LAPSE:2024.1301
Published Article
LAPSE:2024.1301
Effects of the PMMA Molecular Weight on the Thermal and Thermo-Oxidative Decomposition as the First Chemical Stage of Flaming Ignition
Antonio Galgano, Colomba Di Blasi
June 21, 2024
The piloted and the spontaneous ignition of low and high molecular weight (LMW and HMW) polymethyl methacrylate are simulated using a one-dimensional condensed-gas phase model for constant heat fluxes in the range of 25−150 kW/m2. Purely thermal (nitrogen) and thermo-oxidative (air) decomposition is considered, described by a single and four-step kinetics for the low and high molecular weight polymer, respectively. Different optical properties are also examined. The same trends of the ignition time and other ignition parameters are always observed. Due to a more significant role of the chemical kinetics, the effects of the sample molecular weight and reaction atmosphere are higher at low heat fluxes. Times are shorter for the black HMW samples and thermo-oxidative kinetics. For piloted ignition, factors are around 2.8−1.6, whereas for thermal decomposition, they are 1.3−1.2. The corresponding figures are 1.8−1.3 and 1.3−1.1, in the same order, for the spontaneous ignition. Overall, the effects of the molecular weight are more important than those related to the reaction kinetics environment. These differences are confirmed by the comparison between predictions and measurements.
Keywords
decomposition kinetics, Modelling, molecular weight, piloted ignition, PMMA, spontaneous ignition
Suggested Citation
Galgano A, Di Blasi C. Effects of the PMMA Molecular Weight on the Thermal and Thermo-Oxidative Decomposition as the First Chemical Stage of Flaming Ignition. (2024). LAPSE:2024.1301
Author Affiliations
Galgano A: Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, P.le V. Tecchio, 80125 Napoli, Italy
Di Blasi C: Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, dei Materiali e della Produzione Industriale, Università degli Studi di Napoli “Federico II”, P.le V. Tecchio, 80125 Napoli, Italy
Journal Name
Processes
Volume
12
Issue
1
First Page
219
Year
2024
Publication Date
2024-01-19
Published Version
ISSN
2227-9717
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Original Submission
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PII: pr12010219, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2024.1301
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doi:10.3390/pr12010219
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Jun 21, 2024
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Jun 21, 2024
 
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