Records with Subject: Process Control
Showing records 2547 to 2571 of 3343. [First] Page: 1 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 Last
Demand Response Using Disturbance Estimation-Based Kalman Filtering for the Frequency Control
Xuehua Wu, Qianqian Qian, Yuqing Bao
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: demand response, disturbance estimation, frequency control, Kalman filtering
Demand response (DR) has a great potential for stabilizing the frequency of power systems. However, the performance is limited by the accuracy of the frequency detection, which is affected by measurement disturbances. To overcome this problem, this paper proposes a disturbance estimation-based Kalman filtering method, which is utilized for the frequency control. By using the rate of change of frequency (RoCoF), the Kalman filtering method can estimate the state of the ON/OFF loads well. In this way, the influence of detection error can be reduced, and the DR performance can be improved. Test results show that the proposed disturbance estimation-based Kalman filtering method has a higher accuracy of frequency detection than existing methods (such as the low-pass filter method) and therefore improves the frequency control performance of DR.
Towards Software-Defined Protection, Automation, and Control in Power Systems: Concepts, State of the Art, and Future Challenges
Nadine Kabbara, Mohand Ouamer Nait Belaid, Madeleine Gibescu, Luis Ramirez Camargo, Jerome Cantenot, Thierry Coste, Vincent Audebert, Hugo Morais
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: IEC 61850, interoperability, IT/OT convergence, PAC systems, smart grids, software-defined/virtualized PAC, virtualization technology
Nowadays, power systems’ Protection, Automation, and Control (PAC) functionalities are often deployed in different constrained devices (Intelligent Electronic Devices) following a coupled hardware/software design. However, with the increase in distributed energy resources, more customized controllers will be required. These devices have high operational and deployment costs with long development, testing, and complex upgrade cycles. Addressing these challenges requires that a ’revolution’ in power system PAC design takes place. Decoupling from hardware-dependent implementations by virtualizing the functionalities facilitates the transition from a traditional power grid into a software-defined smart grid. This article presents a survey of recent literature on software-defined PAC for power systems, covering the concepts, main academic works, industrial proof of concepts, and the latest standardization efforts in this rising area. Finally, we summarize the expected future technical, indu... [more]
ZnMn2O4 Nanopyramids Fabrication by Hydrothermal Route: Effect of Reaction Time on the Structural, Morphological, and Electrochemical Properties
Souha Aouini, Afrah Bardaoui, Ana M. Ferraria, Diogo M. F. Santos, Radhouane Chtourou
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electrochemical performances, hydrothermal synthesis, nanopyramids, ZnMn2O4 spinel
ZnMn2O4 spinels are prepared by a simple hydrothermal route with control of the reaction time, ranging from 6 h to 18 h. The evolution of the structural and morphological parameters under the effect of time was analyzed by XRD, ATR-FTIR, XPS, and SEM-EDS. The XRD results show that for longer reaction times (18 h), the ZnMn2O4 spinel samples present a tetragonal structure with high crystallinity and an average crystallite size of 32.3 ± 1.7 nm, larger than those obtained for 6 h and 12 h. The ATR-FTIR spectra confirm the structural results, with well-defined peaks related to stretching vibrations of M-O (M = Zn, Mn) functional groups. XPS reveals the co-existence of several metal oxides and hydroxides at the outermost surface. SEM analysis shows that the samples present a pyramid morphology, better defined at 18 h, with an average particle size of 6.2 ± 1.5 µm. EDS analysis of ZnMn2O4 (18 h) reveals atomic ratios of 0.45, 0.22, and 0.50 for Zn/Mn, Zn/O, and Mn/O, respectively, in good a... [more]
Fault-Tolerant Secure Data Aggregation Schemes in Smart Grids: Techniques, Design Challenges, and Future Trends
Hayat Mohammad Khan, Abid Khan, Basheir Khan, Gwanggil Jeon
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: data aggregation, differential privacy, fault tolerance, privacy preserving, Smart Grid
Secure data aggregation is an important process that enables a smart meter to perform efficiently and accurately. However, the fault tolerance and privacy of the user data are the most serious concerns in this process. While the security issues of Smart Grids are extensively studied, these two issues have been ignored so far. Therefore, in this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of fault-tolerant and differential privacy schemes for the Smart Gird. We selected papers from 2010 to 2021 and studied the schemes that are specifically related to fault tolerance and differential privacy. We divided all existing schemes based on the security properties, performance evaluation, and security attacks. We provide a comparative analysis for each scheme based on the cryptographic approach used. One of the drawbacks of existing surveys on the Smart Grid is that they have not discussed fault tolerance and differential privacy as a major area and consider them only as a part of privacy preservat... [more]
Experimental and Numerical Dynamic Investigation of an ORC System for Waste Heat Recovery Applications in Transportation Sector
Matteo Marchionni, Fabio Fatigati, Marco Di Bartolomeo, Davide Di Battista, Mario Petrollese
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: control strategy, experimental analysis, ICE waste heat recovery, organic Rankine cycle transient analysis, scroll expander
ORC power units represent a promising technology for the recovery of waste heat in Internal Combustion Engines (ICEs), allowing to reduce emissions while keeping ICE performance close to expectations. However, the intrinsic transient nature of exhaust gases represents a challenge since it leads ORCs to often work in off-design conditions. It then becomes relevant to study their transient response to optimize performance and prevent main components from operating at inadequate conditions. To assess this aspect, an experimental dynamic analysis was carried out on an ORC-based power unit bottomed to a 3 L Diesel ICE. The adoption of a scroll expander and the control of the pump revolution speed allow a wide operability of the ORC. Indeed, the refrigerant mass flow rate can be adapted according to the exhaust gas thermal power availability in order to increase thermal power recovery from exhaust gases. The experimental data confirmed that when the expander speed is not regulated, it is pos... [more]
End-to-End Deep Neural Network Based Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Experimental Implementation on Diesel Engine Emission Control
David C. Gordon, Armin Norouzi, Alexander Winkler, Jakub McNally, Eugen Nuss, Dirk Abel, Mahdi Shahbakhti, Jakob Andert, Charles R. Koch
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: deep learning, deep neural network, emission reduction, long-short-term memory, Machine Learning, Model Predictive Control
In this paper, a deep neural network (DNN)-based nonlinear model predictive controller (NMPC) is demonstrated using real-time experimental implementation. First, the emissions and performance of a 4.5-liter 4-cylinder Cummins diesel engine are modeled using a DNN model with seven hidden layers and 24,148 learnable parameters created by stacking six Fully Connected layers with one long-short term memory (LSTM) layer. This model is then implemented as the plant model in an NMPC. For real-time implementation of the LSTM-NMPC, an open-source package acados with the quadratic programming solver HPIPM (High-Performance Interior-Point Method) is employed. This helps LSTM-NMPC run in real time with an average turnaround time of 62.3 milliseconds. For real-time controller prototyping, a dSPACE MicroAutoBox II rapid prototyping system is used. A Field-Programmable Gate Array is employed to calculate the in-cylinder pressure-based combustion metrics online in real time. The developed controller w... [more]
Coordinated Control of Electric Vehicles and PV Resources in an Unbalanced Power Distribution System
Abdulrahman Almazroui, Salman Mohagheghi
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: distribution grid, electric transportation, electric vehicles, reactive power control, rooftop PV, solar photovoltaics, voltage and var control, voltage and var optimization
Improving air quality, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and achieving independence from fossil fuels have led most countries towards deploying solar photovoltaics (PV) in the power distribution grid and electrifying the transportation fleet. Internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles are, in particular, one of the main culprits of injecting greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere, making electric vehicles (EVs) an important tool in combating climate change. Despite their considerable environmental and economic benefits, the integration of PVs and EVs can introduce unique operational challenges for the power distribution grid. If not coordinated, high penetration of PVs and EVs can result in variety of power quality issues, such as instances of overvoltage and undervoltage, frequency fluctuations, and/or increased losses. This paper proposes a mixed-integer multi-objective nonlinear optimization model for optimal energy dispatch in a power distribution grid with high penetration o... [more]
Dynamic Strategy for Effective Current Reduction in Brushless DC Synchronous Motors Fault Tolerant Operation
Rafael de Farias Campos, Cesar da Silva Liberato, José de Oliveira, Tiago Jackson May Dezuo, Ademir Nied
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: BLDC motor, current reduction, phase fault
This work presents a flexible strategy for RMS current reduction of healthy phases for brushless DC synchronous motors (BLDC) operating in phase opening failure, avoiding motor degradation without reducing its performance and allowing safe shutdown when a phase failure is detected. After the diagnosis of an open-phase failure, a corrective action divided into three steps is proposed. First, the traditional Six-Step operating mode with 120° electric degrees is changed to a new operating mode that uses the two healthy phases at 180° electric degrees to reduce torque loss due to phase failure. Second, a trapezoidal shape (with adjustable angles according to the RMS current level) is imposed as a current reference for the controller to reduce the current level and, consequently, improve the efficiency of the motor. Third, the passband of the speed control loop is reduced to minimize the influence of speed oscillations in controller failure. The experimental results presented show that the... [more]
Single-Phase Fault Tolerant Multilevel Inverter Topologies—Comprehensive Review and Novel Comparative Factors
Haroon Rehman, Mohd Tariq, Adil Sarwar, Waleed Alhosaini, Md Alamgir Hossain, Salem Mohammed Batiyah
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fault tolerance, fault tolerant, fault-tolerant multilevel inverter, inverters, multilevel inverter, reduced device count, reliability, switch faults, topology
Multilevel inverters (MLIs) are used in a variety of industrial applications in high- and medium-voltage systems. The modularity, high-power output from medium voltages, and low harmonic content are some of the advantages of MLIs. The reliability of MLIs is quite important. The reliability is affected by different kinds of faults occurring in the MLIs. In MLI circuits, switching devices are the most vulnerable components and have a major involvement in all types of faults. As an outcome, it is necessary to take proper corrective action in the event of a fault. This work provides a comprehensive review of different fault tolerant (FT) solutions for MLIs in the event of switch fault. Moreover, various single-phase FT MLI topologies are reviewed, along with their constructional features, merits, and demerits. This work also proposes a comparison approach that integrates novel factors to account for fault tolerance quantitatively. A comparison investigation verifies the effectiveness of th... [more]
Analysing the Economic Viability of Implicit Demand Response Control of Thermal Energy Storage in Hot Water Tanks
Laurence Gibbons, Saqib Javed
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: demand side management, domestic hot water, energy flexibility, Energy Storage, real time pricing
Demand-responsive control of electrically heated hot water storage tanks (HWSTs) is one solution, already present in the building stock, to stabilise volatile energy networks and markets. This has been put into sharp focus with the current energy crisis in Europe due to reduced access to natural gas. Furthermore, increasing proportions of intermittent renewable energy will likely add to this volatility. However, the adoption of demand response (DR) by consumers is highly dependent on the economic benefit. This study assesses the economic potential of DR of centralised HWSTs through both an analysis of spot price data and an optimisation algorithm approximating DR control. The methods are applied to a case study apartment building in Norway using current pricing models and examine the effect of the demand profile, electricity prices, heating power and storage capacity on energy cost and energy flexibility. Unit cost savings from DR are closely linked to the variation in unit energy pric... [more]
Assessment of a High-Order Stationary Frame Controller for Two-Level and Three-Level NPC Grid-Connected Inverters
Nawaf O. Almatani, Abdullah Ali Alhussainy, Sultan Alghamdi, Hossam Kotb, Kareem M. AboRas, Mahendiran Vellingiri, Muhyaddin Rawa
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: grid inverter control, NPC multilevel inverter, PI controller, stationary frame, synchronous frame, tuning
Most grid-connected DC/AC inverters use traditional proportional−integral (PI) controllers in a synchronous frame. In addition to poor disturbance rejection capabilities, these PI controllers also exhibit steady-state errors for sinusoidal reference signals. To address these drawbacks, this article investigates the use of a high-order controller in the stationary frame and then compares it with the standard PI controller. The effectiveness of the high-order controller in the stationary frame has been examined by providing an infinite gain at a resonance frequency. In this work, the design of high-order and PI controllers and tuning instructions are given. Furthermore, both high-order and PI current-controlled two-level and three-level neutral point clamped (NPC) inverters are compared. Various operational conditions are used for the comparison. The high-order controller reduced the total harmonic distortion (THD) of the injected current by 1.15% for the two-level inverter in normal con... [more]
Model Predictive Current Control for DC-Link Ripple Voltage Suppression in Electrolytic Capacitor-Less Drive System
Chao Zhang, Yiming Zheng, Wenchao Zhu, Rongwei Gao
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: active power decoupling converter (APDC), DC-link voltage ripple suppression, electrolytic capacitor-less (ECL) drive system, model predictive current control (MPCC), motor power change
Electrolytic capacitor-less drive systems have a higher lifespan and reliability. However, the DC-link voltage of ECL drive systems has a sudden change under dynamic conditions, which results in a serious degradation of the drive system performance. To solve the problem, this paper proposes a model predictive current control (MPCC) based on motor power change. A grid current predictive model based on motor power change is established. Motor power change is introduced into the cost function, so that grid power can quickly and accurately track the motor power under dynamic conditions, thereby effectively avoiding the sudden change of the DC-link voltage. Meanwhile, the current predictive model for decoupling inductor in the asymmetric split-capacitor active power decoupling circuit (APDC) is constructed. It realizes the high-precision complementary control of the split-capacitor voltages under various working conditions, and effectively reduces the DC-link voltage ripple. The experimenta... [more]
Performance Improvement of a Highly Loaded Transonic Centrifugal Compressor with Tandem Impeller and Freeform Blade Configuration
Ziliang Li, Yanhui Wu, Xingen Lu
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: design method, flow control, free-formed blade, highly-loaded centrifugal compressor, tandem impeller
A highly loaded transonic centrifugal compressor is aerodynamically designed and numerically investigated. The objectives are to improve the compressor efficiency by using tandem impeller configuration and 3D free-formed blade design concepts. This approach has the potential to control both the transonic and distorted flows within impeller passages. The results suggest that employing the tandem impeller configuration can significantly improve the compressor efficiency by 1.4%. The efficiency gain is mainly contributed by the improved uniformity of the impeller discharge flow achieved when the newly generated inducer-shed vortices rearrange the secondary flow pattern. In addition, the location of the impeller passage shock moves downstream due to the potential effect within the tandem impeller and locally changes the back pressure of the inducer. These factors mitigate flow losses in the impeller and diffuser. Furthermore, the 3D design concepts of forward blade sweep and negative lean... [more]
Representation Learning for Detecting the Faults in a Wind Turbine Hydraulic Pitch System Using Deep Learning
Panagiotis Korkos, Jaakko Kleemola, Matti Linjama, Arto Lehtovaara
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: deep autoencoder, Fault Detection, feature extraction, pitch system, SCADA, wind turbine
Wind turbine operators usually use data from a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition system to monitor their conditions, but it is challenging to make decisions about maintenance based on hundreds of different parameters. Information is often hidden within measurements that operators are unaware of. Therefore, different feature extraction techniques are recommended. The pitch system is of particular importance, and operators are highly motivated to search for effective monitoring solutions. This study investigated different dimensionality reduction techniques for monitoring a hydraulic pitch system in wind turbines. These techniques include principal component analysis (PCA), kernel PCA and a deep autoencoder. Their effectiveness was evaluated based on the performance of a support vector machine classifier whose input space is the new extracted feature set. The developed methodology has been applied to data from a wind farm consisting of five 2.3 MW fixed-speed onshore wind turbines... [more]
Research on Carbon Emission Characteristics of Rural Buildings Based on LMDI-LEAP Model
Haichao Feng, Ruonan Wang, He Zhang
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: carbon emissions from rural buildings, influence factor, LEAP model, LMDI model, variation tendency
Based on the emission factor method and LMDI-LEAP model, this paper systematically studies the current situation, influencing factors and changing trend of carbon emissions from rural buildings in a typical village located in southern China. The results showed that (1) the per capita carbon emissions generated by the energy consumption of rural buildings is 2.58 tCO2/a. Carbon emissions from electricity consumption in buildings account for about 96.07%; (2) the per capita building area, building area energy intensity, population size, population structure and carbon emission coefficient affect rural building carbon emissions, with contribution rates of 70.13%, 31.27%, 0.61%, −1.21% and −0.80%, respectively; (3) from 2021 to 2060, the carbon emissions of rural buildings are expected to increase first and then decrease. In 2021, the base year, carbon emissions from buildings were 2755.49 tCO2. The carbon emissions will peak at 5275.5 tCO2. Measures such as controlling the scale of buildi... [more]
Study on the Performance of Variable Density Multilayer Insulation in Liquid Hydrogen Temperature Region
Kecen Li, Jie Chen, Xueqin Tian, Yujing He
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: heat flux, layer density, liquid hydrogen temperature region, multilayer insulation, variable density
The storage of hydrogen is important for the development of hydrogen energy, especially for the storage of liquid hydrogen, which has been receiving more and more attention recently. In order to study the thermal insulation performance of variable-density multilayer insulation (VDMLI) structures under different working conditions at liquid hydrogen temperatures without incorporating a composite structure, we established a heat transfer model based on a layer-by-layer calculation method. Then, we carried out numerical calculations to analyze the influence of the total number of layers, the thermal boundary temperature, and vacuums on the performance of MLI at liquid hydrogen temperatures. To investigate the optimization of variable-density configurations on the thermal insulation performance of VDMLI and to obtain accurate variable-density configurations, we proposed a variable-density configuration method based on the control variable method and the insertion by region method. The resu... [more]
Development of a Smart Static Transfer Switch Based on a Triac Semiconductor for AC Power Switching Control
Ahmed H. Okilly, Namhun Kim, Jonghyuk Lee, Yegu Kang, Jeihoon Baek
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: AC power control, online AC voltage measurements, smart static transfer switch (SSTS), switching algorithm, transfer time, Triac, zero-crossing detection
Power system disruptions can be categorized as issues with the quality of electricity brought on by voltage sags, lightning strikes, and other system-related interferences. The static transfer switch (STS) has recently emerged as the most important technology for electric power transmission, distribution, and control systems to manage power supply during power system disruption issues, particularly in cost-effectively supplying power to critical loads and sensitive loads without interruption. In this paper, for the switching between the two AC sources during the voltage disruptions issue with low transfer time, a smart static transfer switch (SSTS) based on a digital switching algorithm and Triac semiconductor switch is proposed and experimentally tested. A digital switching algorithm based on online AC voltage sensing and zero-crossing detection is proposed and implemented inside a DSP MCU. The printed circuit board (PCB) of the proposed SSTS is designed and manufactured for the exper... [more]
The Effectiveness of Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS) for Broken Rail Detection
Adrian Wagner, Andrew Nash, Frank Michelberger, Hirut Grossberger, Gavin Lancaster
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: analysis, infrastructure, rail defects, track, vibrations
Broken rails remain one of the main causes of railway accidents despite improved rail quality and inspections. Today, signalling system with track circuits are often used to detect broken rails, however new signalling systems such as the European Train Control System (ETCS) with axle counters are replacing track circuits and therefore new methods are needed to detect broken rails. One promising technology is distributed acoustic sensing (DAS). The best DAS analytical techniques to show the position of the rail break are gradient analysis, convolution using the train consist and 2 D sinusoidal convolution. This paper describes field tests carried out on DAS to evaluate its ability to detect broken rails and the moment when rails break. The testing showed that DAS has good potential for detecting broken rails in both scenarios. Especially helpful is the ability of DAS to identify the moment of rail breakage and its potential for determining the break’s location on open lines. Recommendat... [more]
Short-Circuit Fault Diagnosis on Induction Motors through Electric Current Phasor Analysis and Fuzzy Logic
Josue A. Reyes-Malanche, Francisco J. Villalobos-Pina, Efraın Ramırez-Velasco, Eduardo Cabal-Yepez, Geovanni Hernandez-Gomez, Misael Lopez-Ramirez
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: fuzzy logic, induction motor, phasor analysis, short-circuit fault
Online monitoring of induction motors has increased significantly in recent years because these devices are essential components of any industrial process. Incipient fault detection in induction motors avoids interruptions in manufacturing processes and facilitates maintenance tasks to reduce induction motor timeout. Therefore, the proposal of novel approaches to assist in the detection and classification of induction motor faults is in order. In this work, a reliable and noninvasive novel technique that does not require computational demanding operations, since it just performs arithmetic calculations, is introduced for detecting and locating short-circuit faults in the stator windings of an induction motor. This method relies on phasor analysis and the RMS values of line currents, followed by a small set of simple if-then rules to perform the diagnosis and identification of stator winding faults. Obtained results from different experimental tests on a rewound induction motor stator t... [more]
Design of a Polymer Composition for the Conformance Control in Heterogeneous Reservoirs
Inzir Raupov, Mikhail Rogachev, Julia Sytnik
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: chemical EOR, conformance control, enhanced oil recovery, gel treatment, gel-time modifier, polymer composition, sweep efficiency improvement, water cut
The article is devoted to the issue of a low sweep efficiency in the heterogeneous terrigenous reservoirs containing remaining oil. Water plugging operations that redirect the injection fluid flows into unswept zones, are one approach to enhancing the oil recovery in these reservoirs. The commonly used chemical reagents in these treatments are acrylate polymer solutions. The polymer solutions must reach the target water-saturated zones and form a strong gel barrier there. Furthermore, the polymer compositions should have a low initial viscosity to provide a good injectivity and penetration ability. Therefore, the methods of adjusting the gelation time are necessary. There are numerous studies in modern scientific society devoted to the study of water-plugging polymer compositions. However, aspects, such as the effect of the hydrogen index on gelation, have received insufficient attention. In this paper, we describe the features of the developed polymer composition, based on a hydrolyze... [more]
Analysis of Interturn Faults on Transformer Based on Electromagnetic-Mechanical Coupling
Nan Zhu, Ji Li, Lei Shao, Hongli Liu, Lei Ren, Lihua Zhu
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: interturn fault, multi-physical field coupling, transformer, transient process
A running transformer frequently experiences interturn faults; they are typically difficult to detect in their early stages but eventually progress to interturn short circuits, which cause damage to the transformer. Therefore, finding out the fault mechanism of the full interturn fault process can provide a theoretical basis for transformer fault detection. In this paper, an electromagnetic-solid mechanics coupled finite element model consistent with an actual oil-immersed three-phase transformer is established. The transient process of winding from interturn discharge to interturn short circuit is simulated to study the electromagnetic characteristics as well as the mechanical characteristics during transformer failure. The model parameters of the transformer are simulated to obtain the fault current, electromagnetic parameters and other performance parameters to study the characteristics of the magnetic field and coil force when interturn faults occur. Finally, the vibration of the t... [more]
Review on Gassing Tendency of Different Insulating Fluids towards Transformer Applications
Arputhasamy Joseph Amalanathan, Ramanujam Sarathi, Maciej Zdanowski, Ravikrishnan Vinu, Zbigniew Nadolny
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: electrical stress, ester fluid, Ethylene, gassing, Hydrogen, mineral oil, regeneration, stray gassing, thermal stress
This paper reports the critical reviews on the gassing tendency of different insulating fluids along with the precautionary measures to be considered during their fault diagnosis in transformer insulation. The experimental techniques and procedures for identifying the gassing due to electrical and thermal stress along with the stray gassing phenomenon has been elucidated. The different interpretation schemes used for determining the faults in transformers results in unexpected errors when the historical data relating to mineral oil is used for the other alternative fluids. Mineral oil and natural ester show a positive gassing tendency compared to synthetic ester which exhibit a negative gassing tendency. The stray gases are mostly due to breakage of C-C bonds under normal operating temperature of transformer. Among the different hydrocarbons, hydrogen and ethylene are more predominantly formed under lower temperatures. The silicone oil and ester fluids are more stable even under locali... [more]
Design of a 2DOF-PID Control Scheme for Frequency/Power Regulation in a Two-Area Power System Using Dragonfly Algorithm with Integral-Based Weighted Goal Objective
Alaa M. Abdel-hamed, Almoataz Y. Abdelaziz, Adel El-Shahat
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: 2-DOF-PID, Dragonfly Algorithm (DA), integral-based weighted goal fitness function I-BWGFF, optimal control
The increase in power demand, nonlinearity, complexity, varying structure, and other important causes has necessitated the implementation of artificial intelligent control methodologies for safe and acceptable operation of the electric power systems. Therefore, in this article, an improved two-degrees-of-freedom (2DOF-PID) control scheme is proposed for power/frequency control of a two-area interconnected electric power system. The parameters of the 2-DOF-PID control scheme are optimized using the Dragonfly Algorithm (DA) via a new integral-based weighted goal fitness function (IB-WGFF) (i.e., DF-2DOF-PID-IB-WGFF). The superiority of the suggested scheme is proved by comparing the results obtained using the proposed IB-WGFF with those obtained using the conventional controllers, and the 2DOF-PID controllers optimized using the DA and Genetic Algorithm (GA) via the frequently published performance criterion. To verify the stability, efficacy, and robustness of the proposed control schem... [more]
Review on the Microgrid Concept, Structures, Components, Communication Systems, and Control Methods
Maysam Abbasi, Ehsan Abbasi, Li Li, Ricardo P. Aguilera, Dylan Lu, Fei Wang
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: centralized, communication network, distributed, hierarchical, low-bandwidth communication, microgrid, microgrid control, wired communication, wireless communication
This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the microgrid (MG) concept, including its definitions, challenges, advantages, components, structures, communication systems, and control methods, focusing on low-bandwidth (LB), wireless (WL), and wired control approaches. Generally, an MG is a small-scale power grid comprising local/common loads, energy storage devices, and distributed energy resources (DERs), operating in both islanded and grid-tied modes. MGs are instrumental to current and future electricity network development, such as a smart grid, as they can offer numerous benefits, such as enhanced network stability and reliability, increased efficiency, an increased integration of clean and renewable energies into the system, enhanced power quality, and so forth, to the increasingly growing and complicated power systems. By considering several objectives in both islanded and grid-tied modes, the development of efficient control systems for different kinds of MGs has been invest... [more]
Comparison of Algorithms for the AI-Based Fault Diagnostic of Cable Joints in MV Networks
Virginia Negri, Alessandro Mingotti, Roberto Tinarelli, Lorenzo Peretto
February 24, 2023 (v1)
Keywords: Algorithms, Artificial Intelligence, cable joints, distribution network, fault diagnostic, predictive maintenance
Electrical utilities and system operators (SOs) are constantly looking for solutions to problems in the management and control of the power network. For this purpose, SOs are exploring new research fields, which might bring contributions to the power system environment. A clear example is the field of computer science, within which artificial intelligence (AI) has been developed and is being applied to many fields. In power systems, AI could support the fault prediction of cable joints. Despite the availability of many legacy methods described in the literature, fault prediction is still critical, and it needs new solutions. For this purpose, in this paper, the authors made a further step in the evaluation of machine learning methods (ML) for cable joint health assessment. Six ML algorithms have been compared and assessed on a consolidated test scenario. It simulates a distributed measurement system which collects measurements from medium-voltage (MV) cable joints. Typical metrics have... [more]
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