LAPSE:2023.25538
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.25538
A Material Model for the Orthotropic and Viscous Behavior of Separators in Lithium-Ion Batteries under High Mechanical Loads
March 28, 2023
The present study is focused on the development of a material model where the orthotropic-visco-elastic and orthotropic-visco-plastic mechanical behavior of a polymeric material is considered. The increasing need to reduce the climate-damaging exhaust gases in the automotive industry leads to an increasing usage of electric powered drive systems using Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. For the safety and crashworthiness investigations, a deeper understanding of the mechanical behavior under high and dynamic loads is needed. In order to prevent internal short circuits and thermal runaways within a Li-ion battery, the separator plays a crucial role. Based on results of material tests, a novel material model for finite element analysis (FEA) is developed using the explicit solver Altair Radioss. Based on this model, the visco-elastic-orthotropic, as well as the visco-plastic-orthotropic, behavior until failure can be modeled. Finally, a FE simulation model of the separator material is performed, using the results of different tensile tests conducted at three different velocities, 0.1 mm·s−1, 1.0 mm·s−1 and 10.0 mm·s−1 and different orientations of the specimen. The purpose is to predict the anisotropic, rate-dependent stiffness behavior of separator materials in order to improve FE simulations of the mechanical behavior of batteries and therefore reduce the development time of electrically powered vehicles and consumer goods. The present novel material model in combination with a well-suited failure criterion, which considers the different states of stress and anisotropic-visco-dependent failure limits, can be applied for crashworthiness FE analysis. The model succeeded in predicting anisotropic, visco-elastic orthotropic and visco-plastic orthotropic stiffness behavior up to failure.
Keywords
crashworthiness, elasto-plasticity, finite element model, material model, orthotropy, polyethylene separator, safety, visco-elasticity, visco-plasticity
Subject
Suggested Citation
Bulla M, Kolling S, Sahraei E. A Material Model for the Orthotropic and Viscous Behavior of Separators in Lithium-Ion Batteries under High Mechanical Loads. (2023). LAPSE:2023.25538
Author Affiliations
Bulla M: Altair Engineering GmbH, Josef-Lammerting-Allee 10, 50933 Cologne, Germany [ORCID]
Kolling S: Institute of Mechanics and Materials, Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen, Wiesenstr. 14, 35390 Giessen, Germany [ORCID]
Sahraei E: Electric Vehicle Safety Lab (EVSL), Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA; Impact and Crashworthiness Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
14
Issue
15
First Page
4585
Year
2021
Publication Date
2021-07-29
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
Version Comments
Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en14154585, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2023.25538
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doi:10.3390/en14154585
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Mar 28, 2023
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Mar 28, 2023
 
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