LAPSE:2023.25768
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.25768
Emerging Photovoltaic (PV) Materials for a Low Carbon Economy
Ilke Celik, Ramez Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad, Zhaoning Song, Michael Heben, Defne Apul
March 29, 2023
Emerging photovoltaic (PV) technologies have a potential to address the shortcomings of today’s energy market which heavily depends on the use of fossil fuels for electricity generation. We created inventories that offer insights into the environmental impacts and cost of all the materials used in emerging PV technologies, including perovskites, polymers, Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), carbon nanotubes (CNT), and quantum dots. The results show that the CO2 emissions associated with the absorber layers are much less than the CO2 emissions associated with the contact and charge selective layers. The CdS (charge selective layer) and ITO (contact layer) have the highest environmental impacts compared to Al2O3, CuI, CuSCN, MoO3, NiO, poly (3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl (P3HT)), phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM), poly polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), SnO2, spiro-OMeTAD, and TiO2 (charge selective layers) and Al, Ag, Cu, FTO, Mo, ZnO:In, and ZnO/ZnO:Al (contact layers). The cost assessments show that the organic materials, such as polymer absorbers, CNT, P3HT and spiro-OMeTAD, are the most expensive materials. Inorganic materials would be more preferable to lower the cost of solar cells. All the remaining materials have a potential to be used in the commercial PV market. Finally, we analyzed the cost of PV materials based on their material intensity and CO2 emissions, and concluded that the perovskite absorber will be the most eco-efficient material that has the lowest cost and CO2 emissions.
Keywords
carbon energy, emerging photovoltaic (PV) materials, fossil fuels, Renewable and Sustainable Energy, solar PV
Subject
Suggested Citation
Celik I, Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad R, Song Z, Heben M, Apul D. Emerging Photovoltaic (PV) Materials for a Low Carbon Economy. (2023). LAPSE:2023.25768
Author Affiliations
Celik I: Sustainability and Renewable Energy Systems Program, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Platteville, Platteville, WI 53818, USA [ORCID]
Hosseinian Ahangharnejhad R: Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
Song Z: Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA [ORCID]
Heben M: Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA
Apul D: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Toledo, Toledo, OH 43606, USA [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
13
Issue
16
Article Number
E4131
Year
2020
Publication Date
2020-08-10
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
Version Comments
Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en13164131, Publication Type: Journal Article
Record Map
Published Article

LAPSE:2023.25768
This Record
External Link

doi:10.3390/en13164131
Publisher Version
Download
Files
[Download 1v1.pdf] (1.4 MB)
Mar 29, 2023
Main Article
License
CC BY 4.0
Meta
Record Statistics
Record Views
88
Version History
[v1] (Original Submission)
Mar 29, 2023
 
Verified by curator on
Mar 29, 2023
This Version Number
v1
Citations
Most Recent
This Version
URL Here
https://psecommunity.org/LAPSE:2023.25768
 
Original Submitter
Auto Uploader for LAPSE
Links to Related Works
Directly Related to This Work
Publisher Version