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LAPSE:2019.0572
Published Article
LAPSE:2019.0572
Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Typical Cathode Materials of Lithium-Ion Battery Based on Three LCA Approaches
Lei Wang, Haohui Wu, Yuchen Hu, Yajuan Yu, Kai Huang
June 8, 2019
With the rapid increase in production of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and environmental issues arising around the world, cathode materials, as the key component of all LIBs, especially need to be environmentally sustainable. However, a variety of life cycle assessment (LCA) methods increase the difficulty of environmental sustainability assessment. Three authoritative LCAs, IMPACT 2002+, Eco-indicator 99(EI-99), and ReCiPe, are used to assess three traditional marketization cathode materials, compared with a new cathode model, FeF₃(H₂O)₃/C. They all show that four cathode models are ranked by a descending sequence of environmental sustainable potential: FeF₃(H₂O)₃/C, LiFe0.98Mn0.02PO₄/C, LiFePO₄/C, and LiCoO₂/C in total values. Human health is a common issue regarding these four cathode materials. Lithium is the main contributor to the environmental impact of the latter three cathode materials. At the midpoint level in different LCAs, the toxicity and land issues for LiCoO₂/C, the non-renewable resource consumption for LiFePO₄/C, the metal resource consumption for LiFe0.98Mn0.02PO₄/C, and the mineral refinement for FeF₃(H₂O)₃/C show relatively low environmental sustainability. Three LCAs have little influence on total endpoint and element contribution values. However, at the midpoint level, the indicator with the lowest environmental sustainability for the same cathode materials is different in different methodologies.
Keywords
cathode material, environmental sustainability, LCA, LIBs
Subject
Suggested Citation
Wang L, Wu H, Hu Y, Yu Y, Huang K. Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Typical Cathode Materials of Lithium-Ion Battery Based on Three LCA Approaches. (2019). LAPSE:2019.0572
Author Affiliations
Wang L: School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Wu H: School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Hu Y: School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Yu Y: School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Huang K: College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
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Journal Name
Processes
Volume
7
Issue
2
Article Number
E83
Year
2019
Publication Date
2019-02-07
Published Version
ISSN
2227-9717
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Original Submission
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PII: pr7020083, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2019.0572
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doi:10.3390/pr7020083
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Jun 8, 2019
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CC BY 4.0
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Jun 8, 2019
 
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Original Submitter
Calvin Tsay
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