon dioxide and exhaust components into the atmosphere. An innovative double direct injection system was used as a method for forming a mixture in the combustion chamber. The tests were carried out with the use of gasoline, ethanol, n-heptane, and n-butanol during combustion in a model test engine—the rapid compression machine (RCM). The analyzed combustion process indicators included the cylinder pressure, pressure increase rate, heat release rate, and heat release value. Optical tests of the combustion process made it possible to analyze the flame development in the observed area of the combustion chamber. The conducted research and analyses resulted in the observation that it is possible to control the excess air ratio in the direct vicinity of the spark plug just before ignition. Such possibilities occur as a result of the properties of the injected fuels, which include different amounts of air required for their stoichiometric combustion. The studies of the combustion process have shown that the combustible mixtures consisting of gasoline with another fuel are characterized by greater combustion efficiency than the mixtures composed of only a single fuel type, and that the influence of the type of fuel used is significant for the combustion process and its indicator values.
Alternative Fuels, combustion, combustion engines, dual direct injection, heat release
Suggested Citation
Pielecha I, Wierzbicki S, Sidorowicz M, Pietras D. Combustion Thermodynamics of Ethanol, n-Heptane, and n-Butanol in a Rapid Compression Machine with a Dual Direct Injection (DDI) Supply System. (2023). LAPSE:2023.32184
Author Affiliations
Pielecha I: Department of Combustion Engines and Transport, Faculty of Civil and Transport Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, pl. M. Sklodowskiej-Curie 5, 60-965 Poznan, Poland [ORCID]
Wierzbicki S: Department of Mechatronics, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, ul. Oczapowskiego 11, 10-710 Olsztyn, Poland [ORCID]
Sidorowicz M: AC S.A., ul. 42 Pulku Piechoty 50, 15-181 Białystok, Poland [ORCID]
Pietras D: Department of Combustion Engines and Vehicles, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Bielsko-Biala, ul. Willowa 2, 43-309 Bielsko-Biała, Poland [ORCID]
Journal Name
First Page
Publication Date
Published Version
Version Comments
Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en14092729, Publication Type: Journal Article
Record Map
Published Article

This Record
External Link

Publisher Version
[Download 1v1.pdf] (6.2 MB)
Apr 19, 2023
Main Article
CC BY 4.0
Record Statistics
Record Views
Version History
[v1] (Original Submission)
Apr 19, 2023
Verified by curator on
Apr 19, 2023
This Version Number
Most Recent
This Version
URL Here
Original Submitter
Auto Uploader for LAPSE
Links to Related Works
Directly Related to This Work
Publisher Version