LAPSE:2023.35887
Published Article
LAPSE:2023.35887
Potential of Pine Needle Biomass for Bioethanol Production
May 24, 2023
Currently, fossil fuels are used to produce fuels and electricity, which are finite sources and have a negative impact on the natural environment. An excellent alternative to these fuels is biofuels, such as bioethanol from waste forest biomass. Pine needles are one of the most important available forest biomass materials with s significant impact on local understory vegetation. Forest waste biomass, which is a rich source of lignocellulose, can be used in various ways, such as for the eco-economical production of bioethanol. The aim of this study was to analyze the possibilities of bioethanol production from pine needle biomass obtained from forest land following different soil preparations and logging residue management. The pine needle dry matter yield, chemical components of pine needle biomass (cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin), and the amount of ethanol yield per hectare were evaluated. The highest average yield pine needle equal to 6.17 Mg∙ha−1 was observed. Bioethanol yield per hectare from this biomass was the highest for plowing with the LPZ-75 plow and was 1.08 m3∙ha−1. The discussed results were confirmed by detailed statistical analysis. To sum up, the researched pine needle biomass turned out to be an interesting raw material with the potential for bioethanol production.
Keywords
Ethanol, ethanol yield, lignocellulosic biomass, logging residues management, soil preparation
Suggested Citation
Wawro A, Jakubowski J, Gieparda W, Pilarek Z, Łacka A. Potential of Pine Needle Biomass for Bioethanol Production. (2023). LAPSE:2023.35887
Author Affiliations
Wawro A: Department of Bioproduct Engineering, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants-National Research Institute, Wojska Polskiego 71B, 60-630 Poznan, Poland [ORCID]
Jakubowski J: Department of Forest Economics and Technology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznan, Poland [ORCID]
Gieparda W: Department of Bioproduct Engineering, Institute of Natural Fibres and Medicinal Plants-National Research Institute, Wojska Polskiego 71B, 60-630 Poznan, Poland [ORCID]
Pilarek Z: Department of Forest Economics and Technology, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznan, Poland [ORCID]
Łacka A: Department of Mathematical and Statistical Methods, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 28, 60-637 Poznan, Poland [ORCID]
Journal Name
Energies
Volume
16
Issue
9
First Page
3949
Year
2023
Publication Date
2023-05-08
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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Original Submission
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PII: en16093949, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2023.35887
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doi:10.3390/en16093949
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May 24, 2023
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CC BY 4.0
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May 24, 2023
 
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Original Submitter
Calvin Tsay
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