LAPSE:2019.0309
Published Article
LAPSE:2019.0309
Wind Turbines’ End-of-Life: Quantification and Characterisation of Future Waste Materials on a National Level
Niklas Andersen, Ola Eriksson, Karl Hillman, Marita Wallhagen
February 27, 2019
Globally, wind power is growing fast and in Sweden alone more than 3000 turbines have been installed since the mid-1990s. Although the number of decommissioned turbines so far is few, the high installation rate suggests that a similarly high decommissioning rate can be expected at some point in the future. If the waste material from these turbines is not handled sustainably the whole concept of wind power as a clean energy alternative is challenged. This study presents a generally applicable method and quantification based on statistics of the waste amounts from wind turbines in Sweden. The expected annual mean growth is 12% until 2026, followed by a mean increase of 41% until 2034. By then, annual waste amounts are estimated to 240,000 tonnes steel and iron (16% of currently recycled materials), 2300 tonnes aluminium (4%), 3300 tonnes copper (5%), 340 tonnes electronics (<1%) and 28,000 tonnes blade materials (barely recycled today). Three studied scenarios suggest that a well-functioning market for re-use may postpone the effects of these waste amounts until improved recycling systems are in place.
Keywords
composites, copper, decommission, electronics, end-of-life, iron, materials, plastic, recycling, Steel, Sweden, waste, wind turbine
Suggested Citation
Andersen N, Eriksson O, Hillman K, Wallhagen M. Wind Turbines’ End-of-Life: Quantification and Characterisation of Future Waste Materials on a National Level. (2019). LAPSE:2019.0309
Author Affiliations
Andersen N: Energi Funktion Komfort Skandinavien AB, Smedjegatan 6, SE-131 54 Nacka, Sweden
Eriksson O: Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gävle, Kungsbäcksvägen 47, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden [ORCID]
Hillman K: Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gävle, Kungsbäcksvägen 47, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden [ORCID]
Wallhagen M: Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gävle, Kungsbäcksvägen 47, SE-801 76 Gävle, Sweden
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Journal Name
Energies
Volume
9
Issue
12
Article Number
E999
Year
2016
Publication Date
2016-11-26
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en9120999, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2019.0309
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doi:10.3390/en9120999
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Feb 27, 2019
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CC BY 4.0
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Feb 27, 2019
 
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Feb 27, 2019
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Original Submitter
Calvin Tsay
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