LAPSE:2023.35894
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.35894
Renewable Energy Potential and CO2 Performance of Main Biomasses Used in Brazil
Elem Patricia Rocha Alves, Orlando Salcedo-Puerto, Jesús Nuncira, Samuel Emebu, Clara Mendoza-Martinez
May 24, 2023
This review investigates the effects of the Brazilian agriculture production and forestry sector on carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Residual biomasses produced mainly in the agro-industrial and forestry sector as well as fast-growing plants were studied. Possibilities to minimize source-related emissions by sequestering part of carbon in soil and by producing biomass as a substitute for fossil fuel were extensively investigated. The lack of consistency among literature reports on residual biomass makes it difficult to compare CO2 emission reductions between studies and sectors. Data on chemical composition, heating value, proximate and ultimate analysis of the biomasses were collected. Then, the carbon sequestration potential of the biomasses as well as their usability in renewable energy practices were studied. Over 779.6 million tons of agricultural residues were generated in Brazil between 2021 and 2022. This implies a 12.1 million PJ energy potential, while 4.95 million tons of forestry residues was generated in 2019. An estimated carbon content of 276 Tg from these residues could lead to the production of approximately 1014.2 Tg of CO2. Brazilian biomasses, with a particular focus on agro-forest waste, can contribute to the development of sustainable alternative energy sources. Moreover, agro-waste can provide carbon credits for sustainable Brazilian agricultural development.
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Suggested Citation
Alves EPR, Salcedo-Puerto O, Nuncira J, Emebu S, Mendoza-Martinez C. Renewable Energy Potential and CO2 Performance of Main Biomasses Used in Brazil. (2023). LAPSE:2023.35894
Author Affiliations
Alves EPR: Department of Science and Technology, Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM), Janaúba 39440-000, MG, Brazil
Salcedo-Puerto O: Department of Energy Technology, School of Energy Systems, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology (LUT), 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
Nuncira J: Department of Energy Technology, School of Energy Systems, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology (LUT), 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland
Emebu S: Department of Automatic Control and Informatics, Faculty of Applied Informatics, Tomas Bata University in Zlín, 760 05 Zlín, Czech Republic [ORCID]
Mendoza-Martinez C: Department of Energy Technology, School of Energy Systems, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology (LUT), 53850 Lappeenranta, Finland [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
16
Issue
9
First Page
3959
Year
2023
Publication Date
2023-05-08
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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Original Submission
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PII: en16093959, Publication Type: Review
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LAPSE:2023.35894
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doi:10.3390/en16093959
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May 24, 2023
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May 24, 2023
 
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Calvin Tsay
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