Moving toward the low-carbon hydrogen economy: Experiences and key learnings from national case studies
Gunhild Reigstad, Simon Roussanaly, Julian Straus, Rahul Anantharaman, Robert de Kler, Maxine Akhurst, Jonathan Pearce, Nixon Sunny, Ward Goldthorpe, Lionel Avignon, Stefan Flamme, Gianfranco Guidati, Evangelos Panos, Christian Bauer
July 7, 2022
The recognised urgency to achieve net-zero carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050, as first presented by the IPCC special report on 1.5 °C Global Warming, has spurred a renewed interest in hydrogen as a companion to electricity for widespread decarbonization of the economy. We present reflections on the estimation of future hydrogen demand, optimization of infrastructure for production, transport and storage, development of viable business cases, and environmental impact evaluations using life cycle assessments. We highlight challenges and opportunities that are common across studies of the business cases for hydrogen in Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Norway. The use of hydrogen in the industry sector is an important driver and could incentivise large-scale hydrogen value chains. In the long-term hydrogen becomes important also for the transport sector. Hydrogen production from natural gas with capture and permanent storage of the produced CO2 (CCS) enables large-scale hydrogen production in the mid-term future and can be seen as a companion to hydrogen from renewable power. Furthermore, a timely establishment of hydrogen and CO2 infrastructures serves as an anchor to support the deployment of carbon dioxide removal technologies such as direct air carbon capture and storage (DACCS) and biohydrogen production with CCS. Significant public support is needed to ensure coordinated planning, governance, and the establishment of supportive regulatory frameworks which foster the growth of hydrogen markets.
CCS, Energy transition, Integrated analysis, Low carbon hydrogen, Low-carbon economy
Suggested Citation
Reigstad G, Roussanaly S, Straus J, Anantharaman R, de Kler R, Akhurst M, Pearce J, Sunny N, Goldthorpe W, Avignon L, Flamme S, Guidati G, Panos E, Bauer C. Moving toward the low-carbon hydrogen economy: Experiences and key learnings from national case studies. (2022). LAPSE:2022.0023
Author Affiliations
Reigstad G: SINTEF Energy Research [ORCID]
Roussanaly S: SINTEF Energy Research [ORCID]
Straus J: SINTEF Energy Research [ORCID]
Anantharaman R: SINTEF Energy Research [ORCID]
de Kler R: TNO
Akhurst M: British Geological Survey [ORCID]
Pearce J: British Geological Survey
Sunny N: Imperial college London [ORCID]
Goldthorpe W: Sustainable Decisions Limited
Avignon L: Sustainable Decisions Limited
Flamme S: Ruhr University Bochum [ORCID]
Guidati G: ETH Zurich
Panos E: Paul Scherrer Institut [ORCID]
Bauer C: Paul Scherrer Institut [ORCID]
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