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An Overview of Household Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Iran
December 22, 2020
This review tends to obtain a deeper understanding of the methods used in household energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in Iran. Issues relating to energy consumption and CO2 emissions are very complex. This complexity arises from the fact that energy demand and energy consumption in Iran are influenced by many factors, such as income, household size, age, and gender. In Iran, the relevant energy sources mostly include liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and electricity, which are used for different sectors, such as transportation, industry, and residential. This overview looks at both the theories and empirical studies of household energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Iran. Since energy consumption typically results in air pollution, it is often used as an indicator of environmental degradation. Although Iran is recently faced to energy efficiency improvement from all sectors, household energy requirements have been significantly increased. In Iran, a prime motivator had been improving living standards. As Iran gradually turns into a consumer society, households have an enormous influence on the direct use of energy and related CO2 emissions as well as through indirect use, as embodied in goods and services. The findings of this study can help policymakers to focus on renewable energy projects in order to reduce energy consumption and mitigate CO2 emissions.
CO2 emissions, energy consumption, household, Iran
Suggested Citation
Rahmani O, Rezania S, Beiranvand Pour A, Aminpour SM, Soltani M, Ghaderpour Y, Oryani B. An Overview of Household Energy Consumption and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in Iran. (2020). LAPSE:2020.1269
Author Affiliations
Rahmani O: Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad 59135-433, Iran; Department of Natural Resources Engineering and Management, School of Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hewlêr (UKH), Erbil 44001, Kurdistan Region, Iraq [ORCID]
Rezania S: Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Korea [ORCID]
Beiranvand Pour A: Institute of Oceanography and Environment (INOS), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Kuala Nerus 21030, Terengganu, Malaysia [ORCID]
Aminpour SM: Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Urmia University of Technology, Urmia 57155-419, Iran
Soltani M: Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad 59135-433, Iran; Piranshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Piranshahr 57816-36163, Iran [ORCID]
Ghaderpour Y: Mahabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mahabad 59135-433, Iran
Oryani B: Technology Management, Economics and Policy Program, College of Engineering, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea [ORCID]
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PII: pr8080994, Publication Type: Review
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Dec 22, 2020
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Calvin Tsay
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