LAPSE

LAPSE:2019.0198
Published Article
LAPSE:2019.0198
Application of a LiFePO₄ Battery Energy Storage System to Primary Frequency Control: Simulations and Experimental Results
Fabio Massimo Gatta, Alberto Geri, Regina Lamedica, Stefano Lauria, Marco Maccioni, Francesco Palone, Massimo Rebolini, Alessandro Ruvio
January 31, 2019
This paper presents an experimental application of LiFePO₄ battery energy storage systems (BESSs) to primary frequency control, currently being performed by Terna, the Italian transmission system operator (TSO). BESS performance in the primary frequency control role was evaluated by means of a simplified electrical-thermal circuit model, taking into account also the BESS auxiliary consumptions, coupled with a cycle-life model, in order to assess the expected life of the BESS. Numerical simulations have been carried out considering the system response to real frequency measurements taken in Italy, spanning a whole year; a parametric study taking into account different values of governor droop and of BESS charge/discharge rates (C-rates) was also performed. Simulations, fully validated by experimental results obtained thus far, evidenced a severe trade-off between expected lifetime and overall efficiency, which significantly restricts the choice of operating parameters for frequency control.
Keywords
battery energy storage system (BESS), LiFePO4 battery, primary frequency control
Subject
Suggested Citation
Gatta FM, Geri A, Lamedica R, Lauria S, Maccioni M, Palone F, Rebolini M, Ruvio A. Application of a LiFePO₄ Battery Energy Storage System to Primary Frequency Control: Simulations and Experimental Results. (2019). LAPSE:2019.0198
Author Affiliations
Gatta FM: Department of Astronautics, Electric and Energy Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
Geri A: Department of Astronautics, Electric and Energy Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
Lamedica R: Department of Astronautics, Electric and Energy Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
Lauria S: Department of Astronautics, Electric and Energy Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
Maccioni M: Department of Astronautics, Electric and Energy Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
Palone F: Terna S.p.A., Rome 00156, Italy
Rebolini M: Terna S.p.A., Rome 00156, Italy
Ruvio A: Department of Astronautics, Electric and Energy Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
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Journal Name
Energies
Volume
9
Issue
11
Article Number
E887
Year
2016
Publication Date
2016-10-29
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
Version Comments
Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en9110887, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2019.0198
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doi:10.3390/en9110887
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Jan 31, 2019
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CC BY 4.0
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Jan 31, 2019
 
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Jan 31, 2019
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Original Submitter
Calvin Tsay
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