LAPSE

LAPSE:2019.0187
Published Article
LAPSE:2019.0187
Energy Saving in Water Distribution Network through Pump as Turbine Generators: Economic and Environmental Analysis
Mauro De Marchis, Barbara Milici, Roberto Volpe, Antonio Messineo
January 31, 2019
Complex systems of water distribution networks (WDS) are used to supply water to users. WDSs are systems where a lot of distributed energy is available. Historically, this energy is artificially dissipated by pressure reduction valves (PRVs), thanks to which water utilities manage the pressure level in selected nodes of the network. The present study explores the use of economic hydraulic machines, pumps as turbines (PATs) to produce energy in a small network located in a town close to Palermo (Italy). The main idea is to avoid dissipation in favor of renewable energy production. The proposed study is applied to a WDN typical of the Mediterranean countries, where the users, to collect water during the period of water scarcity conditions, install private tanks. The presence of private tanks deeply modifies the network from its designed condition. In the proposed analysis, the economic benefit of PATs application in water distribution networks has been investigated, accounting for the presence of users’ private tanks. The analysis, carried out by mean of a mathematical model able to dynamically simulate the water distribution network with PATs, shows the advantage of their installation in terms of renewable energy recovery, even though the energy production of PATs is strictly conditioned by their installation position.
Keywords
energy recovery, greenhouse gas (GHG), pump as turbine (PAT), Renewable and Sustainable Energy, water distribution network
Suggested Citation
De Marchis M, Milici B, Volpe R, Messineo A. Energy Saving in Water Distribution Network through Pump as Turbine Generators: Economic and Environmental Analysis. (2019). LAPSE:2019.0187
Author Affiliations
De Marchis M: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna Kore, Cittadella Universitaria, Enna 94100, Italy [ORCID]
Milici B: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna Kore, Cittadella Universitaria, Enna 94100, Italy
Volpe R: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna Kore, Cittadella Universitaria, Enna 94100, Italy
Messineo A: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, University of Enna Kore, Cittadella Universitaria, Enna 94100, Italy [ORCID]
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Journal Name
Energies
Volume
9
Issue
11
Article Number
E877
Year
2016
Publication Date
2016-10-26
Published Version
ISSN
1996-1073
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Original Submission
Other Meta
PII: en9110877, Publication Type: Journal Article
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LAPSE:2019.0187
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doi:10.3390/en9110877
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Jan 31, 2019
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CC BY 4.0
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[v1] (Original Submission)
Jan 31, 2019
 
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Jan 31, 2019
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Original Submitter
Calvin Tsay
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