LAPSE

LAPSE:2019.0396
Published Article
LAPSE:2019.0396
Systematic Assessment of Carbon Emissions from Renewable Energy Access to Improve Rural Livelihoods
Judith A. Cherni, Raúl Olalde Font, Lucía Serrano, Felipe Henao, Antonio Urbina
February 27, 2019
One way of increasing access to electricity for impoverished unconnected areas without adding significant amounts of CO₂ to the atmosphere is by promoting renewable energy technologies. However, decision-makers rarely, if ever, take into account the level of in-built energy requirements and consequential CO₂ emissions found in renewable energy, particularly photovoltaic cells and related equipment, which have been widely disseminated in developing countries. The deployment of solar panels worldwide has mostly relied on silicon crystalline cell modules, despite the fact that less polluting material—in particular, thin film and organic cells—offers comparatively distinct technical, environmental and cost advantages characteristics. A major scientific challenge has thus been the design of a single decision-making approach to assess local and global climate change-related impacts as well as the socio-economic effects of low-carbon technology. The article focuses on the functions of the multi-criteria-based tool SURE-DSS and environmental impact analysis focused on greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions balance to inform the selection of technologies in terms of their impact on livelihoods and CO₂eq. emissions. An application in a remote rural community in Cuba is discussed. The results of this study show that while PV silicon (c-Si), thin film (CdTe) and organic solar cells may each equally meet the demands of the community and enhance people’s livelihoods, their effect on the global environment varies.
Keywords
life-cycle analysis (LCA), multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA), photovoltaic technologies, rural energy and development, SURE-DSS
Suggested Citation
Cherni JA, Olalde Font R, Serrano L, Henao F, Urbina A. Systematic Assessment of Carbon Emissions from Renewable Energy Access to Improve Rural Livelihoods. (2019). LAPSE:2019.0396
Author Affiliations
Cherni JA: Department of Environmental Policy, CEP Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Olalde Font R: Departmento de Energía y Tecnologías Ambientales, Universidad Central de Las Villas, Santa Clara, Cuba
Serrano L: Department of Materials & Centre for Plastic Electronics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK; Departamento de Electrónica, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Campus Muralla del Mar, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
Henao F: Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas y Económicas, Universidad Icesi, Calle 18 No. 122-135, 760042 Cali, Colombia
Urbina A: Departamento de Electrónica, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Campus Muralla del Mar, 30202 Cartagena, Spain
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Journal Name
Energies
Volume
9
Issue
12
Article Number
E1086
Year
2016
Publication Date
2016-12-19
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en9121086, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2019.0396
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doi:10.3390/en9121086
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Feb 27, 2019
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CC BY 4.0
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Feb 27, 2019
 
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Feb 27, 2019
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Original Submitter
Calvin Tsay
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