LAPSE:2023.25827
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.25827
Power Resilience Enhancement of a Residential Electricity User Using Photovoltaics and a Battery Energy Storage System under Uncertainty Conditions
March 29, 2023
Even in today’s modern electric grid infrastructure, the uncertainty in the power supply is more often seen and is mainly due to power outages. The reasons for power outages might be any of the following: extreme weather events, asset failure, natural disasters, power surges, acute accidents, and even operational errors by the workforce. Such uncertain situations are permitting us to think of it as a resilience problem. In most cases, the power outages may last from a few minutes to a few weeks, depending on the nature of the resilience issue and the power supply system (PSS) configuration. Therefore, it is imperative to understand and improve the resilience of a PSS. In this paper, a four-component resilience framework is proposed to study and compare the resilience of three different PSS configurations of residential electricity users (REUs) considering the realistic power outage conditions in the humid subtropical ecosystem. The proposed PSS configurations contain electric grid (EG), natural gas power generator (NGPG), battery energy storage (BES), and photovoltaics (PV) as the assets. The three PSS configurations of a REUs are EG + BES, EG + NGPG + BES, and EG + PV + BES, respectively, and in these, one REU is only the consumer and the other two REUs are prosumers. By using the proposed framework, simulations are performed on the three PSS configuration to understand the increasing load resiliency in the event of a power outage. Also, a comparative techno-economic and life cycle based environmental assessment is performed to select the most resilient PSS configuration among the EG + BES, EG + NGPG + BES, and EG + PV + BES for an REU. From the results, it was established that EG + PV + BES configuration would enhance the power resilience of an REU better than the other two PSS configurations. Besides, it is also observed that the identified resilient PSS configuration is cost-effective and environmentally efficient. Overall, the proposed framework will enable the REUs to opt for the PSS configuration that is resilient and affordable.
Keywords
battery energy storage, energy resilience, environmental analysis, four components of resilience, microgrid, photovoltaics, power outages, power supply system, prosumer, resilience framework, techno-economic modeling
Suggested Citation
Manoj Kumar N, Ghosh A, Chopra SS. Power Resilience Enhancement of a Residential Electricity User Using Photovoltaics and a Battery Energy Storage System under Uncertainty Conditions. (2023). LAPSE:2023.25827
Author Affiliations
Manoj Kumar N: School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong [ORCID]
Ghosh A: Environment and Sustainability Institute, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall TR10 9FE, UK; College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Renewable Energy, University of Exeter, Cornwall TR10 9FE, UK [ORCID]
Chopra SS: School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
13
Issue
16
Article Number
E4193
Year
2020
Publication Date
2020-08-13
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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PII: en13164193, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2023.25827
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doi:10.3390/en13164193
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Mar 29, 2023
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